Vizzini

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Vizzini
Comune di Vizzini
Panorama of Vizzini
Panorama of Vizzini
Coat of arms of Vizzini
Location of Vizzini
Vizzini is located in Italy
Vizzini
Vizzini
Location of Vizzini in Italy
Vizzini is located in Sicily
Vizzini
Vizzini
Vizzini (Sicily)
Coordinates: 37°10′N 14°45′E / 37.167°N 14.750°E / 37.167; 14.750Coordinates: 37°10′N 14°45′E / 37.167°N 14.750°E / 37.167; 14.750
CountryItaly
RegionSicily
Metropolitan cityCatania (CT)
FrazioniCamemi, Vizzini Scalo
Government
 • MayorVito Saverio Cortese
Area
 • Total125 km2 (48 sq mi)
Elevation
586 m (1,923 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total6,330
 • Density51/km2 (130/sq mi)
DemonymVizzinesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
95049
Dialing code0933
Patron saintSt. Gregory
Saint day12 March
WebsiteOfficial website
Salita Lucio Marineo.

Vizzini is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Catania, on the island of Sicily, southern Italy. It is located 60 kilometres (37 mi) from Catania in the Hyblaean Mountains, on the most northwesterly slopes of Monte Lauro.

The commune territory is bounded by the comuni of Buccheri, Francofonte, Giarratana, Licodia Eubea, Militello in Val di Catania, Mineo.

History[edit]

Bidis, a Roman city mentioned by Pliny and Cicero, stood here in a territory that has been inhabited since prehistoric times.[3]

The modern town developed in the Middle Ages around a now non-extant castle,[4] as a fief of various lords, including the Chiaromontes and the Schittinos, although for many years it was also part of the royal domain.

In 1358, Roland of Sicily reconquered the area from Vizzini to Avola.

In 1415, the Jewish community of Vizzini was expelled by Queen Blanca, and was never permitted to return.

On the 14th of July, 1943 the town of Vizzini was liberated from fascist forces by the British military. Specifically, by that time Vizzini was occupied by a small detachment of forces from Nazi Germany. Britain's XXX Corps under General Montgomery consisting largely of M4 Sherman Tanks easily overpowered the small group of German tanks that were present in the town. The town had been in the American occupational zone and this caused some confusion when British forces liberated the town first.[5]

Main sights[edit]

The Arab layout of the town is evident seen passing from Via Verga to Via San Gregorio Magno and proceeding as far as Largo della Matrice, a square with a modern statue of St Gregory in the middle and the Chiesa Madre (mother church) of San Gregorio Magno at one side.

The portal on the left flank of the church, in splendid 15th-century Gothic-Catalan style, probably derived from the old Town Hall, destroyed by the earthquake in 1693; in the interior there are late 18th century stuccos and a wooden ceiling by Natale Bonaiuto, as well as two paintings (The Martyrdom of St. Laurence and the Madonna delle Mercede) by Filippo Paladini (or Paladino), born in Florence about 1544. Another painting by Paladino, The Deposition (1607), is in the Chiesa del Convento dei Cappuccini.

Nearby is the church of Sant'Agata, rebuilt in the 18th century on the site of a previous 15th-century building and houses a pipe organ[6] created around 1770.

The church of San Giovanni Battista was built in the 18th century. The stuccos decorating the interior are by Natale Bonaiuto.

The front of the church of Santa Teresa is said to be the setting for scenes from Cavalleria Rusticana, the libretto of which is based on the play of the same name by Giovanni Verga, who lived in Vizzini for a time.

The statue depicting the Madonna and Child (1527) in the Chiesa dei Minori Osservanti was sculpted by Antonello Gagini.

View of Vizzini from the valley below

Religious buildings[edit]

Chiesa di Santa Maria di Gesù. Original 13th-century church was severely damaged in the 1693 earthquake and rebuilt in the Baroque style
Palazzo di città (municipio Building).

Palaces and other buildings[edit]

  • Palazzo di Citta (early 19th century)
  • Palazzo Verga (family of the writer)(18th century)
  • Palazzo di città (municipio)(Town Hall Building)
  • Palazzo Cannizzaro
  • Palazzo Passanisi
  • Palazzo Cafici
  • Palazzo La Gurna
  • Palazzo Trao
  • Palazzo Gandolfo Maggiore

Culture[edit]

The writer Giovanni Verga used Vizzini as the setting for his Cavalleria Rusticana and Mastro Don Gesualdo, describing places and scenes that are still recognizable (the prickly pears of Cunziria, and in a sloping alley the house of the Trao family).

People[edit]

Economy[edit]

The economy of the commune is mainly agricultural (cereals, prickly pears, vegetables, sumac). Other activities include handmade shoes and carpentry.

Transportation[edit]

Buses travel to and near Vizzini regularly from surrounding cities Catania and Ragusa. Major operators include AST and ETNA.

The railway station Vizzini-Licodia is situated 6 km outside the city in the frazione of Vizzini Scalo.

Events[edit]

  • Procession of "Sorrows" – Good Friday
  • "A Cugnunta" – Easter Sunday
  • "Ricotta and Cheese Festival" – 23, 24 and 25 April
  • Festival of San Giuseppe – 19 April
  • "Festival of Taste and Odours" – 2 June
  • Festival of San Giovanni Battista – 28 and 29 August
  • Events Verghiane – July / August
  • Festival of the Patron San Gregorio Magno – 2 and 3 September
  • "Rocksticana[10] " – Rock music festival for emerging groups – September
  • Traditional "Festival of the Dead" – 30–31 October and 1 November
  • "Living Nativity" – December

See also[edit]

Twin towns[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ Sicily and Its Islands, 2004- Ugo La Rosa editore Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ AA. VV., Castelli medievali di Sicilia - Guida agli itinerari castellani dell'isola, Grafiche Renna, Palermo 2001"VIZZINI - Denominazione: castello o torre di Vizzini; turris Bizini.Cartografia IGM: 273 II N.O. Vizzini. Dati catastali: Vizzini, F° 80, partt. 1847, 2049. Bibliografia essenziale:Amico 1855-56. II, pp. 663-66; Maurici 1992. p. 384; SMDS, VII, pp.80-83. C.M.B"
  5. ^ Bitter Victory: The Battle for Sicily, July-August 1943 by Carlo D'Este, pg. 326-328
  6. ^ Giusy Larinà -Towards a typology of decorative façades in 18th-century Sicilian organs (This article was published in Italian in Il Canto dell'Aquila, (Centro di Studi Musicali per il Meridione, Caltagirone) July 1990, pp102-111.)Photographs courtesy of Vincenzo Piluso.English translation by N. Waanders 2001 Archived 8 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Joan Boscà i Almogàver was a student of Lucio Marineo Siculo from Vizzini, Italy
  8. ^ Biblioteca Comunale "Lucio Marineo" Archived 3 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ JSTOR: Renaissance Quarterly, Vol. 50, No. 3 (Autumn, 1997 ), pp. 701-722:# Marineo Siculo: A Protagonist of Humanism in Spain(Erika Rummel)[dead link]
  10. ^ Rocksticana, concorso musicale per gruppi emergenti Archived 19 November 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Biography: Bernard Law Montgomery: jewishvirtuallibrary.org

External links[edit]