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Voluntary controlled school

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A voluntary controlled school (VC school) is a state-funded school in England and Wales in which a foundation or trust (usually a Christian denomination) has some formal influence in the running of the school. Such schools have less autonomy than voluntary aided schools, in which the foundation pays part of any building costs.


Voluntary controlled schools are a kind of "maintained school", meaning that they are funded by central government via the local authority, and do not charge fees to students. The majority are also faith schools.

The land and buildings are typically owned by a charitable foundation, which also appoints about a quarter of the school governors. However, the local authority employs the school's staff and has primary responsibility for the school's admission arrangements. Specific exemptions from Section 85 of the Equality Act 2010 enables VC faith schools to use faith criteria in prioritising pupils for admission to the schools.[1]

Pupils at voluntary controlled schools follow the National Curriculum.[2][3][4]


Prior to the Education Act 1944, voluntary schools were those associated with a foundation, usually a religious group. That Act imposed higher standards on school facilities, and offered voluntary schools a choice in funding the costs this would incur.

  • Voluntary controlled schools would have all their costs met by the state, but would be controlled by the local education authority.
  • Voluntary aided schools would have all of their running costs met by the State, but their capital costs would only be partially state funded, with the foundation retaining greater influence over the school.

The Roman Catholic Church chose to retain control of its schools, while more than half of Church of England schools became voluntary controlled.[5]

By 2008, in England, approximately 15% of primary schools were voluntary controlled, almost all of them associated with the Church of England. Only 3% of secondary schools were voluntary controlled, of which about half were Church of England schools.[6]

In 2012, the Fair Admissions Campaign began to encourage local authorities to stop using faith criteria in admissions policies for VC schools.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Equality Act 2010". legislation.gov.uk. The National Archives. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  2. ^ "Categories of Schools - Overview". Governornet. Department for Children, Schools and Families. 5 September 2003. Archived from the original on 22 April 2009. Retrieved 20 January 2009.
  3. ^ "The Composition of Schools in England" (PDF). Department for Children, Schools and Families. June 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 February 2009. Retrieved 22 January 2009.
  4. ^ Types of School Archived 2009-05-04 at the Wayback Machine, Citizens Advice Bureau.
  5. ^ Lawson, John; Silver, Harold (1973). A Social History of Education in England. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-43251-1.
  6. ^ "Pupil Characteristics and Class Sizes in Maintained Schools in England: January 2008 (Provisional)". Department for Children, Schools and Families.
  7. ^ "Challenge local authorities". FAC Website. Fair Admissions Campaign. Retrieved 22 April 2014.