Jump to content

Volt Europa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Volt Europa
AbbreviationVolt
PresidentFrancesca Romana D'Antuono (IT),
co-president
Mels Klabbers (NL),
co-president
Founded29 March 2017; 7 years ago (2017-03-29)
HeadquartersBoulevard Bischoffsheim n° 39 boîte 4
1000 Brussels, Belgium
Youth wingVolt Violet
Ideology
Political positionCentre-left[5]
European Parliament groupGreens/EFA (since 2019)
Colours  Purple [6]
European Parliament
5 / 720
European Council
0 / 27
European Commission
0 / 27
European
Lower Houses
3 / 6,312
European
Upper Houses
2 / 1,498
Website
volteuropa.org Edit this at Wikidata

Volt Europa (frequently abbreviated as Volt) is a pro-European and European federalist political party (often self-referring as a "movement"), which is organized as a pan-European umbrella for subsidiary parties of the same name and branding in all EU member states and several non-EU states, including Albania, Switzerland, Ukraine, and the United Kingdom. Despite its organisation, Volt does not yet meet the requirements to register as a European political party.

Volt sets out to align its members' political positions across Europe; as such, it presented a common, pan-European manifesto for eight member states to the European Parliament elections in May 2019. The organization aims to find European, supranational solutions on issues such as climate change, defense, energy,[7] migration, economic inequality, terrorism, welfare, and the impact of the technological revolution on the labour market.[8] As such, the party is strongly in favour of European integration, with the stated goal of creating a supranational European superstate. Further, it endorses the formation of a European army, joint European debt and taxes, nuclear energy including the construction of new nuclear power plants,[9][7] and stronger economic solidarity between the EU member states.

While using the slogan "Neither left, nor right" in its early days, Volt can be considered as centrist or centre-left in the general European context, with a strong focus on European unity and integration. In local and national elections, Volt ran on a platform of "evidence-based policy" and the sharing of best practices between EU member states and municipalities.[10] Volt was officially founded on 29 March 2017. In March 2018, the first national subsidiary party was founded in Hamburg, Germany. Volt has since established local teams in all EU member states, as well as in Albania, Switzerland, Ukraine, and the United Kingdom, and is registered as a legal party in most of these countries.[6]

History

[edit]

Foundation

[edit]

Volt Europa was founded on 29 March 2017 by Andrea Venzon, Colombe Cahen-Salvador, and Damian Boeselager, on the same day that the United Kingdom formally announced its intention to leave the European Union under Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union.[11][12][13] According to their own statement, Volt's foundation was a reaction to growing populism in the world as well as to Brexit.[14][15] Venzon became founding President, Boeselager Vice President, and Cahen-Salvador policy lead.[16][17][12]

National sections of Volt Europa. The borders of the European Union are shown in red.

2019 European Parliament election

[edit]
European elections 2019 promo by Volt Netherlands, May 2019
Damian Boeselager, Volt's first Member of the European Parliament

Between 27 and 28 October 2018, Volt Europa hosted its General Assembly meeting in Amsterdam, agreeing its Amsterdam Declaration, which also served as its manifesto programme for the European Parliament elections.[18] The party previously gathered in Berlin, Bucharest, and Paris.

Between 22 and 24 March 2019, Volt Europa hosted its first European Congress in Rome,[19] presenting its candidates for the 2019 European Parliament election. The keynote speakers list included Paolo Gentiloni (former Prime Minister of Italy and President of the Italian Democratic Party), Emma Bonino (Italian senator and former European Commissioner for Health and Food Safety), Enrico Giovannini (former Italian Government minister), Marcella Panucci (Director General of the General Confederation of Italian Industry), Sandro Gozi (President of the Union of European Federalists) and Antonio Navarra (President of the Mediterranean Center for Climate Change).

During the European Parliament elections in May 2019, the party won one seat by winning 0.7 percent of votes in Germany, with Damian Boeselager its first Member of the European Parliament.[20]

On 9 June 2019, following a pan-European vote of party members, Volt elected to join the Greens–European Free Alliance group in the European Parliament.[21] In the future, Volt hopes to be able to form its own political group in the European Parliament, which would require a minimum of 25 MEPs from at least seven different member states.

Election of new board and first pan-European digital assembly

[edit]
Reinier van Lanschot, Volt Europa's co-president 2019–2023

From 12 to 13 October 2019, Volt Europa hosted its general assembly in Sofia to elect the new board of Volt Europa. While Volt up to that point had been an ASBL non-profit with only few registered members, based in Luxembourg, it was transformed into an international non-profit organization (AISBL) according to Belgian law.[22] In the AISBL structure all members of the Volt movement, as well as the national subsidiaries could become voting members. The statutes of Volt Europa lay out a general assembly, open to all members, which decides on important issues, and elects a gender-balanced board of 9 directors.[23]

The Sofia general assembly elected former Volt Deutschland president Valerie Sternberg and the former MEP lead candidate of Volt Nederland, Reinier van Lanschot, as co-presidents of Volt Europa with a two-year mandate until 2021.

Volt's Spring 2020 general assembly was scheduled to take place in Lisbon, but due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the party held a digital general assembly, which included a decision on its programme until 2024.[24][25]

From 16 to 17 October 2021, Volt Europa hosted its General Assembly in Lisbon, Portugal, the first physical General Assembly since 2019. During the 2021 General Assembly, Reinier van Lanschot who has been co-president since the General Assembly in Sofia 2019 was reelected. Francesca Romana D'Antuono from Italy was elected as co-president. Johannes Heinrich from Switzerland was elected as treasurer. The six non-executive board members elected were: Ines Consonni, Anouk Ooms, Lucia Nass, Thor Larholm, Charles Evain and Lucas Amorelli Ribeiro Kornexl.

2024 European Parliament election

[edit]

On 27 November, Volt Europa adopted its joint European election programme at its General Assembly in Paris.[26]

At a meeting in Brussels on 7 April 2024, the party elected Sophie in 't Veld and Damian Boeselager as its European lead candidates and chose a symbolic transnational list. The party announced that it would negotiate its affiliation with the Greens/EFA and Renew Europe groups in the European Parliament after the European elections and let its members vote on it.[27]

Following a unanimous recommendation by Volt Europe's five incoming MEPs, 87% of party members voted to remain with the Greens/EFA.[28][29]

Name

[edit]

Volt Europa was incorporated as a non-profit association (ASBL) in Luxembourg under the name "Volt Europa",[30] abandoning a previous name of Vox Europe to avoid any confusion with a similarly named far-right Spanish party.[31] "Volt" was chosen as a name due to its similarity to the initial name and the added meaning of figuratively bringing voltage into politics. Added to that, both the term "Volt" and the Latin version of the name of the European continent are understood in all European languages, hence as a transcontinental movement Volt Europa does not need to translate its own name, except for languages where non-Latin alphabets are used (like Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, and Ukraine).[32]

Ideology

[edit]

In 2018, Volt identified "the 5+1 fundamental challenges", which it has identified as crucial for an improvement of the European Union:[33]

On economic issues, Volt Europa supports digitisation, investment in the green and blue economy, measures to address poverty and inequality (including a European minimum income of at least 40% of the median wage), a more integrated European tax system with exclusively European taxes, and the use of public-private partnerships; it also supports increased spending on welfare, in particular related to education and healthcare.[33] On social policy, Volt opposes sexism and racism and supports LGBT+ rights. It also supports deep reforms to EU institutions, including common management of migration and border protection, a European army, and European debt and taxation.[34][35][33] Volt argues that a European army should be established and that the relationship between the EU and NATO should be reviewed and balanced.[36]

Volt supports the idea of a federal Europe with a strong European Parliament,[37][38] in order to create a united European voice on the global stage.[39] There should be a European government, elected and accountable to the parliament, instead of a European commission. The European election law should be uniform across all member states, the European parliament should gain the right to initiate laws, and the European Council should be transformed into a second chamber with regressive voting weights to balance the dominance of larger states. Volt supports a referendum across all member states, which legitimizes such a constitution for the set of agreeing member states to form a core union, even if not every member state agrees.[40]

In terms of environmental policy, Volt has committed to the 1.5 °C (2.7 °F) target of the Paris agreement. To implement the target, Volt proposes a broad certificate trading scheme, the proceeds of which should be redistributed to citizens. Volt supports investment into nuclear power for maintenance and new reactors if safety standards are met. A European energy grid is promoted to integrate production and distribution in the European single market.[41]

As opposed to other movements promoting European integration, such as Pulse of Europe or the European Federalists, Volt has participated in elections on all levels of government as a political party. Its first major objective was the European Parliament elections in May 2019.[42][43] Volt has participated successfully in local,[a] national, and European elections.

