Reinier van Lanschot
|Founded||29 March 2017|
|Political position||Centre to centre-left|
|European Parliament group||Greens/EFA|
1 / 705
|House of Representatives (Netherlands)|
3 / 150
Volt Europa (frequently abbreviated as Volt) is a pro-European and European federalist political movement that also serves as the pan-European structure for subsidiary parties in several EU member states. Volt candidates stood on a common, pan-European manifesto in eight member states at the European Parliament elections in May 2019. The organisation follows a "pan-European approach" in many policy fields such as climate change, migration, economic inequality, international conflict, terrorism and the impact of the technological revolution on the labour market.
It was founded on 29 March 2017. In March 2018, the first national subsidiary party was founded in Hamburg, Germany. Volt has since established local teams in every EU member state, and is registered as a legal party in several of these countries. The Dutch subsidiary has the most members with around 3000, followed by the German with around 2000. In 2018, the movement was claimed to have between 8,000 and 15,000 members in more than 30 European countries. Around 70% of the current members are reported not to have been politically active before joining Volt.
Volt Europa was founded on 29 March 2017 by Andrea Venzon, Colombe Cahen-Salvador and Damian Boeselager, on the same day that the United Kingdom formally announced its intention to leave the European Union under Article 50 TEU. According to their own statement, Volt's foundation was a reaction to growing populism in the world as well as to Brexit. Venzon became founding President, Boeselager Vice President, and Cahen-Salvador policy leader.
First European Parliament election (2019)
From 27 to 28 October 2018 Volt Europa hosted its General Assembly meeting in Amsterdam, agreeing its Amsterdam Declaration, which also served as its manifesto programme for the European Parliament elections. The party previously gathered in Berlin, Bucharest, and Paris.
From 22 to 24 March 2019 Volt Europa hosted its first European Congress in Rome, presenting its candidates for the 2019 European Parliament election. The keynote speakers list included Paolo Gentiloni (former Prime Minister of Italy and President of the Italian Democratic Party), Emma Bonino (Italian senator and former European Commissioner for Health and Food Safety), Enrico Giovannini (former Italian Government minister), Marcella Panucci (Director General of the General Confederation of Italian Industry), Sandro Gozi (President of the Union of European Federalists) and Antonio Navarra (President of the Mediterranean Center for Climate Change).
On 9 June 2019, following a pan-European vote of party members, Volt elected to join the Greens–European Free Alliance group in the European Parliament. In the future, Volt hopes to be able to form its own political group in the European Parliament, which would require a minimum of 25 MEPs from at least seven different member states.
Election of new Board and first pan-European digital assembly (2019-2020)
From 12 to 13 October 2019, Volt Europa hosted its General Assembly meeting in Sofia, to elect the new Board of Volt Europa. The movement elected former Volt Deutschland President Valerie Sternberg and the former MEP Lead candidate of Volt Nederland, Reinier van Lanschot, as Co-Presidents of Volt Europa. The newly elected treasurer is the former MEP candidate of Volt Luxembourg Julia Pitterman. The elected non-executive board members consist of Konrad Ritter, Eileen O'Sullivan, Bruno Sánchez-Andrade Nuño (es), Sofia Gentiloni Silveri, Joel Boehme and Cornelia-Florina German.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Volt did not host its Spring 2020 General Assembly in Lisbon as planned, but instead became the first pan-European political movement to publicly host a digital general assembly, including a vote on its programme until 2024.
First involvement in national politics (2021)
Volt contested the 2021 Dutch general election, with Laurens Dassen leading the party list. Volt Netherlands ultimately won 2.4% of votes, their best national performance in any election to date, and three seats, marking their first entrance into a national legislature.
Volt Bulgaria participated in both the Bulgarian parliamentary elections in 2021 as part of the anti-government coalition ISMV. The coalition won seats in both elections but none of them were allocated to members of Volt. 
Volt UK's Scottish branch, Volt Scotland, formed an electoral pact with Renew Scotland, which saw candidates from Volt Scotland joining the Renew party list for the 2021 Scottish Parliament election. For the Scottish Parliament elections, Volt joined Renew in calling for a multiple-choice referendum on the issue of Scottish independence. Renew candidates received 493 votes or 0.02% of the vote for their regional lists and failed to return any MSPs.
