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The chateau, the grandest in the Dauphiné, was rebuilt in the form it retains today in the seventeenth century by François de Bonne, duc de Lesdiguières, the last Connétable de France. A hundred hectares of greens, sheets of water and canals, and a hunting park of woodland pierced by rides and avenues surround the château, enclosed by a wall seven kilometres in circumference. The grounds are maintained by the Conseil général de l'Isère.
The site is especially suitable for its museum because, when the château had been purchased by a wealthy bourgeois of Grenoble, Claude Perier, who installed a manufacture of printed fabrics in it, the three estates of the realm, convoked in Grenoble as the Assemblée des notables but forbidden to meet in the city, were welcomed here, 21 July 1788. They met in the salle du jeu de paume, where their deliberations opened a new chapter in the history of France.