Nel blu, dipinto di blu (song)

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"Nel blu, dipinto di blu"
Domenico Modugno - Nel blu dipinto di blu (Cover).jpg
Single by Domenico Modugno
from the EP La strada dei successi
LanguageItalian
English title'In the blue that is painted blue'
B-side
Released1 February 1958 (1958-02-01)
GenrePop
Length3:29
Label
Composer(s)Domenico Modugno
Lyricist(s)
Audio sample

"Nel blu, dipinto di blu" (Italian pronunciation: [nel ˈblu diˈpinto di ˈblu]; 'In the blue [sky] [as I was] painted blue' or 'In the blue-painted blue [sky]'), popularly known as "Volare" (pronounced [voˈlaːre]; 'To fly'), is a song originally recorded by Italian singer-songwriter Domenico Modugno. Written by Modugno and Franco Migliacci, it was released as a single on 1 February 1958.[1]

The song spent five non-consecutive weeks atop the Billboard Hot 100 in August and September 1958, and subsequently became Billboard's number-one single for the year. In 1959, at the 1st Annual Grammy Awards, Modugno's recording became the first ever Grammy winner for both Record of the Year and Song of the Year.[2]

Winning the eighth Sanremo Music Festival, the song was chosen as the Italian entry to the Eurovision Song Contest in 1958, where it came in third place out of ten songs in total. The combined sales of all the versions of the song exceed 22 million copies worldwide, making it one of the most popular Eurovision songs of all time and the most successful Sanremo Music Festival song ever.

The song was later translated into several languages and recorded by a wide range of performers. The song is also used as the basis for numerous football chants.[3]

Background and composition[edit]

Writing[edit]

Franco Migliacci began working on the lyrics of the song in June 1957, inspired by two paintings by Marc Chagall. He had planned to go to the sea with Domenico Modugno, but while waiting for Modugno to show up, Migliacci started drinking wine and eventually fell asleep. He had vivid dreams, and when he woke up, he looked at the Chagall paintings (reproductions) on the wall.[4] In "Le coq rouge" was a yellow man suspended in midair, while in "Le peintre et la modelle", half the painter's face was coloured blue.[5] So he began penning a song about a man who dreams of painting himself blue, and being able to fly.[4][6] Later that same night, Migliacci discussed his lyrics with Modugno, and for several days they worked on the song, tentatively entitled "Sogno in blu" ('Dream in blue').[7]

In 2008, Modugno's widow, Franca Gandolfi, recalled that her husband, after a storm forced open his window, had the idea of modifying the chorus of the song, introducing the word "Volare," which is now the popular title of the song.[4]

Musical style and lyrical content[edit]

The song is a ballad in a dramatic chanson style,[8] in which Modugno describes the feeling he has when with his lover; a feeling that resembles flying. The song opens with a surreal prelude, which the cover versions often left out:

Penso che un sogno così non-ritorni mai più. Mi dipingevo le mani e la faccia di blu; poi d'improvviso venivo dal vento rapito, e incominciavo a volare nel cielo infinito.

I think that a dream like that will never return; I painted my hands and my face blue, then was suddenly swept up by the wind and started to fly in the infinite sky.

The English lyrics were written by Mitchell Parish. Alternative English lyrics were written in 1958 by Gracie Fields, and were used from then in most concerts she performed in until her death in 1979; she often changed the words to suit her performance and age.

