Volunteer Officers' Decoration for India and the Colonies

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Volunteer Officers' Decoration for India and the Colonies
Volunteer Officers' Decoration (Colonial).jpg
Awarded by the Monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and Empress of India
Country Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Type Military long service decoration
Eligibility Officers of the Volunteer Forces throughout the British Empire
Awarded for Twenty years meritorious service
Eighteen years service in India
Status Discontinued in 1899
Post-nominals VD
Statistics
Established 1894
Order of wear
Next (higher) Volunteer Long Service Medal
Next (lower) Volunteer Long Service Medal for India and the Colonies
Related Volunteer Officers' Decoration
Ribbon - Volunteer Officers' Decoration.png
Ribbon bar

The Volunteer Officers' Decoration was instituted in 1892 as an award for long and meritorious service by officers of the United Kingdom's Volunteer Force. In 1894, the grant of the decoration was extended to commissioned officers of Volunteer Forces throughout the British Empire. A separate new decoration was instituted, the Volunteer Officers' Decoration for India and the Colonies, post-nominal letters VD.[1][2]

Awarding of this decoration was discontinued in 1899, when it was superseded by the Colonial Auxiliary Forces Officers' Decoration and later, in respect of India, by the Indian Volunteer Forces Officers' Decoration.[3][4]

Origin[edit]

The Volunteer Officers' Decoration, colloquially known as the Volunteer Decoration, was instituted by Queen Victoria's Royal Warrant on 25 July 1892. The decoration could be awarded to efficient and thoroughly capable officers of proven capacity for long and meritorious service in the part-time Volunteer Force of the United Kingdom. The qualifying period of service was twenty years.[1]

Institution[edit]

On 24 May 1894, the grant of the Volunteer Officers' Decoration was extended by Queen Victoria's Royal Warrant to commissioned officers of Volunteer Forces throughout the British Empire, defined as being India, the Dominion of Canada, the Crown Colonies and the Crown Dependencies. A separate new decoration was instituted, the Volunteer Officers' Decoration for India and the Colonies. This decoration was similar in design to the Volunteer Officers' Decoration, but bore the Royal Cypher "VRI" (Victoria Regina Imperatrix) instead of "VR" (Victoria Regina).[2][5]

Even so, some Crown Dependencies continued to award the Volunteer Officers' Decoration instead of the Colonial version, until the Efficiency Decoration was instituted in September 1930.[4][6]

Award criteria[edit]

The qualifying period of service was also twenty years, except in India where it was eighteen years. Service in the Volunteer Forces of any portion of the Empire was reckoned as part of the qualifying service required for this Decoration, while half of any previous service in the Permanent Forces of the Empire also counted towards qualification. The award did not confer any individual precedence, but entitled the recipient to use the post-nominal letters VD.[1][2][5][7]

The power of conferring the decoration and of revoking the award was exercised on behalf of the Queen by the Governor-General of India, the Governor-General of the Dominion of Canada or the Governors of the respective Colonies or Dependencies. The names of officers of the Empire who were awarded the decoration, or whose award was revoked, were published in the Official Gazettes of India or of the relevant Crown Colony or Dependency instead of in the London Gazette.[2]

Order of wear[edit]

In the order of wear prescribed by the British Central Chancery of the Orders of Knighthood, the Volunteer Officers' Decoration for India and the Colonies takes precedence after the Volunteer Long Service Medal and before the Volunteer Long Service Medal for India and the Colonies.[8]

South Africa[edit]

With effect from 6 April 1952, when a new South African set of decorations and medals was instituted to replace the British awards used to date, the older British decorations and medals which were applicable to South Africa continued to be worn in the same order of precedence but, with the exception of the Victoria Cross, took precedence after all South African decorations and medals awarded to South Africans on or after that date. Of the official British medals which were applicable to South Africans, the Volunteer Officers' Decoration for India and the Colonies takes precedence as shown.[8][9][10]

Medal for Long Service and Good Conduct (South Africa) Volunteer Officers' Decoration for India and the Colonies Volunteer Long Service Medal for India and the Colonies

Description[edit]

The decoration is an oval skeletal design and was struck in silver, with parts of the obverse in silver-gilt. It is 43 millimetres (1.69 inches) high and 35.5 millimetres (1.4 inches) wide, with a ring suspender formed of silver wire.[4][5]

Obverse

The obverse is an oak leaf wreath in silver, tied with gold, with the Royal Cypher "VRI" below the Royal Crown, both in gold, in the centre.[4][5]

Reverse

The reverse is plain, with the hallmarks impressed at the bottom. The decoration was awarded unnamed, but was frequently unofficially engraved in various styles.[4]

Ribbon

The ribbon is the same as that of the Volunteer Officers' Decoration, dark green and 1 12 inches (38 millimetres) wide. It is suspended from a silver bar-brooch, decorated with an oak leaf pattern.[1][4]

Discontinuation[edit]

In 1899, except in respect of the Indian Empire where it would later be superseded by the Indian Volunteer Forces Officers' Decoration, the Volunteer Officers' Decoration for India and the Colonies was superseded by the Colonial Auxiliary Forces Officers' Decoration, instituted by Royal Warrant on 18 May 1899 and amended by further Warrants on 3 August 1902 and 9 June 1921.[3][4][6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "No. 26311". The London Gazette. 29 July 1892. p. 4303. 
  2. ^ a b c d "No. 26516". The London Gazette. 26 May 1894. p. 3115. 
  3. ^ a b "No. 27085". The London Gazette. 2 June 1899. p. 3517. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g North East Medals - The Volunteer Officers' Decoration (Accessed 28 June 2015)
  5. ^ a b c d South African Medal Website – Colonial Military Forces (Accessed 6 May 2015)
  6. ^ a b "Volunteer Officer's Decoration, George V issue, miniature". www.medal-medaille.com. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "No. 33049". The London Gazette. 22 May 1925. p. 3446. 
  8. ^ a b "No. 56878". The London Gazette (Supplement). 17 March 2003. p. 3353. 
  9. ^ Government Notice no. 1982 of 1 October 1954 - Order of Precedence of Orders, Decorations and Medals, published in the Government Gazette of 1 October 1954.
  10. ^ Republic of South Africa Government Gazette Vol. 477, no. 27376, Pretoria, 11 March 2005, OCLC 72827981