Volkswagen Fox

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For the Volkswagen car sold as the Fox in North America between 1987 and 1993, see Volkswagen Gol.
Volkswagen Fox (5Z)
VW Fox Style front 20100425.jpg
Manufacturer Volkswagen
Also called Volkswagen Lupo (Mexico)
Production 2003–present
Model years 2003–present
Assembly São Bernardo do Campo, São Paulo, Brazil[nb 1]
São José dos Pinhais, Paraná, Brazil[nb 2]
General Pacheco, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina[nb 3]
Body and chassis
Class Latin America: Subcompact car
Europe: City car (A)
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
5-door estate (Suran)
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Platform Volkswagen Group PQ24 platform
Related Volkswagen Polo IV
Engine 1.2 L I3 (petrol)
1.4 L I4 (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (petrol)
1.0 L I4 (petrol/ethanol)
1.6 L I4 (petrol/ethanol)
1.4 L I3 (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
Wheelbase 2,465 mm (97.0 in)
Length 2005–08: 3,805 mm (149.8 in)
2009–present: 3,823 mm (150.5 in)
Width 1,640 mm (64.6 in)
Height 1,545 mm (60.8 in)
Predecessor Europe: Volkswagen Lupo
Successor Europe: Volkswagen Up

The Volkswagen Fox is a city car produced and designed by Volkswagen of Brazil and sold in Latin America since 2003[1] and Europe from 2005 to 2011.[2][3] Currently the Fox is produced as a three-door and five-door hatchback. There is also a mini SUV version called CrossFox, and a mini MPV/station wagon model called Suran, SpaceFox, SportVan or Fox Plus depending on the market.

In South America, it fits between its two supermini brothers, the low cost Gol and the Polo. In Mexico it was called the Lupo, due to the last name of then-current President Vicente Fox. VW of Mexico dropped the Lupo after a short run of 2009 models due to poor sales and replaced it along with the aged Pointer and Derby by the VW Novo Gol. The SportVan has also been quietly discontinued starting February 2010 in Mexico due to poor sales leaving only the CrossFox.

In the European market, the Fox replaced the Lupo city car as the entry-level car in the lineup.

Volkswagen stopped selling the Fox in Europe in 2011 and it has now been replaced by the Volkswagen Up.[4]

Like the contemporary Polo, the Fox is based on Volkswagen's PQ24 platform.

Volkswagen acquired the rights to the name in 1969 by purchasing NSU. The original NSU Fox was a motor-bike first seen in 1949,[5] and Volkswagen had subsequently used the "Fox" name in some markets for special edition Volkswagen Polos. The Audi 80 produced in the 1970s also used the name Fox on vehicles sold in Australia and the United States.

Facelift Volkswagen Fox
Facelift Volkswagen Fox

In November 2009, the new 2010 Volkswagen Fox was revealed in Brazil and later also in Argentina.[6] The model was restyled again in 2015.


Pre–facelift VW Fox 1.2 Style

South America[edit]


  • Engine: VHT, BAH; I4, 1599 cc, cast-iron cylinder block, RSH (roller rocker arm)
  • Power: 104 hp (74 kW) @ 5750 rpm
  • Fuel Injection: Motronic (Benzin ME7.5.10 until 2006)
  • Torque: 154 N·m (114 lb·ft) @ 2500 rpm
  • 0–100 km/h: 12 s
  • Top Speed: 147 km/h (91 mph)
  • Boot: 26,000 L (920 cu ft)-1,236 L (43.6 cu ft)
  • Transmission: 5-speed manual (Audi MQ200 manual gearbox) or i-Motion ASG
  • Fuel capacity: 50 L (13.2 US gal; 11.0 imp gal)
  • Brakes: front disks, rear drums


The Fox was introduced to Europe at the AMI Leipzig Motor Show in 2005, on debut in Europe the Fox was only available as a three-door hatchback and with three engine options: the 1.2 L 40 kW (55 hp) I3 and 1.4 L 55 kW (75 hp) I4 petrol engines and the 1.4 L 51 kW (69 hp) TDI engine.

The Fox was sold with a long options list to reduce its tag price, therefore letting the European customer specify the Fox to their liking. It did come with standard twin airbags and anti-lock braking system for safety measures. Upon its debut the Fox scored four stars in EuroNCAP's crash rating system.


Model Engine Displacement Power Torque
Petrol engines
1.2 I3 1,198 cc 56 PS (41 kW; 55 hp) at 4,750 rpm 108 N·m (80 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm
1.4 I4 1,390 cc 76 PS (56 kW; 75 hp) at 5,000 rpm 124 N·m (91 lb·ft) at 2,750 rpm
Diesel engines
1.4 TDI I3 1,422 cc 71 PS (52 kW; 70 hp) at 4,000 rpm 155 N·m (114 lb·ft) at 1,600–2,800 rpm



2005 Volkswagen CrossFox

The Volkswagen CrossFox is a mini SUV version which sets it apart from the standard Fox. As is the case for other similar models, it is available only with front-wheel drive.

It is produced in Brazil and sold in Latin American markets; there are plans to export it to European markets to compete in the expanding mini SUV market (see Ford EcoSport and Fiat Idea Adventure).

This version contains mixed-use tires and a suspension raised slightly beyond a spare tire on the outside of the trunk.