Song contests[edit]

Italy "Nel blu dipinto di blu"
Eurovision Song Contest 1958 - Domenico Modugno.png
Domenico Modugno at the Eurovision Song Contest 1958
Eurovision Song Contest 1958 entry
Country
Artist(s)
Domenico Modugno
Language
Composer(s)
Domenico Modugno
Lyricist(s)
Conductor
Finals performance
Final result
3rd
Final points
13
Entry chronology
◄ "Corde della mia chitarra" (1957)
"Piove (Ciao, ciao bambina)" (1959) ►

Sanremo Music Festival[edit]

In 1958, the song participated in the selection process for the eighth Sanremo Music Festival. The jury charged with selecting the entries to the competition was going to reject "Nel blu dipinto di blu"; however, in the end, it was one of the 20 admitted songs.[9]

On 31 January 1958, the song was performed for the first time, during the second night of the Festival, by Domenico Modugno and Johnny Dorelli.[10] It was Dorelli's first appearance at the Festival, and according to his team-partner, Dorelli was so nervous that he had to be punched by Modugno to be persuaded to perform on stage.[11]

After being admitted to the final,[12] held at the Sanremo Casino on 1 February 1958, the song was performed again, winning the contest,[13] beating the song "L'edera" by Nilla Pizzi and Tonina Torrielli, which came in second place.[12]

While Dorelli's performance had little impact on the audience,[7] Modugno's is now considered to be the event that changed the history of Italian music.[14] During his performance, Modugno opened his arms as if he was going to fly,[7] which would contribute to making it the most successful Sanremo Music Festival song.[15] It would also mark a change in the way of performing, as Italian singers were used to standing with their arms on their chest, without moving on the stage.[9]

Eurovision Song Contest[edit]

Domenico Modugno with conductor Alberto Semprini at the Eurovision Song Contest 1958

Following its first-place victory at the Sanremo Music Festival, the song was chosen to represent Italy at the Eurovision Song Contest 1958, which took place on 12 March in Hilversum, Netherlands. Domenico Modugno was chosen as the singer.

Preceding the Netherlands' own Corry Brokken with "Heel de wereld".[16] Modugno was first to perform that night. However, he would have to perform again at the end as well—before the voting took place—due to a transmission fault during the first performance that caused the song to not be heard in all countries broadcasting the event.[17] At the end of the voting, the song had received 13 points, placing 3rd in a field of 10.[16] Despite this, it became one of the most successful songs ever performed in Eurovision Song Contest history.[18]

It was succeeded as Italian entry at the 1959 contest by "Piove (Ciao, ciao bambina)", also performed by Modugno.[19]

Commercial success[edit]

The song became an instant success in Italy, selling more than 20,000 copies in its first 12 days. As of February 2013, according to RAI's estimates, the single had sold 800,000 copies in its domestic market.[1][20] Following the results obtained in Italy, the song was also released in the United States and in the rest of Europe. In the United Kingdom, Modugno's single was released on 23 August 1958, together with eight other versions recorded by international artists.[1] The single obtained global acclaim,[18] becoming an international hit.[15]

In the United States, the single debuted at number 54 on the very first Billboard Hot 100, on 4 August 1958, and the next week it climbed at number two, marking the biggest jump to the runner-up spot in the chart's history.[21] On 18 August 1958, it topped the Hot 100, becoming the second song to reach the top spot on the chart, after Ricky Nelson's "Poor Little Fool".[22] The song later completed a run of five non-consecutive weeks at the top of the chart,[23] selling 2 million copies in the United States during 1958[24] and becoming Billboard's Song of the Year.[22] "Nel blu dipinto di blu" was the first non-American, -Canadian or -British single to achieve this honor in the rock era, and it would be the only one to do so until 1994's "The Sign" by Swedish group Ace of Base. It is also one of the only two songs by Modugno charting on the Hot 100, together with "Piove (Ciao, ciao bambina)", which peaked at number 97.[22]

In the United Kingdom, the single debuted at number 15 on 6 September 1958, and the following week it rose and peaked at number ten on the UK Singles Chart.[25] It also peaked at number two on the Norwegian VG-lista Topp 20 Singles and on the Dutch Mega Single Top 100.[26]

The song's popularity endures, and in 2004, according to the Italian Society of Authors and Publishers, it was the most played Italian song, in Italy as well as in the whole world.[27] Moreover, the combined sales of all the recorded versions of the song exceed 22 million units.[15][28]

Awards and honors[edit]

Awards[edit]

