Volendam

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Volendam
Street in Volendam
Street in Volendam
Coat of arms of Volendam
Coordinates: 52°29′58″N 5°04′03″E / 52.49944°N 5.06750°E / 52.49944; 5.06750Coordinates: 52°29′58″N 5°04′03″E / 52.49944°N 5.06750°E / 52.49944; 5.06750
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceNorth Holland
MunicipalityEdam-Volendam
Population
 (1 January 2021)
22,715

Volendam (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈvoːlə(n)ˌdɑm] (listen)) is a fishing town in the municipality of Edam-Volendam, province of North Holland, Netherlands. As of 1 January 2021, it has a population of 22,715. It is twinned with Coventry, England.

History[edit]

Originally, Volendam was the location of the harbour of the nearby Edam, which was situated at the mouth of the IJ bay.

In 1357, the inhabitants of Edam dug a shorter canal to the Zuiderzee with its own separate harbour. This removed the need for the original harbour, which was then dammed and used for land reclamation. Farmers and local fishermen settled there, forming the new community of Vollendam, which translates to 'Full dam'.

In the early part of the 20th century Volendam became something of an artists' retreat, with both Picasso and Renoir spending time here.

The majority of the population belongs to the Roman Catholic Church, which is deeply connected to the village culture. Historically, many missionaries and bishops grew up in Volendam. Today there is the chapel of Our Lady of the Water, which is located in a village park.

New Year's café fire[edit]

In the New Year's night of 2000 to 2001, the lighting of a bundle of sparklers caused a short but intense fire at a party in café De Hemel. The sparklers ignited the dry Christmas decorations on the ceiling, which fell down in their entirety. 14 people died and 200 people were seriously injured.

Tourism[edit]

Many tourists visit Volendam on tour boats
Volendam

Volendam is a popular tourist attraction in the Netherlands, well known for its old fishing boats and the traditional clothing still worn by some residents. The women's costume of Volendam, with its high, pointed bonnet, is one of the most recognizable of the Dutch traditional costumes, and is often featured on tourist postcards and posters (although there are believed to be fewer than 50 women now wearing the costume as part of their daily lives, most of them elderly). There is a regular ferry connection to Marken, a peninsula close by. Volendam also features a small museum about its history and clothing style, and visitors can have their pictures taken in traditional Dutch costumes.

A residential area in Volendam

Film[edit]

Volendam was a shooting location in Vikas Bahl's 2014 Bollywood film, Queen. The actors established an Indian food shop called Rani's Gol Gappa. The owner was an Italian, Marco Canadea, as Marcello. Working with Marco was Mish Boyko as Oleksander (Sikander), Jeffrey Ho as Taka, and Joseph Guitobh as Tim. The role of Queen was played by Indian actress Kangana Ranaut.

Sports[edit]

FC Volendam is a football club based in Volendam, which has regularly played in the Dutch Eredivisie. FC Volendam promoted to the Eredivisie in 2022 after a 13 year stint in the Eerste Divisie).

Music[edit]

Volendam is also well known for its distinctive music, which is called Palingsound (literally "eel sound") in reference to Volendam's status as a fishing village. During the 1960s, the local group The Cats was a very popular group in the Netherlands and abroad.

Another band from Volendam was BZN, which became popular in the late 1960s and early 1970s. In 1995 BZN performed a duet with the ten-year-old Jan Smit, who quickly became a celebrity in his own right.

The harbor of Volendam
A street in Volendam

The popular music groups 3JS and Nick & Simon are famously from Volendam, whose members have all participated in local musical performances through the years.

Born in Volendam[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]