Voiceless uvular–epiglottal plosive

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Voiceless uvular–epiglottal plosive
Unicode (hex)U+0071 U+0361 U+02A1

The voiceless uvular-epiglottal plosive is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages. It is a [q] and [ʡ] pronounced simultaneously. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨q͡ʡ⟩.


Features of the voiceless uvular-epiglottal plosive are:

  • Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords. In some languages the vocal cords are actively separated, so it is always voiceless; in others the cords are lax, so that it may take on the voicing of adjacent sounds.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.
  • The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the intercostal muscles and abdominal muscles, as in most sounds.


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Somali qiiq [q͡ʡíìq͡ʡ] 'to emit smoke' Allophone of [q][1]


  1. ^ Edmondson, Jerold A.; Esling, John H.; Harris, Jimmy G. Supraglottal cavity shape, linguistic register, and other phonetic features of Somali (PDF) (Report). p. 5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-15. Retrieved 2020-11-21.