Jump to content


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Voddler Sweden AB
Company typePrivately held company
IndustryInternet video, Streaming
Stockholm, Sweden
Area served

Voddler was a Stockholm, Sweden-based provider of a video-on-demand (VOD) platform and a streaming technology for over-the-top (OTT) streaming on the public Internet.[1] In Scandinavia, Voddler was primarily known for the commercial VOD-service Voddler, which was launched in 2009.[2][3] As a company, Voddler was founded in 2005[4] and developed its own streaming solution, called Vnet. Vnet is based on peer-to-peer (p2p), where all users contribute by streaming movies to each other, but, unlike traditional p2p, Vnet has a central administrator who decides which users that have access to which movies. Due to this exception, Vnet has been referred to as a "hybrid p2p distribution system", "walled garden p2p"[5] or "controlled p2p".[6] In addition to running the consumer service Voddler, the company Voddler also offers, since 2013, Vnet as a stand-alone technology for other streaming platforms.[7] The service Bollyvod, a global VOD-service for Bollywood-content that Voddler built for the Indian movie industry, was released as a pilot in 2014.[8]

Voddler Group went bankrupt in January 2018.[9]

Voddler's streaming technology Vnet

Vnet logotype

Voddler's streaming technology, called Vnet by the company,[10] is a peer-to-peer-based video content delivery solution. With p2p-streaming, movies are not streamed from a central server or content delivery network (CDN), but from other users who have parts of the movie on their units after seeing the movie earlier. This process begins when a user clicks play for a movie and continues throughout the viewing time, allowing for seamless viewing. After the viewer has completed watching the video, parts of the video file remains for a time on the user's device. Popular content, that is watched by many other users, remain longer on any one user's device than less popular content, which more quickly is removed from the network nodes.[11]

Compared to server-based streaming, p2p-based streaming saves on data costs for the service provider, at the same time as the distribution becomes more robust, since it only grows stronger with every additional user.[12][13] What distinguishes Vnet from traditional p2p is that Vnet allows an administrator to have central control over which movies are in the network and which users that can see them. Publishing into the network and access to the network is thus centrally controlled.[14]

The Vnet client is a separate application that uses closed source proprietary code from Voddler and is run as background daemon or service).

Vnet is a patented solution with 28 patent in two patent families.[11]

Voddler's own VOD-service


The VOD-service Voddler, which is accessible via web browsers and apps in selected markets, allows registered users with a broadband connection to stream movies and TV-shows over the public Internet. The service was released in beta in Sweden on 28 October 2009,[15] initially only for customers of Swedish ISP Bredbandsbolaget.[16][17] After requiring users to have an invitation to the service during the first months, Voddler was fully opened in Sweden on 1 July 2010 and soon thereafter in Norway, Denmark and Finland.

The content catalog was initially completely free to the users and monetized via advertising.[18] The catalog soon, however, became a mix of free movies (ad-funded or AVOD); rental movies (pay-per-view or TVOD); films that were part of a package (subscription or SVOD); and titles for purchase (Electronic Sell-Through or EST). The catalog contains primarily Hollywood- and other American titles, together with Scandinavian movies, primarily Swedish. Voddler built its catalog through license agreements with content owners such as Warner Bros.,[19] Paramount,[20] Sony[21] and Disney,[20] including subsidiaries such as Touchstone Pictures and Miramax Films.[22]

According to the company itself, Voddler reached over 1 million registered users in the Nordics, and also opened the service in Spain in 2012.[23] To users in Spain, the catalog was more limited than in the Nordics.

Player and software clients


Voddler's first media player client required a separate download and its graphical 10-foot user interface was primarily designed for the living-room TV with a remote control, instead of a desktop computer interface. In March 2010, Voddler updated the interface to allow for mouse and keyboard control, both for selecting movies and for playing them in the Voddler media player. This first mediaplayer was based on the GNU Public Licensed (GPL) source code of XBMC Media Center,[24] a free and open-source software, that Voddler used as its application framework for the media player. After a controversy in 2010 surrounding the source code for Voddler's video player (see below under "GPL controversy"), Voddler changed the framework for its player and has based it since then on Adobe Flash and Adobe Air, both of which are not open source code. At about the same time, Voddler also stopped demanding a separate download of the media player and instead started using a player that was embedded directly into the browser page. This new player, just like the old one, takes it stream from Voddler's streaming cloud Vnet.

