Volkswagen Corrado

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Volkswagen Corrado
VW Corrado - standard.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Volkswagen
Production 1988–1995
Assembly Osnabrück, Germany (Karmann)
Designer Herbert Schäfer
Body and chassis
Class Sport compact
Body style 3-door coupé
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Platform Volkswagen Group A2 platform
Related Volkswagen Golf Mk2
Volkswagen Jetta Mk2
SEAT Toledo Mk1
Powertrain
Engine 1.8 L I4 (petrol)
1.8 L supercharged I4 (petrol)
2.0 L I4 (petrol)
2.8 L VR6 (petrol)
2.9 L VR6 (petrol)
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 1989–1992: 2,471 mm (97.3 in)
1993–1995: 2,469 mm (97.2 in)
Length 4,049 mm (159.4 in)
Width 1989–1992: 1,674 mm (65.9 in)
1993–1995: 1,689 mm (66.5 in)
Height 3,810 mm (150 in)
Curb weight 1,210–1,274 kg (2,668–2,809 lb)

The Volkswagen Corrado is a compact four passenger (2+2), three-door, front-engine, front-wheel drive liftback coupe marketed by Volkswagen from 1988-1995 and manufactured by Karmann in Osnabrück, Germany.

Designed by Herbert Schäfer,[1] the Corrado overlapped and eventually superseded Volkswagen's Scirocco model. 97,521 Corrados were manufactured[2] over the seven year production run.

Overview[edit]

Corrado rear

The Corrado's floorpan is based on the A2 platform (i.e. Mark 2 Golf/Jetta) and, with the exception of VR6 models, all versions use the subframes, suspension, steering and braking components from the A2 model range.

The VR6 uses suspension components from the A3 model range, including the rear axle assembly and some parts of the A3's 'plus' type front axle assembly. The subsequent wider front wheel track of the Corrado VR6 necessitated the fitting of new front wings with wider wheel arches and liners along with a new front bumper assembly.

The Corrado is noted for its flush mounted windows and active rear spoiler — which raises automatically when the car exceeds 50 mph (45 mph in the North American market), automatically retracts at speeds below 15 mph or can be manually controlled by the driver.[3]

Variants[edit]

Launched in the end of 1988 (three years before the end of Scirocco production), all Corrados were front-wheel drive and featured petrol engines. The Corrado debuted with two engine choices: a 1.8 litre 16-valve inline four with 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) (KR),[4][5] and a supercharged 1.8 litre eight valve inline four, marketed as the G60 and delivering 160 PS (118 kW; 158 hp). The Corrado G60 is named for the G Lader with which it is equipped, a scroll supercharger whose interior resembles the letter "G".

There were also two special models of the G60. The G60 Jet was an economy version for the German market only, thought to be a run out model before the introduction of the VR6. This model was only available in four colours and featured a colour coded interior. Sadly, Volkswagen cannot confirm production numbers for the Jet model.

Another variant is Volkswagen Motorsport (VWMS) Corrado 16V G60. Although the 16-valve engine combined with the original G-Lader was appreciated within the enthusiast community, the model never saw series production. It is generally believed that only two factory built examples were manufactured, both in Nugget Yellow.

Volkswagen introduced two new engines for 1992. The first was a naturally aspirated 2.0-litre, 16-valve 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) inline-four, basically a further development of the 1.8-litre engine; this engine was not made available to the North American market.

The second was the twelve valve VR6 engine, which came in two variants: a 2.8 litre 179 bhp (133 kW; 181 PS) model for the United States and Canadian markets, and a 2.9 litre and 190 PS (140 kW; 187 hp) version for the European market. In the United States the VR6 model was marketed as the Corrado SLC (sport luxury coupe).

Upon revising the engine, Volkswagen updated the styling with a new front grill and foglamps.[6] With the introduction of the VR6 engine, the G60 engine disappeared from the North American market after 1992 and European market in 1993. The VR6 engine provided a compromise between both V shaped and straight engines by placing the two cylinder banks at an angle of 15°, with a single cylinder head.

This design allowed engineers to fit a six cylinder engine into roughly the space previously occupied by four cylinder engines, while closely approaching the smoothness of a straight six design. 1994 was the last model year of the Corrado in the United States.

A 2.0 litre eight valve model 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) was produced in Europe in 1995. A limited edition only for the United Kingdom, the Corrado Storm, was also sold. Some discreet "Storm" badging, a colour keyed front grille, an additional Storm badge on the gear gaiter surround (an upgrade from the standard Karmann badge), 15 inch BBS "Solitude" alloy wheels, and standard fitment of some previously optional items (such as the leather heated front seats) differentiated this model from the base Corrado VR6. Only 500 were produced: 250 in Classic Green with a cream leather interior, and 250 in Mystic Blue, a colour unique to the Storm, with a black leather interior.

The Campaign model was made only in 1992. It was a VR6 Corrado available solely with Dusty Mauve Pearl Effect paint and a brick red leather interior and only 6 were ever produced.

The Corrado was offered in Japan at Yanase dealerships that specialize in North American and European vehicles, offering the 1.8 L engine with either the automatic or manual transmission. The larger VR6 would have been considerably more expensive to tax, as the engine was over two liters' displacement.

Reviews[edit]

Auto Express magazine describe it as "Regarded as one of VW’s best ever drivers’ cars".[3] The VR6 model was listed as one of the "25 Cars You Must Drive Before You Die" by the British magazine Car, and 'By far the most desirable version of the Corrado' by Auto Express.[3]

In MSN Autos 'Cool Cars We Miss' feature they listed the Corrado among the top eight "Gone but not forgotten: a short list of cars once loved, still missed", describing it in the following manner: "The VW Corrado VR6 is coveted because of its seductive styling, road handling capabilities and its role as trailblazer, introducing the VR6 to the American market."[7]

In 1988, in the first incarnation of the BBC television show Top Gear, racing car driver and presenter Tiff Needell reviewed the Corrado in G60 form, giving it a positive review and stating that "Handling wise, the Corrado is classic front-wheel drive, and it's really very, very good indeed." In November 2003, in Series 3 of the relaunched Top Gear, presenter Richard Hammond identified the Corrado as a future classic, "a kind of classic waiting in the wings... I think it's really rather special... the result is fantastic."[8] He also stated that the Corrado "was too expensive, and nobody bought it".

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.volkswagen-classic.de/magazin/design/portrait/herbert-schaefer
  2. ^ "Corrado G60 History". 
  3. ^ a b c "Eighties classics | Used Car Tests | Car Reviews". Auto Express. 20 February 2008. Retrieved 15 March 2012. 
  4. ^ Mastrostefano, Raffaele, ed. (1990). Quattroruote: Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1990 (in Italian). Milano: Editoriale Domus S.p.A. p. 1137. 
  5. ^ "Volkswagen Corrado (89-96) 1.8 16V 3d - MPG, Dimensions & Performance". Parkers. 1 January 1992. Retrieved 25 May 2012. 
  6. ^ http://consumerguide.com/used/1990-94-volkswagen-corrado/
  7. ^ Griffey, Evan (22 August 2011). "Cool Cars We Miss - MSN Autos". Editorial.autos.msn.com. Retrieved 15 March 2012. 
  8. ^ "The one with... the unbreakable Hilux - BBC Top Gear". Topgear.com. Retrieved 15 March 2012. 

External links[edit]