Vladimir Horowitz discography

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A half-length portrait of Vladimir Horowitz stood by the steps of a boat, facing left. The photo was taken in 1931, when Vladimir Horowitz was in his late twenties. He is wearing a long coat, leather gloves, a white shirt and a tie.
Vladimir Horowitz in 1931.

The Russian-American classical virtuoso pianist Vladimir Horowitz[1] was a recording artist for over 60 years; beginning in 1926 on a piano roll system for Welte-Mignon, then with audio recordings, starting in 1928 for the Victor Talking Machine Company, later RCA Victor.[2] Horowitz continued to record for a variety of record labels throughout his life. Between 1962 and 1973 he recorded for Columbia Masterworks,[3] now known as Sony Masterworks. In 1975, Horowitz returned to RCA,[4] with which he recorded a series of live recitals. For the last years of his life, between 1985 and 1989, Horowitz recorded for Deutsche Grammophon.[5] Horowitz’s final recording, with Sony Classical, was completed in November 1989, four days before his death.[6] This final recording consisted of repertoire that he had never previously recorded.[7] His discography contains numerous albums and compilations of compositions by a variety of composers. Horowitz has also appeared in several video items, most of these were produced in the later years of his life.[8]

Overview[edit]

A man seated at a piano with his hands on the keyboard.
Horowitz at the time of his first recordings.

Horowitz's first recordings were made in 1926, on piano rolls at the Welte-Mignon studios in Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany. He also recorded piano rolls for Aeolian. His first audio recordings were made in the United States during 1928 for the Victor Talking Machine Company,[2] Because of a reduction of recording activities due to the economic impact of the Great Depression, RCA Victor agreed to allow its recording artists' European-produced recordings to be made by HMV, RCA Victor's London-based affiliate. Horowitz's first European recording, in 1930, was of Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No. 3 with Albert Coates and the London Symphony Orchestra, the world premiere recording of that piece. Through 1936, Horowitz continued to make recordings for HMV of solo piano repertoire, including his famous 1932 account of Liszt's Sonata in B minor.[5] Beginning in 1940, Horowitz's recording activity was again concentrated in the U.S. That year, he recorded Brahms' Piano Concerto No. 2, and in 1941, Tchaikovsky's Piano Concerto No. 1, both with the NBC Symphony Orchestra under Arturo Toscanini. With the creation of the LP in the late 1940s, many of his older recordings were reissued in the new format and some items received multiple issues. During Horowitz's second retirement, which began in 1953, he made a series of recordings in his New York townhouse, including LPs of Scriabin and Clementi. Horowitz's first stereo recording, made in 1959, was devoted to two of Beethoven's piano sonatas.

In 1962, Horowitz embarked on a series of highly acclaimed recordings for Columbia Masterworks,[3] which was later renamed to Sony Classical after the label was purchased by Sony in 1990. The most famous among them are his 1965 return concert at Carnegie Hall and a 1968 recording from his television special, Vladimir Horowitz: A Concert at Carnegie Hall, televised by CBS.[9] Horowitz also continued to make studio recordings, including a 1969 recording of Kreisleriana by Robert Schumann, which was awarded the Prix Mondial du Disque. All of Horowitz's Columbia recordings were released as a 13-CD set by Sony Masterworks in 1993.[10] In 1975, Horowitz returned to RCA, [4] releasing a series of live recordings until 1982. During this period, Columbia also repackaged their Horowitz recordings with reissues including the named Beethoven Sonatas and multiple-LP sets of Chopin. In 1985, Horowitz signed with Deutsche Grammophon, and made both studio and live recordings until 1989, including his only recording of Mozart's Piano Concerto No. 23.[5] Four filmed documents were made during this time,[8] including the telecast of his April 20, 1986 Moscow recital. His final recording, for Sony Classical, was completed four days before his death and consisted of repertoire he had never previously recorded.[7]

An elderly man is awarded a medal by a woman, she is attaching it around his neck whilst he grins excitedly.
Horowitz in 1986, receiving the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

