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Kalmar, Sweden (VKA)
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Mid-size luxury / Executive car (E)|
|Body style||4-door sedan|
|Related||Volvo 140 Series|
|Engine||3.0L B30 straight-6|
|Transmission||M400 4-speed manual
M410 4-speed manual overdrive
BW-35 3-speed automatic
|Wheelbase||2,720 mm (107.1 in)|
|Length||4,714 mm (185.6 in)|
|Width||1,730 mm (68.1 in)|
|Height||1,440 mm (56.7 in)|
|Curb weight||1,451 kg (3,199 lb)|
|Predecessor||Volvo PV831 Disponent
The Volvo 164 is a 4-door, 6-cylinder luxury sedan unveiled by Volvo at the Paris Motor Show early in October 1968 and first sold as a 1969 model. 46,008 164s were built before the car was superseded by the 264 in 1975. The 164 was Volvo's first venture into the luxury segment since the end of PV 60 production in 1950, and was the first six-cylinder Volvo since the PV800 last produced in 1958.
Jan Wilsgaard designed what would eventually become the 164 in the late 1950s as a concept car called the P358 and powered by a V8 engine. The front styling was inspired both by the Wolseley 6/99 and the Volvo P1900.
In 1968 Volvo introduced the 164 as a luxury version of their 140 series. The wings, the grille, the front bumper, the bonnet, the headlamp bezels, and the front indicators were all unique to the 164; to accommodate the long 3-litre 6-cylinder engine the 164's wings and bonnet were longer than those of the 4-cylinder 140, but the overall height and width of the 164 were the same as the 140 series. The interior featured a simulated woodgrain dashboard face and leather seating surfaces. Introduced the same year as the BMW E3, the 164 was Volvo's answer to the Mercedes-Benz 250 and Jaguar XJ6. Despite being relatively heavy, the 164 gave favourable fuel economy compared to other 6-cylinder European cars of similar dimensions such as the BMW 530.
In 1973 the 164 received a facelift including new rear and side lamps, a new grille and front bumper, new flush-mounted lift-type exterior door handles, new wing mirrors, and a new instrument cluster and dashboard which included air ducts. In 1974 the vent wings were eliminated from the front doors, and the 164 became one of the earliest cars to offer heated seats. A limited edition of the 164, the 164TE was made only in 1974 and only for 3 markets, Great Britain, Germany and Australia. The 164TE had extra accessories fitted as standard, being air conditioning, 4 speaker 8 track player with radio, headlight wipe/wash system, rear head rests and rear reading lamps and a fully carpeted boot with lighting. This more upmarket version was only available in 3 colours, being metallic light blue (colour 111), metallic copper (colour 105) and metallic teal (colour 115).
For 1975, the PRV engine was not available for the American market so the 164 was produced for one more year for America and Japan only. The 164 received new larger 6-panel rear lamps, electronic ignition, new seats, electric windows in the front, a new style of badging, extensive changes to the rear suspension, and the parking brake handle was moved from outboard to inboard of the driving seat. Due to much of the changes coming from the 200 series, as the 200 series switched to metric bolt patterns, the 164 uses both imperial and metric bolt patterns on the car.
Engine and powertrain
1969–1971 models were all equipped with dual Zenith Stromberg 175CD2SE constant-depression carburettors. In 1972, Bosch's first volume-production electronic fuel injection system, D-Jetronic, was offered as optional equipment. Carburettors were dropped and "D-Jet" became standard equipment for the 1973 model year. Cars equipped with the fuel injection were badged as 164E models, the "E" standing for einspritzung (German for "injection"). Like other fuel-injected Volvos, the 164E models gave improved performance and driveability with less toxic exhaust than their carbureted counterparts.
Volvo 164E 160hk/DIN. Acc 0–100 km/h 8,7 sec. Acc 0–160 km/h 24,4 sec. Top speed 193,5 km/h.
Volvo 164E AUT 160hk/DIN. Acc 0–100 km/h 11,9 sec. Acc 0–160 km/h 35,2 sec. Top speed 188 km/h.
References: Autozeitung nr 8-1972 and Autozeitung nr 1-1973.
Transmission options included a manual 4-speed M400 gearbox, which was known as the M410 when equipped with the optional electrically operated Laycock de Normanville overdrive. Both the M400 and M410 had Volvo's "remote control" shifter, which used a conventionally short, vertical shift stick placed between the front seats; manual-shift models other than the 164 and the P1800 continued until 1971 to use Volvo's direct-control shifter with an extremely long, almost horizontal shift lever with its pivot point well under the dashboard. A 3-speed automatic transmission, the BW35 made by Borg-Warner, was also offered. The automatic shift selector was mounted on the steering column from 1969 through 1971, and on the floor from 1972 through 1975. Despite its rough operation and inefficiency, the BW35 was popular in the North American and Australian markets.
Body and chassis
The 164 was offered only as a 4-door sedan, and shares many body and chassis components with the 144. Despite strenuous calls from Volvo dealers for a 6-cylinder Volvo station wagon, including a prototype built in Melbourne, Australia in 1972 [and which is now undergoing a full restoration by a Volvo collector in Melbourne] and possibly another in South Africa, an estate version of the 164 was never offered. Because of the shared components between the 140 and 164, several private parties have constructed station wagon and 2-door hardtop versions with 164 front ends. From the cowl rearward, body sheetmetal is identical with the exception of the remote shifter transmission tunnel, which was added to the 140 series in 1972. The front of the 164 was extended 60 cm and the wheelbase gained 10 cm to accommodate the length of the 6-cylinder engine.
When developing the Volvo 262C coupé in the mid-seventies, Volvo employed a 164 as a testbed. The resulting two-door "162" with a chopped and vinyl-covered roof—features that were eventually applied to the 262C—is on permanent display at the Volvo Museum in Gothenburg, Sweden.
- "New for '69 Volvo six". Autocar. vol. Vol. 129 no. 3790. 3 October 1968. p. 52.
- "VOLVO 164 | Car Specs | Octane". Classicandperformancecar.com. Archived from the original on 2012-03-26.
- Norbye, Jan P. (November 1974). "How to pick an imported car that meets your needs". Popular Science. Vol. 205 no. 5. pp. 74–79. Retrieved 2011-12-27.
- "Volvo 164 Model Years". 164club.org. Retrieved 2011-11-30.
- "D-Jetronic History and Fundamentals". Members.rennlist.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
- IMCDB: Volvo 164s in movies and TV shows
- Volvo 164 Club of Sweden
- Volvo Club UK
- Photo history of the design conception of the Volvo 164
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Volvo 164.|
|Sedan||PV 4||PV650 Series||PV444||PV544|
|Luxury car||PV 36||PV 60||164|
|2-door saloon / Shooting-brake||P1800||1800S||1800E||1800ES|
|Taxicab||TR670 Series||PV800 Series|