During the 1st Grammy Awards, held on 4 May 1959 at Hollywood's Beverly Hilton Hotel, "Nel blu dipinto di blu" received two awards: for Record of the Year and for Song of the Year.[2] The song is the only foreign-language recording to achieve this honor,[29] and it is the only song competing in the Eurovision Song Contest to receive a Grammy Award.[30]

In 2001, seven years after his death, Modugno was awarded with the Sanremo Music Festival Special Award, "given to the one who,...in 1958, with 'Nel blu dipinto di blu', turned the Sanremo Music Festival in a stage of worldwide relevance."[31] During 2008's Sanremo Music Festival, lyricist Franco Migliacci and Modugno's widow, Franca Gandolfi, received the special Award for Creativity for the song, presented by Italian Society of Authors and Publishers' chairman Giorgio Assumma.[32]

Honors[edit]

In 2005, a concert was held in Copenhagen, Denmark, to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Eurovision Song Contest. During the event, "Nel blu dipinto di blu" was ranked second on the list of the "all time favourite songs of the Eurovision Song Contest," behind ABBA's "Waterloo". ABBA's former member Benny Andersson, while receiving the prize, commented:

I myself voted for "Volare" but I am pleased that so many people voted for us.[33]

In 2008, the 50th anniversary of the song was celebrated in Italy by releasing a postage stamp showing a man who is flying on a blue background.[34][35][36] During the 2010 Viña del Mar International Song Festival, the song, performed by Italian singer Simona Galeandro, was also declared the most popular song of the 20th century, winning the international competition of the contest.[37]

Plagiarism allegation[edit]

Immediately after the release of "Nel blu dipinto di blu", Antonio De Marco accused Domenico Modugno and lyricist Franco Migliacci of plagiarising his 1956 song "Il castello dei sogni".[38][39] Though the song was not released, it had been played during some concerts in the previous years.[38] During the trial for plagiarism, De Marco claimed that he lost his sheet music in Rome while registering his song with the Italian Society of Authors and Publishers, suggesting that Modugno somehow found it[40][41] and plagiarised both the lyrics and the music of his composition.[38] However, the Rome court of justice absolved Modugno and Migliacci,[42] following the opinion of an expert who claimed that the two songs don't have any relevant similarity.[41]

As a response, Modugno sued De Marco for defamation,[38] and in July 1958 De Marco was convicted by the Milan court of justice.[43]

Track listings[edit]

7" 45 rpm record (1958 – Fonit Cetra SP 30222)[44]
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Nel blu dipinto di blu"Franco Migliacci, Domenico Modugno3:34
2."Vecchio frak"Modugno4:12
7" 45 rpm record (1958 – Fonit Cetra 15948)[45]
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Nel blu dipinto di blu"Migliacci, Modugno3:34
2."Nisciuno po' sapè"Modugno, Riccardo Pazzaglia3:26
7" 45 rpm record (1958 – Fonit Cetra SP 30208)[46][47]
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Nel blu dipinto di blu"Migliacci, Modugno3:34
2."Strada 'nfosa"Modugno3:44
7" 45 rpm record (1958 – Fonit Cetra SP 30223)[47][48]
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Nel blu dipinto di blu"Migliacci, Modugno3:34
2."Lazzarella"Modugno, Pazzaglia3:11

Credits and personnel[edit]

Franco Migliacci
Alberto Semprini
Franco Migliacci (left) and Alberto Semprini (right) worked on "Nel blu dipinto di blu" as songwriter and orchestra conductor, respectively.

