Vologases III of Parthia
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|Vologases III of Parthia|
Coin of Vologases III, with Inscription of Parthian imperial power.
|King of Armenia|
Vologases III (Parthian: Walagash, Persian: بلاش, Balāsh, Armenian: Վաղարշ, Vāghārsh) was a Parthian Prince who claimed the throne of the Parthian Empire about 105, in the last days of Pacorus II of Parthia (80–105) and reigned over the eastern portion of the kingdom to 147. Vologases III was the son of Vologases II of Parthia. During his Parthian rule, he was also the Roman Client King of Armenia from 117/8 until 144 and from his Armenian Kingship is known as Vologases I or Vagharsh I. The period was one of civil war in the Parthian kingdom; for the early part of his reign Vologases III contended with Pacorus II's legitimate successors Osroes I (105–116 and 117–129), Parthamaspates (116–117), and Mithridates IV (129–140), who ruled Mesopotamia. Preoccupied by conflicts with the Romans, particularly the invasion by Roman emperor Trajan (98–117), they were unable to effectively challenge Vologases III.
Following the death of Osroes I, Vologases III extended his rule through most of Parthia but had to contend with Mithridates IV, incursions of the nomadic Alans into Cappadocia, Armenia, and Media, and rebellion in Iran by an unknown usurper, c. 140. After Vologases III's death, the Parthian realm was finally reunited by Vologases IV of Parthia (147–191), the son of his rival Mithridates IV. In 144, Vologases III's Armenian kingship was given to Sohaemus for unknown reasons. Vologases III was the father of princess Ghadana, who later married Pharasmanes II of Iberia and became Queen of Caucasian Iberia.
- Toumanoff, Cyril (1986). "Arsacids". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. II, Fasc. 5. Cyril Toumanoff. pp. 525–546.
- Chaumont, M. L. (1988). "BALĀŠ". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. III, Fasc. 6. pp. 574–580.
- Cassius Dio, lxix, 15.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Vologaeses". Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 196.
Vologases III of Parthia
Pacorus II and Mithridates IV
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