Volt Europa was incorporated as a non-profit association in Luxembourg under the name Volt Europa, abandoning a previous name of Vox Europe to avoid any confusion with a similarly named far-right Spanish party. "Volt" was chosen as a name due to its similarity to the initial name and the added meaning of figuratively bringing voltage into politics. Added to that, both the term "Volt" and the Latin version of name of the European continent have in common that they are understood in all European languages, hence as a transcontinental movement Volt Europa loses the need to adopt translations of its own name, except for languages where non-Latin alphabets are used (like Bulgaria and Greece).
Ideology and policies
In 2018, Volt identified "the 5+1 fundamental challenges":
- A smart state – Digitalisation of public services
- Economic renaissance – a blend of circular, green and blue economic models
- Social equality – Human rights, equality of opportunity, gender equality, and tolerance of cultural differences
- Global balance – Sustainable and responsible policies in farming and trade, measures to address climate change and refugee crises, and support for labour migration and development cooperation
- Citizen empowerment – Greater subsidiarity, social responsibility, and participatory democracy
- +1 European reform – Federation of EU states, with greater responsibilities for its regions and cities
Economically, Volt Europa supports digitisation, investment in the green and blue economy, the fight against poverty and inequality (also with the establishment of a European minimum wage), a more unified European tax system and the public-private partnerships to revive economic growth and reduce unemployment; it also supports solid investments on welfare policies, in particular related to education and healthcare. Socially, Volt supports anti-sexism, anti-racism and LGBT+ rights. Institutionally, it supports vast reforms of the European Union: a common management of migratory phenomena, a European army and eurobonds. Volt says that in the long term, the relationship between the EU and NATO needs to be reviewed.
In media reporting, the organisation is described as aiming to foster democracy on the EU level. It stresses the importance of a united European voice that is heard in the world. Also, it supports the idea of a federated Europe with a strong European Parliament in which the citizens become the very center of European democracy.
Volt is distinct from other pro-European movements such as Pulse of Europe or the European Federalists as it aims to participate in party politics through European, local and national elections through its subsidiary organisations in EU member states. Its first major objective was the European Parliament elections in May 2019.
|Founded||11 October 2018.|
Volt Österreich is Volt's registered political party in Austria. The party planned to take part in the European elections in 2019, but did not succeed in collecting the required 2,600 signatures in time to qualify for the ballot. The party ran in two constituencies in the 2020 Viennese state election, winning 0.1% in each, and 0.01% of the vote statewide (102 votes total).
|Co-President||Olivia ten Horn|
|Other board member||Juliette Limousin-Golub|
|Founded||28 July 2018.|
Volt Belgium/Belgique/België/Belgien is Volt's registered political party in Belgium. Volt Belgium was the first section to participate in elections, when they took part in the 2018 Belgian local elections in Ixelles, Etterbeek and also shared a list with the local Pirate Party (Paars) for Antwerp. During the 2019 European Parliament elections, Volt participated in the Dutch Speaking electoral college, receiving 0.48% of the vote, not enough for a seat.
Волт България (Volt Bulgaria) is Volt's registered political party in Bulgaria.
Volt Česká republika, z. s
|Headquarters||Prague, Czech republic|
|Locally elected officials||Unknown|
Volt currently operates in the Czech Republic as the registered association Volt Česká republika, z.s. Karolina Machova and Adam Hanka are the chairs of the association and Jan Klátil is the treasurer.
|Founded||21 July 2018.|
|Locally elected officials||0|
The Danish chapter of Volt, Volt Danmark, was founded on 21 July 2018. The party is currently collecting signatures to run in municipal elections in 2021. To be eligible for national elections, to be held in 2023 at the latest, the party needs 21,000 digital signatures. To run in the European Elections in 2024, the party needs 71,000 digital signatures.
|Founded||16 August 2018.|
Volt France was founded as the ninth national branch of Volt Europa, and has nine active branches, with "city teams" in Grenoble, Lille, Lyon, Nantes, Nice, Paris, Rennes, and two cross-border branches in Ain-Geneva and Strasbourg-Kehl.