Organisation and governance

[edit]

The structure of Volt Europa is similar to parties in federal political systems, such as Germany. Volt Europa is registered as an international non-profit (AISBL), according to Belgian law. The membership of Volt Europa consists of both the local political branches, which are often incorporated according to national law, elect a local leadership, and often have further sub-levels, as well as all individual members. Individual members thus often have double membership of both Volt Europa and a national branch.[22]

The highest authority of the party is the General Assembly, which consists of all AISBL members and can pass motions on all matters relating to the organization. The General Assembly is open without a delegate system (although some local branches use delegate systems, e.g. Volt Germany). It elects a 9-member gender-balanced board,[clarification needed] led by two co-presidents, who are managing the day-to-day of the party for a term of two years. Only the European board is allowed to introduce motions to a General Assembly. A 5-member intra-party legal board (Conflict Resolution Body) is elected by the General Assembly.[22]

All membership associations of Volt Europa send representatives to the Country Council, which formal role is restricted to deciding on the admission of new membership associations and political alliances on the European level. However, informally the Country Council plays an important role in advising and overseeing the work of the European Board.[22]

Co-Presidents of Volt Europa

[edit]
Co-presidents
Year Name Country Chapter Term
2017–2019 Andrea Venzon Volt Italy 1st
Damian Boeselager Volt Germany 1st
2019–2021 Valerie Sternberg Volt Germany 1st
Reinier van Lanschot Volt Nederland 1st
2021–2023 Reinier van Lanschot Volt Nederland 2nd
Francesca Romana D'Antuono Volt Italy 1st
2023– Francesca Romana D'Antuono Volt Italy 2nd
Mels Klabbers Volt Nederland 1st

Funding

[edit]

According to the party's financial accounts, it generates most of its income through membership fees and donations. National chapters provide 25% of their membership fees to Volt Europa to finance its operation. Volt claims to publish every donation exceeding 3,000 per donation or donor per year within 15 days from its receipt on the party's website and that its national and local chapters adhere to the same standard.[44] On 9 May 2021, Volt announced that they had raised €40,000 in three weeks in a fundraising drive ahead of the 2024 European Parliament election.[45]

Volt has received several large donations from firms in the housing and start-up sectors. Its biggest donors are Elastic founder Steven Schuurman with €500,000 via his Dreamery foundation, Marc Dreesmann, heir to Anton Dreesmann of Dutch clothing company Vroom & Dreesmann with around €160,000, and Christian Oldendorff, heir to German shipping firm Oldendorff Carriers with around €120,000. TomTom founder Peter-Frans Pauwels has donated €100,000. The NGO JoinPolitics has donated €50,000 to Volt Germany for a joint project ("Team Europa") to mobilize minority candidates for the European elections.[46][47][48]

National sections

[edit]

Representation in national politics

[edit]

Netherlands

[edit]
Laurens Dassen, Leader of Volt Netherlands in the House of Representatives (Netherlands)

Volt contested the 2021 Dutch general election, with Laurens Dassen leading the party list. Volt Netherlands ultimately won 2.4% of votes, their best national performance in any election to date, and three seats, marking their first entrance into a national legislature.[49][50] In the 2022 Dutch municipal elections Volt won 20 seats, across 10 municipalities, while in the 2023 Dutch provincial elections it gained 11 seats across regional councils and 2 seats in the Senate. In the 2023 Dutch general election, Volt received 1.7% of the votes retaining 2 seats.

Bulgaria

[edit]

Volt Bulgaria participated in all three Bulgarian parliamentary elections in 2021, the first two as part of the anti-government coalition ISMV then under PP for the third election. ISMV won seats in both elections, but none of them were allocated to members of Volt.[b][c][51] PP won the November 2021 election and thus Volt gained two seats, which it defended in the election in October 2022. Nastimir Ananiev[52] served as the chair of the parliamentary committee of the Regional Committee, as well as deputy chair of the PP parliamentary group, while Ventsislava Lyubenova [53] served as chair of the foreign relations committee.

Francesca Romana D’Antuono, co-president since 2021

Germany

[edit]

In Germany, Volt has gained mandates in many city councils of mostly major cities, including Cologne, Bonn, Darmstadt, Munich, Frankfurt, Wiesbaden, and Hannover.

Albania

[edit]

Volt Albania (Albanian: Volt Shqipëri) is not registered as a party in Albania, but engages as a movement on the ground and participates at the European level of Volt.[54]

Austria

[edit]

Volt Austria (German: Volt Österreich) is Volt's registered political party in Austria. The party planned to take part in the European elections in 2019,[55] but did not succeed in collecting the required 2,600 signatures in time to qualify for the ballot.[56] Since then, the party contested some local elections, but did not receive a mandate. In 2024, they intended to partake in the 2024 European Elections. In order to gain enough signatures to qualify, they promised to give 2 of the people who signed tickets to a Taylor Swift concert. This, however, did not prove effective, as the party did not gain enough signatures.[57]

Belgium

[edit]

Volt Belgium (Dutch: Volt België, French: Volt Belgique, German: Volt Belgien) is Volt's registered political party in Belgium.[58] Volt Belgium was the first section to participate in elections, when they took part in the 2018 Belgian local elections in Ixelles, Etterbeek and also shared a list with the local Pirate Party (Paars) for Antwerp.[59] During the 2019 European Parliament elections, Volt participated in the Dutch Speaking electoral college, receiving 0.48% of the vote, not enough for a seat.[60]

Bulgaria

[edit]

Volt Bulgaria (Bulgarian: Волт България) is Volt's registered political party in Bulgaria. In the national parliamentary elections in November 2021, Volt achieved a mandate in the National Assembly for the first time as part of the electoral alliance We Continue the Change. In December 2021, Volt Bulgaria achieved a second mandate, when a Member of Parliament from their coalition became a minister and freed up an MP spot for Volt Bulgaria. In the 2024 Parliamentary Elections the party lost its mandate in parliament.

Cyprus

[edit]

Volt Cyprus was founded on 3 December 2023. In November 2023, MP Alexandra Attalides announced her intention to join Volt and was subsequently elected co-president at the party's founding congress.[61] The party is fully active in the Cypriot political system and participates in local and European elections. In the 2024 European elections, the party gained 2.9% of the vote and thus did not win a seat.

Czech Republic

[edit]

Volt was founded 2019 and operated from 11 April 2021 to 28 June 2022 in the Czech Republic as the registered association Volt Česká republika, z.s,[62] with Karolina Machová and Adam Hanka as the chairs of the association and Jan Klátil as the treasurer.[63] Volt is now registered as political party Volt Česko.[64]

In the 2022 local elections in Prague, the party contested an election for the first time.[65] Volt received 4,816 votes (0.14%) and thus did not win a mandate.[66]

Denmark

[edit]

The Danish chapter of Volt, Volt Danmark, was founded on 21 July 2018.[67] The party contested an election for the first time in November 2021 with the municipal election in Frederiksberg.[68][69] Volt received 105 votes (0.2%) and thus did not win a mandate. To be eligible for national elections the party needs 21,195 digital signatures. To run in the European Elections in 2024, the party needs 70,680 digital signatures.[70]

Finland

[edit]

Volt Finland (Finnish: Volt Suomi) started collecting signatures in August 2023 to be officially registered as a party and to be able to stand in elections.[71]

France

[edit]

Volt France was founded as the ninth national branch of Volt Europa, and has nine active branches, with "city teams" in Grenoble, Lille, Lyon, Nantes, Nice, Paris, Rennes, and two cross-border branches in Ain-Geneva and Strasbourg-Kehl.

