Volujak (mountain)

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Volujak range
Volujak summit.JPG
Volujak summit with the pedestal of the Austrian triangulation device and Maglić in the background
Highest point
Elevation 2,336 m (7,664 ft)
Coordinates 43°13′55″N 18°43′01″E / 43.232°N 18.717°E / 43.232; 18.717Coordinates: 43°13′55″N 18°43′01″E / 43.232°N 18.717°E / 43.232; 18.717
Geography
Volujak range is located in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Volujak range
Volujak range
Location in Bosnia
Location Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
Montenegro Montenegro
Parent range Dinaric Alps

Volujak is a mountain range on the border of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro, within the entity of the Republika Srpska. Geologically, Volujak is a subrange of the Dinaric Alps and formed largely of secondary and tertiary sedimentary rock, mostly limestone and dolomite. It basically forms a long ridge on the southwest side of the Suhja valley, with the border between Bosnia-Herzegovina and Montenegro running alongside this ridge, where a sharp corner of BiH territory reaches into Montenegro. It is on the BiH side located within the Sutjeska National Park but has a protected status also on the Montegrin side. Notable peaks are Volujak (2,337 metres (7,667 ft)), Studenac (2,296 metres (7,533 ft)), Badnjine (2,245 metres (7,365 ft)) and Trnovački Durmitor (2,232 metres (7,323 ft)). Right at the northern foot of this last peak is the beautiful Trnovačko Lake situated. The Volujak range borders north-east on the Suhja valley and Maglić, on the south west side on the Izgori valley and the Lebršnik mountain group, in the north west by the Sutjeska (river) valley and on the south east side by the Bioč range. Volujak peak is the second highest elevation point in Bosnia Herzegovina. From its summit hikers obtain an impressive view of the surrounding peaks: Maglić, Veliko Vitao and, in the distance, Durmitor.

Toponymy[edit]

There seems to be fair amount of confusion regarding the toponymy of this remote mountain range. Some[1] argue that the most southern part of the range, including Volujak summit and Trnovački Durmitor should be regarded as a separate mountain range by the name of Vlasulja. Studenac would be the highest point of Volujak range and Volujak peak would be the highest point of Vlasulja. Others[2] refer to Volujak peak as Vlasulja. Recent writers [3] regard the massive, geologically uniform ridge as one single subrange of the Dinaric Alps and refer to it by the name of Volujak.

Hiking[edit]

The Volujak mountains were never affected by heavy combat during the 1992-1995 conflict and mine risk is therefore minimal.[4] Volujak is a relatively wild and remote place though, so hikers should be well prepared. As the approach towards the main peaks of the Volujak range from either sides crosses the international border between BiH and Montenegro a valid passport should be carried. The international border here was established after the Austro-Hungarian Empire occupied Bosnia following the Congress of Berlin in 1878. The Austrians installed a Triangulation device on the summit of Volujak Peak. The pedestal of that device can still be found on the Volujak summit. A rich fauna exists around these mountains.[5] There are several bears that roam the slopes of Volujak. Chamois and large eagles are very likely to be observed in this area. The horses that roam around at Volujak are not wild, but certainly seem to know how to survive without regular supervision.

References[edit]

  1. ^ See the Volujak overview on http://www.summitpost.org/volujak/498416, citation of Mr Božidar Cerovic, a Montegrin mountain writer.
  2. ^ Several maps, f.i. Freytag & Berndt: Bosnia Hercegovina 1:500 000 road map
  3. ^ Matias Gomez: Forgotten Beauty, a hiker's guide to BiH's 2000 meter peaks, page 85 to 86, ISBN 978-9958-630-59-0, Buybook, Sarajevo, 2005
  4. ^ BiH Mine Action Centre (Annually updated) Mine Map
  5. ^ see also the article on Sutjeska National Park

External links[edit]