|Representing the Soviet Union|
|Men's canoe sprint|
|1972 Munich||C-2 1000 m|
|1973 Tampere||C-2 10000 m|
|1974 Mexico City||C-2 1000 m|
|1974 Mexico City||C-2 10000 m|
|1975 Belgrade||C-2 10000 m|
|1973 Tampere||C-2 1000 m|
|1971 Belgrade||C-1 1000 m|
Vladislovas Česiūnas (15 March 1940 – 16 January 2023) was a Lithuanian sprint canoeist who competed in the early 1970s, representing the Soviet Union. He won one Olympic medal and six ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships medals during his career. He later became known for his role in "The Česiūnas Affair" when he defected from the 1979 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships in Duisburg, West Germany only to return to the Soviet Union afterward for his "misconduct".
At the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Česiūnas won gold in the C-2 1000 m with Yuri Lobanov. He also won six canoe sprint world championship medals with four golds (C-2 1000 m: 1974, C-2 10000 m: 1973, 1974, 1975), one silver (C-2 1000 m: 1973), and one bronze (C-1 1000 m: 1971).
The Česiūnas Affair
At the 1979 canoe sprint World Championships in Duisburg, West Germany, Česiūnas attended the event as a spectator. During the event he vanished, the first in a series of defections that would later include principal ballet dancers Alexander Godunov, Leonid Kozlov and Valentina Kozlov, and figure skaters Oleg Protopopov and Ludmila Belousova.
However, while he was studying German in Dortmund, KGB agents allegedly swooped in and took Česiūnas back to the Soviet Union.
The Soviets claimed that Česiūnas had met a woman named Ursula Vorkhert who invited to spend the night with him and then drugged him up. Česiūnas later appeared with anti-Communist Lithuanians and was asked to speak out in favor of a boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, two months before the Soviet's invasion of Afghanistan and almost six months before American President Jimmy Carter's actual boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics.
Česiūnas made his way to the Soviet Embassy in Bonn—"not without incident" and returned to the Soviet Union and imprisoned with a fractured skull according to Kurt Rebmann, West Germany's chief federal public prosecutor in 1979. Another reason the Soviets were concerned also had to do with a possible book Česiūnas had planned to publish on doping in the Soviet Union prior to the 1980 Summer Olympics. The Soviets later toned down their rhetoric on the incident, stating Česiūnas had "got into dubious company" while the West Germans continued to maintain he had been kidnapped.
In 2002, telephone interview with the Los Angeles Times, Česiūnas stated he returned from West Germany voluntarily but was threatened by Soviet officials with fifteen years of hard labor in a coal mine for his defection and was not imprisoned only due to the upcoming Summer Olympics in Moscow. As a result, Česiūnas was demoted from his custom agent position to being a civilian coach at a children's sports school which paid only a third of the salary of his customs position.
Česiūnas earned two presidential decrees from Lithuania after the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991. They were the Order of the Cross of Vytis ("Cross of the Knight") and the Commemorative Medal of 13 January. In 2000, Česiūnas was informed that Vorkhert, whom he met in Lithuania in 1998 after the country's 1991 independence, had died at 75. Česiūnas later returned to his customs position, becoming head of shifts for Lithuanian customs as of 2002. He also received monthly pensions from the Soviet and Lithuanian Olympic Committee of US$30 and US$120, respectively.
- ^ "Vladas Česiūnas". Visuotinė lietuvių enciklopedija (in Lithuanian).
- ^ a b Sports-reference.com profile - accessed 21 September 2008.
- ^ a b c d e f g h Wallechinsky, David and Jaime Loucky (2008). "Canoeing: Men's Canadian Pairs 1000 Meters". In The Complete Book of the Summer Olympics: 2008 Edition. London: Aurum Press Limited. p. 483.
- ^ Photograph of Česiūnas (front of canoe) and Lobanov in action during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich. - accessed 21 September 2008.
- ^ ICF medalists for Olympic and World Championships - Part 1: flatwater (now sprint): 1936-2007. Archived 9 November 2009 at WebCite
- ^ ICF medalists for Olympic and World Championships - Part 2: rest of flatwater (now sprint) and remaining canoeing disciplines: 1936-2007. Archived 9 November 2009 at WebCite
- ^ a b c d "KGB Kidnapping". TIME October 22, 1979. - accessed 21 September 2008.
- ^ Brouhaha at the Bolshoi. Time, 1 October 1979.
- ^ a b c d e APSE Dallas Morning News featuring the September 9, 2002 Los Angeles Times interview with Česiūnas. Archived 25 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine - accessed 21 September 2008.
- ^ Lithuanian President decree listing as of June 18, 2004. This list includes Vlaislavis "Vladas" Česiūnas. - accessed 21 September 2008.
- 1940 births
- 2023 deaths
- Canoeists at the 1972 Summer Olympics
- Lithuanian male canoeists
- Olympic canoeists of the Soviet Union
- Olympic gold medalists for the Soviet Union
- Soviet male canoeists
- Soviet defectors
- Olympic medalists in canoeing
- Honoured Masters of Sport of the USSR
- Recipients of the Order of the Cross of Vytis
- Lithuanian Sportsperson of the Year winners
- ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships medalists in Canadian
- Sportspeople from Jonava
- Medalists at the 1972 Summer Olympics