The party was unable to participate in the European Elections 2019 due to a lack of funding. In 2020, Volt France participated in municipal elections. The party ran in coalition with the Greens in Lille, where they received 24.5% in the first round, and lost in the second round with 39.4%; as a coalition with "100% citoyens" in Lyon, receiving 3.4% and 1.6% in two districts; and alone in Paris' 9th district, receiving 0.5% in the first round.
|Presidents||Paul Loeper, Friederike Schier|
|Vice-Presidents||Paulo Alexandre, Konstantin Feist, Caroline Flohr, Sophie Griesbacher|
|Founded||3 March 2018.|
1 / 96
|Locally elected officials||21|
Volt Deutschland became a registered political party in Germany in 2018, allowing it to compete in German elections. Volt Deutschland's basic programme is based upon a policies proposal, which is also fundamental for Volt Europa. The German branch's initial focus was the five "challenges" of "an intelligent state, social equality, economic renaissance, politically active citizenship" and "global balance". It also seeks to implement an overarching policy of transnational EU reform in accordance with the programmes of both Volt Deutschland and Volt Europa. Volt Deutschland's programme for the 2019 European elections 2019 was identical to that of all other European sections. It was adopted as the "Amsterdam Declaration" by all Volt sections in October 2018.
In the 2019 European Election "Volt Deutschland" received 248,824 votes, 0.7% of the total votes in Germany. As a result, Volt Deutschland's leading candidate Damian Boeselager won one of Germany's 96 seats in the European Parliament.
Volt Deutschland has won individual seats on a number of city councils. In local elections occurring the same day as the European Elections in 2019, Volt received 1.2% of the votes for the election to the City Council in Mainz, winning 1 seat. In Bavaria's 2020 local elections, the party won one seat each in Bamberg and Munich. In Munich, Volt subsequently became part of the governing coalition with the Social Democrats. Later that year, the party won seats on the city councils of Cologne, Bonn, Aachen, Siegen, Münster, Düsseldorf and Paderborn. Volt was particularly strong in Cologne and Bonn, where it received around 5% of the votes, resulting in four and three seats, respectively. In March 2021, the party also won seats in Darmstadt, Frankfurt, Wiesbaden, Fulda and Heusenstamm in the 2021 Hessian local elections. The 6.5% vote share in Darmstadt, to win five of the 71 seats, was the party's best ever result in a German council.
Volt Malta was officially registered as a political party in Malta in May 2021.
|Presidents||Federica Vinci, Andi Shehu|
|Treasurer||Giulia Romana Mele|
|Councillor||Stefan De Jonghe, Fabio Daniele, Alessandro Lima, Guido Silvestri, Erika Puntillo|
|Founded||18 July 2018.|
|Locally elected officials||7|
Volt Italia is Volt's registered political party in Italy. Volt Italia took part in Novi Ligure's 2019 municipal election, receiving 1.43% of the votes. In January 2020, the party participated in the Emilia-Romagna's regional election, receiving 0.43% of the votes. In September 2020, the party also participated in the Tuscany and Apulia regional elections, winning 0.32% and 0.11% respectively, thus failing to win any seats in the regional parliaments. 
|Presidents||Tiago Matos Gomes|
|Founded||25 June 2020.|
In October 2019, Volt Portugal submitted more than the 9,000 signatures needed to register as a political party. After multiple delays, the Constitutional Court approved Volt Portugal as the country's 25th party in June 2020. Volt Portugal initially planned to contest regional elections on the Azores in Autumn 2020, but was unable to do so due to a slow registration process, which did not allow enough time to recruit candidates.
Volt România is Volt's registered political party in Romania. It was registered in February 2021, the 15th registered national party of Volt Europa.
Volt Sverige is Volt's registered political party in Sweden. The party received 146 votes in the 2019 European Parliament election.
