Vodka Red Bull
|A Vodka Red Bull in a plastic cup|
|Primary alcohol by volume|
|Served||On the rocks, or Straight up|
|Standard drinkware||Highball glass|
|Commonly used ingredients|
|Preparation||Either mix, with or without ice, or drop a shot of vodka into the Red Bull in the style of Depth charge|
Vodka Red Bull is a caffeinated alcoholic beverage consisting of energy drink Red Bull and varying amounts of vodka. It is popular among 25- to 50-year-olds in bars and nightclubs around the world. Red Bull has been used as mixer in Europe since the 1995 after being invented by Joe Romanazzi in a London club, but the drink became especially popular in North America in the 21st century.
The ratio of Red Bull to vodka varies but is usually ¾ of Red Bull and ¼ of vodka. In some places, it is customary to serve an entire can with a single shot of vodka; in others, a can may be split between several glasses, each containing several shots of vodka. The Red Bull dominates so that the flavour of the alcohol is not too strong.
Caffeinated alcoholic energy drinks can be hazardous as caffeine can mask the influence of alcohol and may lead a person to misinterpret their actual level of intoxication. However, in 2012 the scientific review paper "Energy drinks mixed with alcohol: misconception, myths and facts" was published, discussing the available scientific evidence on the effects of mixing energy drinks with alcohol. The authors note that excessive and irresponsible consumption of alcoholic drinks has adverse effects on human health and behaviour, but it should be clear that this is due to the alcohol, and not the mixer. They concluded that there is no consistent evidence that energy drinks alter the perceived level of intoxication of people who mix energy drinks with alcohol and found no evidence that co-consumption of energy drinks causes increased alcohol consumption.
In 2001 it was reported in Sweden that two people died after drinking Vodka Red Bull. The Swedish National Food Administration investigated, but continued to permit the sale of Red Bull.
- Bruni, Frank (10 October 2010). "Caffeine and Alcohol: Wham! Bam! Boozled.". The New York Times. p. WK5. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- Mosher, Clayton James; Scott Akins (2007). Drugs and Drug Policy: The Control of Consciousness Alteration. Thousand Oaks, Cal.: Sage Publications. pp. 70–71. ISBN 978-0-7619-3007-5. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- Swierczynski, Duane (2003). The Perfect Drink for Every Occasion: 151 Cocktails That Will Freshen Your Breath, Impress a Hot Date, Cure a Hangover, and More!. Philadelphia: Quirk Books. p. 92. ISBN 978-1-931686-29-7. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- "Mixed messages: Alcohol and Red Bull". Marketplace (CBC News). 5 February 2011. Archived from the original on 2 February 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- "Mixing vodka and Red Bull can be deadly, warn experts". Daily Mail (London). 5 November 2007. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- Moisse, Katie (15 April 2011). "Mixing Alcohol and Caffeine Makes Drinkers Feel More Impulsive, Says Study". ABC World News Tonight. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- Verster, JC; Aufricht, C; Alford, C (March 2012). "Energy drinks mixed with alcohol: misconceptions, myths, and facts". International Journal of General Medicine 2012 (5). doi:10.2147/IJGM.S29313. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- "Red Bull in suspected link to deaths". BBC News. 12 July 2001. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
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