Voiceless retroflex lateral fricative

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Voiceless retroflex lateral fricative
Audio sample
Voiceless retroflex lateral approximant
IPA Number156 402A

The voiceless retroflex lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The IPA has no symbol for this sound. However, the "belt" of the voiceless lateral fricative is combined with the tail of the retroflex consonants to create the extIPA letter ⟨⟩:

<l with belt>, <ɭ with belt>

In 2008, the Unicode Technical Committee accepted the letter as U+A78E LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH RETROFLEX HOOK AND BELT, included in Unicode 6.0.

Some scholars also posit the voiceless retroflex lateral approximant distinct from the fricative. The approximant may be represented in the IPA as ⟨ɭ̊⟩.


Features of the voiceless retroflex lateral fricative:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Iaai[1] [example needed] Described as an approximant. Contrasts with /ɭ/.[1]
Toda[1] [paɭ̊] 'valley' Described as an approximant. Contrasts with /ɭ/ (as in /paɭ/ 'bangle').[1]

See also[edit]



  • Ladefoged, Peter; Maddieson, Ian (1996). The Sounds of the World's Languages. Oxford: Blackwell. ISBN 978-0-631-19815-4.

External links[edit]