Volcanoes of Kamchatka

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Volcanoes of Kamchatka
D0807I14-HarbourTour.jpg
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official name Volcanoes of Kamchatka
Location Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia Edit this at Wikidata
Coordinates 58°20′N 158°30′E / 58.33°N 158.5°E / 58.33; 158.5
Includes South Kamchatka Natural Park
Kronotsky Nature Reserve Edit this on Wikidata
Criteria Natural: (vii), (viii), (ix), (x) Edit this on Wikidata
Reference 765
Inscription 1996 (20th Session)
Extensions 2001
Volcanoes of Kamchatka is located in Russia
Volcanoes of Kamchatka
Location of Volcanoes of Kamchatka

The volcanoes of Kamchatka are a large group of volcanoes situated on the Kamchatka Peninsula. The Kamchatka River and the surrounding central side valley are flanked by large volcanic belts containing around 160 volcanoes, 29 of them still active. The peninsula has a high density of volcanoes and associated volcanic phenomena, with 29 active volcanoes being included in the six UNESCO World Heritage List sites in the Volcanoes of Kamchatka group, most of them on the Kamchatka Peninsula.[1]

Geography[edit]

The highest volcano is Klyuchevskaya Sopka (4,750 m or 15,584 ft), the largest active volcano in the Northern Hemisphere,[2] while the most striking is Kronotsky, whose perfect cone was said by celebrated volcanologists Robert and Barbara Decker to be a prime candidate for the world's most beautiful volcano. Somewhat more accessible are the three volcanoes visible from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: Koryaksky, Avachinsky, and Kozelsky. In the center of Kamchatka is Eurasia's world-famous Geyser Valley which was partly destroyed by a massive mudslide in June 2007.[3]

Owing to the Kuril-Kamchatka Trench, deep-focus seismic events and tsunamis are fairly common. A pair of megathrust earthquakes occurred off the coast on October 16, 1737, and on November 4, 1952, in the magnitude of ~9.3 and 8.2 respectively.[4] A chain of more shallow earthquakes were recorded as recently as April 2006.[5]

Gallery[edit]

List of volcanoes from north to south[edit]

  • Volcanoes of the central range
Name Height (m) Coordinates
Lettunup 1340 58°24′N 161°05′E / 58.40°N 161.08°E / 58.40; 161.08 (Iettunup)
Voyampolsky 1225 58°22′N 160°37′E / 58.37°N 160.62°E / 58.37; 160.62 (Voyampolsky)
Severny 1936 58°17′N 160°52′E / 58.28°N 160.87°E / 58.28; 160.87 (Severny)
Snegovoy 2169 58°12′N 160°58′E / 58.20°N 160.97°E / 58.20; 160.97 (Snegovoy)
Ostry 2552 58°11′N 160°49′E / 58.18°N 160.82°E / 58.18; 160.82 (Ostry)
Spokoyny 2171 58°08′N 160°49′E / 58.13°N 160.82°E / 58.13; 160.82 (Spokoiny)
Iktunup 2300 58°05′N 160°46′E / 58.08°N 160.77°E / 58.08; 160.77 (Iktunup)
Snezhny 2169 58°01′N 160°45′E / 58.02°N 160.75°E / 58.02; 160.75 (Snezhniy)
Atlasova or Nylgimelkin 1764 57°58′N 160°39′E / 57.97°N 160.65°E / 57.97; 160.65 (Atlasova)
Bely 2080 57°53′N 160°32′E / 57.88°N 160.53°E / 57.88; 160.53 (Bely)
Alngey 1853 57°42′N 160°24′E / 57.70°N 160.40°E / 57.70; 160.40 (Alngey)
Uka 1643 57°42′N 160°35′E / 57.70°N 160.58°E / 57.70; 160.58 (Uka)
Yelovsky 1381 57°32′N 160°32′E / 57.53°N 160.53°E / 57.53; 160.53 (Yelovsky)
Shishel 2525 57°27′N 160°22′E / 57.45°N 160.37°E / 57.45; 160.37 (Shishel)
Mezhdusopochny 1641 57°28′N 160°15′E / 57.47°N 160.25°E / 57.47; 160.25 (Mezhdusopochny)
Titila 1559 57°24′N 160°06′E / 57.40°N 160.10°E / 57.40; 160.10 (Titila)
Gorny Institute 2125 57°20′N 160°12′E / 57.33°N 160.20°E / 57.33; 160.20 (Gorny Institute)
Tuzovsky 1533 57°19′N 159°58′E / 57.32°N 159.97°E / 57.32; 159.97 (Tuzovsky)
Leutongey 1333 57°18′N 159°50′E / 57.30°N 159.83°E / 57.30; 159.83 (Leutongey)
Sedankinsky 1241 57°14′N 160°05′E / 57.23°N 160.08°E / 57.23; 160.08 (Sedankinsky)
Fedotych 965 57°08′N 160°24′E / 57.13°N 160.40°E / 57.13; 160.40 (Fedotych)
Kebeney 1527 57°06′N 159°56′E / 57.10°N 159.93°E / 57.10; 159.93 (Kebeney)
Kizimen 2376 55°07′48″N 160°19′12″E / 55.130°N 160.32°E / 55.130; 160.32 (Kizimen)

See also[edit]

References[edit]