Voiceless uvular–epiglottal plosive

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Voiceless uvular–epiglottal plosive
q͡ʡ
Encoding
Unicode (hex)U+0071 U+0361 U+02A1
X-SAMPAq>\

A voiceless uvular-epiglottal plosive is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages. It is a [q] and [ʡ] pronouced simultaneously. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨q͡ʡ⟩.

Features[edit]

Features of the voiceless uvular-epiglottal plosive are:

  • Its manner of articulation is occlusive, which means it is produced by obstructing airflow in the vocal tract. Since the consonant is also oral, with no nasal outlet, the airflow is blocked entirely, and the consonant is a plosive.
  • Its place of articulation is uvular–epiglottal, which means that it is simultaneously articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the uvula and the epiglottitis. The larengeal closure is made and released slightly before the dorsal closure, but they overlap for most of their duration.
  • Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.
  • The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.

Occurrence[edit]

Lanuage Word IPA Meaning Notes
Somali qiiq [q͡ʡíìq͡ʡ] 'to emit smoke' Allophone of [q][1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Supraglottal cavity shape, linguistic register, and other phonetic features of Somali" (PDF): 5. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)