Voltaire (racehorse)

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Voltaire
Voltaire (horse).jpg
Painting of Voltaire, with his jockey wearing the colours of the Marquess of Cleveland.
SireBlacklock
GrandsireWhitelock
DamPhantom mare
DamsirePhantom
SexStallion
Foaled1826
CountryGreat Britain
ColourBrown
BreederRobert Stephenson
OwnerRobert Stephenson
Marquess of Cleveland
TrainerJ. Smith[1]
Record6: 5-1-0
Major wins
The Shorts (1828)
Gascoigne Stakes (1828)
Doncaster Gold Cup (1828)

Voltaire (1826 – 16 April 1848) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse. He won five of his six races, including the Doncaster Gold Cup in 1828. After retiring from racing he became a successful stallion, siring St. Leger winner Charles the Twelfth and Voltigeur, who won both The Derby and the St. Leger. He was bred and owned by Robert Stephenson, before being sold to William Vane, Marquess of Cleveland, whom he raced for as a three-year-old.

Background[edit]

Voltaire was a brown colt bred by Robert Stephenson and foaled in 1826.[2] He was sired by Blacklock, who won seventeen races including three Great Subscription Purses. Blacklock was also a successful stallion and was the leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland in 1829. Amongst his other progeny were York St. Leger winner Velocipede and Doncaster Gold Cup winner Laurel.[3] Voltaire was the fifth foal of his dam, an unnamed daughter of Epsom Derby winner Phantom.[2]

Racing career[edit]

1828: Two-year-old season[edit]

Voltaire made his debut on 9 April 1828 at Catterick Bridge, when he beat four rivals to win the Richmond Club Stakes.[4] His only other start as a two-year-old came in July in the Tyro Stakes at Newcastle, where he faced five opponents. Starting as the 6/4 favourite and ridden by Sim Templeman, he won the race from Zodiac.[5] During the winter he was amongst the favourites for the 1829 St. Leger Stakes.[6]

1829: Three-year-old season[edit]

Voltaire's first race as a three-year-old was The Shorts, a Sweepstakes of 50 sovereigns each over one mile at York. He started at the 1/2 favourite and ridden by J. Day, he won the race from Penhill, with Elastic finishing in third place.[7] He was one on nineteen horses to contest the St. Leger Stakes at Doncaster in August. Rowton started the race as the favourite, with Frederick and Voltaire next at 4/1. Ridden by William Scott, Rowton took the lead a long way from the finish. Voltaire closed on the leader, but was still some distance behind as they entered the final furlong. Voltaire steadily closed on Rowton, who was being hard ridden, but could only finish second, a neck behind Rowton. Sir Hercules was third, with Felt finishing in fourth.[8]

Two days later Voltaire walked over for the Gascoigne Stakes, ran over the same course and distance as the St. Leger. Later in the day had his final race in the Doncaster Gold Cup, ran over two miles and five furlongs. Voltaire and the previous year's winner Laurel started the race at similar prices in the betting. Granby led the field at the start, until he was overtaken by Laurel, who was closely followed by Voltaire. The two raced together until Voltaire was asked to quicken by jockey Thomas Lye, when he pulled out a slight lead and won easily by half a length. Laurel finished the race in second place and Fleur de Lis in third.[9] Voltaire was kept in training as a four-year-old, but never raced.[10] This was due to a leg injury he sustained in the Gold Cup.[11]

Stud career[edit]

Voltaire's son Voltigeur

In 1832 Voltaire stood as a stallion at Boroughbridge in Yorkshire for a fee of 10 sovereigns.[12] By 1841 he was standing at an increased fee of 16 guineas.[13]

His most notable progeny were:

Voltaire died on 16 April 1848 at Hart in County Durham.[18] Voltigeur's son Vedette sired Galopin (Voltaire therefore appearing twice in the third generation of his pedigree), who sired the undefeated St. Simon. It is mainly through St. Simon that Voltaire's sire line survives today.

Pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Voltaire, brown stallion, 1826[19][20]
Sire
Blacklock (GB)
b. 1814
Whitelock (GB)
b. 1803
Hambletonian
b. 1792
King Fergus*
Highflyer mare
Rosalind
ch. 1788
Phoenomenon
Atalanta
Coriander mare (GB)
1799
Coriander
b. 1786
Pot-8-Os
Lavender
Wildgoose
br. 1792
Highflyer
Coheiress
Dam
Phantom mare (GB)
b. 1816
Phantom (GB)
b. 1808
Walton
b. 1799
Sir Peter Teazle
Arethusa
Julia
br. 1799
Whiskey
Young Giantess
Overton mare (GB)
b. 1802
Overton
1788
King Fergus*
Herod mare
Walnut mare
1796
Walnut
Ruler mare

Note: b. = Bay, br. = Brown, ch. = Chestnut

* Voltaire was inbred 4x4 to King Fergus. This means that the stallion appears twice in the fourth generation of his pedigree.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Abelson, Edward; Tyrrel, John (1993). The Breedon Book of Horse Racing Records. Breedon Books Publishing. ISBN 1-873626-15-0.
  2. ^ a b Weatherby, Charles & James (1836). General Stud Book. C. & W. Reynell, London. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
  3. ^ "Blacklock". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
  4. ^ "Sporting magazine - Vol. 22". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
  5. ^ "Sporting magazine - Vol. 22". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
  6. ^ "Sporting magazine - Vol. 22". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
  7. ^ "Racing calendar. 1829". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
  8. ^ "Sporting magazine Vol. 25". Babel.hathitrust.org. 1829. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
  9. ^ "Sporting magazine - Vol. 25". Babel.hathitrust.org. 1829. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
  10. ^ "Sporting magazine - Vol. 25". Babel.hathitrust.org. 1829. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
  11. ^ a b c d "Voltaire". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
  12. ^ "Racing calendar. 1831". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
  13. ^ "Racing calendar. 1840". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
  14. ^ "Charles the Twelfth". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
  15. ^ a b c "Voltaire". Tbheritage.com. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
  16. ^ "Galopin pedigree". equineline.com. 2012-05-08. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
  17. ^ "Voltigeur". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
  18. ^ "NEWMARKET FIRST SPRING MEETING". York Herald. 29 April 1848. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  19. ^ Weatherby, Charles (1832). The General Stud Book. C. & W. Reynell, London. Retrieved 2013-01-20.
  20. ^ "Voltaire (GB) pedigree". equineline.com. Retrieved 2013-01-26.