Mobile units


On 23 June 2011, Voddler announced the launch of an Android app.[25] Subsequently, Voddler also released apps for iPhone,[26] iPad,[27] Windows Phone,[28] Symbian[29]Symbian och MeeGo.[30] Starting in 2013, Voddler has increasingly started to use browser-based streaming instead of building dedicated apps for each platform.

GPL controversy


For its first video player, which was based on the GNU Public Licensed (GPL) source code of XBMC Media Center, Voddler also developed its own encryption module, to protect the movies streamed via the player from unauthorized copying or downloading. On 24 February 2010, the company closed down the service,[31] having been hacked[32] by anonymous programmers who had recreated these missing code parts that Voddler had added to its media player. The missing code made it possible for other media player to attach to Voddler's own, so that the user could save the streamed films to their harddrive. This use case violated the licensing deals that Voddler had signed with the content owners. As motivation for their attack, the anonymous programmers said that Voddler, according to GPL, should have published the code for the encryption module back to the open source project.[33][34] Voddler claimed they had met the requirements of GPL, which the anonymous group argued was wrong,[35] insisting that Voddler had to distribute all of the Voddler source code needed to compile the Voddler player executable.[36] When Voddler re-opened its service on 8 March 2010, it was with a new media player, no longer based on XBMC. Since encryption protection was essential for Voddler, in order to keep its content license agreements, and that giving the code module back to the open source project was tantamount to removing the encryption,[37] Voddler chose to completely replace the player with a commercially available framework.

The Company


Voddler Sweden AB[38] is a venture-backed, privately held company, based in Stockholm, Sweden.[39] The company was founded 2005 by Martin Alsen, Magnus Dalhamn and Mattias Bergström[40] and held for a while offices also in Palo Alto and Beijing.[41] The company was reorganized in 2008 and investors Marcus Starberger and Mathias Hjelmstedt invested in Voddler Inc. Marcus Starberger and Mathias Hjelmstedt took their place as new founders and marked a new era for streaming services, video on demand (VOD). Marcus Starberger with a leading position in film and the TV companies' premiere events and marketing, as well as his deep knowledge of film companies value chain - the cinema distributor - video store - broadcast / satellite TV and their transaction models. Contributed to Marcus Starberger being given a mandate to implement a distribution system and interface to the end customer for films and TV series via the web, which recently became the model for the revolution of an entire era of traditional moving media. At the beginning of 2010, Marcus Starberger chose to resign his leading position at Voddler after learning that Voddler had infringed copyright in its use of the GPL license. The company is financially backed by venture capital[42] companies such as Swedish Deseven, Starberger Group AB and German Cipio Partners.[43] Other investors include Nokia Growth Partners[44] (Finland), Eqvitec (Finland),[45] and Elisa Oyj (a Finnish telecommunications company).[46] The company's CEO since 2009 is Marcus Bäcklund.


