Voiced alveolar lateral affricate

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Voiced alveolar lateral affricate
IPA number 104 (149)
Entity (decimal) d​͡​ɮ
Unicode (hex) U+0064 U+0361 U+026E

The voiced alveolar lateral affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet is d͡ɮ (often simplified to ). Few languages spoken outside North America and adjacent areas of Siberia have lateral affricates—certainly none that are widely spoken.


Features of the voiced alveolar lateral affricate:

  • Its manner of articulation is affricate, which means it is produced by first stopping the airflow entirely, then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at the place of articulation, causing turbulence.
  • Its place of articulation is alveolar, which means it is articulated with either the tip or the blade of the tongue at the alveolar ridge, termed respectively apical and laminal.
  • Its phonation is voiced, which means the vocal cords vibrate during the articulation.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a lateral consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream over the sides of the tongue, rather than down the middle.
  • The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Oowekyala [example needed] Does not contrast with [ɮ]