With the advent of the Compact Disc, the various labels for which Horowitz recorded began reissuing his pre-digital recordings. This began in the mid-1980s and increased in the years immediately following Horowitz’s death. Beginning in 1987, Columbia issued single-composer compilations drawn from various albums. RCA Victor issued many of Horowitz’s recordings on their Gold Seal mid-priced label. By 1993, both Columbia's and RCA's entire cache of previously issued recordings was available on CD, including several older items which had never appeared on LP. A number of items were issued more than once, including the 1978 recording of Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No. 3 which was issued on CD in 1987, again in 1993, with a new cover, and in a new remastering in 2000. Over the past two decades, several previously unavailable Horowitz recordings have been issued. These include studio and live recordings from the Columbia era, and a collection from Carnegie Hall recitals between 1945 and 1951 which were recorded privately by Horowitz.[11] In addition, several smaller labels have issued CDs made from pirate recordings from the 1960s onward and several of Horowitz’s stereo recordings have been issued in the blu-spec and SHM-CD (Super High Material) formats.

The listing below only contains Compact Disc releases and does not contain 78rpm, LP, Cassette, or 8-track tape releases. The videography includes items which have been released on VHS, Laserdisc and DVD.

Albums[edit]

Year of issue Album details Recording date(s) Record label
1982 Horowitz At the Met[12] November 1981 RCA Red Seal Records
1983 Horowitz in London[13] May 1982 RCA Red Seal Records
1985 Vladimir Horowitz – The Last Romantic[14] April 1985 Deutsche Grammophon
1986 The Studio Recordings, New York 1985[15] September – October 1985 Deutsche Grammophon
1986 Horowitz in Moscow[16] April 1986 Deutsche Grammophon
1987 Horowitz Plays Mozart[17] March 1987 Deutsche Grammophon
1987 Horowitz Plays Liszt[18] 1950–1981 RCA Red Seal Records
1989 Horowitz At Home[19] 1986–1989 Deutsche Grammophon
1989 Horowitz Plays Rachmaninoff[20] 1951–1980 RCA Gold Seal
1989 Horowitz Plays Clementi[21]
  • Sonata in C major, Op. 33 No. 3 / Sonata in G minor, Op. 34 No. 2 / Sonata in F minor, Op. 13 No. 6 / Sonata in F-sharp minor, Op. 25 No. 5 / Rondo from Sonata in B-flat major, Op. 24 No. 2
1954 RCA Gold Seal
1989 Horowitz Plays Scriabin[22] 1953–1982 RCA Gold Seal
1989 Horowitz Plays Schumann[23] 1976–1980 RCA Gold Seal
1989 Horowitz In Concert 1967–1968[24] 1967–1968 CBS Masterworks
1989 Mozart: Piano Sonatas[25] 1980–1988 Deutsche Grammophon
1990 Horowitz Plays Brahms & Beethoven[26] 1946–1951 RCA Gold Seal
1990 Horowitz Plays Prokofiev, Barber & Kabalevsky Sonatas[27] 1945–1977 RCA Gold Seal
1990 Horowitz Plays Beethoven Sonatas[28] 1956–1959 RCA Gold Seal
1990 Horowitz Plays Tchaikovsky: Concerto No. 1 and Beethoven: Concerto No. 5 "Emperor"[29] 1943, 1951 RCA Gold Seal
1990 Horowitz – The Last Recording[30] October & November, 1989 Sony Classical
1990 Horowitz Plays Chopin, Vol. 1[31] 1945–1982 RCA Gold Seal
1990 Mussorgsky: Pictures at an Exhibition and Tchaikovsky: Concerto No. 1[32] 1941, 1951 RCA Gold Seal
1991 Horowitz The Poet[33] 1986, 1987 Deutsche Grammophon
1991 Brahms: Piano Concerto No. 2[34] 1940–1953 RCA Gold Seal
1991 Horowitz Plays Chopin, Vol. 2[35] 1947–1957 RCA Gold Seal
1991 Schubert: Sonata in B-flat and Mozart: Sonata in F[36] 1946–1953 RCA Gold Seal
1992 Mussorgsky: Pictures at an Exhibition[37] 1928–1979 RCA Gold Seal
1992 Schumann: Kinderszenen, Brahms, Chopin, Debussy[38] 1928–1977 RCA Gold Seal
1992 Discovered Treasures[39] 1963–1972 Sony Classical
1993 Rachmaninoff: Concerto No. 3[40]

