Vladimir Lenin monument, Kiev

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Monument to Lenin in Kiev still standing in 2007

The Vladimir Lenin monument in Kiev was a statue dedicated to Vladimir Lenin, the founder of the Soviet Union in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. It became noticed as being directly involved in the Euromaidan events when it was violently toppled from its pedestal and crushed by an angry mob on December 8, 2013. Later in its place, a golden toilet was installed atop the pedestal as a metaphorical symbol of state corruption, and since then, it has become a site of political artwork.[1]


The larger than life-size (3.45 meters [11.32 feet]) Lenin monument was built by Soviet sculptor Sergey Merkurov from the same red Karelian stone as Lenin's Mausoleum. It was displayed at the 1939 New York World's Fair and erected on Kiev's main Khreshchatyk Street (at the intersection of Shevchenko Boulevard, opposite the Bessarabsky Market) on 5 December 1946.

According to the decree of the former President of Ukraine, Viktor Yushchenko, this monument of the Soviet Union and the associated Communist period should have been removed after Ukraine gained independence.[2] Nevertheless, due to the resistance of the Communist Party of Ukraine, whose members were elected to Verhovna Rada, the last Kiev monument to Lenin was left standing.

Since the fall of Soviet rule, the monument survived numerous vandalizing attempts which led to both increased policing of the area and frequent vigilance by Communist activists.


Demonstrators on the plinth of the statue after it was toppled

On December 1, 2013 a group of masked men attempted to topple the statue during the surge of the Euromaidan protests. Police immediately reacted by deploying a small Berkut riot police unit which was attacked, overwhelmed and forced to flee. Euromaidan leaders immediately denounced both the monument attempt and the clash with police as an action of unaffiliated "provocateurs".

Subsequently, on December 8, 2013, several Ukrainian individuals subsequently claimed to be affiliated with the Svoboda political party[3] toppled the statue, as Kiev police silently looked on. The statue then broke from impact with the ground.[4]

After the fall of the Lenin statue the crowd began to sing the national anthem of Ukraine. Later, pieces of the monument were picked up by protesters as souvenirs.[5][6]

Over a hundred other Lenin statues and Soviet icons across Ukraine were destroyed from December 2013 to February 2014.[7]


The removal or destruction of Lenin monuments and statues gained particular momentum after the destruction of the Kiev Lenin statue. Under the motto "Ленінопад" (Leninopad, translated into English as "Leninfall"), activists pulled down a dozen communist monuments in the Kyiv region, Zhytomyr, Khmelnytskyi, and elsewhere, or damaged them during the course of the EuroMaidan protests into spring of 2014.[8] In other cities and towns, monuments were removed by organised heavy equipment and transported to scrapyards or dumps.[9][10]

Political response[edit]

A member of the Ukrainian parliament from the party UDAR, Valeriy Karpuntsov, announced that Ukrainian police had started arrests of people present in the area during the fall of the last monument to Lenin in Kiev.[11]

The governor of Kharkiv Oblast, Mykhailo Dobkin, tweeted on 8 December 2013 about starting a crowdfunding campaign to restore the monument: "Tomorrow I will open the account for restoration of the monument to Lenin in Kiev… Everybody, who hates Guzuls for their stupidity, join".[12] He stated that he would allocate the sum of 100,000 hryvnias for the restoration of the monument.[12]

Public opinion[edit]

Most residents of Kiev (69%) had a negative attitude to the removal of Lenin's monument during the mass protest actions, while 13% had a positive attitude and 15% remained indifferent.[13]

Notable figures[edit]

  • Singer Ruslana (one of the leading figures of the protests[14][15][16]) was critical of the event, saying, "We do not need any barbaric actions. We condemn acts of vandalism, savagery, violence and anything that can divide and split Ukraine [...] doubling monuments and calls for aggression is nothing but a movement in the opposite direction of European integration and humane society."[17]


On 15 May 2015, President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko signed a bill into law that started a six-month period for the removal of communist monuments.[18]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Mannequins placed in Lenin's old spot". 13 February 2014. Archived from the original on 1 December 2008. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  2. ^ Про заходи у зв'язку з 75-ми роковинами Голодомору 1932 – 1933 років в Україні Archived 2014-01-28 at the Wayback Machine decree of the President of Ukraine № 250/2007
  3. ^ "Svoboda assumes responsibility for pulling down Lenin monument in Kyiv". ZIK. 8 December 2013. Archived from the original on 12 December 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  4. ^ "Lenin statue toppled in Ukraine protest". CNN. 8 December 2013. Archived from the original on 8 December 2013. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
  5. ^ Slade Sohmer (8 December 2013). "Full Video of Protesters In Kyiv Toppling, Decapitating Lenin Statue". Archived from the original on 12 December 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
  6. ^ "Protesters rid Kyiv of Lenin statue". Kyiv Post. 8 December 2013. Archived from the original on 9 December 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  7. ^ "First the president, now Lenin: Stunning map reveals 100 statues of Soviet leader have been toppled in Ukraine". Daily Mail/Mail Online. 25 February 2014. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
  8. ^ "Archived copy" Ленінопад триває: вождя скинули в Каневі, Миколаєві, Херсоні (in Ukrainian). TSN. 22 February 2014. Archived from the original on 23 February 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ Sofia Sereda (9 January 2014). "Archived copy" В Україні – Ленінопад: пам'ятники вождю падають один за одним [In Ukraine - Leninopad: Monuments to the leader fall one by one] (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ iaryna. "Good Bye Lenin! Десовєтизація України. Кінець 2013 - початок 2014 років" [Good Bye Lenin! Desovietization of Ukraine. End of 2013 - beginning of 2014] (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 1 April 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2014.
  11. ^ "Archived copy" Міліція вже почала затримувати людей за повалення пам'ятника Леніну - УДАР [Police has started arrests of innocent people for putting down the monument of Lenin]. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). 9 December 2013. Archived from the original on 14 December 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ a b "Dobkin despises Guzuls and is collecting money for the new monument to Lenin in Kiev". Nah News. 9 December 2013. Archived from the original on 2 January 2014. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  13. ^ "PRESS-RELEASE "ATTITUDE OF RESIDENTS OF Kyiv TO REMOVAL OF LENIN'S MONUMENT" In the period from 10 to 14 of December 2013 the company Research & Branding Group" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-12-29. Retrieved 2014-04-05.
  14. ^ Daryna Shevchenko (29 November 2013). "Musicians liven up EuroMaidan". Kyiv Post. Archived from the original on 29 November 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  15. ^ "Bershidsky on Europe: Swiss Reject Pay Cap". Bloomberg. 25 November 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2013. Yet the Euromaidan, as the protest campaign is known, is serious enough to give President Viktor Yanukovych a serious scare.
  16. ^ "Archived copy" "Євромайдан" вимагає скасування рішення уряду про відмову від євроінтеграції (in Ukrainian). Voice of America: Ukrainian. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ Ruslana. "Archived copy" Ми не хочемо, щоб Творча Революція перетворилася у погроми... (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 14 December 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ Poroshenko signed the laws about decomunization. Ukrayinska Pravda. 15 May 2015
    Poroshenko signs laws on denouncing Communist, Nazi regimes, Interfax-Ukraine. 15 May 20
    Goodbye, Lenin: Ukraine moves to ban communist symbols, BBC News (14 April 2015)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°26′33″N 30°31′10″E / 50.4425°N 30.5194°E / 50.4425; 30.5194