The Vogelsberg Mountains or Vogelsberg (German for Bird's Mountain) are a large volcanicmassif in eastern Upper Hesse separated from the Rhön Mountains by the Fulda River and its valley. Arising approximately 19 million years ago, the Vogelsberg is Central Europe's largest basalt formation, consisting of a multitude of layers which, descend from their peak in ring-shaped terraces to the base.
In recent years the Eurasian lynx returned. There are rumors about wolves being sighted in the region. Sightings have been confirmed in an area north of the Vogelsberg. Also wildcats are said to exist in the region, although they, like lynxes, are notoriously hard to spot. As in most of Hessen, wild boar are present in large numbers.