Viviane Slon

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Viviane Slon
Alma materTel Aviv University
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Known forPaleogenetics
Denny
AwardsNature's 10 (2018)
Scientific career
FieldsAncient DNA
Human evolution
Paleoanthropology[1]
InstitutionsMax Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Doctoral advisorSvante Pääbo

Viviane Slon is a paleogeneticist at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.[1][2] She identified that a teenage girl born 90,000 years ago had both Neanderthal and Denisovan parents. She was selected as one of Nature's 10 in 2018.[3]

Early life and education[edit]

Slon completed her doctoral studies at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.[4] She won the 2017 Dan David Prize.[5] She worked at the Sackler Faculty of Medicine at Tel Aviv University on the earliest human fossils outside Africa.[6][7] She studied the Qafzeh 9 Skull, looking at developmental malocclusions.[8]

Research and career[edit]

Denisova Cave in 2008

In 2018 Slon was appointed a postdoctoral researcher working on neanderthals at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.[9] She develops techniques to remove hominin DNA from sediments.[10][11][12] Her doctoral supervisor Svante Pääbo decoded the Denisovan gene.[13][14] Slon visited the Denisova Cave during a symposium, where over one thousand bones are excavated a year.[13]

As her first project, Slon reported the DNA from the tooth of the fourth Denisova individual ever found on earth.[15][16] She also co-led a team that found Denisovan DNA in excavated dirt as an alternative to finding rare hominin bones.[3]

In 2018, Slon and her colleagues published the genome of Denny, a hybrid hominin.[17] DNA was extracted from a hominin bone found in a Middle Pleistocene layer.[13][18][19] Using genetic analysis and radiocarbon dating, the hominin was identified as a girl born more than 50,000 years ago to a Neanderthal mother and a Denisovan father.[13][20][21] The work was covered in BBC News, National Geographic, EurekAlert!, The Atlantic and Archaeology magazine.[22][23][24][25][26][27]