New York Philharmonic / Eugene Ormandy, Conductor

January 1978 RCA Red Seal
1993 Horowitz Plays Chopin, Vol. 3[41] 1945–1957 RCA Gold Seal
1993 Horowitz Plays Beethoven, Scarlatti, Chopin[42] 1928–1959 RCA Gold Seal
1993 The Complete Masterworks Recordings, Vol. 1: The Studio Recordings 1962–1963[43] 1962–1963 Sony Classical
1993 The Complete Masterworks Recordings, Vol. 2: The Celebrated Scarlatti Recordings[44]
  • 18 Sonatas: K. 33, K. 54, K. 525, K. 466, K. 146, K. 96, K. 162, K. 474, K. 198, K. 491, K. 481, K. 39, K. 547, K. 197, K. 25, K. 52, K. 201, K. 303
1964 Sony Classical
1993 The Complete Masterworks Recordings, Vol. 3: The Historic Return[45] 1965–1966 Sony Classical
1993 The Complete Masterworks Recordings, Vol. 4: The Legendary 1968 TV Concert[46] 1968 Sony Classical
1993 The Complete Masterworks Recordings, Vol. 5: A Baroque & Classical Recital[47]
  • Clementi: Rondo: Allegro assai from Piano Sonata in B-flat major, Op. 12, No. 1 / Adagio sostenuto from Gradus ad Parnassum, Op. 44, No. 14 / Rondo: Vivace from Piano Sonata in B-flat major, Op. 25, No. 3 / Adagio sostenuto e patetico from Piano Sonata in A major, Op. 50, No. 1
  • Bach-Busoni: Chorale Prelude Ich ruf zu dir, Herr Jesu Christ
  • Scarlatti: Sonata in F-sharp major, K. 319 / Sonata in G major, K. 260
  • Haydn: Sonata No. 48 in C major
  • Beethoven: Sonata in A major, Op. 101
1963–1972 Sony Classical
1993 The Complete Masterworks Recordings, Vol. 6: Beethoven[48] 1972–1973 Sony Classical
1993 The Complete Masterworks Recordings, Vol. 7: Early Romantics[49] 1968–1971 Sony Classical
1993 The Complete Masterworks Recordings, Vol. 8: The Romantic & Impressionist Era[50] 1962–1973 Sony Classical
1993 The Complete Masterworks Recordings, Vol. 9: Late Russian Romantics[51] 1967–1972 Sony Classical
1994 The Private Collection Vol. 1[52] 1945–1950 RCA Red Seal
1995 The Private Collection Vol. 2[53]
  • Debussy: Etudes, Book I: Nos. 4, 1, & 6
  • Prokofiev: Intermezzo and Valse lente from the ballet Cinderella
  • Poulenc: Intermezzo No 2 in D-flat major / Novelette No 1 in C major
  • Kabalevsky: Preludes, Op. 38, Nos. 1, 10, 17, 3, 16, 8, 22, 24 / Sonata No. 2 in E-flat major, Op. 45
  • Barber: Excursions, Op. 20, Nos. 1, 2, & 4
1945–1949 RCA Red Seal
1997 Vladimir Horowitz, Solo Recordings 1928–1936[54] 1930–1936 Pearl
1999 Beethoven Sonatas 1959 RCA Red Seal
2001 Chopin: Piano Music[55] 1957–1982 RCA Red Seal
2003 The Boston Recital[56] October 1969 Living Stage
2003 Horowitz reDiscovered[57] November 16, 1975 RCA Red Seal
2003 Horowitz Live and Unedited – The Historic 1965 Carnegie Hall Return Concert[58] 1962–1965 Sony Masterworks
2008 Horowitz in Hamburg – The Last Concert[59] July 21, 1987 Deutsche Grammophon
2009 Vladimir Horowitz At Carnegie Hall – The Private Collection: Mussorgsky & Liszt[60] 1948, 1949 Sony Classics
2009 Vladimir Horowitz At Carnegie Hall – The Private Collection: Schumann, Chopin, Liszt & Balakirev[61] 1946–1950 Sony Classics
2009 The Welte Mignon Mystery Vol. XI – Vladimir Horowitz today playing all his 1926 interpretations.[62] 1926/2009 Tacet
2010 Vladimir Horowitz At Carnegie Hall – The Private Collection: Haydn & Beethoven[63] 1945–1948 Sony Classics
2010 Horowitz – The Legendary Berlin Concert[64] May 18, 1986 Sony Classics

