Volute (pump)

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Pump and volute casing

The volute of a centrifugal pump is the casing that receives the fluid being pumped by the impeller, slowing down the fluid's rate of flow. A volute is a curved funnel that increases in area as it approaches the discharge port.[1] The volute converts kinetic energy into pressure by reducing speed while increasing pressure, helping to balance the hydraulic pressure on the shaft of the pump.[2]

Large water pump from the floating docks at Gloucester

The name "volute" is inspired by the resemblance of this kind of casing to the scroll-like part near the top of an ionic order column in classical architecture, called a volute.

Split volute[edit]

In a split volute or double volute pump, the path along the volute is partitioned, providing two distinct discharge paths. The streams start out 180 degrees from each other, and merge by the time they reach the discharge port. This arrangement helps to balance the radial force on the bearings.[3]


  1. ^ Hoffman, Russell D. (February 2002). "All About Pumps — Volute Pumps". The Internet Glossary of Pumps. The Animated Software Company. Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
  2. ^ "Centrifugal Pumps: Basic Concepts of Operation, Maintenance, and Troubleshooting (Part I)". The Chemical Engineers' Resource Page. www.cheresources.com. 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
  3. ^ "Centrifugal Pumps Review". Engineers Edge. Retrieved July 25, 2016.