Volt Europa holds regular meetings in the Swiss cities of Geneva and Zürich, but is not registered as a party and does not take part in elections.
|Presidents||Rachele Arciulo, Cristian Camilo Castrillón Urrea|
|Treasurer||Daniel Medina Stacey|
|Councillor||Chiara Cimino, Pilar Miñana Moliner, Javier de los Santos Meneses, Pablo Méndez, Javier Cañas|
|Founded||15 June 2018.|
Volt España is Volt's registered political party in Spain. The party won 32,291 votes in the 2019 European Parliament election.
European Parliament elections
2019 European Parliament election
|Member state||Leading candidate||Votes||% of valid v.||Seats||Note|
|Germany||Damian Boeselager, Marie-Isabelle Heiß||249,098||0.67%||1||–|
|Netherlands||Reinier van Lanschot||106,004||1.93%||0||–|
|Belgium||Christophe Calis, Marcela Válková||20,385||0.48%||0||Only in Dutch-speaking electoral college|
|Luxembourg||Rolf Tarrach Siegel||26,528/5,76
|2.11%||0||average is 5,76 votes per ballot|
|Spain||Bruno Sánchez-Andrade Nuño||32,432||0.15%||0||–|
In France (unable to raise €800,000 in funding to meet legal requirement to print its own ballot papers), Italy (failed to collect 150,000 signatures), Austria (failed to collect 2,600 signatures), Portugal (failed to collect 7,500 signatures), and Denmark (failed to collect a number of voter declarations corresponding to at least 2% of all valid votes at the last general election), Volt had intended to participate in the European Parliament elections but was unable to meet local requirements in time.
National Parliament elections
|2021 (July)||Volt Bulgaria as part of ISMV||Nastimir Ananiev||136,885 (ISMV)||4.95 (#6 ISMV)||
0 / 240
|2021 (April)||Volt Bulgaria as part of ISMV||Nastimir Ananiev||150,940 (ISMV)||4.65 (#6 ISMV)||
0 / 240
|2021||Volt Netherlands||Laurens Dassen||252,480||2.42 (#11)||
3 / 150
|Election||Political party||Constituency||Regional||Total seats||+/–||Government|
|2021||Volt Scotland as part of Renew Scotland||
0 / 73
|493 (Renew Scotland)||0.02% (Renew Scotland)||
0 / 56
0 / 129
The party uses crowdfunding as well as direct donations to fund itself. The party states that it publishes every donation exceeding 3,000 Euro per donation or donor per year within 15 days from its receipt on the party's website. As the two largest donors, the party's website lists the Open Society Initiative for Europe with 19,191 Euros as well as the businessman Christian Oldendorff, founder and CEO of ParkU,, with a donation of 25,000 Euros (date 27 May 2019).
The website of the German section lists several more donors. Among them are Christian Oldendorff with a donation of 95,000 Euros, Claus von Loeper with a donation of 20,000 Euros as well as several more donors listed with donations of 10,000 Euros or 5,000 Euros.
|2018||EuroNederlander of 2018||Volt Nederland||The European Movement Netherlands (EBN)|
|2019||Political Representative of the Year (2nd Place)||Volt Europa||The Good Lobby|
- 1.^ ISMV coalition won 13 seats in parliament in the July 2021 Bulgarian parliamentary election, none of which were allocated to members of Volt.
- 2.^ ISMV coalition won 14 seats in parliament in the April 2021 Bulgarian parliamentary election, none of which were allocated to members of Volt.
- 3.^ Renew Scotland contested in five regions and no constituencies in the 2021 Scottish Parliament election.
- Stagni·Interviews·6 December, Federica; 2018 (6 December 2018). "Time For Change: How Volt Wants To Fix Europe". Italics Magazine. Retrieved 9 June 2019.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "European Union". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
- Essler, Brett (7 November 2019). "Just Do It: How two SIPA alumni founded a new European political party—and won". School of International and Public Affairs. Columbia University. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
- Teffer, Peter (27 May 2019). "'Pan-European' Volt and DieM25 manage one MEP each". EU Observer. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
- "Volt Mapping of Policies August 2021" (PDF). Volt Europe. 26 August 2021. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
- Boucart, Théo (31 May 2019). "Germany: Faithful Reflection Of European Electoral Tendencies?". The New Federalist. Young European Federalists. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
- Forthomme, Claude (28 February 2019). "Volt Europa: An Electric Jolt to Wake Up Europe". Impakter. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
- "About us". Volt. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
- "Nous voulons créer le premier parti paneuropéen". Libération.fr (in French). Retrieved 13 June 2018.
