Vladimir Heavy Draft
|Conservation status||FAO (2007): not at risk:99|
|Country of origin||Russian Federation|
The Vladimir Heavy Draft is a Russian breed of heavy draught horse. It was bred in the early twentieth century in farms and collectives in Ivanovo Oblast and Vladimir Oblast, to the east of Moscow. The most important influence on the development of the breed was from three Clydesdale stallions foaled between 1910 and 1923. The Vladimir was officially recognised in 1946.
The foundations of the Vladimir breed were laid between 1886 and 1924. Initial breeding began at the stud farm of Gavrilov Posad, in Ivanovo Oblast, where local horses were cross-bred with imported Clydesdale stock, with some limited influence from Cleveland Bay, Percheron and Suffolk Punch.:511:276 Some use was made of Shire mares between 1919 and 1929.:276:327 The three foundation stallions of the breed were all Clydesdales. Two of these – Border Brand and Lord James – were foaled in 1910, while Glen Albin was born in 1923.:276
The amount of cross-breeding was progressively reduced during the 1920s, and over the next twenty years the character and type of the breed were fixed. Official recognition came in 1946.:276
The Vladimir is a draught horse of medium power, with energetic and active gaits.:327 It is more solidly built than the Clydesdale, and unusually deep in the girth – thoracic circumference may reach 2.07 m. It is usually clean-legged, though feathering can occur. Bay is the most usual colour,:276 with white markings to the face and legs.:327
The Vladimir was bred for agricultural draught work. It may be reared for meat.:511 It is fast-growing: at six months, foals may reach a weight of 200 kg.:327 Because of its lively movement, it is found suitable for pulling the three-horse troika of the region.:276
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