Slon was selected as one of Nature's 10 in 2018.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Viviane Slon publications indexed by Google Scholar Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ Viviane Slon publications from Europe PubMed Central
  3. ^ a b c Gibney, Elizabeth; Callaway, Ewen; Cyranoski, David; Gaind, Nisha; Tollefson, Jeff; Courtland, Rachel; Law, Yao-Hua; Maher, Brendan; Else, Holly; Castelvecchi, Davide (2018). "Ten people who mattered this year". Nature. 564 (7736): 325–335. doi:10.1038/d41586-018-07683-5.
  4. ^ Fleur, Nicholas St (2017-07-07). "In a Lost Baby Tooth, Scientists Find Ancient Denisovan DNA". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-12-21.
  5. ^ Scholarship for outstanding young researchers., Dan David Prize. "SLON Viviane". www.dandavidprize.org. Retrieved 2018-12-21.
  6. ^ Weinstein-Evron, Mina; Zaidner, Yossi; Tsatskin, Alexander; Yeshurun, Reuven; Weissbrod, Lior; Groman-Yaroslavski, Iris; Peled, Natan; Wu, Xinzhi; Cui, Yaming (2018-01-26). "The earliest modern humans outside Africa". Science. 359 (6374): 456–459. Bibcode:2018Sci...359..456H. doi:10.1126/science.aap8369. ISSN 1095-9203. PMID 29371468.
  7. ^ Slon, Viviane; Hershkovitz, Israel; May, Hila (2014). "The value of cadaver CT scans in gross anatomy laboratory". Anatomical Sciences Education. 7 (1): 80–82. doi:10.1002/ase.1400. ISSN 1935-9780. PMID 24022918.
  8. ^ Hershkovitz, Israel; Vardimon, Alexander Dan; Shpack, Nir; May, Hila; Abbas, Janan; Slon, Viviane; Sarig, Rachel (2013-11-20). "Malocclusion in Early Anatomically Modern Human: A Reflection on the Etiology of Modern Dental Misalignment". PLOS ONE. 8 (11): e80771. Bibcode:2013PLoSO...880771S. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0080771. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC 3835570. PMID 24278319.
  9. ^ "Dept. of Genetics | Staff". www.eva.mpg.de. Retrieved 2018-12-21.
  10. ^ "DNA from Ancient Hominins Discovered in Cave Sediments". Everything Dinosaur Blog. Retrieved 2018-12-21.
  11. ^ Corness, Liz. "DNA of extinct humans found in caves". Science Solutions Recruitment. Retrieved 2018-12-21.
  12. ^ Montanari, Shaena. "Scientists Sequence Ancient Neandertal DNA From Cave Dirt". Forbes. Retrieved 2018-12-21.
  13. ^ a b c d "Viviane Slon among Nature's annual Top Ten". www.mpg.de. Retrieved 2018-12-21.
  14. ^ "Entire genome of extinct human decoded from fossil". www.mpg.de. Retrieved 2018-12-21.
  15. ^ Pääbo, Svante; Meyer, Matthias; Prüfer, Kay; Kelso, Janet; Derevianko, Anatoly P.; Shunkov, Michael V.; Hublin, Jean-Jacques; Sawyer, Susanna; Benazzi, Stefano (2017-07-01). "A fourth Denisovan individual". Science Advances. 3 (7): e1700186. Bibcode:2017SciA....3E0186S. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1700186. ISSN 2375-2548. PMC 5501502. PMID 28695206.
  16. ^ Choi, Charles Q.; July 10, Live Science Contributor |; ET, 2017 08:58am. "200,000-Year-Old 'Baby Tooth' Reveals Clues About Mysterious Human Lineage". Live Science. Retrieved 2018-12-21.
  17. ^ Pääbo, Svante; Prüfer, Kay; Meyer, Matthias; Kelso, Janet; Derevianko, Anatoly P.; Shunkov, Michael V.; Kozlikin, Maxim B.; Higham, Tom; Douka, Katerina (September 2018). "The genome of the offspring of a Neanderthal mother and a Denisovan father". Nature. 561 (7721): 113–116. Bibcode:2018Natur.561..113S. doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0455-x. ISSN 1476-4687. PMC 6130845. PMID 30135579.
  18. ^ Brown, Samantha; Higham, Thomas; Slon, Viviane; Pääbo, Svante; Meyer, Matthias; Douka, Katerina; Brock, Fiona; Comeskey, Daniel; Procopio, Noemi (2016-03-29). "Identification of a new hominin bone from Denisova Cave, Siberia using collagen fingerprinting and mitochondrial DNA analysis". Scientific Reports. 6: 23559. Bibcode:2016NatSR...623559B. doi:10.1038/srep23559. ISSN 2045-2322. PMC 4810434. PMID 27020421.
  19. ^ Meyer, Matthias; Pääbo, Svante; Burbano, Hernán A.; Kelso, Janet; Prüfer, Kay; Schmidt, Anna; Nickel, Birgit; Nagel, Sarah; Essel, Elena (2017-04-27). "Neandertal and Denisovan DNA from Pleistocene sediments". Science. 356 (6338): 605–608. Bibcode:2017Sci...356..605S. doi:10.1126/science.aam9695. ISSN 1095-9203. PMID 28450384.
  20. ^ "Daughter of Neanderthal mom, exotic foreign dad revealed by ancient DNA | Canada Times of News". Retrieved 2018-12-21.
  21. ^ "'Denisova 11' Had Neanderthal Mother and Denisovan Father | Genetics, Paleoanthropology | Sci-News.com". Breaking Science News | Sci-News.com. Retrieved 2018-12-21.
  22. ^ "Ancient Girl's Parents Were Two Different Human Species". Science & Innovation. 2018-08-22. Retrieved 2018-12-21.
  23. ^ "Neandertal mother, Denisovan father!". EurekAlert!. Retrieved 2018-12-21.
  24. ^ Zhang, Sarah (2018-08-22). "Scientists Stunned by a Neanderthal Hybrid Discovered in a Siberian Cave". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2018-12-21.
  25. ^ "Caveman Genetics - Archaeology Magazine". www.archaeology.org. Retrieved 2018-12-21.
  26. ^ "Ancient remains show early human interbreeding". NBC News. Retrieved 2018-12-21.
  27. ^ "Prehistoric love child was a breed apart". Metro Newspaper UK. Retrieved 2018-12-21.