Vivaro-Alpine dialect

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Native to France, Italy
Region Southern France, Occitan Valleys
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog gard1245  (Gardiol)[1]
Linguasphere 51-AAA-gf & 51-AAA-gg
A map of the Vivaro-Alpine dialect in the Occitan language area.

Vivaro-Alpine (Occitan: vivaroalpenc, vivaroaupenc) is a variety of Occitan spoken in southeastern France (namely, around the Dauphiné area) and northwestern Italy (the Occitan Valleys of Piedmont and Liguria).[2][3] There is also a small Vivaro-Alpine enclave in the Guardia Piemontese, Calabria, where the language is known as gardiòl. It belongs to the Northern Occitan dialect block, along with Auvergnat and Limousin.

Naming and classification[edit]

Vivaro-Alpine had been considered as a sub-dialect of Provençal, and named provençal alpin (Alpine Provençal) or Northern Provençal.[4]

Its use in the Dauphiné area has also led to the use of dauphinois or dauphinois alpin to name it.[5] Along with Ronjat[5] and Bec,[6] it is now clearly recognized as a dialect of its own.

The UNESCO Atlas of World's languages in danger[7] uses the Alpine Provençal name, and considers it as seriously endangered.



  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Gardiol". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. ^ (French) Jean-Marie Klinkenberg, Des langues romanes. Introduction aux études de linguistique romane, De Boeck, 2e édition, 1999,
  3. ^ La langue se divise en trois grandes aires dialectales : le nord-occitan (limousin, auvergnat, vivaro-alpin), l'occitan moyen, qui est le plus proche de la langue médiévale (languedocien et provençal au sens restreint), et le gascon (à l'ouest de la Garonne). in (French) Encyclopédie Larousse
  4. ^ (French) Jean-Claude Bouvier, "L'occitan en Provence : limites, dialectes et variété" in Revue de linguistique romane 43, pp 46-62
  5. ^ a b (French) Jules Ronjat, Grammaire istorique des parlers provençaux modernes, vol. IV Les dialectes, Montpellier, 1941
  6. ^ (French) Pierre Bec, La langue occitane, Paris, 1995
  7. ^ UNESCO Interactive Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger Archived February 22, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.

See also[edit]