The party was unable to participate in the European Elections 2019 due to a lack of funding. In 2020, Volt France participated in municipal elections. The party ran in coalition with the Greens in Lille, where they received 24.5% in the first round, and lost in the second round with 39.4%;[72] as a coalition with "100% citoyens" in Lyon, receiving 3.4%[73] and 1.6%[74] in two districts; and alone in Paris' 9th district, receiving 0.5% in the first round.[75]

In the 2022 general election, the party contested in 17 out of 577 constituencies, including constituencies abroad.[76] The party achieved its best result in the national constituencies in the 5th constituency of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department with 3.25%.[77] The best overall election result was achieved by Volt in the 7th constituency of the French abroad (Central Europe) with 4.97%.[77]

In the 2024 European election, the party ran as part of the Europe Territoires Écologie coalition, but did not manage to win a seat.

Germany

[edit]

Volt Germany (German: Volt Deutschland) became a registered political party in Germany in 2018, allowing it to compete in German elections.[78] Volt Germany's basic programme is based upon a policies proposal, which is also fundamental for Volt Europa.[79] The German branch's initial focus was the five "challenges" of "an intelligent state, social equality, economic renaissance, politically active citizenship" and "global balance". It also seeks to implement an overarching policy of transnational EU reform in accordance with the programmes of both Volt Germany and Volt Europa.[79] Volt Germany's programme for the 2019 European elections 2019 was identical to that of all other European sections. It was adopted as the "Amsterdam Declaration" by all Volt sections in October 2018.[79]

In the 2019 European Election, Volt Germany received 248,824 votes, 0.7% of the total votes in Germany. As a result, Volt Germany's leading candidate Damian Boeselager won one of Germany's 96 seats in the European Parliament.[80][81]

Volt Germany has won individual seats on a number of city councils. In local elections occurring the same day as the European Elections in 2019, Volt received 1.2% of the votes for the election to the City Council in Mainz, winning 1 seat.[82] In Bavaria's 2020 local elections, the party won one seat each in Bamberg and Munich.[83][84] In Munich, Volt subsequently became part of the governing coalition with the Social Democrats.[85][86] Later that year, the party won seats on the city councils of Cologne, Bonn, Aachen, Siegen, Münster, Düsseldorf, and Paderborn. Volt was particularly strong in Cologne and Bonn, where it received around 5% of the votes, resulting in four and three seats, respectively.[87][88] In March 2021, the party also won seats in Darmstadt, Frankfurt, Wiesbaden, Fulda and Heusenstamm in the 2021 Hessian local elections.[89] The 6.5% vote share in Darmstadt, to win five of the 71 seats, was the party's best ever result in a German council.[90]

In the 2024 European Election, Volt Germany received 1,023,161 votes (2.6%), translating to 3 seats in the European Parliament. The MEPs elected were Damian Boeselager, Nela Riehl and Kai Tegethoff.

Greece

[edit]

Volt Greece (Greek: Βολτ Ελλάδας) was founded in 2018.[91] In July 2022, the group elected its first executive secretariat and an ethics committee, which were tasked with preparing its establishment as a party.[92] On 4 October 2022, the party was officially registered, becoming the 18th registered party of Volt Europa.[93] In December 2022, Volt founded the new political alliance Green & Purple (ΠΡΑΣΙΝΟ & ΜΩΒ) together with the parties Ikologi Prasini, Pirate Party of Greece, Greens – Solidarity, Greek Party for the Animals and the ecofeminist movement Kyklos.[94] The party held its founding congress in Athens on 11 and 12 March 2023.[95] The Green & Purple alliance, however, was barred from participating in the May 2023 legislative election by the Supreme Court of Greece, due to its late submission of relevant forms.[96] In the June 2023 election, the alliance received 0.3% of the national vote.[97]

Ireland

[edit]

Volt Ireland (Irish: Volt Éire) formed in the run-up to the 2019 European elections, but did not initially register as a party, holding meetings in various cities. In October 2021, the group launched an attempt to register as a party.[98] To do so, 300 signatures are required from Irish citizens and EU citizens living in Ireland.[99]

Italy

[edit]

Volt Italy (Italian: Volt Italia) was founded on 18 July 2018. Daniela Patti and Guido Silvestri are party leaders and Pasquale Lisena is treasurer.[100]

The party was unable to take part in the 2019 European elections, failing to obtain the required 150,000 notarised supporter signatures.[101] Since then, the party has taken part in a number of regional and local elections, winning mandates in Mantua and Isernia, among other cities, where Federica Vinci, then chair of Volt Italy, was elected deputy mayor.[102]

In the Basilicata regional election in 2024, Volt's candidate, Eustachio Follia, gained 1.21%.[103]

Luxembourg

[edit]

Volt Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Volt Lëtzebuerg, French: Volt Luxembourg, German: Volt Luxemburg) was founded in 2019 and received around 2% of the vote in the 2019 European Parliament elections.[104] It did not repeat this result in the 2024 European Election, with the party gaining 1.04% of the votes, receiving no seats.

Malta

[edit]

Volt Malta was officially registered as a political party in Malta in May 2021 and contested the 2022 elections for the national parliament, with two candidates covering four districts.[105]

In early March, the party stated its support for the legalization of abortion. Kass Mallia was Malta's first transgender politician to run for election. Volt Malta presented a proposal for AirMalta to become a public limited company through an initial public offering, look for North American travel markets, and a Diaspora Pass to entice the Maltese diaspora to visit Malta.

The party received 382 votes (0.13%), receiving no seats in parliament.

Netherlands

[edit]

Volt Netherlands is Volt's registered political party in the Netherlands and was founded on 23 June 2018 in Utrecht.[106] The party received 2.42% of the vote in the 2021 general election, taking three seats in the Dutch House of Representatives. It has since then lost 1 seat due to the removal of Nilüfer Gündogan from the party due to reports of reckless and abusive behavior.[107] Gündogan sued and had to be re-admitted into the parliamentary group temporarily, but was ejected again a week later after being dismissed as a member by Volt Europa. The Amsterdam Appellate Court ruled in February 2023, overturning the previous ruling that Volt was allowed to expel Gündoğan from the parliamentary group. The party went from 3 to 2 representatives in the 2023 Dutch elections.

In the 2024 European Election, the party managed to gain 5.1% of the vote, translating to 2 seats in the European Parliament. The MEPs elected were Reinier van Lanschot and Anna Strolenberg.

Portugal

[edit]

In October 2019, Volt Portugal submitted more than the 9,000 signatures needed to register as a political party.[108] After multiple delays, the Constitutional Court approved Volt Portugal as the country's 25th party in June 2020.[109] Volt Portugal initially planned to contest regional elections on the Azores in Autumn 2020, but was unable to do so due to a slow registration process, which did not allow enough time to recruit candidates.[110][111]

In the September 2021 local elections, the party contested in Lisbon (0.58%), Porto (0.42%), Tomar (1.36%), Coimbra (coalition 43.92%) and Oeiras (coalition 7.57%), winning a mandate in Coimbra.[112] Independent MEP Francisco Guerreiro supported the party in the local elections and announced he would join the party after his mandate expired.[113]

In the January 2022 general election, Volt Portugal contested a national election for the first time, running in 18 of 20 districts.[114] The party received 0.1% of the vote and did not win any seats.[115]

Romania

[edit]

Volt Romania (Romanian: Volt România) is Volt's registered political party in Romania. It was registered in February 2021, the 15th registered national party of Volt Europa.[116] The group has been active in the country since 2017, participating in initiatives against attacks on the rule of law and mobilising the diaspora to participate in the elections.[117]

Slovakia

[edit]

The chairs of Volt Slovakia (Slovak: Volt Slovensko) are Lucia Kleštincová and Rick Zedník.[118][119] The party is due to hold its founding party conference on 3 February 2024. It has more female than male members.[120]

Spain

[edit]

Volt Spain (Spanish: Volt España) was officially registered as a party in Spain on 15 June 2018 as the third national section. The party won 32,291 votes in the 2019 European Parliament election.[121] In May, the party contested the local elections in Madrid for the first time since the European elections, but failed to win a mandate.[122] During the elections, a representative of the right-wing populist Vox warned against confusion with his own party, as the placement of the ballot papers next to each other was, according to him, intended to cause confusion.[123] Volt's average age in Spain is below 35, and its chairs are Rachele Arciulo and Cristian Castrillón.[124]

