Volodymyr Groysman

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Volodymyr Groysman
Володимир Гройсман
Volodymyr Groysman 2016.jpg
16th Prime Minister of Ukraine
Assumed office
14 April 2016
President Petro Poroshenko
Deputy Stepan Kubiv
Ivanna Klympush-Tsintsadze
Hennadiy Zubko
Vyacheslav Kyrylenko
Volodymyr Kistion
Pavlo Rozenko
Preceded by Arseniy Yatsenyuk
11th Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada
In office
27 November 2014 – 14 April 2016
Preceded by Oleksandr Turchynov
Succeeded by Andriy Parubiy
Minister of Regional Development, Construction and Communal Living
In office
27 February 2014 – 27 November 2014
Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk
Preceded by Hennadiy Temnyk
Succeeded by Hennadiy Zubko
Mayor of Vinnytsia
In office
28 March 2006 – 27 February 2014
Preceded by Oleksandr Dombrovsky
Succeeded by Serhiy Morhunov
Deputy of the Vinnytsia City Council
4th session
In office
26 March 2002 – 28 March 2006
Constituency Independent, District No.29
People's Deputy of Ukraine
8th convocation
In office
27 November 2014 – 14 April 2016
Constituency Petro Poroshenko Bloc, No.4[1]
Personal details
Born Volodymyr Borysovych Groysman
(1978-01-20) 20 January 1978 (age 39)
Vinnytsia, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
Political party Our Ukraine (2004-2010)
Conscience of Ukraine (2010–2014)
Petro Poroshenko Bloc
(2014–present)
Alma mater Interregional Academy of Personnel Management
National Academy of State Administration
Signature
Website Government website
Ukrainian Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman shakes hands with U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry at the Verkhovna Rada in Kyiv, 7 July 2016

Volodymyr Borysovych Groysman,[3] sometimes transliterated as Volodymyr Borysovych Hroisman[4] (Ukrainian: Володимир Борисович Гройсман;[5] Yiddish: וואָלאָדימיר באָריסאָוויטש גרויסמאַן‎) (born 20 January 1978),[6] is a Ukrainian politician who has been the Prime Minister of Ukraine since 14 April 2016.[7]

From March 2006 until February 2014 Groysman was the Mayor of Vinnytsia.[8][9][10] From then to November 2014, he held two concurrent positions as the Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine for Regional Policy and the Minister of Regional Development, Construction and Housing and Communal Services of Ukraine. He was elected into parliament on the party lists of the pro-presidential Petro Poroshenko Bloc. Groysman's next post was the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's national parliament), starting late November 2014 until being appointed Prime Minister.

Early life[edit]

Volodymyr Borysovych Groysman was born in Vinnytsia into a Jewish family on 20 January 1978.[6][11] In 1994 he started his career as a commercial director of his father's small private business company "ОКО" and as a commercial director of the private enterprise "Youth".[6][12]

Career[edit]

In the 2002 local elections, he was elected as a member of the Vinnytsia City Council from the 29th electoral district. In the city council, he worked as the Deputy Head of the Permanent Committee of the City Council on Human Rights, Lawfulness, Council Members' Activities and Ethics.[6] In 2003, he graduated from the Interregional Academy of Personnel Management with a specialty in Jurisprudence.[6] In 2004 Groysman joined the party Our Ukraine.[12]

On 25 November 2005, he was elected the head of the city council and the acting mayor.[6] In the 26 March 2006 local elections, he was elected as the city's mayor,[6] becoming the youngest ever mayor of a Ukrainian administrative center.[13] In the 10 October 2010 local elections, he was re-elected mayor for a second term, as a candidate of the party Conscience of Ukraine, gaining the support of 77.81% of citizens.[6] While mayor, Groysman was the Vice-President of the Association of Ukrainian Cities and the Legal Issues society.[6]

In February 2010, Groysman graduated from the National Academy of State Administration with a specialty in Community Development Management, especially management on the local and regional levels.[6]

Government minister[edit]