- "Shocked by Brexit, we launched the first pan-European progressive movement | Colombe Cahen-Salvador". the Guardian. 5 September 2018. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
- "Volt wants to become the first pan-EU political party". The Economist. 3 November 2018. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
- Cavallone, Elena (22 February 2019). "Electrifying politics? The new candidates vying for your votes". euronews. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
- "Volt: Jugendpartei will die Idee der Europäischen Union retten". Wirtschaftswoche (in German). Retrieved 13 June 2018.
- "Volt wants to become the first pan-EU political party". The Economist. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
- Volt Europa (5 December 2017). "Andrea Venzon, our founder and president, signed Vox's papers of incorporation today in Luxembourg. Vox is now not only a great vision and an ambitious project, but also a solid reality! We couldn't be more excited, nor proud". Facebook. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
- Volt Europa on Facebook Watch, retrieved 20 March 2021
- "Nieuwe partij wil van Europa een krachtpatser maken". RTV Rijnmond (in Dutch). Retrieved 28 October 2018.
- "Il congresso. La sfida transnazionale di Volt Europa, il partito dei millennials". Avrebbe (in Italian). Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- "Volt Europa joins the Greens/EFA Group in the EU Parliament". scoopnest.com. 9 June 2019. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
- "2019 European election results – National results: Germany". Retrieved 27 May 2019.
- "European Board". Volt Europa.
- Welsch, Annette. "Volt Europa für geeinte und föderale EU" (in German). Retrieved 4 May 2020.
- Volt Europa (2 May 2020). "Volt Europa General Assembly 02.-03.05.2020 - Day 1". YouTube. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
- "A Pro-Europe, Anti-Populist Youth Party Scored Surprising Gains in the Dutch Elections". New York Times. 19 March 2021.
- "Results of the parliamentary elections 2021". Verkiezingensite.nl. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
- "Election results 2021".
- "Volt Scotland is standing with Renew for Scotland 2021". Volt UK. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
- "Renew Scotland, Our Proposal for Scotland's Future". Renew Scotland. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
- Highcock, Chris. "Full votes and seats by party etc - SPE21". Electoral Management Board for Scotland.
- "Legal". Volt. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
- Disegni, Simone. "I millennial di Volt vogliono dare la scossa alla Ue: rilanceremo l'Europa". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 13 June 2018.
- Meyer, Cornelia. "Volt Europa: Diese neue Partei will die EU retten". Web.de (in German). Retrieved 10 March 2020.
- "Volt Europa – Vision". volteuropa.org. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
- "Otto e Mezzo – Giù le mani dall'Europa". la7.itf (in Italian). Retrieved 17 December 2018.
- "Volt Europa si candida in sette Paesi e punta a 25 deputati". Il Sole 24 Ore (in Italian). Retrieved 17 December 2018.
- Volt Deutschland. "Grundsatzprogramm" (PDF). Retrieved 30 January 2021.
- "Scende in campo la generazione Erasmus. Una conversazione con Andrea Venzon, presidente di Volt". European Circus (in Italian). Retrieved 13 June 2018.
- Dvořáková, Věra. "Volt wants to 'energise Europe' – but how?". The New Federalist. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
- Disegni, Simone. "I millennial di Volt vogliono dare la scossa alla Ue: rilanceremo l'Europa". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 16 June 2018.
- "Volt – Eine neue Partei für Europa". hamburg1.de (in German). Retrieved 13 June 2018.
- tagesschau.de. "Europawahl 2019: Italiener will für die EU begeistern". Tagesschau (in German). Retrieved 13 June 2018.
- andreas.puschautz. "EU-Wahl: Europas erste Partei will auch in Österreich antreten". kurier.at (in German). Retrieved 6 May 2019.
- "EU-Wahl: VOLT und CPÖ haben es in Österreich nicht geschafft". vienna.at. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
- "Wien-Wahl: Volt bietet allen Europäern Kandidatur an". vienna.at.
