Võ Chí Công

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Võ Chí Công
Picture of Vo Chi Cong.jpeg
Chairman of the Council of State of Vietnam
In office
18 June 1987 – 22 September 1992
Preceded by Trường Chinh
Succeeded by Lê Đức Anh
Minister of Agriculture of Vietnam
In office
2 February 1977 – 12 December 1979
Preceded by Võ Thúc Đồng
Succeeded by Nguyễn Ngọc Trìu
Personal details
Born Võ Toàn
(1912-08-07)7 August 1912
Quảng Nam, Annam, French Indochina
Died 8 September 2011(2011-09-08) (aged 99)
Hồ Chí Minh City, Vietnam

Võ Chí Công (born Võ Toàn; 7 August 1912 – 8 September 2011) was a Vietnamese Communist politician, and the Chairman of the Council of State of Vietnam (Alternatively: President of Vietnam) between 1987 and 1992.[1][2] He was the Standing Deputy Chairman of the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam from 1962 to 1976.

Early life and political activities[edit]

Võ Chí Công was born Võ Toàn in Quảng Nam, French Indochina, in 1912. Võ Chí Công’s father was Võ Nghiệm a patriot who later became a communist party member and a secretary, who was condemned as a martyr by the Vietnamese government. His mother Nguyễn Thị Thân was later conferred the Vietnamese title as Vietnamese heroic mother. Công was educated in patriotic spirit and influenced by many land magnates such as Hoàng Diệu, Trần Quý Cáp, Phan Châu Trinh, and Huỳnh Thúc Kháng. He first became politically active in 1930, when he joined with Phan Bội Châu and Phan Chu Trinh, two early Vietnamese nationalists who opposed the French colonial regime. He joined the Communist Party of Vietnam led by Hồ Chí Minh in 1935,[3] and fought with the Vietnamese resistance against the Vichy French during World War II.

Leadership movement in Central Vietnam[edit]

In October 1941, Võ Chí Công was assigned to the newly re-established Central Party Committee, which was assigned to charge the provinces from Đà Nẵng to Phú Yên. In early 1942, the French colonial government terrorized the revolutionary movement in the central provinces, many Central Party officials and provinces were arrested, some temporarily moved the area to contact the higher authorities. Võ Chí Công himself had to stay in the southernmost provinces of Central Vietnam, then proceeded to Đà Lạt to build the base. In June 1942, Secretary of the Quảng Nam Party Committee Trương Hoàn was arrested, sentenced to 20 years in prison by the colonial government, sent to Buôn Ma Thuột. In August 1942, Quảng Nam - Hội An - Đà Nẵng Provincial Party Committee was established by Võ Chí Công and after January 16, 1943 the three parties merged into The Quảng Nam Party. Võ Chí Công was elected as the Party Secretary of the new Quảng Nam Party. In October 1943, due to the betrayal of a provincial commissioner named Cao Tiến Khai, Võ Chí Công and a number of provincial officials, Nguyễn Sắc Kim and Lê Bá were arrested by the French colonial government. Công was sentenced to life imprisonment, then reduced to 25 years imprisonment in Hội An laboratories, then transferred to exile in Buôn Ma Thuột.[4]

On 9 March 1945, Japan overtook France Indochina. For the demobilization of the Vietnamese in support of Japanese rule, the Japanese military released many political prisoners, including Võ Chí Công. After his release, Công returned to Quảng Nam, assigned to the National Salvation Department of the Việt Minh in Quảng Nam Province, as leader of the Uprising, preparing to destroy the french government. As a result of his efforts and his comrades, as well as the quick initiative, the uprising took place in Quảng Nam, starting with Hội An , which took place on August 17, 1945. Quang Nam became one of four provinces to win The earliest government in the country. After the successful August Revolution, Công was appointed Chief Justice of Quảng Nam - Đà Nẵng.

Vietcong founding member[edit]

After the First Indochina War, Công as Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee of 5th Region (and elected is member of Central Committee Party in 1960), before becoming a founding member and Deputy Chairman of the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam (Vietcong) in 1961. He later became Deputy Secretary of the Central Office for South Vietnam (COSVN), and was a key figure in the communist party in South Vietnam during the Vietnam War. After the reunification of Vietnam in 1976, Công was awarded a seat on the national Politburo.[5]

Cabinet career and presidency[edit]

As a Politburo member, Công served in various cabinet posts, including Minister of Fisheries (1976–77), Minister of Agriculture (1977–78), and Deputy Prime Minister (1976–82), before becoming the Chairman of the Council of State of Vietnam (the contemporary equivalent of the President of Vietnam) in 1987. After his presidential term ended in 1992, Công became an advisor to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam, until this advisory position was abolished in 1997.

Death[edit]

Võ Chí Công died in Hồ Chí Minh City on 8 September 2011, aged 99.[6] The Communist Party of Vietnam granted him a televised state funeral in recognition of his long political career.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bruce M. Lockhart, William J. Duiker The A to Z of Vietnam 2010 p.420 "Võ Chí Công (1912— ). Leading figure in the Vietnamese Communist Party (VCP) and former chief of state of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV). Born near Da Ngng in 1912, Võ Chí Công became active in the Indochinese Communist Party".
  2. ^ "State funeral for former President of State Council - Võ Chí Công". BaoMoi.com. September 2011. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
  3. ^ "Vo Chi Cong, Vietnamese leader, is dead at 99". New York Times. 15 September 2011. Retrieved 24 October 2011.
  4. ^ bientap, thuky (2011). "TÓM TẮT TIỂU SỬ ĐỒNG CHÍ VÕ CHÍ CÔNG". baodientu.chinhphu.vn. 
  5. ^ "Tributes to Vo Chi Cong in HCM City". Vietnam Breaking News. 11 September 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2013. 
  6. ^ "Đồng chí Võ Chí Công từ trần" (in Vietnamese). Bao Dien Tu. 8 September 2011. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
  7. ^ "Former State leader dies at ninety nine". Viet Nam News. 9 September 2011. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
Preceded by
Trường Chinh
President of Vietnam
1987–1992
Succeeded by
Lê Đức Anh