Volkswagen Passat (B2)

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Volkswagen Passat (B2)
VW Passat B2 front 20081007.jpg
Also called Volkswagen Corsar
Volkswagen Carat
Volkswagen Santana
Volkswagen Quantum
Nissan Santana (Japan)
Production 1981–1988
1983(CDK)-1985(Mass Production)
1985–2012 (Shanghai, China)
Assembly Emden, Germany
Barcelona Zona Franca, Spain
São Bernardo do Campo, Brazil
Puebla, Puebla, Mexico
Shanghai, China
Zama, Japan
Uitenhage, South Africa
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size car / Large family car (D)
Body style 2-door saloon/sedan (Latin America)
3-door fastback/hatchback
4-door saloon/sedan (Santana)
5-door fastback/hatchback
5-door estate/wagon
Layout Longitudinal front engine,
front-wheel drive or
four-wheel drive
Platform Volkswagen Group B2
Related Audi 80 (B2)
Ford Versailles
Ford Royale
Volkswagen Quantum
Volkswagen Santana
Ford Crown Victoria 1st gen (Chinese Santana models)
Transmission 3-speed automatic,
4-speed manual,
5-speed manual
Wheelbase 2,550 mm (100.4 in)[2]
Length 3/5d: 4,435 mm (174.6 in)[2]
Variant: 4,540 mm (178.7 in)[2]
Santana: 4,545 mm (178.9 in)[2]
179.5 in (4,559 mm) (GL)[citation needed]
180.7 in (4,590 mm) (GL Syncro)[citation needed]
Width 1,685 mm (66.3 in)[2]
Santana: 1,695 mm (66.7 in)[2]
67.2 in (1,707 mm) (GL)[citation needed]
66.7 in (1,694 mm) (GL Syncro)[citation needed]
facelifted Santana: 1,710 mm (67.3 in)
Height 1,385 mm (54.5 in)[2]
Santana: 1,400 mm (55.1 in)[2]
54.8 in (1,392 mm) (GL)
58 in (1,473 mm) (GL Syncro)
facelifted Santana: 1,427 mm (56.2 in)
Predecessor Volkswagen Passat (B1)
Successor Volkswagen Passat (B3)

The Volkswagen Passat (B2) is an automobile which was produced by German manufacturer Volkswagen from 1981 to 1988. It was the second generation of the Volkswagen Passat. The platform was slightly longer than the preceding Passat (B1). As with the previous generation, it was based on the platform of the Audi 80; the corresponding B2 version of which had been already launched in 1978. In most markets, the equipment levels were renamed from L/LS/GLS to CL/GL/CD.

Body configurations included hatchback, Variant (estate/wagon) a three-box saloon, which until the 1985 facelift was marketed as the Volkswagen Santana in Europe. In North America, the Passat/Santana was marketed as the Volkswagen Quantum, available in three-door hatchback, four-door sedan, and a wagon model, but the five-door hatchback was never marketed there and the three-door hatchback dropped after less than two years. The four-wheel drive Syncro version was introduced in October 1984, initially only with the more powerful 2.22-litre five-cylinder engine.

white hatchback automobile
Pre-facelift Passat B2 5-door hatchback

The Santana was also manufactured in China, Brazil, Mexico (as the Corsar, from 1984 and 1988) and Argentina (as the Carat between 1987 and 1991). In Brazil, the Santana station wagon was sold as the Quantum. The Passat saloon and estate were produced in South Africa for their local market until 1987. The production of Passat B2 in China ended in 2012.

red station wagon
Volkswagen Quantum Wagon (US)

Like the previous generation, the B2 Passat was mainly sold with four-cylinder petrol and diesel engines. Unlike its predecessor, however, top-of the line versions received five-cylinder Audi or VW engines of 1.9–2.2 litres.[1][3] In addition to four- and five-speed manuals and three-speed automatic gearboxes, the Passat/Santana was also available with the VW concern's interesting 4+E transmission. This, also called the "Formel E" had a particularly high top gear, which combined with a freewheeling mechanism to provide better gas mileage. An automatic stop/start was also available in some markets.

The four-wheel drive system used in the Passat Variant Syncro shared the mechanics of the Audi 80 quattro rather than the Volkswagen Golf Syncro. When first shown, at the 1983 Frankfurt Motor Show, the car was meant to be called the "Passat Tetra".[4] The Syncro's bottomplate was almost entirely different, requiring a transmission tunnel, a relocated gas tank, and no spare tire well (to make room for the complex rear axle assembly). Unlike the related Audi 80 quattro which used a reversed front wheel setup, the rear-axle was an adapted Volkswagen Transporter unit so as to retain a flat loading floor. Only the more popular estate was deemed worthy of reengineering, so as to not offer direct competition with the sedan-only Audi 80 quattro.[4] Syncro was also available in the North American market, only with the five-cylinder engine.

1985 Facelift[edit]

silver station wagon
1982-1985 Volkswagen Quantum GL Wagon (US Market)

In 1985 the range received a minor facelift with revised bumpers, interior, front grille and taillights on the hatchback versions. The three-door hatchback was discontinued while the Santana nameplate was dropped in Europe. The saloon's front end was now the same as the hatchback and estate. The North American version, still marketed as the Quantum, received European-style composite headlamps.

On 31 March 1988 production ended (although Syncro models continued in production until June) with 3,345,248 built in Germany. World production totaled approximately 4.5 million units.


  1. ^ a b c James M. Flammang (1994). Standard Catalog of Imported Cars, 1946-1990. Iola, WI: Krause Publications, Inc. pp. 639–642. ISBN 0-87341-158-7.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Auto Katalog 1983. Stuttgart: Vereinigte Motor-Verlage GmbH & Co. KG. 1982. pp. 206–207.
  3. ^ World Cars 1982. Pelham, NY: The Automobile Club of Italy/Herald Books. 1982. pp. 135–137. ISBN 0-910714-14-2.
  4. ^ a b Verhelle, Tony (13 October 1983). "Frankfurt: vervolg en slot" [Frankfurt continued]. De AutoGids (in Flemish). Brussels, Belgium: Uitgeverij Auto-Magazine. 5 (106): 36–37.