|Assembly||Wolfsburg, Germany[nb 1]
Brussels, Belgium[nb 2]
|Body and chassis|
|Class||City car (A)|
|Body style||3-door hatchback|
|Platform||Volkswagen Group A00 platform|
|Engine||1.0 L I4 (petrol)
1.4 L I4 (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (petrol)
1.2 L I3 (diesel)
1.4 L I3 (diesel)
1.7 L I4 (diesel)
|Wheelbase||2,318 mm (91.3 in)|
|Length||3,524 mm (138.7 in)|
|Width||1,640 mm (64.6 in)|
|Height||1,457 mm (57.4 in)|
|Curb weight||975 kg (2,150 lb)|
The Lupo was introduced in 1998 to fill a gap at the bottom of the Volkswagen model range caused by the increasing size and weight of the Polo. The 1998 Lupo was a badge-engineered version of the stablemate 1997 SEAT Arosa. Both use the A00 platform which is a shortened version of the Polo/Ibiza A0 platform. Initially only available in two trim variants, the budget E trim and the upgraded S trim; the range later expanded to include a Sport and GTI variant. Petrol engines ranged from 1.0 to 1.4 (1.6 for the GTI) with diesels from 1.2 to 1.7. The differences between the E and S trim included painted door mirrors, door handles and strip, central locking, electric windows, double folding seats and opening rear windows.
- Length 3,530 mm (139.0 in)
- Width 1,803 mm (71.0 in) (with mirrors)
- Height 1,447 mm (57.0 in)
- Luggage capacity (rear seats up) 130 litres, (rear seats down) 833 litres
- Weight 1,015 kg
|Name||Volume||Type||Output||Torque||0–100 km/h||Top speed||Years|
|1.0 8v||997 cc (1 L; 61 cu in)||4 cyl.||50 PS (37 kW; 49 hp) at 5000 rpm||84 N·m (62 lb·ft) at 2750 rpm||18.0 s||152 km/h (94 mph)||1998–2000|
|1.0 8v||999 cc (1 L; 61 cu in)||4 cyl||50 PS (37 kW; 49 hp) at 5000 rpm||86 N·m (63 lb·ft) at 3000–3600 rpm||17.7 s||152 km/h (94 mph)||1998–2005|
|1.4 8v||1,390 cc (1 L; 85 cu in)||4 cyl.||60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp) at 4700 rpm||116 N·m (86 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm||14.3 s||168 km/h (104 mph)||2000–2005|
|1.4 12v||1,390 cc (1 L; 85 cu in)||4 cyl.||75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) at 5000 rpm||126 N·m (93 lb·ft) at 3800 rpm||12.0 s||172 km/h (107 mph)||1998–2005|
|1.4 16v||1,390 cc (1 L; 85 cu in)||4 cyl.||100 PS (74 kW; 99 hp) at 6000 rpm||126 N·m (93 lb·ft) at 4400 rpm||10.0 s||188 km/h (117 mph)||1999–2005|
|1.4 16v FSI||1,390 cc (1 L; 85 cu in)||4 cyl.||105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) at 6200 rpm||130 N·m (96 lb·ft) at 4250 rpm||11.8 s||199 km/h (124 mph)||2000–2003|
|1.6 16v GTI||1,598 cc (2 L; 98 cu in)||4 cyl.||125 PS (92 kW; 123 hp) at 6500 rpm||152 N·m (112 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm||7.8 s||202 km/h (126 mph)||2000–2005|
|1.2 TDI 3L||1,191 cc (1 L; 73 cu in)||3 cyl.||61 PS (45 kW; 60 hp) at 4000 rpm||140 N·m (103 lb·ft) at 1800–2400 rpm||14.5 s||165 km/h (103 mph)||1999–2005|
|1.4 TDI||1,422 cc (1 L; 87 cu in)||3 cyl.||75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) at 4000 rpm||195 N·m (144 lb·ft) at 2200 rpm||12.3 s||170 km/h (106 mph)||1999–2005|
|1.7 SDI||1,716 cc (2 L; 105 cu in)||4 cyl.||60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp) at 4200 rpm||115 N·m (85 lb·ft) at 2200–3000 rpm||16.8 s||157 km/h (98 mph)||1998–2005|
The Lupo 3L was a special-edition made with the intent of being the world's first car in series production consuming as little as 3 litres of fuel per 100 kilometres (78 miles per US gallon or 94 miles per Imperial gallon). To achieve this the 3L was significantly changed from the standard Lupo to include:
- 1.2 litre three-cylinder diesel engine with turbocharger and direct injection (61 hp, 140 Nm)
- Use of light-weight aluminum and magnesium alloys for doors, bonnet (hood), rear-hatch, seat frames, engine block, wheels, suspension system etc. to achieve a weight of only 830 kg (1,830 lb)
- Tiptronic gearbox
- Engine start/stop automatic to avoid long idling periods
- Low rolling resistance tires
- Automated gearbox and clutch, to optimise fuel consumption, with a Tiptronic mode for the gearbox
- Changed aerodynamics, so a value of 0.29 was achieved
The 3L, along with the GTI and FSI, had a completely different steel body to other Lupos, using thinner but stronger steel sheet. The car had an automated electro-hydraulic manual transmission with a Tiptronic mode on the selector and an automated electro-hydraulic clutch. The car also had an ECO mode. When engaged it limited the power to 41 bhp (31 kW; 42 PS) (excluding kick down) and programmed the transmission to change up at the most economical point. ECO mode also activated the start/stop function, a feature that was new to European cars at the time. To restart, the driver simply takes his foot off the brake and presses the accelerator. In ECO mode, the clutch was disengaged when the accelerator pedal was released for maximum economy, so the car freewheels as much as possible, with the clutch re-engaging as soon as the accelerator pedal or brake pedal is touched. The 3L also has only 4 wheel bolts and alloy brake drums at the rear, along with many aluminum suspension components.