Volt Europa electoral ballot for the 2021 Madrilenian regional election

Sweden

[edit]

Volt Sweden (Swedish: Volt Sverige) is Volt's registered political party in Sweden. Michael Holz and Alexander Löf are party leaders and Erik Andrén is treasurer. The party campaigned for the 2019 European Parliament elections, but as a write-in party without its own ballot papers, relying on voters to write the party's name on blank ballot papers. Volt Sverige received 146 votes in this way.[125]

In early November 2021, the Ljusnarsberg branch of Liberalerna (The Liberals) announced its intention to become an association and run for Volt in the local elections. The party's local elected representative joined Volt, becoming the first and only Volt representative in Sweden.[126][127]

The party participated in the 2022 Swedish general election and received 89 votes.[128]

In the 2024 European Election the party received 388 votes, not enough to win a seat.[129]

Switzerland

[edit]

Volt Switzerland was founded on 9 October 2019.[130] There are teams in Geneva, Zurich, Basel, Bern and Lugano.[131] In February 2020, Volt participated in the Unity Committee for the Free Movement of Persons. It is intended to address concerns of foreigners and Swiss with a migration background to achieve greater participation in Swiss public life and was also directed against the citizens' initiative "For moderate immigration (limitation initiative)".[132]

In the municipal elections in Zurich in February 2022, Volt stood for the first time in an election in Switzerland and fielded candidates in 2 out of 9 constituencies.[133][134] In constituency 7+8 the party achieved 0.24%, in constituency 10 0.34%, which means that it did not win a mandate.[135][136]

The party is part of the Swiss Europe Initiative, which calls for the Parliament and the Federal Council to start negotiations with the EU on institutional issues and cooperation.[137]

Ukraine

[edit]

Volt Ukraine (Ukrainian: Вольт Україна, romanizedVolʹt Ukrayina) was founded in July 2022.[138] Its founder and chairman is Mykhaylo Pobigay, a war veteran and the head of the non-profit organisation Land of The Free. Volt Ukraine advocates for Ukraine to join the EU, as well as more military support and a European orientation for Ukraine. Members of Volt Ukraine also help support refugees and arrange accommodation in Europe.[139]

United Kingdom

[edit]

Volt UK was registered with the British Electoral Commission in January 2020,[140][a] and campaigns for the UK to rejoin the European Union.[141]

European Parliament elections

[edit]

2019 European Parliament election

[edit]
Member state Leading candidate Votes % of valid votes Seats Note
Belgium Christophe Calis, Marcela Válková[142] 20,385 0.33[143] 0 Only ran in Dutch-speaking electoral college
Bulgaria Nastimir Ananiev[144] 3,500 0.17[145] 0
Germany Damian Boeselager, Marie-Isabelle Heiß[146][non-primary source needed] 249,098 0.67[147] 1
Luxembourg Rolf Tarrach Siegel[148][149] 26,483 2.11[150] 0
Netherlands Reinier van Lanschot[151][152] 106,004 1.93[153] 0
Spain Bruno Sánchez-Andrade Nuño[154][155][156] 32,432 0.15[157] 0
Sweden Michael Holz[158] 146 <0.01[159] 0 Without its own ballot papers
European Union 416,171 0.22% 1

In addition, Andrea Venzon, co-founder of Volt, ran in the constituency of London. As Volt had not managed to register as a political party in the United Kingdom, Venzon ran as an independent candidate, although outwardly under the Volt banner.[160][161]

In France (unable to raise €800,000 in funding to meet legal requirement to print its own ballot papers[162][non-primary source needed]), Italy (failed to collect 150,000 signatures[163]), Austria (failed to collect 2,600 signatures[164]), Portugal (failed to collect 7,500 signatures[165]), and Denmark (failed to collect a number of voter declarations corresponding to at least 2% of all valid votes at the last general election), Volt had intended to participate in the European Parliament elections but was unable to meet local requirements in time.[166]

2024 European Parliament election

[edit]
Member state Leading candidate Votes % of valid votes Seats First spot in joint list[167] Notes
Belgium Sophie in 't Veld, Suzana Carp, André Florent Staes[168][169] 38,713 Increase 0.54[170] Steady 0 - Only ran in the Dutch-speaking electoral college
Bulgaria Nastimir Ananiev 1,504[d] Increase0.52[171] Steady 0 10th Joint list with PP–DB[172]
Cyprus Andromache Sophocleous, Hulusi Kilim[173] 10,777 Increase 2.92[174] Steady 0 -
Czech Republic Adam Hanka, Barbora Hrubá[175] 1,019[e] 0.037[176] Steady 0 3rd Joint list with Senator 21[177]
France Rayna Stamboliyska, Sven Franck[178] 63,482[f] 0.26[179] Steady 0 7th Joint list Europe Territoires Écologie with PRG, R&PS, MdP, MDC and CSDR[180]
Germany Damian Boeselager, Nela Riehl[181] 1,023,161 Increase 2.57[182] Increase 3 -
Greece Fotis Kapsalis, Nikolaos Xesfingis[183] 4,156[g] 0.10[184] Steady 0 20th Joint list with Kosmos[185]
Italy Marcello Saltarelli, Silvia Panini[186] 21,249[h][i] 0.09[188] Steady 0 12th Joint list with DemoS and PD[189]
Luxembourg Aurélie Dap, Philippe Schannes[190] 14,348 Decrease 1.04[191] Steady 0 -
Malta Matthias Iannis Portelli[192] 298 Increase 0.11[193] Steady 0 -
Netherlands Reinier van Lanschot, Anna Strolenberg[194][195] 319,238 Increase 5.13[196] Increase 2 -
Portugal Duarte Costa, Rhia Lopes[197] 9,571 Increase 0.24[198] Steady 0 -
Slovakia Lucia Kleštincová, Maroš Halama[199] 1,923 Increase 0.13[200] Steady 0 -
Spain Clara Panella, Cristian Castrillón[201] 22,020 Decrease 0.12[202] Steady 0 -
Sweden Michael Holz, Carri Ginter Wikström[203] 388 Increase 0.01[204] Steady 0 -
European Union Damian Boeselager, Sophie in 't Veld[27] 1,467,815[j] Increase0.81 Increase 5 In addition to its top European candidates, the party put forward a symbolic transnational list.

Other national parties that announced their intention to run but ultimately failed to collect enough signatures for their registration:

National Parliament elections

[edit]

Bulgaria

[edit]
Election Political party Leader Votes % Seats +/– Government
Apr 2021 Volt Bulgaria
(as part of ISMV)
Nastimir Ananiev 150,940 4.65 (#6)
0 / 240
New Snap election
Jul 2021 136,885 4.95 (#6)
0 / 240
Steady 0 Snap election
Nov 2021 Volt Bulgaria
(as part of PP)
610,273 25.46 (#1)
2 / 240
Increase 2 Coalition
2022 506,099 19.52 (#2)
2 / 240
Steady 0 Snap election
2023 Volt Bulgaria
(as part of PP–DB)
621,069 23.54 (#2)
1 / 240
Decrease 1 Coalition
2024 307,849 13.92 (#3)
0 / 240
Decrease 1 TBD (Election)

Germany

[edit]
Election Political party Leaders Constituency Party list Seats +/– Government
Votes % Votes %
2021 Volt Germany Rebekka Müller
Hans-Günter Brünker
78,211 0.2 (#13) 165,153 0.4 (#14)
0 / 735
New Extra-parliamentary

Greece

[edit]
Election Political party Leaders Votes % Seats +/– Government
Jun 2023 Volt Greece
(As part of P&M)
Nikolas Fournarakis
Theodora Famprikezi
15,911 0.31 (#15)
0 / 300
New Extra-parliamentary

Luxembourg

[edit]
Election Political party Leaders Votes % Seats +/– Government
2023 Volt Luxembourg Aurélie Dap
Michel Conter
7,001 0.19 (#12)
0 / 60
New Extra-parliamentary

Malta

[edit]
Election Political party Leaders Votes % Seats +/– Government
2022 Volt Malta Alexia DeBono
Arnas Lasys
382 0.13 (#6)
0 / 67
New Extra-parliamentary

