Vologases V

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Vologases V
Coin of Vologases V (cropped), Hamadan mint.jpg
Coin of Vologases V
King of Armenia
Reign180 – 191
PredecessorSohaemus
SuccessorKhosrov I
King of the Arsacid Empire
Reign191 – 208
PredecessorVologases IV
SuccessorVologases VI
Died208
IssueRev I
Vologases VI
Artabanus IV
Khosrov I
HouseArsacid dynasty
FatherVologases IV
ReligionZoroastrianism

Vologases V (Parthian: 𐭅𐭋𐭂𐭔 Walagash), was King of Kings of the Arsacid Empire from 191 to 208. As king of Armenia (r. 180–191), he is known as Vologases II.

Name[edit]

Vologases is the Greek and Latin form of the Parthian Walagash.[1] The name is also attested in New Persian as Balāsh and Middle Persian Wardākhsh (also spelled Walākhsh).[1] The etymology of the name is unclear. A suggestion has been made that the name could mean "strength".[1]

Reign[edit]

During his early life, he became the ruler of Armenia, succeeding Sohaemus. During his rule in Armenia, he managed in 189 to impose his son Rev I (whose mother was the sister of the Pharnavazid ruler Amazasp) on the Iberian throne. Vologases, after the death of his father, ascended the Parthian throne, and appointed his son Khosrov I as the ruler of Armenia. Vologases' succession, however, was not uncontested; a rival King, Osroes II (190), had already set himself up in Media before the death of the previous ruler, but Vologases V appears to have quickly put him down.

Vologases V was attacked by the Roman emperor Septimius Severus (193–211) in 195. Severus advanced into Mesopotamia, occupied Nisibis and plundered the Parthian capital Ctesiphon in 199, capturing many Parthians and selling them into slavery. He attempted in vain to conquer the Arabic fortress at Hatra. In 202, peace was restored, leaving the Roman Empire in effective control of the whole of Mesopotamia.[2]

Vologases V died in 208, and was succeeded by his elder son Vologases VI (208–228), but a younger son, Artabanus IV (216–224), rebelled and a civil war ensued.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Chaumont & Schippmann 1988, pp. 574–580.
  2. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainMeyer, Eduard (1911). "Vologaeses s.v. Vologaeses IV. (sic)". In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 196.
  3. ^ Chang Kuan-ta, The crossroads of civilizations: A.D. 250 to 750, (Imprimerie Darantiere, 1996), 35.

Sources[edit]

Vologases V
Preceded by
Vologases IV
Great King (Shah) of Parthia
191–208
Succeeded by
Vologases VI