- "Elections to the Vienna City Council 2020, Results of the Vienna electoral commissions". www.wien.gv.at.
- "Over ons". Volt België.
- "Anvers: les résultats des élections communales 2018". Le Soir. 14 October 2018.
- "Dutch electoral college European Election Results 2020".
- "Zapsaný spolek" (in Czech). www.voltcesko.org.
- "Předsednictvo" (in Czech). www.voltcesko.org.
- Richter, Kathrine (9 August 2018). "Volt Europa: Vi er det pan-europæiske parti, du ikke vidste, du savnede". Altinget (in Danish). Retrieved 5 July 2020.
- "Résultat élection municipale 2020 Lille" (in French). Retrieved 7 May 2020.
- "Résultat élection municipale 2020 Lyon 3ème Arrondissement" (in French). Retrieved 7 May 2020.
- Faure, Anthony. "Élection métropolitaine : les résultats à Villeurbanne, les Verts devant le PS" (in French). Retrieved 7 May 2020.
- "Résultat élection municipale 2020 Paris 9ème Arrondissement" (in French). Retrieved 7 May 2020.
- Schmälter, Julia. "Volt Deutschland (Volt)". bpb.de (in German). Retrieved 6 May 2019.
- "Programm". Volt Deutschland. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
- Bundeswahlleiter (Federal Returning Officer). "Results European Election 2019".
- Theis, Marion (27 May 2019). "Volt-Spitzenkandidat Damian Böselager: Union und SPD müssen Klimapolitik ändern" (in German). SWR2. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
- Landeswahhlleiter. "Vorläufiges Ergebnis der Kreistagswahl 2019" (in German). Landeswahlleiter Rheinland-Pfalz. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
- "Gemeinderatswahlen" Check
|url=value (help). Landeswahlleiter Rheinland-Pfalz.
- "Stadtratswahl BA 2020". kommunalwahl2020.bamberg.de. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
- "Ergebnisse". www.wahlen-muenchen.de. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
- "Rathaus-SPD bildet Fraktionsgemeinschaft mit Volt". abendzeitung-muenchen.de (in German). Retrieved 10 April 2020.
- Hans, Julian (4 May 2020). "Der neue Mann in Reihe sechs" [The New Man in Row Six]. Süddeutsche Zeitung (in German). Munich. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
- "Amtliches Endergebnis Köln" (in German). Stadt Köln. Retrieved 26 November 2020.
- "Amtliches Endergebnis Bonn" (in German). Stadt Bonn. Retrieved 26 November 2020.
- "Kommunalwahl 2021: Alle Ergebnisse". Hessenschau. 15 March 2021. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
- Joachim, Jens (14 March 2021). "Darmstadt: Stadtparlament wird politisch vielfältiger und bunter - Grüne klar vorn". Frankfurter Rundschau. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
- "EU-Wahlen 2019: Die Ergebnisse für Luxemburg". Luxemburger Wort - Deutsche Ausgabe (in German). 26 May 2019. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
- Korteweg, Ariejan (24 June 2018). "Nieuwe partij Volt wil de geschiedenis ingaan als eerste pan-Europese partij". de Volkskrant (in Dutch). Retrieved 29 May 2019.
- "Volt Italia – Candidati consiglio comunale Novi Ligure" (in Italian). Retrieved 27 May 2019.
- "Risultati Regionali Toscana" (in Italian). Retrieved 23 September 2020.
- "Affluenza e Risultati Regione Apulia" (in Italian). Retrieved 23 September 2020.
- "Volt Portugal tenta pela quarta vez a legalização como partido político". Expresso (in Portuguese). 12 June 2020. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
- "Portugal tem um novo partido. É o 25º e chama-se Volt". Diário de Notícias (in Portuguese). 30 June 2020. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
- "Volt Portugal tenta legalização como partido político pela quarta vez". TVI24 (in Portuguese). 12 June 2020. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
- "Novo partido político: Tribunal Constitucional aceitou a inscrição do Volt Portugal". Observador (in Portuguese). 30 June 2020. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
- "O veste bună pentru România şi Europa!" (in Romanian). www.voltromania.org. 25 February 2021.
