Life and work
Ellis was born in Hampstead, London in 1903 and educated at Cheltenham College. He began a musical career as a concert pianist, but became a composer and lyricist. He had great success with "Over My Shoulder" song foxtrot in the early 20s. This led to further contributions of pieces for several revues in the 1920s. Another hit song was his "Yale Blues" which had a dance step called the "Yale" and became a craze in 1927 both in the UK, Europe and the US. He became well known in the London West End Theatres for providing the music and collaborating in the production of a large number of musical shows, spanning from 1925 to 1958 - in fact, Ellis was to dominate the musical theatre of the 1930s having one to three shows run most years of this decade. However, in spite of his music being both pleasant and catchy, few of his compositions were recorded (with the exception of "I'm On a See-Saw" by Fats Waller and "This is My Lovely Day" by Lizbeth Webb and Georges Guetary), so his name became less well known after his last London production. He wrote some songs used in British films of the 1930s.
By the 1950s, musical comedy had begun to fall out of fashion, and his last full-length musical, Half in Earnest, appeared in 1958. He contributed to revues for a few more years and then turned his hand to writing a series of amusing books such as How To Enjoy Your Operation. Ellis became the President of the Performing Right Society and in 1984 the society instituted an annual event - the Vivian Ellis Prize - to encourage young composers and lyricists to write for the musical stage. Ellis gave all the writers the same advice: "Try and put at least one hit song in every musical you write." Several of the promising writers featured in the competition went on to success, including Charles Hart who wrote lyrics for Andrew Lloyd Webber's musical of The Phantom of the Opera, and Philip Glassborow whose comedy musical The Great Big Radio Show! was a personal favourite.
Ellis as a composer was "rediscovered" in the 1980s when his 1929 musical Mr. Cinders (featuring the hit song, "Spread a Little Happiness") was revived at the King's Head Theatre in London. The song also charted again in a version by Sting, following its ironic use in the film Brimstone and Treacle. His song "This is My Lovely Day" also appeared in the John Cleese comedy Clockwise in 1987.
Ellis's composition "Alpine Pastures" was used as the theme song for the long-running BBC radio series My Word and another light music composition of his, Coronation Scot was the signature tune for the Paul Temple series. Ellis is on record as saying that the rhythm of the train in this piece was inspired by his commute from London to his holiday home in Somerset i.e. Paddington to Taunton. The original recording of "Coronation Scot" was for the Chappell Recorded Music Library. It was arranged by Cecil Milner and played by the famous Queen's Hall Light Orchestra conducted by Charles Williams. '
His grandmother was the composer Julia Woolf. His autobiography, published in 1953, is entitled I'm on a See-Saw, named after the hit song from his musical Jill Darling.
In December 2008, the King's Head Theatre in London presented the world premiere of Godiva, a previously unproduced musical (book by Guy Bolton) written in the 1950s.
Pre-World War II
- By-the-Way - 1925
- Mercenary Mary (interpolations only into UK production) - 1925
- Still Dancing - 1925
- Kid Boots (interpolations only into UK production) - 1926
- Blue Skies - 1927
- Clowns in Clover revue (interpolations only) -1927
- The Girl Friend (interpolations only into UK production) - 1927
- Will o' the Whisper - 1928
- Mr. Cinders - 1929
- The House That Jack Built - 1929
- Follow a Star - 1930
- Little Tommy Tucker - 1930
- Blue Roses - 1931
- Stand Up & Sing - 1931
- Song of the Drum (with Herman Finck- 1931
- Out of the Bottle - 1932
- Please - 1933
- Jill Darling - 1933
- Streamline - 1934
- The Town Talks - 1936 (review)
- Going Places - 1936 (review)
- Floodlight - 1937 (review)
- Hide & Seek - 1937
- The Fleets Lit Up - 1938
- Running Riot - 1938
Post World War II
- Big Ben - 1946
- Bless the Bride - 1947
- Tough at the Top - 1949
- And So To Bed - 1951
- Over the Moon - 1953
- Listen to the Wind - 1954
- The Water Gipsies - 1955
- Half in Earnest - 1958
Songs (some that have recordings)
- Over My Shoulder
- The Yale Blues - 1927
- I'm On a See Saw
- Piccadilly 1944
- She's My Lovely
- Spread a Little Happiness
- This is My Lovely Day
- Ma Belle Marguerite
- "Halliwell's Who's Who of the movies" ISBN 0-06-093507-3
- "Oxford Companion to Popular Music" ISBN 0-19-280004-3
- "Directory of Popular Music" by Leslie Lowe ISBN 0-904520-70-6
- "Vivian Ellis". Robert Farnon Society. Retrieved 2009-06-18.
- "Vivian Ellis". Robert Farnon Society. Retrieved 2009-06-18. His date of birth is frequently given as 1904 but the Births, Marriages and Deaths Index gives 1903 as the year of registration.
- Mackenzie, Colin; Milner, Timothy. "OUT OF THE SHADOWS: THE CECIL MILNER STORY (1905-1989)". Robert Farnon Society. Retrieved 6 July 2012.