Netherlands

[edit]
Election Political party Lijsttrekker Votes % Seats +/– Government
2021 Volt Netherlands Laurens Dassen 252,480 2.42 (#11)
3 / 150
New Opposition
2023 178,802 1.71 (#14)
2 / 150
Decrease 1 Opposition

Portugal

[edit]
Election Political party Leaders Votes % Seats +/– Government
2022 Volt Portugal Tiago Matos Gomes 6,240 0.11 (#17)
0 / 230
New Extra-parliamentary
2024 Inês Bravo Figueiredo[210] 11,854 0.18 (#15)
0 / 230
Steady 0 Extra-parliamentary

Sweden

[edit]
Election Political party Leader Votes % Seats +/– Government
2022 Volt Sweden Alexander Löf 89 0.00 (#32)
0 / 349
New Extra-parliamentary

Awards

[edit]
Year Award Section Issuer
2018 EuroNederlander of 2018[211] Volt Nederland The European Movement Netherlands (EBN)
2019 Political Representative of the Year (2nd Place)[212][213] Volt Europa The Good Lobby

International cooperation

[edit]

From 14 to 19 July 2021, Volt Europa delegates travelled to Yerevan, Armenia, to meet with representatives of the European Party of Armenia.[214]

In November 2021, the Cypriot movement New Wave – The Other Cyprus and Volt signed a memorandum of understanding for a merger.[215][216]

Notes

[edit]
  1. ^ a b Renew Scotland contested in five regions and no constituencies in the 2021 Scottish Parliament election.
  2. ^ ISMV coalition won 13 seats in parliament in the July 2021 Bulgarian parliamentary election, none of which were allocated to members of Volt.[217]
  3. ^ ISMV coalition won 14 seats in parliament in the April 2021 Bulgarian parliamentary election, none of which were allocated to members of Volt.
  4. ^ Votes cast for the Volt candidate Nastimir Ananiev
  5. ^ Preferential votes for the 6 candidates Volt ran in the Czech Republic
  6. ^ Contains more votes than just those for Volt candidates, as Volt ran on a joint list and Frances complete election results are yet to be published (as of 17/06/2024)
  7. ^ Preferential votes for the 3 candidates Volt ran in Greece
  8. ^ Results in the Nord-Est electoral district.[187]
  9. ^ preferential votes for the 2 candidates Volt ran in Italy
  10. ^ Total votes excludes France, as France has not yet published preferential votes per candidate and Volt ran on a joint list

