Thyroarytenoid muscle

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Thyroarytenoid muscle
Musculusthyreoarytenoideus.png
Muscles of the larynx, seen from above.
Details
OriginInner surface of the thyroid cartilage (anterior aspect)
InsertionAnterior surface of arytenoid cartilage
NerveRecurrent laryngeal branch of the vagus
ActionsHelps to reduce tension on the vocal folds during speech to decrease pitch
Identifiers
LatinMusculus thyroarytenoideus
TAA06.2.08.008
FMA46588
Anatomical terms of muscle

The thyroarytenoid muscle is a broad, thin muscle that forms the body of the vocal fold and that supports the wall of the ventricle and its appendix. It functions to shorten the vocal folds.

Structure[edit]

It arises in front from the lower half of the angle of the thyroid cartilage, and from the middle cricothyroid ligament.

Its fibers pass backward and laterally, to be inserted into the base and anterior surface of the arytenoid cartilage.

Parts[edit]

The lower and deeper fibers of the muscle can be differentiated as a triangular band which is inserted into the vocal process of the arytenoid cartilage, and into the adjacent portion of its anterior surface; it is termed the Vocalis, and lies parallel with the vocal ligament, to which it is adherent.[1][citation needed]

The vocal muscle is the upper portion of the thyroarytenoid muscle which is primarily involved in producing speech.

A considerable number of the fibers of the thyroarytenoid muscle are prolonged into the aryepiglottic fold, where some of them become lost, while others are continued to the margin of the epiglottis. They have received a distinctive name, thyroepiglottic muscle, thyreoepiglotticus or thyroepiglottic, and are sometimes described as a separate muscle.[citation needed]

A few fibers extend along the wall of the ventricle from the lateral wall of the arytenoid cartilage to the side of the epiglottis and constitute the ventricularis muscle.

Function[edit]

The thyroarytenoid muscle, consisting of two parts having different attachments and different directions, is rather complicated as regards its action.

Its main use is to draw the arytenoid cartilages forward toward the thyroid, and thus relax and shorten the vocal folds.

But, owing to the connection of the deeper portion with the vocal fold, this part, if acting separately, is supposed to modify its elasticity and tension, while the lateral portion rotates the arytenoid cartilage inward, and thus narrows the rima glottidis by bringing the two vocal folds together.

Additional images[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 1083 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. ^ Frank H. Netter, MD "Atlas of Human anatomy", 7th Edition, 2019, Plate 91, superior view

External links[edit]