Compilations[edit]

Year of issue Album details Recording year(s) Record label
1990 Portrait Of Vladimir Horowitz[65] 1962–1972 CBS Masterworks
1990 Horowitz – Encores[66] 1943–1981 RCA Gold Seal
1998 Great Pianists of the 20th Century – Vladimir Horowitz I[67] 1932–1987 Philips
1999 Great Pianists of the 20th Century – Vladimir Horowitz II[68] 1930–1989 Philips
1999 Great Pianists of the 20th Century – Vladimir Horowitz III[69] 1928–1980 Philips
1999 Vladimir Horowitz – The Indispensable[70] 1945–1982 RCA Red Seal
2001 Vladimir Horowitz – A Reminiscence[71] 1962–1973 Sony Classical
2003 The Magic of Horowitz[72] (Contains 2 CDs + 1 DVD – includes three previously unreleased recordings.) 1985–1989 Deutsche Grammophon
2003 Legendary RCA Recordings[73] 1941–1982 RCA Records
2009 Vladimir Horowitz – Greatest Hits[74] 1946–1953 Sony Masterworks
2009 The Essential Vladimir Horowitz[75] 1942–1989 Sony Masterworks

Boxed sets[edit]

Year of issue Album details Recording year(s) Record label
1990 Recordings 1930–1951[76]
  • 3 CDs
  • Contains the HMV recordings.
1930–1951 EMI
1993 The Complete Masterworks Recordings, 1962–1973[10]
  • 13 CDs, 9 Volumes
1962–1973 Sony Classical
2001 The Original Jacket Collection[77]
  • 10 CDs
  • Contains Horowitz's Columbia recordings.
1962–1972 Sony Classical
2003 Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon[78]
  • 6 CDs
1985–1989 Deutsche Grammophon
2009 The Complete Original Jacket Collection[79]
  • 70 CDs
  • Contains Horowitz's complete RCA, Columbia, and Sony recordings issued through 2008, also includes two previously unreleased recitals (Carnegie Hall March 5, 1951 and Whitman Auditorium November 12, 1967).[11]
1928–1989 Sony/BMG Masterworks

Video releases[edit]

Horowitz’s first appearance on television was a one-hour recital for the CBS television network in 1968.[9] The pianist also performed at the White House in 1978, celebrating the 50th Anniversary of his American debut with an all-Chopin recital from the East Room.[80] Although never officially released on home video, copies of the recital are available from the Jimmy Carter Library. Horowitz’s debut in Japan, in 1983, was broadcast on Japanese public television.[81] The pianist was under the influence of anti-depressant medication, which severely impaired his playing and led to a withdrawal from performance until 1985. Although clips of the recital have appeared on the internet, no material from this time period has been seen on any documentaries. In addition, Horowitz can be seen on various news shows including a 1977 60 Minutes story.[82]