On 27 February 2014, Groysman was concurrently appointed as the Vice Prime Minister for Regional Policy and the Minister of Regional Development, Construction and Housing and Communal Services of Ukraine in the First Yatsenyuk Government.[6] During this period, Groysman was appointed the chair of the Ukrainian Special Government Commission on MH17, investigating the shootdown and crash of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 ("MH17"), during the War in Donbass.[14][15]

The parliamentary coalition that supported this government collapsed on 24 July 2014, and on the same day, Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk announced that he was immediately resigning from his office.[16][17][18][19] However, Yatsenyuk's resignation was not accepted by parliament.[20] Nevertheless, on 25 July 2014, the Yatsenyuk Government appointed Groysman as its acting Prime Minister.[21] However, on 31 July 2014, the Verkhovna Rada declined Yatsenyuk's resignation because only 16 of the 450 MPs voted for his resignation.[22]

Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada[edit]

In the 2014 parliamentary election, Groysman was elected into parliament after being in the top 10 of the Petro Poroshenko Bloc's electoral list.[23][24]

On 27 November 2014, at the first session of newly elected parliament, Groysman was elected as the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada with 313 votes in favor.[25][26] 359 (of the 423 deputies) supported his nomination. He was also the only candidate for the post.[27]

Prime Minister of Ukraine[edit]

With public dissatisfaction and allegations of corruption surrounding his government, Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk announced on 10 April 2016 that he planned to resign.[28] Following several days of parliamentary debate, on 14 April 2016, Groysman was voted in by MPs 257 to 50 as the 16th Prime Minister of Ukraine.[7] Groysman is the youngest Ukrainian prime minister ever (age 38 at election).[29][30][31]

Groysman is not well-known outside Ukraine, and is seen by outside observers as President Poroshenko's protégé.[32]

Groysman's selection as PM triggered a constitutional requirement for a new Cabinet, in which new appointments were already forthcoming due to resignations in protest over Ukraine's corruption and reform issues. Those posts in the new Groysman government were assigned to people who were also perceived as Poroshenko allies.[31][33][34]

Groysman has indicated he would fight corruption and build closer ties with the European Union,[30][33] which has complained about widespread and pervasive corruption in Ukraine's government and economy.[35]

Personal life[edit]

Volodymyr Groysman is married and has two daughters and a son.[6] He is an active member of the Jewish community in his native Vinnytsia, and is the first Jewish prime minister of Ukraine.[13] Groysman's grandfather, Isaac, survived the Holocaust by pretending to be dead after being dropped into a mass grave by German troops.[13]

