Lophorina superba niedda
The crescent-caped lophorina or Vogelkop superb bird-of-paradise (Lophorina niedda), sometimes noted as the curl-caped bird-of-paradise, is a species of the Paradisaeidae (bird-of-paradise) family. It is endemic to the Bird's Head Peninsula in New Guinea. First described in 1930 by Ernst Mayr, it had been treated as a subspecies of the superb bird-of-paradise but was elevated to the status of a full species in 2018 based on its striking black plumage that's feathers absorb 99.95 percent of light and behavioral differences especially visible in the courting male, as shown in audiovisual data documented by Scholes and Timothy Laman of Harvard University's Museum of Comparative Zoology.
Taxonomy and systematics
Historical sources generally recorded the crescent-caped lophorina as being a subspecies of the superb bird-of-paradise (Lophorina superba niedda); however, some taxonomists argued that they were separate species altogether. In 2018, the crescent-caped lophorina was confirmed to be a separate species to the greater lophorina. This was because of several differences in courtship behaviour, as well as their geographic isolation from the rest of the population. There are two known subspecies: L. n. niedda, found on the Wadammen Peninsula; and L. n. inopinata, found on the Doberai Peninsula.
Distribution and habitat
- Cracraft, Joel (1992). "The species of the birds-of-paradise (Paradisaeidae): applying the phylogenetic species concept to a complex pattern of diversification". Cladistics. 8: 1–43. doi:10.1111/j.1096-0031.1992.tb00049.x.
- Irestedt, Martin; Batalha-Filho, Henrique; Ericson, Per G. P.; Christidis, Les; Schodde, Richard (2017). "Phylogeny, biogeography and taxonomic consequences in a bird-of-paradise species complex, Lophorina–Ptiloris (Aves: Paradisaeidae)". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 181 (2): 439–470. doi:10.1093/zoolinnean/zlx004.
- Scholes, Edwin; Laman, Timothy G. (2018). "Distinctive courtship phenotype of the Vogelkop Superb Bird-of-Paradise Lophorina niedda Mayr, 1930 confirms new species status". PeerJ. 6:e4621: e4621. doi:10.7717/peerj.4621. PMC 5907773. PMID 29682415.
- McCoy, Dakota E.; Feo, Teresa; Harvey, Todd Alan; Prum, Richard O. (2018). "Structural absorption by barbule microstructures of super black bird of paradise feathers". Nature Communications. 9 (1): 1. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-02088-w. PMC 5760687. PMID 29317637.
- "Vogelkop Superb Bird-of-Paradise Confirmed as New Species". Sci-News.com. 18 April 2018. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
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