Year of issue Details Recording date(s) Label
2013 Vladimir Horowitz - A Television Concert at Carnegie Hall
  • Chopin: Ballade in G minor, Op. 23 / Nocturne in F minor, Op. 55, No. 1 / Polonaise in F-sharp minor, Op. 44
  • Scarlatti: Sonata in E major, K. 380 / Sonata in G major, K. 55
  • Robert Schumann: Arabeske, Op. 18 / Traumerai
  • Scriabin: Etude in D-sharp minor, Op. 8, No. 10
  • Horowitz: Variations on a theme from Bizet's Carmen
January 2, February 1, 1968 Sony
1982 Horowitz in London[83] May 22, 1982 Sony
1986 Vladimir Horowitz – The Last Romantic[84] April 1985 Pioneer
1986 Horowitz in Moscow[85] April 20, 1986 Pioneer / Sony
1988 Horowitz Plays Mozart[86] March 1987 Deutsche Grammophon
1991 Horowitz in Vienna[87] May 31, 1987 Deutsche Grammophon
1993 Vladimir Horowitz – A Reminiscence[88] N/A Sony Classical / Kultur
1995 Rachmaninoff: Piano Concerto No. 3 September 24, 1978 Deutsche Grammophon

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ "Vladimir Horowitz > Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-03-15. 
  2. ^ a b Plaskin, Glenn (1983). Horowitz, a biography. Quill books. p. 115. ISBN 0-688-02656-7. 
  3. ^ a b Frost, Thomas (1993). The Complete Masterworks Recordings, Vol. 1: The Studio Recordings 1962–1963 (Media notes). Vladimir Horowitz. Sony Classical. p. 7. 
  4. ^ a b Dubal, David (1991). Evenings with Horowitz – A Personal Portrait. Amadeus Press. p. 65. ISBN 1-57467-086-7. 
  5. ^ a b c "Vladimir Horowitz". Deutsche Grammophon. Retrieved 2010-03-15. 
  6. ^ Holland, Bernard (1989-11-06). "Vladimir Horowitz, Titan of the Piano, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-03-15. 
  7. ^ a b Schonberg, Harold C. (1990-04-22). "Recordings; Horowitz's Parting Gift: Charming Novelties". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-03-07. 
  8. ^ a b "Vladimir Horowitz > Filmography". Allmovie. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  9. ^ a b Dubal, David (1991). Evenings with Horowitz – A Personal Portrait. Amadeus Press. ISBN 1-57467-086-7. 
  10. ^ a b "The Complete Masterworks Recordings". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  11. ^ a b "Sony Masterworks to Release Unprecedented Series of Horowitz Recordings...". PR Newswire. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  12. ^ "Horowitz At the Met". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  13. ^ "Horowitz in London". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-09. 
  14. ^ "Vladimir Horowitz – The Last Romantic". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-28. 
  15. ^ "The Studio Recordings, New York 1985". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-09. 
  16. ^ "Horowitz in Moscow". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
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  18. ^ "Horowitz plays Liszt". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-18. 
  19. ^ "Horowitz At Home". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  20. ^ "Horowitz Plays Rachmaninoff". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  21. ^ "Horowitz plays Clementi". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  22. ^ "Horowitz plays Scriabin". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  23. ^ "Horowitz Plays Schumann". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  24. ^ "Horowitz In Concert 1967–1968". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  25. ^ "Mozart: Piano Sonatas". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  26. ^ "Horowitz Plays Brahms & Beethoven". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  27. ^ "Horowitz plays Prokofiev, Barber & Kabalevsky Sonatas". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-18. 
  28. ^ "Horowitz Plays Beethoven Sonatas". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-09. 
  29. ^ "Horowitz plays Tchaikovsky: Concerto No. 1 and Beethoven: Concerto No. 5 "Emperor"". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-15. 
  30. ^ "Horowitz – The Last Recording". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  31. ^ "Horowitz Plays Chopin, Vol. 1". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  32. ^ "Mussorgsky: Pictures at an Exhibition and Tchaikovsky: Concerto No. 1". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-09. 
  33. ^ "Horowitz The Poet". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-09. 
  34. ^ "Brahms: Piano Concerto No. 2". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-18. 
  35. ^ "Horowitz Plays Chopin, Vol. 2". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  36. ^ "Schubert: Sonata in B-Flat and Mozart: Sonata in F". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  37. ^ "Mussorgsky: Pictures at an Exhibition". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  38. ^ "Schumann: Kinderszenen, Brahms, Chopin, Debussy". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-18. 