References

[edit]
  1. ^ Stagni, Federica (6 December 2018). "Time For Change: How Volt Wants To Fix Europe". Italics Magazine. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  2. ^ a b Teffer, Peter (27 May 2019). "'Pan-European' Volt and DieM25 manage one MEP each". EU Observer. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  3. ^ Essler, Brett (7 November 2019). "Just Do It: How two SIPA alumni founded a new European political party—and won". School of International and Public Affairs. Columbia University. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  4. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "European Union". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  5. ^ Forthomme, Claude (28 February 2019). "Volt Europa: An Electric Jolt to Wake Up Europe". Impakter. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Visual Identity". Volt Europa. Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  7. ^ a b van de Poll, Victor (19 March 2021). "Why Volt Won in the Netherlands, a Lesson for Changemakers". iGlobe News. Retrieved 31 March 2024. [...] the show horse being a full-throated endorsement of nuclear energy. Rather than Euro-Federalism, the nuclear energy stance took center stage in the Volt campaign, and it gave the party a sense of progressive realism among the Dutch electorate. Volt's key thesis: If mainstream progressive parties think we can reach Paris without nuclear, then who are the idealists and who are the realists?
  8. ^ "About us". Volt. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  9. ^ Otjes, Simon; Krouwel, André (30 August 2023). "The nuclear option: Voting for the pan-European party Volt". European Union Politics. 24 (4): 726–750. doi:10.1177/14651165231193814. hdl:1887/3716373. It is the only environmentalist party that is pro-nuclear, as it is pro-growth parties that support nuclear energy.
  10. ^ "Jung und europäisch - Volt erobert die Stadtparlamente". hessenschau.de (in German). 16 March 2021. Retrieved 26 September 2021.
  11. ^ "Shocked by Brexit, we launched the first pan-European progressive movement | Colombe Cahen-Salvador". the Guardian. 5 September 2018. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  12. ^ a b "Volt wants to become the first pan-EU political party". The Economist. 3 November 2018. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  13. ^ Cavallone, Elena (22 February 2019). "Electrifying politics? The new candidates vying for your votes". euronews. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  14. ^ "Volt: Jugendpartei will die Idee der Europäischen Union retten". Wirtschaftswoche (in German). 11 June 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  15. ^ "Volt wants to become the first pan-EU political party". The Economist. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
  16. ^ Volt Europa (5 December 2017). "Andrea Venzon, our founder and president, signed Vox's papers of incorporation today in Luxembourg. Vox is now not only a great vision and an ambitious project, but also a solid reality! We couldn't be more excited, nor proud". Facebook. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  17. ^ Volt Europa on Facebook Watch, retrieved 20 March 2021
  18. ^ "Nieuwe partij wil van Europa een krachtpatser maken". RTV Rijnmond (in Dutch). Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  19. ^ "Il congresso. La sfida transnazionale di Volt Europa, il partito dei millennials". Avrebbe (in Italian). Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  20. ^ "2019 European election results – National results: Germany". Archived from the original on 27 May 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  21. ^ "Volt Europa joins the Greens/EFA Group in the EU Parliament". scoopnest.com. 9 June 2019. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  22. ^ "Statutes of Volt Europa" (PDF). volteuropa.org. 18 March 2023. Retrieved 18 March 2023.
  23. ^ Welsch, Annette. "Volt Europa für geeinte und föderale EU" (in German). Retrieved 4 May 2020.
  24. ^ Volt Europa (2 May 2020). "Volt Europa General Assembly 02.-03.05.2020 – Day 1". YouTube. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
  25. ^ "Volt Europa Unveils Bold Vision for Europe and Elects New Leadership". Volt Europa. Retrieved 2 March 2024.
  26. ^ a b "Volt party elects Sophie IN 'T Veld and the German Damian Boeselager". euronews. 6 April 2024. Retrieved 8 April 2024.
  27. ^ "Volt MEPS join Greens/EFA Group for new mandate". Greens/EFA Group. 24 June 2024.
  28. ^ "Pro-EU Volt Party opts to stay with Greens". euronews. 24 June 2024. Retrieved 25 June 2024.
  29. ^ "Legal". Volt. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  30. ^ Disegni, Simone. "I millennial di Volt vogliono dare la scossa alla Ue: rilanceremo l'Europa". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  31. ^ Meyer, Cornelia. "Volt Europa: Diese neue Partei will die EU retten". Web.de (in German). Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  32. ^ a b c "Volt Europa – Vision". volteuropa.org. Archived from the original on 15 May 2019. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  33. ^ "Otto e Mezzo – Giù le mani dall'Europa". la7.itf (in Italian). Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  34. ^ "Volt Europa si candida in sette Paesi e punta a 25 deputati". Il Sole 24 Ore (in Italian). 11 November 2018. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  35. ^ Volt Deutschland. "Grundsatzprogramm" (PDF). Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  36. ^ Dvořáková, Věra. "Volt wants to 'energise Europe' – but how?". The New Federalist. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  37. ^ Disegni, Simone. "I millennial di Volt vogliono dare la scossa alla Ue: rilanceremo l'Europa". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  38. ^ "Scende in campo la generazione Erasmus. Una conversazione con Andrea Venzon, presidente di Volt". European Circus (in Italian). Archived from the original on 1 June 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  39. ^ Volt Europa. "European Constitution" (PDF). Retrieved 18 March 2023.
  40. ^ Volt Europa. "European Transition and Climate Change Policy" (PDF). Retrieved 18 March 2023.
  41. ^ "Volt – Eine neue Partei für Europa". hamburg1.de (in German). Archived from the original on 9 June 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  42. ^ tagesschau.de. "Europawahl 2019: Italiener will für die EU begeistern". Tagesschau (in German). Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  43. ^ "Transparency". Volt Europa. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  44. ^ "Volt Europa's Instagram post". Archived from the original on 23 December 2021. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  45. ^ "Volt Europa Donations". Volt Europa. Retrieved 18 March 2023.
  46. ^ "Volt Germany Donations". Volt Deutschland (in German). Retrieved 18 March 2023.
  47. ^ "Volt Netherlands Donations". Volt Nederland (in Dutch). Retrieved 18 March 2023.
  48. ^ "A Pro-Europe, Anti-Populist Youth Party Scored Surprising Gains in the Dutch Elections". New York Times. 19 March 2021.
  49. ^ "Results of the parliamentary elections 2021". Verkiezingensite.nl. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  50. ^ "Election results 2021". Retrieved 11 April 2021.[dead link]
  51. ^ "Nastimir Ananiev". parliament.bg. 18 March 2023. Retrieved 18 March 2023.
  52. ^ "Ventsislava Lyubenova". parliament.bg. 18 March 2023. Retrieved 18 March 2023.
  53. ^ "Organizohet Asambleja E Përgjithshme Zgjedhore E Volt". TV Apollon. 23 October 2021. Archived from the original on 7 November 2022. Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  54. ^ andreas.puschautz (11 April 2019). "EU-Wahl: Europas erste Partei will auch in Österreich antreten". kurier.at (in German). Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  55. ^ "EU-Wahl: VOLT und CPÖ haben es in Österreich nicht geschafft". vienna.at. 12 April 2019. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  56. ^ "Auch wenn wir's in AT nicht geschafft haben: Wir sagen DANKE!". Volt Österreich (in German). Retrieved 16 June 2024.
  57. ^ "Over ons". Volt België. Archived from the original on 14 May 2021. Retrieved 14 May 2021.
  58. ^ "Anvers: les résultats des élections communales 2018". Le Soir. 14 October 2018.
  59. ^ "Dutch electoral college European Election Results 2020".
  60. ^ "Ανακοίνωσε συμπόρευση με το ΒΟΛΤ η Ατταλίδου. "Ένα καλύτερο βήμα να αγωνιστώ"". cyprustimes.com (in Greek). 27 November 2023. Retrieved 3 December 2023.
  61. ^ "Zapsaný spolek" (in Czech). www.voltcesko.org. Archived from the original on 2 May 2021.
  62. ^ "Předsednictvo" (in Czech). www.voltcesko.org.
  63. ^ "Volt byl v Česka zaregistrován jako politická strana" (in Czech). www.voltcesko.org.
  64. ^ Čížek, David (27 July 2022). "Eurofederalistický Volt zahajuje činnost v České republice, o hlasy bude bojovat už ve volbách na Pražský magistrát". Studentské listy (in Czech). Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  65. ^ "Výsledky voleb | volby.cz". www.volby.cz. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  66. ^ Richter, Kathrine (9 August 2018). "Volt Europa: Vi er det pan-europæiske parti, du ikke vidste, du savnede". Altinget (in Danish). Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  67. ^ "Kandidater til Kommunalvalget 2021". Volt Frederiksberg (in Danish). Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  68. ^ "Kommunalvalg Frederiksberg Kommune". kmdvalg.dk. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  69. ^ "Hvad er en vælgererklæring?". vaelgererklaering.dk. Retrieved 24 August 2023.
  70. ^ "Suomeen pyrkii uusi puolue, joka haluaa EU:sta liittovaltion – tällainen on "Volt"". Yle Uutiset (in Finnish). 2 August 2023. Retrieved 20 August 2023.
  71. ^ "Résultat élection municipale 2020 Lille" (in French). Retrieved 7 May 2020.
  72. ^ "Résultat élection municipale 2020 Lyon 3ème Arrondissement" (in French). Retrieved 7 May 2020.
  73. ^ Faure, Anthony (16 March 2020). "Élection métropolitaine : les résultats à Villeurbanne, les Verts devant le PS" (in French). Retrieved 7 May 2020.
