Voiceless bilabial nasal

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Voiceless bilabial nasal
IPA Number114+402A
Encoding
X-SAMPAm_0
Braille⠍ (braille pattern dots-134)⠠ (braille pattern dots-6)⠫ (braille pattern dots-1246)

The voiceless bilabial nasal is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨⟩, a combination of the letter for the voiced bilabial nasal and a diacritic indicating voicelessness. The equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is m_0.

Features[edit]

Voiceless bilabial nasal.svg

Features of the voiceless bilabial nasal:

Occurrence[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Burmese[1] မှား/hma: [m̥á] 'false'
Central Alaskan Yup'ik[2] pisteḿun [ˈpistəm̥un] 'to the servant'
Estonian[3] lehm [ˈlehm̥] 'cow' Word-final allophone of /m/ after /t, s, h/.[3] See Estonian phonology
French prisme [pχism̥] 'prism' Allophone of word-final /m/ before voiceless consonants.[4] See French phonology
Hmong White Hmong Hmoob [m̥ɔ̃́] 'Hmong' Contrasts with voiced /m/. In Green Mong, it has merged with /m/.[5]
Icelandic kempa [cʰɛm̥pa] 'hero' Allophonic variation of /m/ before voiceless plosives. Minimally contrastive with /m/ before voiced plosives: kemba [cʰɛmpa] 'to comb'.[6] See Icelandic phonology
Jalapa Mazatec[7] hma [m̥a] 'black' Contrasts with a voiced and a laryngealized bilabial nasal.
Kildin Sami[8] лēӎӎьк/ljeehmhmk [lʲeːm̥ʲːk] 'strap'
Muscogee camhcá:ka [t͡ʃəm̥t͡ʃɑːɡə] 'bell' Allophone of /m/ before /h/ when in the same syllable.[9]
Ukrainian[10] ритм/ritm [rɪt̪m̥] 'rhythm' Word-final allophone of /m/ after voiceless consonants.[10] See Ukrainian phonology
Washo[11] Mášdɨmmi [ˈm̥aʃdɨmmi] 'he's hiding'
Welsh[12] fy mhen [və m̥ɛn] 'my head' Occurs as the nasal mutation of /p/. See Welsh phonology
Xumi Lower[13] [m̥ɛ̃˦] 'medicine' Contrasts with the voiced /m/.[13][14]
Upper[14]
Yi Language[15] hmi [m̥i] 'name'

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]