  39. ^ "Discovered Treasures". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  40. ^ "Rachmaninoff: Concerto No. 3". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  41. ^ "Horowitz Plays Chopin, Vol. 3". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  42. ^ "Horowitz Plays Beethoven, Scarlatti, Chopin". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  43. ^ "The Complete Masterworks Recordings, Vol. 1: The Studio Recordings 1962–1963". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-15. 
  44. ^ "The Complete Masterworks Recordings, Vol. 2: The Celebrated Scarlatti Recordings". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-18. 
  45. ^ "The Complete Masterworks Recordings, Vol. 3: The Historic Return". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-18. 
  46. ^ "The Complete Masterworks Recordings, Vol. 4: The Legendary 1968 TV Concert". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-18. 
  47. ^ "The Complete Masterworks Recordings, Vol. 5: A Baroque & Classical Recital". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-15. 
  48. ^ "The Complete Masterworks Recordings, Vol. 6: Beethoven". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-18. 
  49. ^ "The Complete Masterworks Recordings, Vol. 7: Early Romantics". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-18. 
  50. ^ "The Complete Masterworks Recordings, Vol. 8: The Romantic & Impressionist Era". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-18. 
  51. ^ "The Complete Masterworks Recordings, Vol. 9: Late Russian Romantics". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-15. 
  52. ^ "The Private Collection Vol. 1". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  53. ^ "The Private Collection Vol. 2". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  54. ^ "Vladimir Horowitz, Solo Recordings 1928–1936". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  55. ^ "Chopin: Piano Music". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  56. ^ "The Boston Recital". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  57. ^ "Horowitz reDiscovered". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-15. 
  58. ^ "Horowitz Live and Unedited – The Historic 1965 Carnegie Hall Return Concert". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  59. ^ "Horowitz in Hamburg – The Last Concert". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  60. ^ "Vladimir Horowitz At Carnegie Hall – The Private Collection: Mussorgsky & Liszt". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  61. ^ "Vladimir Horowitz At Carnegie Hall – The Private Collection: Schumann, Chopin, Liszt & Balakirev". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 
  62. ^ The Welte Mignon Mystery Vol. XI Retrieved 2011-01-25.
  63. ^ "Vladimir Horowitz At Carnegie Hall – The Private Collection: Haydn & Beethoven". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  64. ^ "Horowitz – The Legendary Berlin Concert". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-28. 
  65. ^ "Portrait Of Vladimir Horowitz". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  66. ^ "Horowitz – Encores". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  67. ^ "Great Pianists of the 20th Century – Vladimir Horowitz I". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 
  68. ^ "Great Pianists of the 20th Century – Vladimir Horowitz II". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 
  69. ^ "Great Pianists of the 20th Century – Vladimir Horowitz III". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 
  70. ^ "Vladimir Horowitz – The Indispensable". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  71. ^ "Vladimir Horowitz – A Reminiscence". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-28. 
  72. ^ "The Magic of Horowitz". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  73. ^ "Legendary RCA Recordings". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  74. ^ "Vladimir Horowitz – Greatest Hits". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  75. ^ "The Essential Vladimir Horowitz". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  76. ^ "Recordings 1930-1951". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  77. ^ "The Original Jacket Collection". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  78. ^ "Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  79. ^ Clements, Andrew (2009-12-31). "The Complete Original Jacket Collection". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 
  80. ^ "The Daily Diary of President Jimmy Carter – February 26, 1978" (PDF). Jimmy Carter Library. Retrieved 2010-03-14. 
  81. ^ "Horowitz Bound for Japan". The New York Times. 1983-05-28. Retrieved 2010-03-15. 
  82. ^ "12/26/77: Vladimir Horowitz – 60 Minutes". CBS News. Retrieved 2010-03-14. 
  83. ^ "Horowitz in London". Allmovie. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  84. ^ "Vladimir Horowitz – The Last Romantic". Allmovie. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  85. ^ "Horowitz in Moscow". Allmovie. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  86. ^ "Horowitz Plays Mozart". Allmovie. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  87. ^ "Horowitz in Vienna". Allmovie. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  88. ^ "Vladimir Horowitz – A Reminiscence". Allmovie. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 

External links[edit]