  74. ^ "Résultat élection municipale 2020 Paris 9ème Arrondissement" (in French). Retrieved 7 May 2020.
  75. ^ "Législatives. Originaire de Seine-et-Marne, elle veut devenir députée des Français de l'étranger". actu.fr (in French). 9 May 2022. Retrieved 3 December 2023.
  76. ^ a b "Les archives des élections en France". www.archives-resultats-elections.interieur.gouv.fr. Retrieved 3 December 2023.
  77. ^ Schmälter, Julia (3 May 2019). "Volt Deutschland (Volt)". bpb.de (in German). Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  78. ^ a b c "Programm". Volt Deutschland. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  79. ^ Bundeswahlleiter (Federal Returning Officer). "Results European Election 2019".
  80. ^ Theis, Marion (27 May 2019). "Volt-Spitzenkandidat Damian Böselager: Union und SPD müssen Klimapolitik ändern" (in German). SWR2. Archived from the original on 27 May 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  81. ^ Landeswahhlleiter. "Vorläufiges Ergebnis der Kreistagswahl 2019" (in German). Landeswahlleiter Rheinland-Pfalz. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  82. ^ "Stadtratswahl BA 2020". kommunalwahl2020.bamberg.de. Archived from the original on 18 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  83. ^ "Ergebnisse". www.wahlen-muenchen.de. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  84. ^ "Rathaus-SPD bildet Fraktionsgemeinschaft mit Volt". abendzeitung-muenchen.de (in German). 2 April 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  85. ^ Hans, Julian (4 May 2020). "Der neue Mann in Reihe sechs" [The New Man in Row Six]. Süddeutsche Zeitung (in German). Munich. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
  86. ^ "Amtliches Endergebnis Köln" (in German). Stadt Köln. Archived from the original on 25 November 2020. Retrieved 26 November 2020.
  87. ^ "Amtliches Endergebnis Bonn" (in German). Stadt Bonn. Archived from the original on 15 September 2020. Retrieved 26 November 2020.
  88. ^ "Kommunalwahl 2021: Alle Ergebnisse". Hessenschau. 15 March 2021. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  89. ^ Joachim, Jens (14 March 2021). "Darmstadt: Stadtparlament wird politisch vielfältiger und bunter – Grüne klar vorn". Frankfurter Rundschau. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  90. ^ "Βόλτερς". Βολτ Ελλάδας / Volt Greece. 2 July 2022. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
  91. ^ Photeinos, Dionysios (29 July 2022). "Εκλογές Βολτ Ελλάδας". Βολτ Ελλάδας / Volt Greece. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
  92. ^ "Βολτ: Ιδρύεται ως πολιτικό κόμμα". agrinionews.gr. 4 October 2022. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
  93. ^ "New party 'Prasino+Mov' aims to win seat in Parliament at elections". ekathimerini.com. 21 December 2022. Retrieved 3 January 2023.
  94. ^ "Παράρτημα ενός πανευρωπαϊκού κόμματος: τι είναι και τι θέλει το Βολτ Ελλάδας; | Κώστας Γιαννακίδης". Protagon.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 16 March 2023.
  95. ^ |url=https://www.protagon.gr/epikairotita/ektos-eklogwn-o-syndyasmos-prasino-kai-mwv-kai-to-komma-evmorfidi-44342715623
  96. ^ "National elections - June 2023". Archived from the original on 1 August 2023. Retrieved 20 August 2023.
  97. ^ "Volt Europa Launches New Irish Website". VoltIreland. Archived from the original on 29 November 2021. Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  98. ^ VoltIreland. "Register together". VoltIreland. Archived from the original on 29 November 2021. Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  99. ^ "Persone". Volt Italia (in Italian). Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  100. ^ "Tutti i simboli e le alleanze in corsa alle elezioni europee". Wired Italia (in Italian). 9 April 2019. Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  101. ^ Redazione (4 November 2021). "Isernia, Paolino presidente del Consiglio. Staffetta con Sardelli". isNews.it (in Italian). Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  102. ^ "Scrutini regionali".
  103. ^ "EU-Wahlen 2019: Die Ergebnisse für Luxemburg". Luxemburger Wort – Deutsche Ausgabe (in German). 26 May 2019. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  104. ^ "Volt registered as a political party in Malta". Times of Malta. 4 May 2021. Retrieved 17 February 2022.
  105. ^ Korteweg, Ariejan (24 June 2018). "Nieuwe partij Volt wil de geschiedenis ingaan als eerste pan-Europese partij". de Volkskrant (in Dutch). Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  106. ^ "Bestuur Volt zet Gündogan uit de partij". nos.nl (in Dutch). 29 March 2022. Retrieved 9 January 2023.
  107. ^ "Volt Portugal tenta pela quarta vez a legalização como partido político". Expresso (in European Portuguese). 12 June 2020. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  108. ^ "Portugal tem um novo partido. É o 25º e chama-se Volt". Diário de Notícias (in European Portuguese). 30 June 2020. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
  109. ^ "Volt Portugal tenta legalização como partido político pela quarta vez". TVI24 (in European Portuguese). 12 June 2020. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  110. ^ "Novo partido político: Tribunal Constitucional aceitou a inscrição do Volt Portugal". Observador (in European Portuguese). 30 June 2020. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
  111. ^ "autarquicas2021-resultados". Retrieved 27 January 2022.
  112. ^ "Francisco Guerreiro apoia candidatura do partido Volt em Lisboa". Notícias ao Minuto (in Portuguese). 14 September 2021. Retrieved 27 January 2022.
  113. ^ Botelho, Leonete (16 December 2021). "Partido pan-europeu Volt candidata-se em 18 distritos". Público (in Portuguese). Retrieved 27 January 2022.
  114. ^ "Eleições Legislativas 2022". legislativas2022.mai.gov.pt (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 1 February 2022. Retrieved 31 January 2022.
  115. ^ "O veste bună pentru România și Europa!" (in Romanian). www.voltromania.org. 25 February 2021.
  116. ^ "Pan-European Volt registers political party in Romania". Romania Insider. March 2021. Retrieved 3 November 2021.
  117. ^ "Seize Europe Day to think of European solutions". spectator.sme.sk. 9 May 2023. Retrieved 11 May 2023.
  118. ^ "Využime Deň Európy na premýšľanie o európskych riešeniach". komentare.sme.sk (in Slovak). Retrieved 11 May 2023.
  119. ^ "V sobotu sa uskutoční zakladajúce Valné zhromaždenie strany Volt Slovensko, členská základňa si bude voliť svojich predsedov". sita.sk (in Slovak). 31 January 2024. Retrieved 1 February 2024.
  120. ^ "Rachele Arciulo: «Somos de centroizquierda y en el 2023 queremos entrar en el Congreso»". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 16 July 2021. Retrieved 20 December 2021.
  121. ^ "Rachele Arciulo: «Somos de centroizquierda y en el 2023 queremos entrar en el Congreso»". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 16 July 2021. Retrieved 15 February 2022.
  122. ^ lainformacion.com (4 May 2021). "Qué es Volt, el partido que "confunden" con Vox en las papeletas de los comicios". La Información (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 February 2022.
  123. ^ "Directiva – Volt España". www.volteuropa.es. Archived from the original on 10 August 2022. Retrieved 15 February 2022.
  124. ^ "Val till Europaparlamentet – Röster". data.val.se (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 19 June 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  125. ^ Boström, Samuel (2 November 2021). "Liberalerna i Ljusnarsberg bryter med partiet: "Inte möjligt att samarbeta med SD"". SVT Nyheter (in Swedish). Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  126. ^ ""Känner inte igen oss längre i partiet Liberalerna"". Nerikes Allehanda (in Swedish). November 2021. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  127. ^ "Valpresentation". resultat.val.se. Retrieved 18 September 2022.
  128. ^ "Valpresentation". resultat.val.se. Retrieved 16 June 2024.
  129. ^ @rypurne (9 October 2019). "Great News! Today #Volt #Switzerland was founded officially as part of the #paneuropean @VoltEuropa family http://facebook.com/voltswitzerland" (Tweet). Retrieved 30 March 2022 – via Twitter.
  130. ^ "Städte". Volt Schweiz (in Swiss High German). Retrieved 30 March 2022.
  131. ^ "Migrantinnen und Migranten verteidigen Personenfreizügigkeit". syna.ch (in German). 18 February 2020. Retrieved 20 December 2021.
  132. ^ "Gemeinderatswahlen 2022: 12 Parteien und Gruppierungen treten an - Stadt Zürich". www.stadt-zuerich.ch (in German). Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  133. ^ "Im Schnitt 8,6 Personen pro Sitz" (PDF) (PDF) (in German). Züriberg. 13 January 2022. Retrieved 20 January 2022.
  134. ^ "Resultate nach Parteien, Wahlkreis 7+8". www.stadt-zuerich.ch. Archived from the original on 15 February 2022. Retrieved 15 February 2022.
  135. ^ "Resultate nach Parteien, Wahlkreis 10". www.stadt-zuerich.ch. Archived from the original on 15 February 2022. Retrieved 15 February 2022.
  136. ^ Pollice, Dario (30 August 2022). "Europa-Initiative soll dem Bundesrat Beine machen". Luzerner Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 4 October 2022.
  137. ^ "Volt Ukraine gegründet". Volt Deutschland (in German). Archived from the original on 12 October 2022. Retrieved 12 October 2022.
  138. ^ "Rusové vzkazují, že když se nevzdáme, zabijí nás, říká veterán z Donbasu". Seznam Zprávy. 12 October 2022. Retrieved 12 October 2022.
  139. ^ "Registration Summary". electoralcommission.org.uk. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  140. ^ Carey, Declan (8 January 2021). "New party starts Britain's campaign to rejoin the European Union". redactionpolitics.com. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  141. ^ "Europese partij Volt heeft Brusselse lijsttrekker: 'Europa meer slagkracht geven'". bruzz.be (in Dutch). 6 April 2019. Retrieved 7 April 2019.
  142. ^ "Resultaat verkiezingen Europees Parlement 26 mei 2019", verkiezingsresultaten.belgium.be (in Dutch), retrieved 12 June 2024
  143. ^ "European elections, 23 - 26 May 2019, country sheet: Bulgaria". europarl.europa.eu. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 9 July 2023.