Initially, there were very few options on the 3L, as options added weight which affected fuel consumption. Those available initially were electrically heated and electrically controlled mirrors, fog lights and different paint colours. In order to increase sales, other options were offered including all-electric steering, electric windows and air conditioning. These options however, increased fuel consumption slightly. In 2001, a Japanese economy driver, Dr Miyano, used it to set a new world record for the most frugal circumnavigation of Britain in a standard diesel production car, with an average fuel economy figure of 119.48 mpg. In November 2003, Gerhard Plattner covered a distance of 2,910 miles through 20 European countries in a standard Lupo 3L TDI. He achieved his aim of completing this journey - which started in Oslo, Norway and finished in The Hague in The Netherlands - with just 100 euros worth of fuel. In fact, all he required was 90.94 euros, which corresponds to an average consumption of 2.78 litres per 100 km (101.6 mpg).
According to the Lupo 3L instruction manual, the 3L engine also runs on Rapeseed Methyl Ester (RME) without any changes to the engine.
During the period of series production of the Lupo 3L, Volkswagen also presented the 1L Concept, a prototype made with the objective of proving the capability of producing a roadworthy vehicle consuming only 1 litre of fuel per 100 kilometres (235 miles per US gallon).
The Lupo 3L shared its engine and special gearbox with the Audi A2 1.2 TDI 3L. As a result of this and other changes, this Audi A2 is also capable of reaching the same results as the Lupo 3L.
The Lupo FSI was a 5L/100 km petrol version of the Lupo 3L. It had a similar automated gearbox to the 3L but with different gear ratios. Outwardly it was almost identical to a 3L but with a more standard front grill and lacked the magnesium steering wheel of the 3L. The FSI was only sold in Germany and Austria.
The 1.6 L Lupo GTI has been labelled a true successor to the Volkswagen Golf Mk1, one of the first true hot hatches. The GTI can be identified by its fully body-coloured bumpers and twin central exhausts. In 2002, a six-speed gearbox was added, together with improved throttle response, and was suggested as a competitor to the Mini Cooper or the larger Volkswagen Polo GTI. The GTI features much more standard equipment which was not available on any other in the Lupo range, including bi-xenon headlights, 15-inch Bathurst alloy wheels and an off black interior.
With a DOHC 16-valve four-cylinder engine producing 125 PS (123 hp), the GTI had a top speed of 127 mph (204 km/h) and could accelerate 0-60 mph in 7.8 seconds.
- Hans-Rüdiger Etzold (2012). So wird's gemacht: VW Lupo/SEAT Arosa 1997–2005 (in German) (7th ed.). Delius Klasing Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7688-1182-8.
- Between 1998 and 2006; from 2001, the 3L, GTI models only.
- Between 2001 and 2006; except 3L, GTI models.
- "VW Lupo". autobild.de. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
- * Bernd Wiersch (2012). Volkswagen Typenkunde 1994 bis 2005 (in German). Delius Klasing Verlag. p. 121. ISBN 978-3-7688-3421-6.
Als einziges Lupo-Modell wurde der FSI in diesem Jahr (2003, editor) eingestellt. Die Produktion der übrigen Modelle lief bis 2005 weiter.
- "Auto Express February 2003". Autoexpress.co.uk. 2003-02-04. Retrieved 2011-09-05.
- "Evo March 2002". Evo.co.uk. 2002-03-07. Retrieved 2011-09-05.
- World Record Economy drive 
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