2010 Volkswagen Suran
2010 Volkswagen Suran

A mini MPV/station wagon version of the Fox was presented in April 2006. It is named Suran in Argentina,[7] Chile and Uruguay, SpaceFox in Brazil[8] and Peru,[9] SportVan in Mexico[10] and Fox Plus in Algeria.[11] It is built in General Pacheco, Argentina.[12]

Because of its 360 mm-extended tail (4,165 mm vs. 3,805 mm), it has a larger boot and more rear leg room than the hatchback versions. Its main competitors are the Peugeot 206 SW and Fiat Palio Weekend.

The initial version has the same wheelbase of 2,645 mm (104.1 in), a length of 4,165 mm (164.0 in), a width of 1,640 mm (64.6 in) and a height of 1,545 mm (60.8 in). It uses the 1.6-litre engine, with power output levels ranging between 98 and 103 PS (72 and 76 kW; 97 and 102 bhp), depending on the fuel version (petrol or blend of ethanol and petrol).

In 2009, it was facelifted, gaining slightly enlarged dimensions: 4,180 mm (164.6 in) in length, 1,660 mm (65.4 in) in width and 1,576 mm (62.0 in) in height.

United States (1987-1993)[edit]

US-spec Volkswagen Fox GL sedan.

The Fox was a variant of the Gol manufactured by Volkswagen do Brasil and marketed by Volkswagen in North America as an entry level subcompact from 1987 to 1993. Initially offered as a two-door and four-door sedan as well as a two-door wagon, the wagon was discontinued in 1991 along with the two-door for the Canadian market, the same year the four-door sedan (as well as the two-door, in the US) received a mild restyling.

The Fox featured a longitudinal mounted 1.8L, 81 PS (60 kW; 80 hp) 4-cylinder gasoline engine, sharing components with the VW Golf — along with a 4-speed transmission for the standard 2- and 4-door sedan and a 5-speed transmission for the "GL" sport model — an automatic transmission was not offered. There was no power steering available. The Fox had power assisted disk brakes in the front and drums in the rear. The Fox did not have an anti-lock braking system.

According to the U.S. EPA the 4-speed version averaged 24 mpg‑US (9.8 L/100 km; 29 mpg‑imp) on the new combined driving cycle with the 5-speed transmission able to produce 23 mpg‑US (10 L/100 km; 28 mpg‑imp) on the new driving cycle. Under the old test protocol the VW Fox was able to produce 26 mpg‑US (9.0 L/100 km; 31 mpg‑imp) with the 5-speed transmission and 27 mpg‑US (8.7 L/100 km; 32 mpg‑imp) with the 4-speed transmission.

Early models (1987–1989) featured the Bosch CIS-E also known as KE-Jetronic electro-mechanical fuel injection, using an oxygen sensor to assist in fuel management. Later models featured (1990–1993) Bosch Digifant electronic fuel injection. In Canada the Fox from 1987 to 1989 was offered with the simpler Bosch CIS fuel injection (K-Jetronic) without an oxygen sensor for the engine fuel management system.

From the booming sales of the Passat, Jetta, Golf and the price of the Fox compared to other manufacturers at the time, the Fox faded out fast. Making the Fox a rare piece of history, more so on the (MK2) (1990-1993) years. Less were being made/imported, due to the lack of demand from the manufacturer.

Originally, the Fox's squared off front end featured sealed beam halogen headlamps; after 1991 models received revised sheet metal with flush glass headlamps. (MK2)

In the United States and Australia the Audi 80 was badged as the Audi Fox during the 1970s, but the two have very little in common. The Australian version was assembled locally by Volkswagen Australasia Ltd.

South Africa[edit]

In South Africa, the Fox name was used for a model based on the first generation Jetta.[13] This was sold alongside the Volkswagen Citi Golf, based on the first generation Golf.


  1. ^ European version.
  2. ^ For Latin America.
  3. ^ The Volkswagen Suran.


  1. ^ "BRAZIL: Volkswagen launches Crossfox 'SUV'". just-auto. 7 April 2005. Retrieved 24 May 2015. 
  2. ^ "Volkswagen Fox hatchback (2005 - 2011)". Retrieved 24 May 2015. 
  3. ^ "FAQs - Vehicle information model changes". Volkswagen UK. Retrieved 24 May 2015. 
  4. ^ "Model Changes". Volkswagen. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  5. ^ "Not und Spiele: Die 50er Jahre...". Auto, Motor und Sport. Heft 13 1996: Seite 58–65. 14 June 1996. 
  6. ^ "Nuevo Volkswagen Fox 2010" (in Spanish). Argentina: 16 Valvulas. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ [2]
  9. ^ [3]
  10. ^ [4] Archived December 12, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ "automobile en algérie - L'automarché Une alternative "Plus" dans le monospace". (in French). Telemly, Algeria: L'Automarche. 31 October 2006. Archived from the original on 18 February 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  12. ^ "Volkswagen Argentina S.A." (PDF). 15 July 2015. Retrieved 15 April 2016. 
  13. ^ Volkswagens of the World: A Comprehensive International Guide to Volkswagens not built in Germany ... and the unusual ones that were, Simon Glen Veloce Publishing Ltd, 2003

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