Volvo ECC

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A Volvo ECC.
A Volvo ECC. rear

The Volvo ECC (Environmental Concept Car) was an executive luxury concept car built by Volvo in 1992.[1] It was a design exercise in using recycled material and hybrid technology.[2] It was powered by a hybrid electric and gas turbine engine. Many of its lines and general styling were used as inspiration for the first generation Volvo S80.[3]

The Volvo ECC was built on the Volvo P80 platform.[1][3] In contrast to most production hybrids, which use a gasoline piston engine to provide additional acceleration and to recharge the battery storage, the Volvo ECC used a gas turbine engine to drive the generator for recharging. This type of engine has a higher thermodynamic efficiency than the conventional internal combustion engine with pistons. Also in Volvo's design, the fuel is evaporated and mixed with air before ignition. This provides a very low NOx emission. The driver can also switch between gas turbine electric and hybrid by switches on the dashboard.

The maximum power available was 95 brake horsepower,[4] with 76 available for continuous use.[4] It had a drag coefficient of 0.23.[3] With the vehicle weighing approximately 1580 kg[3] or 3483 pounds[4] more than a conventional Volvo 850, acceleration from zero to sixty miles per hour took 23 seconds in EV mode and 12.5 seconds with the turbine engaged.[5] Top speed was 109 miles per hour (175 km/h). The vehicle's range on batteries alone was 90 miles (140 km), and when combined with a full tank of fuel for the turbine, about 415 miles (668 km).[6]

The Volvo ECC was debuted at a time when California was seeking Zero Pollution Vehicles (ZPV). With its gas turbine, the Volvo ECC was not a zero-emissions vehicle, and hence did not meet the needs of the time. With the focus now shifted away from true zero-emissions vehicles, many of the concepts tested in the ECC may prove of value in future concept and production vehicles.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ronan Glon (2 September 2014). "1992 Paris Motor Show: Volvo introduces the Environmental Concept Car". ranwhenparked.net. Retrieved 2017-08-06. 
  2. ^ Owen Ready (11 December 2015). "Concept Car of the Week: Volvo ECC (1992)". www.cardesignnews.com. Retrieved 2017-08-06. 
  3. ^ a b c d Volvo Car Corporation (1 March 2005). "Volvo ECC – the car that gave the world a preview of Volvo's future already back in 1992". media.volvocars.com. Retrieved 2017-08-06. 
  4. ^ a b c Len Frank. "Volvo Environmental Concept Car - Driving the Future". www.lacar.com. Retrieved 2017-08-06. 
  5. ^ Ron Cogan (February 1993). "Volvo Hybrid Environmental Concept Car". www.greencar.com. Archived from the original on 2009-05-04. Retrieved 2017-08-06. 
  6. ^ Len Frank (January 1994). "Volvo's environmental turbine car". Popular Science. p. 48. Retrieved 2017-08-06. 

External links[edit]

Volvo C30 ReCharge Concept