Vobla

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Rutilus caspicus
Stamps of Azerbaijan, 1993-196.jpg
Vobla on Azerbaijani postage stamp
Scientific classification
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Rutilus caspicus
Binomial name
Rutilus caspicus
(Yakovlev, 1870)
Synonyms
  • Leuciscus rutilus caspicus Yakovlev, 1870
  • Rutilus rutilus caspicus (Yakovlev, 1870)
  • Cyprinus rutilus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Rutilus rutilus (non Linnaeus, 1758)

The vobla (Rutilus caspicus), also termed the Caspian roach, is a species of cyprinid fish inhabiting the Caspian Sea and inflowing rivers. It is closely related to the common roach (R. rutilus) and often considered its subspecies, R. r. caspicus.

Salt-dried vobla is a common Russian meal or snack that goes well with beer. It is popular in many Russian households and beer restaurants.

Description[edit]

The vobla has a typical size of 30–35 cm (maximum published 45 cm) and a weight of 800 g (maximum published 2000 g). It can be distinguished from its congeners in the Caspian Sea by these characteristics:

  • usually 42-44 scales along the lateral line
  • dorsal fin usually with 9½ branched rays
  • anal fin usually with 10½ branched rays
  • rounded snout and subterminal mouth
  • anal fins and pectoral pelvic are grey with dark margins

Distribution[edit]

The vobla is found in brackish coastal waters of the northern and northwestern Caspian Sea, and enters Volga, Ural, Emba, Terek, and Kura drainages for spawning.

Food use[edit]

Salt-dried vobla is generally eaten without sauces or side dishes. Many people like to eat their vobla with a glass of beer, which lessens the salty taste of the fish.

Vobla could be considered a raw fish, but, in fact, it is neither raw nor cooked, but rather salt-cured. It is soaked in brine for some days and then is thoroughly air-dried for another two, which in the end denatures the protein, as a form of chemical "cooking".


See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2006). "Rutilus caspicus" in FishBase. April 2006 version.
  • Rutilus rutilus caspicus (Jakowlew, 1870) www.caspianenvironment.org
  • Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. (2008). "Rutilus caspicus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved April 2012. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)