Vittorio Mussolini (27 September 1916 – 12 June 1997) was an Italian film critic and producer. He was also the second son of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. However, he was the first officially acknowledged son of Mussolini, with his second wife Rachele; his older half-brother was never officially acknowledged by Mussolini's fascist regime.
Vittorio Mussolini was born in Milan, Lombardy, Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia). He married Milanese Orsola Buvoli (1914–2009), two years his senior. In January 1938, Mussolini and his wife announced the birth of their first child, a son. Guido Mussolini, born in Rome.
In addition to producing films, the heavy-set Mussolini served as a Lieutenant (Tenente) in the Italian Royal Air Force (Regia Aeronautica). He participated in the Second Italo-Ethiopian War, the Spanish Civil War, and World War II. In Ethiopia, both he and his younger brother Bruno crewed bombers. Unlike his brother, Vittorio was not considered a serious pilot; he described bombs as "budding roses" and killing as "exceptionally good fun".
In later years, Vittorio made much of his contact and friendship with left-wing and Jewish directors, writers and film critics during the brief period in the late 1930s and early 1940s when he edited the journal Cinema. Openly left-of-centre critics such as Michelangelo Antonioni were published in the magazine, and Vittorio even found lodgings for the distinguished German Jewish critic Rudolf Arnheim in the Mussolini Roman residence, Villa Torlonia; with another Jewish friend, Orlando Piperno, Vittorio took part in the Mille Miglia car race, finishing tenth.
After the war, Mussolini emigrated to Argentina, later returning to Italy. Vittorio was briefly involved with Hal Roach in a company that was named R.A.M. Pictures (for "Roach and Mussolini"), although Roach bought himself out of the deal after being heavily ostracized within Hollywood. He was the editor of the film journal Cinema, and was involved with the Italian film studio Cinecittà.
Mussolini was the author of a 1973 book on the women in his father's life entitled Mussolini: The Tragic Women in His Life.
- Scipio Africanus (1937) (film debut)
- A Pilot Returns (1942)
- The Three Pilots (1942)
- Luisa Sanfelice (1942)
- Knights of the Desert (1942) (final film)
- Ida Dalser - Vittorio Mussolini's older half brother's mother.
- "World War: CASUALTIES: Bruno's Last Flight". TIME Magazine. August 18, 1941.
- Gunther, John (1940). Inside Europe. New York: Harper & Brothers. p. 242.
- "Obituary: Vittorio Mussolini". The Independent. 1997-06-14. Retrieved 2018-03-23.
- "Vittorio Mussolini, Italian Dictator's Son, 81". The New York Times. June 14, 1997.
- Ward, Richard Lewis (2006). A History of the Hal Roach Studios. Southern Illinois University Press. p. 100. ISBN 978-0-8093-2727-0.