Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles|
|Production||February 1989–March 1997|
Tahara, Aichi, Japan|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||light commercial vehicle|
|Body style||Pickup truck|
Longitudinal front engine;|
rear-wheel drive (4x2), or
four-wheel drive (4x4)
1.8 L I4 petrol|
2.2 L I4 petrol
2.4 L I4 petrol
2.4 L I4 diesel;
3.0 L I4 diesel
4x2: 2,850 mm (112.2 in),|
4x4: 3,095 mm (121.9 in)
4x2: 4,725 mm (186.0 in),|
4x4: 4,905 mm (193.1 in)
4x2: 1,650 mm (65.0 in),|
4x4: 1,690 mm (66.5 in)
4x2: 1,555 mm (61.2 in),|
4x4: 1,740 mm (68.5 in)
In January 1989, Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles introduced a 1 tonne pickup truck, called the Volkswagen Taro, to complement the half tonne Caddy pickup / panel van ranges, and the 1 tonne Transporter van and chassis cab ranges. The name "tarō" is a suffix used in Japanese to denote the oldest brother or son, or the first-born son of a family.
The Taro though, was a project of badge engineering. The Taro was a rebadged fifth generation Toyota Hilux - fully engineered and designed by Toyota. The two companies came together in an effort to solve each other's problems:
- Volkswagen Group at the time did not have a one-tonne pickup truck;
- Toyota wanted a bigger European market share of the one-tonne utility market.
So in the late 1980s, Volkswagen Group and Toyota signed an agreement that Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles would assemble the Toyota Hilux at its VWCV factory in Hanover, Germany, and it would be sold under the Volkswagen Taro moniker.
The first Taros manufactured in Hanover, Germany, from 1989-1994 had a 2.4-litre diesel engine with 61 kW (83 PS; 82 bhp), torque was 165 N⋅m (122 lbf⋅ft) at 2,400 rpm, with loading space of 3.4 square metres (37 sq ft) and a 1,125 kilograms (2,480 lb) payload. It was only built with two-wheel drive and a regular cab, although the "Taro" moniker was used for other versions in other European markets.
In September 1994 at the IAA Nutfahrzeuge (Commercial Vehicle Fair) in Hanover, Germany, Volkswagen released the four-wheel drive version of the Taro which had an extended cabin. The 4x4 Extended Cab Taro was manufactured in Toyota's Tahara plant in Japan, but now the Taro had an updated 2.4-litre diesel engine which produced 58 kilowatts (79 PS; 78 bhp) at 4,000 rpm and torque of 163 newton metres (120 lbf⋅ft) at 2,400 rpm. The 4x4 Taro had a 2.9 square metres (31 sq ft) loading space and 815 kilograms (1,797 lb) payload, but could tow 750 kilograms (1,653 lb) without brakes, and 2,100 kilograms (4,630 lb) with brakes.
- engine ID code, displacement, configuration and rated motive power output[clarification needed]
- 2Y: 1.8-litre inline four OHV petrol engine with carburettor, 61 kilowatts (83 PS; 82 bhp) at 4,000 rpm
- 4Y: 2.2-litre inline four OHV petrol engine with carburettor, 69 kilowatts (94 PS; 93 bhp)
- 2L: 2.4-litre inline four indirect injection SOHC diesel engine, 61 kilowatts (83 PS; 82 bhp) at 4,000 rpm
- 22R: 2.4-litre inline four SOHC petrol engine with Bosch L-Jetronic injection, 82 kilowatts (111 PS; 110 bhp)
- 4x2 = RWD, 4x4 = 4WD
- loading area (m²)
- (4x2) 3.1m² (4x4) 2.9m²
- track width - front
- (4x2) 1,355 millimetres (53.3 in), (4x4) 1,430 millimetres (56.3 in)
- track width - rear
- (4x2) 1,370 millimetres (53.9 in), (4x4) 1,425 millimetres (56.1 in)
- turning circle
- (4x2) 12.6 metres (41.3 ft), (4x4) 14.0 metres (45.9 ft)
- permissible total weight
- (4x2) 2,395 kilograms (5,280 lb), (4x4) 2,515 kilograms (5,545 lb)
- (4x2) 995 kilograms (2,194 lb), (4x4) 815 kilograms (1,797 lb)
- trailer weight braked
- (4x2) 1,800 kilograms (3,968 lb), (4x4) 2,100 kilograms (4,630 lb)
- trailer weight unbraked
- 750 kilograms (1,653 lb)
- maximum speed km/h
- (4x2) 145 kilometres per hour (90.1 mph), (4x4) 130 kilometres per hour (80.8 mph)
- acceleration - 0-80 kilometres per hour (49.7 mph)
- (4x2) 15.0 secs, (4x4) 17.0 secs
- fuel consumption
- (4x2) 9.6 litres per 100 kilometres (29 mpg‑imp; 25 mpg‑US), (4x4) 10.2 litres per 100 kilometres (28 mpg‑imp; 23 mpg‑US)
It comes in Single & Double Cab as well as the option of 2WD or 4WD and high torque diesels.
- Volkswagen Taro Press Release. Jan 1989.
- Rex, Rainer, ed. (July 1989), Lastauto Omnibus Katalog 1990 [Truck and bus catalog] (in German), 19, Motor-Presse-Verlag GmbH und Co. KG, pp. 44–45, 81531/89001
- Volkswagen Taro Press Release. Sep 1994.
- Volkswagen-Commercial-Vehicles.com - official international portal
|Sedan delivery||Caddy I||Caddy II||Caddy III|
|Campervan||Westfalia California||California (T5)|
|Panel van derivatives||Type 2 (T1)||Type 2 (T2)||Transporter (T3)||Transporter (T4)||Transporter (T5)|
|LT I||LT II||Crafter|
Concepts and future models: Microbus Concept