  144. ^ =3,500/2,015,314
  145. ^ Bundeswahlleiter, Der (15 March 2019). "#Bundeswahlausschuss lässt Wahlvorschlag von "Volt Deutschland" zur #EP2019 zu". @Wahlleiter_Bund (in German). Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  146. ^ =249,098/37,396,889
  147. ^ "Elections: Le mouvement "Volt" présentera une liste complète pour les européennes". 5minutes.rtl.lu (in French). Retrieved 30 March 2019.
  148. ^ "New party to present candidates for the European elections". today.rtl.lu. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  149. ^ =26,528/1,256,624
  150. ^ "Kandidaten". Volt Nederland (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 9 June 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  151. ^ "Kandidatenlijsten verkiezing Europees Parlement 2019 onderzocht". kiesraad.nl (in Dutch). 10 April 2019. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  152. ^ =106,004/5,497,813
  153. ^ "Resolución de 23 de abril de 2019, de la Presidencia de la Junta Electoral Central, de publicación de las candidaturas presentadas a las elecciones de Diputados al Parlamento Europeo convocadas por Real Decreto 206/2019, de 1 de abril, a celebrar el 26 de mayo de 2019". boe.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  154. ^ "Un total de 39 listas optan al Parlamento Europeo en las elecciones del 26 de mayo". europapress.es (in Spanish). 24 April 2019. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  155. ^ "Resolución de 29 de abril de 2019, de la Presidencia de la Junta Electoral Central, de proclamación de candidaturas a las elecciones de diputados al Parlamento Europeo convocadas por Real Decreto 206/2019, de 1 de abril, a celebrar el 26 de mayo de 2019". boe.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  156. ^ =32,432/22,209,330
  157. ^ "Val till Europaparlamentet – Partier och valsedlar". data.val.se (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 4 April 2019. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  158. ^ "Röster – Val 2019". data.val.se. Archived from the original on 19 June 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  159. ^ Results of the 2019 European Parliament election in the United Kingdom#London (8 seats)
  160. ^ "I'm standing to be an MEP because my outsider party fears Brexit has unleashed a tide of nationalism". independent.co.uk. 16 May 2019. Retrieved 11 June 2024.
  161. ^ "Colombe Cahen-Salvador". facebook.com. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  162. ^ "Tutti i simboli e le alleanze in corsa alle elezioni europee". Wired (in Italian). 9 April 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  163. ^ "Volt sorgt in Österreich nicht für genug Spannung – derStandard.at". DER STANDARD (in Austrian German). Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  164. ^ "Europeias: são novos, são pequenos e prometem ser melhores. Mas será que estão a conseguir?". observador.pt (in Portuguese). 18 March 2019. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  165. ^ "Italy's Battle For Europe". Italics Magazine. 24 April 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  166. ^ "Where we are running". Volt Europa. Retrieved 17 June 2024.
  167. ^ "Volt Belgium elects lead-candidates for the June 2024 elections". Volt België. Retrieved 29 November 2023.
  168. ^ "Announcement European lists & new Board of Administrators". Volt België. Retrieved 20 March 2024.
  169. ^ "Results in figures [1] — Elections 2024". elections2024.belgium.be. Retrieved 13 June 2024.
  170. ^ "National results Bulgaria — 2024 Election results — European Parliament". results.elections.europa.eu (in bu). 9 June 2024. Retrieved 17 June 2024.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  171. ^ "Ето кого предлагат за евролистата си "Продължаваме промяната"". www.24chasa.bg. Retrieved 16 April 2024.
  172. ^ "Volt Cyprus announces candidates for EU elections with Makarios Drousiotis featuring". in-cyprus.philenews.com. 24 February 2024. Retrieved 24 February 2024.
  173. ^ "Election results", Official election results, retrieved 16 June 2024
  174. ^ "Slavomír Maňásek". X. Retrieved 29 November 2023.
  175. ^ "Celkové výsledky hlasování | volby.cz". www.volby.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 17 June 2024.
  176. ^ ČTK. "Hnutí SEN 21 a Volt Česko jdou společně do evropských voleb, lídryní kandidátky je Koenigsmark". ct24.ceskatelevize.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 11 April 2024.
  177. ^ "Avec son assemblée générale paneuropéenne, Volt Europa lance sa campagne des européennes 2024 !". Volt France (in French). Retrieved 29 November 2023.
  178. ^ "Ministère de l'Intérieur - France entière - Elections Européennes 2024 - Publication des résultats des élections en France". www.resultats-elections.interieur.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 June 2024.
  179. ^ lechatillonnaisetlauxois.fr. "Patrick Molinoz candidat aux Européennes - Le Châtillonnais et l'Auxois". lechatillonnaisetlauxois.fr (in French). Retrieved 5 April 2024.
  180. ^ "Volts Kandidat*innen zur Europawahl 2024". Volt Germany (in German). Retrieved 29 November 2023.
  181. ^ "Ergebnisse Deutschland - Die Bundeswahlleiterin". www.bundeswahlleiterin.de (in German). Archived from the original on 11 June 2024. Retrieved 12 June 2024.
  182. ^ "Where we are running — Volt Europa". Volt Europa. Retrieved 13 June 2024.
  183. ^ "Territory | European elections - June 2024" (in Greek). 10 June 2024. Retrieved 17 June 2024.
  184. ^ "Μαζί με το ΚΟΣΜΟΣ και το Βολτ Ελλάδας στις ευρωεκλογές". reporter.gr. Retrieved 10 April 2024.
  185. ^ "Volt Italia European Election 2024 announcement". www.instagram.com. Retrieved 9 June 2024.
  186. ^ "Eligendo: Europee [Scrutini] Italia + Estero —Ministero del Interno". elezioni.interno.gov.it. Retrieved 13 June 2024.
  187. ^ "Eligendo: Europee [Scrutini] Italia + Estero (In complesso) - Europee, amministrative e regionale (Piemonte) 8-9 giugno 2024 - Ministero dell'Interno". Eligendo (in Italian). Retrieved 17 June 2024.
  188. ^ "Le europee al via con i primi candidati e i leader capolista" (in Italian). 22 April 2024. Retrieved 24 April 2024.
  189. ^ "Volt Luxembourg". Volt Luxembourg (in German). Retrieved 2 March 2024.
  190. ^ "European elections 2024 - Unofficial results". elections.public.lu. 1 January 2024. Archived from the original on 10 June 2024. Retrieved 12 June 2024.
  191. ^ "Volt Malta announces first MEP election candidate". MaltaToday.com.mt. Retrieved 1 February 2024.
  192. ^ "Electoral Commission of Malta". electoral.gov.mt. Retrieved 13 June 2024.
  193. ^ "Reinier en Anna door als co-lijsttrekkers!". Volt Nederland (in Dutch). Retrieved 13 April 2024.
  194. ^ "Volt op Vrijdag: 20 oktober 2023". bnr.nl. 20 October 2023. Retrieved 29 November 2023.
  195. ^ "NOS - Uitslagen Europees Parlementsverkiezingen 2024". app.nos.nl. Archived from the original on 10 June 2024. Retrieved 12 June 2024.
  196. ^ "Rhia Lopes é cabeça de lista às próximas eleições europeias pelo Volt". Algarve Primeiro (in Portuguese). Retrieved 29 November 2023.
  197. ^ "Eleições Europeias 2024". www.europeias2024.mai.gov.pt (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 10 June 2024. Retrieved 12 June 2024.
  198. ^ "A feltörekvő európai párt, a Volt Slovensko, történetében először választott jelölteket a 2024. júniusi európai parlamenti választásra". ujszo.com. 23 November 2023. Retrieved 29 November 2023.
  199. ^ Štatistického úradu SR. "Hlasy pre politické subjekty - Voľby do Európskeho parlamentu 2024". volbysr.sk (in Slovak). Archived from the original on 11 June 2024. Retrieved 12 June 2024.
  200. ^ "Volt España elige a sus candidatos de lista para las elecciones europeas de 2024". 23 November 2023. Retrieved 29 November 2023.
  201. ^ "Acuerdo de 27 de junio de 2024, de la Junta Electoral Central, por el que se procede a la publicación de los resultados de las elecciones de diputados y diputadas al Parlamento Europeo convocadas por Real Decreto 363/2024, de 9 de abril, y celebradas el 9 de junio de 2024, con indicación del número de escaños y de votos obtenidos por las candidaturas proclamadas (BOE núm. 156, de 28 de junio de 2024)" (PDF). Junta Electoral Central (in Spanish). 28 June 2024.
  202. ^ "Volt Sverige". Twitter. 29 October 2023. Retrieved 29 November 2023.
  203. ^ "Valpresentation". resultat.val.se (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 10 June 2024. Retrieved 12 June 2024.
  204. ^ "EU-Wahl: Ex-Neos-Kandidatin geht für Liste Volt ins Rennen". Die Presse (in German). 9 November 2023. Retrieved 29 November 2023.
  205. ^ "Volt lancerer Kandidattest på Folkemødet Volt: Folk skal vide, hvad vi står for!" (PDF). 15 June 2023. Retrieved 2 March 2024.
  206. ^ "Puoluerekisteri.fi". puoluerekisteri.fi. Retrieved 2 March 2024.
  207. ^ "Europarlamentarul Nicu Ştefănuţă a anunţat că va candida ca independent pentru un nou mandat în PE". www.hotnews.ro (in Romanian). Retrieved 18 April 2024.
  208. ^ "Partidul Volt România lansează campania de strângere de semnături pentru alegerile europarlamentare și locale". Volt România (in Romanian). Retrieved 18 April 2024.
  209. ^ "Inês Bravo Figueiredo". Volt Portugal (in Portuguese). Retrieved 13 April 2024.
  210. ^ "Publiek kiest Volt Nederland tot EuroNederlander van het jaar 2018 | Europese Beweging Nederland". 20 December 2018.
  211. ^ "Thanks to your support, we have won the 2nd prize of TheGoodLobby Awards in the category "Political Representative of the Year"!".
  212. ^ "The Good Lobby Awards 2019". thegoodlobby.eu. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
  213. ^ European Party of Armenia [@ArmEuroParty] (11 July 2021). "Volt Europa visits Armenia" (Tweet). Retrieved 12 January 2022 – via Twitter.
  214. ^ "Pan-European party to field candidate in Cyprus' presidential elections". cyprus-mail.com/. 30 January 2022. Retrieved 17 February 2022.
  215. ^ "Neo Kyma joins Volt, the pan-European movement". Cyprus Mail. 12 November 2021. Retrieved 17 February 2022.
  216. ^ "Резултати :: Парламентарни избори 11 юли 2021". results.cik.bg.
[edit]