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the VIII convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 22 December 2014. 
  2. ^ "он никогда не скрывал своих еврейских корней и приходил по религиозным праздникам в синагогу"
  3. ^ Groysman or Hroysman? The Ukrainian Weekly. 22 April 2016
  4. ^ Interfax-Ukraine. Hroisman as appointed Ukraine's acting prime minister. Kyiv Post. 24 July 2014
  5. ^ Official biography on the web-site of the Ukrainian Government
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l (in Russian) Short bio, LIGA
  7. ^ a b "Ukraine MPs approve Volodymyr Groysman as new PM". BBC News. 14 April 2016. Retrieved 14 April 2016. 
  8. ^ "Mayor Volodymyr Groysman described the reception...". 
  9. ^ "Who's who of the Council of Europe Congress - Individual Member data". 
  10. ^ http://www.heritageabroad.gov/
  11. ^ Russia and Ukraine at war — among the Jews anyway, Jewish Telegraphic Agency (27 March 2014)
  12. ^ a b The rapid rise of Ukraine's Volodymyr Groysman, Deutsche Welle (12 April 2016)
  13. ^ a b c Ukrainian president taps Jewish politician to be next prime minister, Jerusalem Post (14 April 2016)
  14. ^ "Malaysia demands unrestricted access to crash site," Jul 21, 2014, The Star/Asia News Network in The Straits Times, retrieved Apr. 18, 2016
  15. ^ Higgins, Andrew & Rick Gladstone, "More bodies possible at Ukraine crash site, officials say," Jul 23, 2014, NYT News Service in The Times of India, retrieved Apr. 18, 2016
  16. ^ "Ukraine Prime Minister Resigns, as Kiev Moves Toward Elections". New York Times. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  17. ^ Rada speaker announces dissolution of parliamentary coalition, Interfax-Ukraine (24 July 2014)
  18. ^ Ukrainian PM Yatseniuk announces resignation in parliament, Interfax-Ukraine (24 July 2014)
  19. ^ Yatseniuk says collapse of Rada coalition means failure to pass laws on filling budget, Interfax-Ukraine (24 July 2014)
  20. ^ Yatseniuk's statement of resignation sent to parliament - Hroisman, Interfax-Ukraine (25 July 2014)
  21. ^ Government adopts resolution appointing Hroisman as Ukraine's acting PM, Interfax-Ukraine (25 July 2014)
    Deputy PM Hroisman appointed Ukraine's acting premier, says Avakov, Interfax-Ukraine (25 July 2014)
  22. ^ Rada expresses confidence in PM Yatseniuk, Interfax-Ukraine (31 July 2014)
  23. ^ General official results of Rada election, Interfax-Ukraine (11 November 2014)
    Central Election Commission announces official results of Rada election on party tickets, Interfax-Ukraine (11 November 2014)
  24. ^ Petro Poroshenko Bloc: Facts and Details, Sputnik News (25.10.2014)
  25. ^ Laws of Ukraine. Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine decree No. 21-VIII: Проект Постанови про обрання Першого заступника Голови Верховної Ради України та заступника Голови Верховної Ради України (Draft Resolution on the election of the First Deputy Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine and Deputy Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine). Adopted on 4 December 2014. (Ukrainian)
  26. ^ Council elected a new speaker. Urkayinska Pravda. 27 November 2014
  27. ^ Hroisman elected Rada speaker, Interfax-Ukraine (27 November 2014)
  28. ^ Ukrainian PM Yatsenyuk resigns, UNIAN (10 April 2016)
    Ukraine Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk to resign, BBC News (10 April 2016)
  29. ^ Kramer, Andrew E. (2016-04-14). "Volodymyr Groysman Approved as New Prime Minister by Ukraine’s Parliament". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-04-16. 
  30. ^ a b "Ukraine MPs approve Volodymyr Groysman as new PM," Apr. 14, 2016, BBC World News, retrieved 2016-04-18
  31. ^ a b IANS, "Ukrainian parliament accepts PM's resignation and appoints new head," Apr. 14, 2016, IANS in The Times of India, retrieved 2016-04-18
  32. ^ Snyder, Prof. Timothy, Yale Univ., in "Heard on All Things Considered ," April 14, 2016, National Public Radio, USA, retrieved Apr.18, 2016
  33. ^ a b Reuters, "Ukraine parliament approves Volodymyr Groysman as new PM ," April 14, 2016, The Guardian, retrieved Apr.18, 2016
  34. ^ Harding, Luke, "Ukraine’s leader set up secret offshore firm as battle raged with Russia," 4 April 2016, The Guardian, U.K., retrieved 2016-04-08
  35. ^ Dorell, Oren and Kim Hjelmgaard, "2 years after revolution, corruption plagues war-torn Ukraine,", Feb. 21, 2016, USA Today, retrieved 2016-04-16
  36. ^ "Янукович дав ордена мерові Вінниці", Quote: «за значний особистий внесок у державне будівництво, соціально-економічний, науково-технічний, культурно-освітній розвиток України, вагомі трудові здобутки та високий професіоналізм
  37. ^ "Володимир Гройсман отримав державну нагороду Республіки Польща"
  38. ^ Указ Президента України від 26 червня 2008 року № 584/2008 «Про відзначення державними нагородами України» Quote: "За вагомий особистий внесок у розвиток конституційних засад української державності, багаторічну сумлінну працю, високий професіоналізм та з нагоди Дня Конституції України "

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Oleksandr Dombrovskyi
Mayor of Vinnytsia
2006–2014
Succeeded by
Serhiy Morhunov
Preceded by
Hennadiy Temnyk
Minister of Regional Development, Construction and Communal Living
2014
Succeeded by
Yuriy Zubko
Preceded by
Oleksandr Turchynov
Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada
2014–2016
Succeeded by
Andriy Parubiy
Preceded by
Arseniy Yatsenyuk
Prime Minister of Ukraine
2016–present
Incumbent