  1. ^ "About Voddler Group". Voddler Group – Corporate site. 1 June 2014. Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  2. ^ Liz Gannes (1 September 2009). "Voddler Riding Hype as Spotify for Video". The New York Times.
  3. ^ González Cruz, Anaïs (28 October 2009). "Premiär för Voddler". Nyheter24. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  4. ^ Lewan, Mats (24 January 2007). "Soffpotatisarnas nya bästa kompis". Ny Teknik. Archived from the original on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  5. ^ Robinson, Dom (2 October 2013). "Voddler's Disruptive Approach to Rights". Streaming Media Europe. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  6. ^ Sjöman, Anders (28 July 2014). "Vnet, a.k.a. "Controlled Peer-to-Peer"". Voddler Group. Archived from the original on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  7. ^ Kemp, Stuart (26 November 2013). "Indian Media Giant Zee, Swedish Streaming Firm Voddler Team Up". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  8. ^ "Voddler launches Bollyvod". Digital TV Europe. 18 June 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  9. ^ "Svenska streamingtjänsten Voddler går i konkurs". digital.di.se/. Digital.di.se. 29 January 2018. Archived from the original on 1 May 2019. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
  10. ^ "Vnet". Voddler Group corporate site. 1 June 2014. Archived from the original on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  11. ^ a b "Push-Pull Based Content Delivery System (Voddler Software Patent)". freepatentsonline.com. Retrieved 7 January 2010.
  12. ^ Li, Jin (29 November 2007). "On peer-to-peer (P2P) content delivery" (PDF). Peer-to-Peer Networking and Applications. 1: 45–63. doi:10.1007/s12083-007-0003-1. S2CID 16438304. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  13. ^ Stutzbach, Daniel (2005). NETWORKING 2005 – Networking Technologies, Services and Protocols; Performance of Computer and Communication Networks, Mobile and Wireless Communications Systems. ISBN 9783540258094. {{cite book}}: |work= ignored (help)
  14. ^ "Vnet, our streaming technology". Voddler Group, corporate site. 1 June 2014. Archived from the original on 12 April 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  15. ^ Daniel Goldberg (1 July 2009). "Premiär för ny svensk filmtjänst" (in Swedish). Computer Sweden.
  16. ^ Bredbandsbolaget (1 July 2009). "Bredbandsbolaget Voddler Beta Kampanj" (in Swedish). Bredbandsbolaget.
  17. ^ Marie (25 February 2010). "Filmtjänsten Voddler stängs efter hackerattack" (in Swedish). Ny Teknik. Archived from the original on 27 February 2010.
  18. ^ Peter Pettersson (27 July 2009). "Svensk gratistjänst erbjuder tv på nätet" (in Swedish). Aftonbladet.
  19. ^ Vinthagen Simpson, Peter (10 March 2010). "Voddler signs deal with Warner Bros". The Local – Sweden's News in English. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  20. ^ a b O'Hear, Steve (29 October 2009). "Voddler, the Spotify-for-movies, partners with Paramount and Disney". Techcrunch. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  21. ^ Roxborough, Scott (19 January 2010). "Sony signs Swedish VOD deal with Voddler". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  22. ^ "Voddler announces agreements with major Hollywood companies..." MyNewsdesk. 28 October 2009. Retrieved 1 November 2009.
  23. ^ "Voddler launches OTT platform in Spain". Digital TV Europe. 8 March 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  24. ^ "Yes, we have built the player with xbmc as a foundation". xbmc.org. 27 July 2009. Archived from the original on 15 May 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2009.
  25. ^ Murphy, David (12 May 2010). "Voddler Launches Android App". Mobile Marketing. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  26. ^ "Voddler ger gratis film i din iPhone". TKJ.se. 8 March 2011. Archived from the original on 20 March 2011. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  27. ^ "Nu finns Voddler till iPad". Teknikveckan.se. 28 July 2011. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  28. ^ Lutz, Zachary (13 June 2012). "Voddler's Lumia-exclusive video streaming app debuts for European Windows Phone users". Engadget. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  29. ^ Montano, Jay (19 September 2011). "Voddler app for Symbian". My Nokia Blog. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  30. ^ "Voddler tror på Meego". Computer Sweden IT24. 8 November 2011. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  31. ^ Louise Josborg (24 February 2010). "Hackare knäckte skyddet – Voddler stängs" (in Swedish). SVT. Archived from the original on 12 June 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2010.
  32. ^ "Voddler Hack 0.1". DarkReverser's Weblog. 23 February 2010. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  33. ^ Andreas Jansson (19 February 2010). "Voddler anklagas för kodstöld" (in Swedish). Computer Sweden.
  34. ^ Rasmus Fleischer (26 February 2010). "Därför hackades filmsajten Voddler" (in Swedish). Retrieved 28 February 2010.
  35. ^ "Reply from XBMC developer in official XBMC Community Forum". Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2010.
  36. ^ Andersson, Niklas (18 December 2009). "Förbannade Voddlare vill se koden" (in Swedish). Computer Sweden. Retrieved 21 December 2009.
  37. ^ Bjerre, Lisa (1 November 2011). "Voddlers sköna revansch". AddSkills. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  38. ^ allabolag.se (17 July 2009). "Voddler Sweden AB" (in Swedish). allabolag.se.
  39. ^ "Voddler's addresss". Voddler Group – Corporate Site. 1 June 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  40. ^ "Soffpotatisarnas nya bästa kompis". Archived from the original on 28 October 2014.
  41. ^ Mitchell, Brian (13 April 2007). "Voddler Announces Global TV-On-Demand Service". Ecoustics. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  42. ^ Martin Schori (3 February 2010). "De har pumpat in pengar i Voddler – hela listan" (in Swedish). Dagens Media.
  43. ^ "Voddler names Cipio Partner as new investor". Digital TV Europe. 9 December 2011. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  44. ^ Antti, Vilpponen (1 February 2011). "Nokia Growth Partners Invests $8 Million into Voddler". Arctic Startup. Archived from the original on 3 November 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  45. ^ Daniel Goldberg (5 February 2010). "26 miljoner till Voddler" (in Swedish). IDG.se.
  46. ^ IT 24 (7 September 2010). "Finska miljoner ska ta Voddler österut" (in Swedish). IDG.se.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)