- "Val till Europaparlamentet - Röster". data.val.se (in Swedish).
- "Volt Switzerland". facebook.com. Retrieved 6 May 2019.[non-primary source needed]
- "Registration Summary". electoralcommission.org.uk. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
- Carey, Declan. "New party starts Britain's campaign to rejoin the European Union". redactionpolitics.com. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
- Bundeswahlleiter, Der (15 March 2019). "#Bundeswahlausschuss lässt Wahlvorschlag von "Volt Deutschland" zur #EP2019 zu". @Wahlleiter_Bund (in German). Retrieved 16 March 2019.[non-primary source needed]
- =249,098/37,396,889, 
- "Kandidaten". Volt Nederland (in Dutch). Retrieved 29 May 2019.
- "Kandidatenlijsten verkiezing Europees Parlement 2019 onderzocht". kiesraad.nl (in Dutch). 10 April 2019. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- =106,004/5,497,813, 
- "Europese partij Volt heeft Brusselse lijsttrekker: 'Europa meer slagkracht geven'". bruzz.be (in Dutch). 6 April 2019. Retrieved 7 April 2019.
- =20,385/4,251,605, 
- "Facebook post" (in Bulgarian).[non-primary source needed]
- =3,500/2,015,314, 
- "Elections: Le mouvement "Volt" présentera une liste complète pour les européennes". 5minutes.rtl.lu (in French). Retrieved 30 March 2019.
- "New party to present candidates for the European elections". today.rtl.lu. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
- =26,528/1,256,624, 
- "Val till Europaparlamentet – Partier och valsedlar". data.val.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- =146/4,151,470, "Röster - Val 2019". data.val.se.
- "Resolución de 23 de abril de 2019, de la Presidencia de la Junta Electoral Central, de publicación de las candidaturas presentadas a las elecciones de Diputados al Parlamento Europeo convocadas por Real Decreto 206/2019, de 1 de abril, a celebrar el 26 de mayo de 2019". boe.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 April 2019.
- "Un total de 39 listas optan al Parlamento Europeo en las elecciones del 26 de mayo". europapress.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- "Resolución de 29 de abril de 2019, de la Presidencia de la Junta Electoral Central, de proclamación de candidaturas a las elecciones de diputados al Parlamento Europeo convocadas por Real Decreto 206/2019, de 1 de abril, a celebrar el 26 de mayo de 2019". boe.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 April 2019.
- =32,432/22,209,330, 
- "Colombe Cahen-Salvador". facebook.com. Retrieved 29 May 2019.[non-primary source needed]
- "Tutti i simboli e le alleanze in corsa alle elezioni europee". Wired (in Italian). 9 April 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
- "Volt sorgt in Österreich nicht für genug Spannung – derStandard.at". DER STANDARD (in German). Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- "Europeias: são novos, são pequenos e prometem ser melhores. Mas será que estão a conseguir?". observador.pt (in Portuguese). 18 March 2019. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- "Italy's Battle For Europe". Italics Magazine. 24 April 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
- "Twitter Renew Scotland".
- Glasgow [region], BBC News; retrieved 8 May 2021
- Lothian [region], BBC News; retrieved 8 May 2021
- Mid Scotland and Fife [region], BBC News; retrieved 8 May 2021
- North East Scotland [region], BBC News; retrieved 8 May 2021
- West of Scotland [region] [sic], BBC News; retrieved 8 May 2021
- "Scottish Parliament election 2021". BBC News.
- "volteuropa.org". Retrieved 26 May 2019.
- "Volt Europa's Instagram post". Retrieved 9 May 2021.
- Volt Deutschland (27 May 2019). "Transparency donors" (in German).
- Beweging, Europese. "Publiek kiest Volt Nederland tot EuroNederlander van het jaar 2018 | Europese Beweging Nederland".
- "Thanks to your support, we have won the 2nd prize of TheGoodLobby Awards in the category "Political Representative of the Year"!".
- "The Good Lobby Awards 2019". thegoodlobby.eu. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
- "Резултати :: Парламентарни избори 11 юли 2021". results.cik.bg.
- Media related to Volt Europa at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- programme across Europe for the elections to the European Parliament