Gisele Bündchen on the cover of Vogue Paris, October 2007
|First issue||April 1920|
The French edition of Vogue was first issued on 15 June 1920. More information about French Vogue in the 1920s is available in Mary E. Davis's book Classic Chic: Music, Fashion, and Modernism (University of California Press, 2006, ISBN 0-520-24542-3). Michel de Brunhoff was the magazine's editor-in-chief from 1929 until 1954.
Under Edmonde Charles-Roux (1954–66)
Edmonde Charles-Roux, who had previously worked at Elle and France-Soir, became the magazine’s editor-in-chief in 1954. Charles-Roux was a great supporter of Christian Dior's "New Look", of which she later said, "It signalled that we could laugh again - that we could be provocative again, and wear things that would grab people's attention in the street." In August 1956, the magazine issued a special ready-to-wear (prêt-à-porter) issue, signaling a shift in fashion's focus from couture production.
She left Vogue in 1966, as the result of a conflict for wanting to place a black woman on the cover of the magazine. When later asked about her departure, Charles-Roux refused to confirm or deny this account.
1968-2000: Crescent, Pringle, and Buck
Francine Crescent, whose editorship would later be described as prescient, daring, and courageous, took the helm of French Vogue in 1968. Under her leadership, the magazine became the global leader in fashion photography. Crescent gave Helmut Newton and Guy Bourdin, the magazine's two most influential photographers, complete creative control over their work. During the 1970s, Bourdin and Newton competed to push the envelope of erotic and decadent photography; the "prone and open-mouthed girls of Bourdin" were pitted against the "dark, stiletto-heeled, S&M sirens of Newton". At times, Bourdin's work was so scandalous that Crescent "laid her job on the line" to preserve his artistic independence. The two photographers greatly influenced the late-20th-century image of womanhood and were among the first to realize the importance of image, as opposed to product, in stimulating consumption.
By the late 1980s, however, Newton and Bourdin's star power had faded, and the magazine was "stuck in a rut". Colombe Pringle replaced Crescent as the magazine's editor-in-chief in 1987. Under Pringle’s watch, the magazine recruited new photographers such as Peter Lindbergh and Steven Meisel, who developed their signature styles in the magazine’s pages. Even still, the magazine struggled, remaining dull and heavily reliant on foreign stories. When Pringle left the magazine in 1994, word spread that her resignation had been forced.
Joan Juliet Buck, an American, was named Pringle's successor effective 1 June 1994. Her selection was described by The New York Times as an indication that Conde Nast intended to "modernize the magazine and expand its scope" from its circulation of 80,000. Buck's first two years as editor-in-chief were extremely controversial; many employees resigned or were fired, including the magazine's publishing director and most of its top editors. Though rumors circulated in 1996 that the magazine was on the verge of a shutdown, Buck persevered; during her editorship, the magazine’s circulation ultimately increased 40 percent. Buck remade the magazine in her own cerebral image, tripling the amount of text in the magazine and devoting special issues to art, music, literature, and science. Juliet Buck announced her decision to leave the magazine in December 2000, after her return from a two-month leave of absence. The Sydney Morning Herald later compared her departure, which took place during Milan's fashion week, to the firing of a football coach during a championship game. Carine Roitfeld, who had been the magazine's creative director, was named as Buck's successor the next April.
Under Carine Roitfeld (2001–11)
Roitfeld aimed to restore the magazine's place as a leader in fashion journalism (the magazine "hadn't been so good" since the 1980s, she said) and to [restore] its French identity. Her appointment, which coincided with the ascendance of young designers at several of the most important Paris fashion houses, "brought a youthful energy" to the magazine. By April 2002, she had rid the magazine of foreign staffers, making it "all French for the first time in many years". The magazine also underwent a redesign by the Paris-based design firm M/M. It aimed to make the title appear more hand-crafted and organic, particularly through the use of collage and hand-drawn fonts. Continuity was created through the use of loose theming for each issue, smooth pacing, and visual uniformity in the shopping pages.
