The volute of a centrifugal pump is the casing that receives the fluid being pumped by the impeller, slowing down the fluid's rate of flow. A volute is a curved funnel that increases in area as it approaches the discharge port. The volute converts kinetic energy into pressure by reducing speed while increasing pressure, helping to balance the hydraulic pressure on the shaft of the pump.
In a split volute or double volute pump, the path along the volute is partitioned, providing two distinct discharge paths. The streams start out 180 degrees from each other, and merge by the time they reach the discharge port. This arrangement helps to balance the radial force on the bearings.
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- "Centrifugal Pumps: Basic Concepts of Operation, Maintenance, and Troubleshooting (Part I)". The Chemical Engineers' Resource Page. www.cheresources.com. 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-23.
- "Centrifugal Pumps Review". Engineers Edge. Retrieved July 25, 2016.
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