Voiceless retroflex lateral fricative

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Voiceless retroflex lateral fricative

The voiceless retroflex lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The IPA has no officially recognized symbol for this sound. However, in the literature the "belt" on the recognized symbol for a voiceless lateral fricative is combined with the tail of the retroflex consonants to create the ad hoc symbol .

Now that font-editing software has become accessible, well-designed glyphs for this and other non-sanctioned lateral fricatives will occasionally be seen:

<ɭ with belt> <ʎ with belt> <ʟ with belt>

Indeed, SIL International added these symbols to the Private Use Area of their Charis and Doulos fonts, with the retroflex as U+F266. In 2008, the Unicode Technical Committee accepted this character as U+A78E latin small letter l with retroflex hook and belt (HTML &#42894;), included in Unicode 6.0.


Features of the voiceless retroflex lateral fricative:


Language IPA Meaning Notes
Toda[1] [pʏːɭ̊˔] 'summer'

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Toda". The UCLA Phonetics Lab Archive. UCLA Department of Linguistics. 2007. Retrieved 2009-09-28.  —See #20 in the word list and the word list (TIF). The sound file (WAV) is also available.