Credits adapted from Discografia Nazionale della Canzone Italiana.[44]

Charts[edit]

Dalida version[edit]

Chart (1958) Peak

position

France (IFOP) 1[56]
Flanders (Ultratop50 Singles) 5
Wallonia (Ultratop50 Singles) 6
Quebec 3[57]

Recorded cover versions[edit]

Dean Martin included a half-English version of the song, with lyrics adapted by Mitchell Parish, on his LP This Is Dean Martin!.[58] Martin's song, titled "Volare (Nel blu dipinto di blu)", was also released as a single, reaching number two on the UK Singles Chart,[25] peaking at number three in Norway,[59] and at number fifteen on the Billboard Hot 100.[60]

In the United Kingdom, Italian musician Marino Marini's cover peaked at number thirteen in October, and Charlie Drake's version reached number 28.[25] The McGuire Sisters' version, also released as a single, peaked at number 80 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the US,[61] and entered the Norwegian Singles Chart at number seven.[62]

In 1960, the song was recorded by Italian-American singer Bobby Rydell, reaching number four on the Hot 100 during the summer of 1960[63] and number 22 in the UK.[25]

Another charting version of the song was released in 1975 by American jazz singer Al Martino, and included in his album To the Door of the Sun. His single peaked at number 33 in the US,[64] reached number 3 on the Dutch Single Top 100,[65] and was certified gold by the Canadian Recording Industry Association.[66]

In 1989, Gipsy Kings recorded an up-tempo Rumba flamenca version of the song, with lyrics partly in Italian and partly in Spanish. Their version topped the Billboard Hot Latin Songs chart in April 1990[67] and reached number 86 in the UK chart.[25] It also charted in France and the Netherlands, peaking at number 16[68] and at number 26[69] respectively.

In February 2010, a cover of the song performed by Italian singer Simona Galeandro won the international competition of the 2010 Viña del Mar International Song Festival.[70]

