Voice of Russia
(owner before 9 Dec 2013:
All-Russia State Television and Radio Company)
|22 December 1993|
|Dissolved||9 November 2014|
Voice of Russia (Russian: Голос России, tr. Golos Rossii), commonly abbreviated VOR, was the Russian government's international radio broadcasting service from 1993 until 2014, when it was reorganised as Radio Sputnik. Its interval signal was a chime version of 'Majestic' chorus from the Great Gate of Kiev portion of Pictures at an Exhibition by Mussorgsky.
A feature of the Voice of Russia was Moscow Mailbag, which answered listeners' questions in English about Russia. Until 2005, the programme was presented by Joe Adamov, who was known for his command of the English language and his good humour.
On 9 December 2013, Russian President Vladimir Putin issued a presidential decree dissolving the Voice of Russia as an agency, and merging it with RIA Novosti to form the Rossiya Segodnya international news agency.
Margarita Simonyan, editor-in-chief of the Rossiya Segodnya, said in March 2014 that "We will stop using obsolete radio broadcasting models, when the signal is transmitted without any control and when it is impossible to calculate who listens to it and where." The Voice of Russia ceased shortwave and European mediumwave radio broadcasts on 1 April 2014. The service continued to be available worldwide via the internet, in selected regions on satellite, and in several cities on FM, AM (in North America) or local digital radio.
Former transmission network
The transmission network consisted of at least 30 high-power transmission sites (West to East, with first transmission dates):
- Wachenbrunn, East Germany — 1,000 kW carrier power, MW
- Bolshakovo — 2,500 kW carrier power, MW
- Saint Petersburg (1961) — 16 × 200 kW SW
- Moscow — 5 known high-power SW transmission sites
- Krasnodar (1967) — 8 × 100 kW SW, 8 × 500 kW SW
- Volgograd —
- Kamo, Armenia — site ceded to Armenia, but operated by RMOC[clarification needed]
- Samara — 6 × 250 kW SW, 3 × 200 kW SW, 7 × 100 kW SW
- Yekaterinburg — 9 × 100 kW SW
- Tashkent — 1,000 kW carrier power?
- Dushanbe — 1,000 kW carrier power
- Omsk —
- Novosibirsk (1956) — 17 × 100 kW SW, but 1,000 kW carrier power capable
- Irkutsk (Angarsk, 1971) — 2 × 100 kW, 4 × 250 kW SW, 8 × 500 kW
- Chita —
- Yakutsk —
- Vladivostok — 1,000 kW carrier power?
- Komsomolsk-on-Amur —
- Petropavlovsk-Magadan — 1,000 kW carrier power?
The Voice of Russia had broadcast in short, medium and longwave formats, in DAB+, Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM), HD Radio, as well as through cable, satellite transmission, and in mobile networks. VOR's internet coverage was available in as many as thirty-eight languages.
In 2013, The Voice of Russia had broadcast in thirty-eight (38) languages, including:
- "The Voice of Russia becomes Sputnik". uk.SputnikNews.com. The Voice of Russia. 10 November 2014. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
- "Boris Yeltsin's decree in Russian language". InnovBusiness.ru.
- "President Vladimir Putin issues decree to reorganize Voice of Russia, RIA Novosti to Rossia Segodnya news wire". VoiceofRussia.com. 9 December 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2013.
- "Russia Today's English newswire to be launched in April". VoiceofRussia.com. 23 March 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2014.
- "Voice of Russia to abandon shortwave in April 2014". The SWLing Post blog. 20 March 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2017.[unreliable source?]
- "About us". VoiceofRussia.com. Retrieved 28 November 2013.