Voćin

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Voćin
Village
Voćin is located in Croatia
Voćin
Voćin
Location of Voćin in Croatia
Coordinates: 45°37′04″N 17°32′52″E / 45.61778°N 17.54778°E / 45.61778; 17.54778
Country Croatia
RegionContinental Croatia
CountyFlag of Virovitica-Podravina County.png Virovitica-Podravina
MunicipalityVoćin
Elevation
215 m (705 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total2,382
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
33522
Area code(s)(+385) 33

Voćin is a village and municipality in western Slavonia, Croatia, located southwest of Slatina and east of Daruvar. The population of the municipality is 2,384, with 1,161 people living in Voćin itself (census 2001).

Geography

Voćin, a pilgrimage site, is located in a valley of the Voćinska Rijeka at the foot of Papuk Mountain. The surrounding area is notable for the Lisičine arboretum (one of the three arboretums in Croatia, the other two being Trsteno and Opeka), the special Sekulinačke Planine forest vegetation reserve (which includes a large primaeval forest of mountain beech) and the unique geological monument of Rupnica, famous for the secretion of albite (white feldspar) riolite.

Culture

The major annual event is related to the Birth of Mary (8 September), when a number of pilgrims visit the ruins of the late Gothic Catholic church of St. Mary.

History

Cultural event "Voćinska kestenijada"
Columnar basalt at Rupica

In the late 19th and early 20th century, Voćin was part of the Virovitica County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia. The church was destroyed during World War II and rebuilt in 1973.

During the World War 2, on January 14 1942 happened the first Voćin massacre - killing of 350 Serb civilians by the Croatian Ustaše. The massacre was carried out as retaliation for partisans' action in Papuk.[2]

During the Croatian War of Independence, the village's was the site of a massacre by the Serb White Eagles, who killed 43 villagers, all but one of whom were ethnic Croats. A Serb civilian who tried to protect his neighbours was the other fatality. Overnight, between 13-14 December 1991, the village's 550-year-old church was destroyed by explosive charges.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census,[1] the Voćin municipality had 2,382 inhabitants. The municipality consists of the following settlements:

Population of the Voćin municipality by ethnicity:[1]

Year of census total Croats Serbs Yugoslavs others
2011 2 382 2 147 (90.13%) 211 (8.86%) - 24 (1.01%)
2001 2 421 2 069 (85.46%) 315 (13.01%) - 37 (1.53%)
1991 1 569 n/a n/a n/a n/a

Population of the Voćin village by ethnicity:[1][3]

Year of census total Croats Serbs Yugoslavs others
2011 1 191 1097 (92.12%) 79 (6.63%) - 15 (1.26%)
2001 1 161 n/a n/a - n/a
1991 1 569 426 (27.15%) 1 009 (64.31%) 65 (4.14%) 69 (4.40%)
1981 1 558 404 (25.93%) 904 (58.02%) 226 (14.51%) 24 (1.54%)
1971 1 489 541 (36.33%) 869 (58.36%) 61 (4.10%) 18 (1.21%)

Population change of Voćin village 1857-2011 [1][4]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Voćin". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  2. ^ "Sjećanje na 350 nedužnih žrtava ustaškog terora". Virovitica.net. January 15, 2013.
  3. ^ Izdanje Državnog zavoda za statistiku RH: Narodnosni sastav stanovništva RH od 1880-1991. godine.
  4. ^ Naselja i stanovništvo Republike Hrvatske 1857-2001, www.dzs.hr
  5. ^ "Sjećanje na žrtve ustaškog terora / "Commemorating the victims of Ustaša terror"". portalnovosti.com (in Croatian). 14 January 2016. Retrieved 17 March 2018.

External links

Coordinates: 45°37′04″N 17°32′52″E / 45.61778°N 17.54778°E / 45.61778; 17.54778