One year later, a version of the song performed by Emma Marrone was included in the soundtrack of the Italian movie Benvenuti al Nord, directed by Luca Miniero.[71] Emma's cover reached number 70 on the Italian Singles Chart.[72]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "I divi della musica leggera sono più popolari dei ciclisti". La Stampa (in Italian). 13 February 1958. p. 5. Retrieved 25 January 2012. Search the article by typing I "divi" della musica sono più popolari dei leggeva eielisti in the search field.
  2. ^ a b Dornbrook, Don (24 May 1959). "And Now the Grammy Awards". The Milwaukee Journal. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
  3. ^ Terrace Chants, https://terracechants.me.uk/tune/chants/volare/
  4. ^ a b c Gino Castaldo (3 February 2008). "Mezzo secolo cantando "Volare" la vedova di Modugno racconta". la Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 24 January 2012.
  5. ^ Gianni Minà (September–December 2005). "Cosa sarebbe stata la mia vita senza Chagall e Modugno?". Vivaverdi (in Italian). giannimina.it.
  6. ^ "'Volare', un sogno lungo oltre cinquant'anni" (in Italian). Adnkronos. 31 March 2008. Retrieved 24 January 2012.
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  8. ^ Michael Freedland (14 October 2009). "Al Martino obituary". The Guardian (in Italian). Retrieved 2 May 2012.
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  10. ^ "Volare, la storia di Domenico Modugno" (in Italian). RAI. Archived from the original on 4 August 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  11. ^ "Sanremo – 50 Anni di Storia: 1958 – Nel blu dipinto di blu". la Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  12. ^ a b Fiorenzo Pampolini. "Festival di Sanremo 1958" (in Italian). 45mania.it. Archived from the original on 15 June 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  13. ^ "Con Parole Mie – Puntata storica – 1 febbraio 1958. Domenico Modugno vince il Festival di Sanremo" (in Italian). RAI. 19 February 2012. Archived from the original on 9 September 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
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  21. ^ Fred Bronson (26 June 1999). "Pearl Jam 2nd only to Domenico Modugno". Billboard. p. 102. Retrieved 24 January 2012.
  22. ^ a b c "The Billboard Hot 100 Songs of the Year (1958–1969)". Billboard. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
  23. ^ a b "Weekly Billboard Hot 100 No. 1 Songs from the First 50 Years". Billboard. Archived from the original on 16 January 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  24. ^ Ed Christman (10 September 2008). "What The Music Biz Was Wrestling With In 1958". Billboard.
  25. ^ a b c d e "Volare - Full Official Chart History". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
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  27. ^ "E' 'Nel blu dipinto di blu' il brano italiano più cantato" (in Italian). Rockol.it. 8 June 2004. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  28. ^ Massimo Forleo. "I 45 giri che i conduttori del Notturno Italiano hanno amato di più. – Musicaitaliana per l'Etiopia" (in Italian). RAI. Archived from the original on 10 July 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
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  30. ^ "International Pull of Grammys Veries in Key Markets – Grammy Facts". Billboard. 6 March 1999. p. 101. Retrieved 24 January 2012.
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  32. ^ "Sanremo 2008: le dieci canzoni italiane più famose nel Mondo" (in Italian). Rockol.it. 28 February 2008. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  33. ^ "ABBA's 'Waterloo' Named Best Eurovision Song". Billboard. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  34. ^ "E Volare di Domenico Modugno diventa un francobollo blu" (in Italian). 25 February 2008. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
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  36. ^ Francesco De Carlo (25 February 2008). "Nel blu dipinto di blu: una canzone formato francobollo". Philweb.it. Archived from the original on 30 May 2012. Retrieved 27 January 2012.
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  38. ^ a b c d "Modugno accusato di plagio per il suo blu dipinto di blu". La Stampa (in Italian). 6 March 1958. p. 56. Retrieved 23 January 2012. Search the article by entering Domenico Modugno plagio in the field Cerca nell'archivio storico dal 1867 al 2005.
  39. ^ "Fra qualche tempo sapremo se Nel blu sarà distrutta" (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). 25 June 1960. p. 5. Retrieved 23 January 2012.[permanent dead link]
  40. ^ Maurizio Ternavasio (2004). La leggenda di mister Volare: vita di Domenico Modugno (in Italian). Giunti Editore. p. 55. ISBN 978-88-09-03768-7.
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  42. ^ Sam'l Steinman (25 July 1960). "Italian Newsnotes". Billboard. p. 6. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
  43. ^ "Querela e controquerela tra Modugno e un compositore". La Stampa (in Italian). 7 July 1958. p. 8. Retrieved 23 January 2012. Search the article by entering Domenico Modugno plagio in the field Cerca nell'archivio storico dal 1867 al 2005.
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  50. ^ "Domenico Modugno – Nel blu dipinto di blu" (in French). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
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  52. ^ "Artist Chart History – Domenico Modugno". The Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 15 December 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  53. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942-2004. Record Research. p. 408.
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  56. ^ "Dalida n°1 du hit-parade français en 1958". Dalida n°1 du hit-parade français en 1958. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  57. ^ http://bibnum2.banq.qc.ca/bna/palmares/2010-Franco/Franco-Compilation_succes_ordre_alpha_interpretes.pdf
  58. ^ William Ruhlmann. "Dean Martin – This Is Dean Martin". AllMusic.
  59. ^ "VG-Lista – Dean Martin – Volare (nel blu dipinto di blu) (song)". Norwegiancharts.com. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  60. ^ "Dean Martin Album & Song Chart History – Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  61. ^ "The McGuire Sisters Album & Song Chart History – Billboard Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
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  64. ^ "Al Martino Album & Song Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
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  66. ^ "Gold and Platinum Search – Al Martino – Volare". Music Canada. Retrieved 22 January 2012.[permanent dead link]
  67. ^ "Gipsy Kings album & Song Chart History – Latin Songs". Billboard. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
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  70. ^ "¡Por Fin! Festival de Viña 2010 tiene su canción ganadora" (in Spanish). Elmartutino.cl. 16 March 2010. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  71. ^ "BENVENUTI AL NORD – Emma Marrone nella colonna sonora" (in Italian). Cinemaitaliano.info. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  72. ^ "Classifica settimanale − WK 17 (dal 23.04.2012 al 29.04.2012)" (in Italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry.

External links[edit]

  • Volare, storia di una canzone (in Italian)