The magazine’s aesthetic evolved to resemble Roitfeld's (that is, "svelte, tough, luxurious, and wholeheartedly in love with dangling-cigarette, bare-chested fashion"). Roitfeld has periodically drawn criticism for the magazine's use of sexuality and humor, which she employs to disrupt fashion's conservatism and pretension. Roitfeld's Vogue is unabashedly elitist, "unconcerned with making fashion wearable or accessible to its readers". Models, not actresses promoting movies, appear on its cover. Its party pages focus on the magazine's own staff, particularly Roitfeld and her daughter Julia Restoin Roitfeld. Its regular guest-editorships are given to it-girls like Kate Moss, Sofia Coppola, and Charlotte Gainsbourg. According to The Guardian, "what distinguishes French Vogue is its natural assumption that the reader must have heard of these beautiful people already. And if we haven't? The implication is that that's our misfortune, and the editors aren't about to busy themselves helping us out." Advertising revenue rose 60 percent in 2005, resulting in the best year for ad sales since the mid-1980s. On 17 December 2010, Carine announced her departure from Vogue Paris effective 31 January 2011.
Under Emmanuelle Alt (2011–present)
- Davis, Mary E. Classic Chic: Music, Fashion, and Modernism. University of California Press (2006), p. 203. ISBN 0-520-24542-3.
- Dominique Veillon (1 October 2002). Fashion Under the Occupation. Bloomsbury Academic. p. 6. ISBN 978-1-85973-548-0. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- (French) "Edmonde Charles-Roux". Les Échos (5 November 2007).
- Philips, Ian. "The Look that shocked the world". The Independent (11 February 1997).
- (French) Sanchez, Anne-Cécile. "Et Saint Laurent aima la femme". Le Point (11 January 2002).
- (French) Edmonde Charles-Roux - Bernard-Henri Lévy website
- Kerwin, Jessica. "Coco's Cinderella story". W (1 June 2005).
- Furniss, Jo-Ann. "The image-maker". The Independent (22 March 2003).
- Pitman, Joanna. "The man with ad extras". The Times (5 February 2002).
- Pitman, Joanna. "Bonfire of the vanities". The Times (23 April 2003).
- (French) Martin-Bernard, Frédéric. "Guy Bourdin, photographe hors mode". Le Figaro (5 July 2004).
- Pitman, Joanna. "Non-stop erotic cabaret". The Times (8 May 2001).
- Braunstein, Peter. "Shoot to chill". W (1 October 2001).
- Jobey, Liz. "A woman of taste and influence". The Independent (8 May 1994).
- Colapinto, John. "You'll think I'm a madman". The Guardian (May 27, 2007).
- Muir, Kate. "An American in Paris fashion". The Times (4 May 1994).
- Daswani, Kavita. "Out of vogue". South China Morning Post (4 February 1996).
- "French Vogue names editor". The New York Times (11 April 1994).
- "How two Americans shook up French 'Vogue'". CNN Business Unusual (8 May 1999). Transcript via LexisNexis.
- Horyn, Cathy. "Front row: New home for the best-dressed list? De Niro's dresser now has a store -- Editor of French Vogue calls it quits." The New York Times (12 December 2000).
- Wilson, Catherine. "Strictly black and white". Sydney Morning Herald (17 November 2001).
- Trebay, Guy. "She's the face of fashion, and its prophet". The New York Times (16 April 2002).
- Healy, Murray. "We're French! We smoke, we show flesh, we have a lot of freedom". The Observer (25 February 2007).
- "M/M make Vogue human". Creative Review (2 June 2003).
- Larocca, Amy. "The anti-Anna". New York Magazine (25 February 2008).
- Patrick O'Connor. "Un bon anniversaire". The Guardian (4 December 1995).
- Emmanuelle Alt new French Vogue editor-in-chief - Vogue UK, 7 January 2011