Crescent-caped lophorina

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Crescent-caped lophorina
PSM V05 D583 Superb bird of paradise.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Paradisaeidae
Genus: Lophorina
L. niedda
Binomial name
Lophorina niedda
Mayr, 1930

Lophorina superba niedda[1]

The crescent-caped lophorina or Vogelkop superb bird-of-paradise (Lophorina niedda), sometimes noted as the curl-caped bird-of-paradise,[2] is a species of the Paradisaeidae (bird-of-paradise) family. It is endemic to the Bird's Head Peninsula in New Guinea.[3] First described in 1930 by Ernst Mayr, it had been treated as a subspecies of the superb bird-of-paradise but was elevated to the status of a full species in 2018 based on its striking black plumage that's feathers absorb 99.95 percent of light[4] and behavioral differences especially visible in the courting male, as shown in audiovisual data documented by Scholes and Timothy Laman of Harvard University's Museum of Comparative Zoology.[3][5]

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

Historical sources generally recorded the crescent-caped lophorina as being a subspecies of the superb bird-of-paradise (Lophorina superba niedda); however, some taxonomists argued that they were separate species altogether.[2] In 2018, the crescent-caped lophorina was confirmed to be a separate species to the greater lophorina. This was because of several differences in courtship behaviour, as well as their geographic isolation from the rest of the population.[3] There are two known subspecies: L. n. niedda, found on the Wadammen Peninsula; and L. n. inopinata, found on the Doberai Peninsula.[2]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The crescent-caped lophorina is found in the mountains of Bird's Neck Peninsula, in Western New Guinea, Indonesia.[1] It is typically found at heights of 1200-2000 m.[2]


  1. ^ a b Cracraft, Joel (1992). "The species of the birds-of-paradise (Paradisaeidae): applying the phylogenetic species concept to a complex pattern of diversification". Cladistics. 8: 1–43. doi:10.1111/j.1096-0031.1992.tb00049.x.
  2. ^ a b c d Irestedt, Martin; Batalha-Filho, Henrique; Ericson, Per G. P.; Christidis, Les; Schodde, Richard (2017). "Phylogeny, biogeography and taxonomic consequences in a bird-of-paradise species complex, Lophorina–Ptiloris (Aves: Paradisaeidae)". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 181 (2): 439–470. doi:10.1093/zoolinnean/zlx004.
  3. ^ a b c Scholes, Edwin; Laman, Timothy G. (2018). "Distinctive courtship phenotype of the Vogelkop Superb Bird-of-Paradise Lophorina niedda Mayr, 1930 confirms new species status". PeerJ. 6:e4621: e4621. doi:10.7717/peerj.4621. PMC 5907773. PMID 29682415.
  4. ^ McCoy, Dakota E.; Feo, Teresa; Harvey, Todd Alan; Prum, Richard O. (2018). "Structural absorption by barbule microstructures of super black bird of paradise feathers". Nature Communications. 9 (1): 1. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-02088-w. PMC 5760687. PMID 29317637.
  5. ^ "Vogelkop Superb Bird-of-Paradise Confirmed as New Species". 18 April 2018. Retrieved 19 April 2018.