Volvo Engine Architecture

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Volvo Engine Architecture
Four-cylinder diesel VEA display engine painted white
Overview
Manufacturer
Also called
Production2013[10]–present
Layout
ConfigurationI3,[11] I4[12]
Displacement1.5 L[11][13][14] – 2.0 L[15]
Block materialAluminum[16]
Head materialAluminum[16]
ValvetrainDOHC[17]
RPM range
Idle825 rpm – 850 rpm
Redline
  • Petrol: 6000 rpm
  • Diesel: 5000 rpm
Combustion
Fuel system
Management
Fuel type
Oil systemWet sump
Cooling systemWater-cooled
Emissions
Emissions target standard
Emissions control technology
Chronology
Predecessor

The Volvo Engine Architecture[12] (VEA) is a family of straight-three and straight-four automobile petrol and diesel engines produced by Volvo Cars in Skövde,[29] Sweden, since 2013[30] and Zhangjiakou,[31] China since 2016.[32] Volvo markets all engines under the Drive–E[33][18][34] designation,[35] while Geely groups the three-cylinder variants with its other engines under the G-power[36] name.


History[edit]

Development of the new engine family began in 2006,[37] with the decision to only produce four-cylinder engines being finalised in 2007.[37] The intention was to produce smaller,[38] more economical and environmentally friendly[39] engines that would be fitted to every Volvo model. In 2008[16] Volvo began to upgrade its Skövde engine plant and invested roughly 2 billion SEK[40] into development and tooling for the VEA.[10]

In the autumn of 2013,[21] the first cars with the new engines were delivered to customers, starting with the S60 II and V60 models.[41] At the same time, Volvo began to phase out the five-cylinder petrol and diesel engines,[42] the six-cylinder petrol engines as well as any four-cylinder engines from other manufacturers.[40] Until the end of 2015,[43] nearly all other engines had been phased out, with only a few non VEA engines remaining in production for select models.[44]

In December 2014, Volvo introduced the first hybrid variant of a VEA engine with the launch of the XC90 T8. It uses an electric rear axle drive (ERAD) for both electric propulsion and AWD capabilities. Hybrid engines are equipped with a crankshaft integrated starter generator (CISG) that is used to start the engine, capture otherwise lost energy when slowing down and reduce lag at low rpm by acting as an additional supercharger. Volvo refers to this type of hybrid implementation as Twin Engine.[45] In 2015 no three-cylinder engines were released, instead four-cylinder variants with 1.5 L capacity were introduced as base engines on some models.[46]
Volvo nearly completed the phaseout in 2016[47] with only two variants of the five-cylinder diesel remaining in production for the 60-series models. With the introduction of Volvo's new flagship sedan in 2016, the S90, the PowerPulse anti-lag system for the top of the range diesel engines was unveiled. It uses a small tank of compressed air that can instantaneously be released into the turbocharger to help with spool up, thereby reducing turbo lag.[48][49]

Volvo began testing of three-cylinder variants in mid 2014,[50] it had been planned to introduce these engines[11] in 2015. With their smaller capacity and less power they were meant to be used as base engines.[13] In the second half of 2017, the first production VEA three-cylinder engine was released with the debut of the LEVC TX, where it is used as a range extender. The first Volvo three-cylinder VEA was slated for introduction in 2018 for the XC40 under the T3 engine designation,[51] however it saw only limited release.

Due to stricter emissions laws, additional and improved emissions control equipment was introduced, beginning in the second half of 2017 for the 2018 model year. Diesel engines gained a SCR-catalyst to decrease NOx emissions, petrol engines received a particle filter. These changes are referred to as VEA GEN2. This improved the emissions rating to Euro 6c and for some engines to Euro 6d-TEMP.[52][53] The improvements were rolled out in stages and some engines, particularly the hybrid variants, remained in Euro 6 configuration until the second quarter of 2018. By model year 2019[54] all engines had been updated to achieve Euro 6d-TEMP certification, with some engines getting discontinued. All diesel engines are now equipped with Ad-Blue[nb 4] and all petrol engines with a particle filter.

Volvo has been developing a major update for all its engines since 2017. It is code-named VEA GEN3 (with VEP GEN3 and VED GEN3[55] respectively) and part of Volvo's effort to hybridize all of its engines. The MHEV variants will have a 48V network separate from the high-voltage battery system.

New B badging for hybrid vehicles.[56] Deviating from the previously introduced T<some number> (1994 with the T-5, without the dash in 1996 for X70) and D<some number> (2002 with the D5 engine, expanded in ~2009 with D4 and D3 subdivision) naming/badging scheme. The system uses kinetic energy recovery via a belt driven integrated starter generator (BISG) which is stored in a 48V 0.25 kWh lion battery. Under heavy load or rapid acceleration the BISG is used as an power adder. P0 hybridization. [57][58][59][60][61]

Nomenclature[edit]

The engine codes consist of a series of letters and digits. Different formats are used by Volvo and Geely.

Volvo[edit]

The actual, broadly used engine code is 7 or 8 characters long. Hybrid models can have a second engine code that is 7 characters long, mild hybrids engine codes are 6 characters long. Different, more general engine codes are used for some certification and approval documents and are 6 to 8 characters long. An additional 2 characters are used to identify each specific engine variant with a MP or HP suffix to differentiate performance.[17]

Mild hybrid engine codes:

  • 1st: Fuel type identifier (B/D) B = Bensin (Petrol) D = Diesel
  • 2nd: Number of cylinders (3/4)
  • 3rd & 4th: Approximate displacement in deciliters, may be rounded up or down (19 ~= 2.0 L)
  • 5th: Induction method (T) T = turbocharged
  • 6th: Engine variant (2/8)

Geely[edit]

The actual engine code is 10 or 11 characters long.

Standard engine codes:

  • 1st, 2nd & 3rd: Identifier (JL/JLE/JLF/JLH/JLY)
  • 4th: Spacing (-)
  • 5th: Number of cylinders (3/4)
  • 6th: Fuel type (D/G) D = Diesel, G = Petrol
  • 7th & 8th: Approximate displacement in deciliters, may be rounded up or down (19 ~= 2.0 L)
  • 9th or 9th & 10th or 9th, 10th & 11th: Induction method (T/TD/TDB/TDC) T = turbocharged, TD = turbocharged with direct injection, TDB = turbocharged, direct injection & ?, TDC = turbocharged, direct injection & ?

Petrol[edit]

1.5[edit]

All three-cylinder 1.5 L (1,477 cc) petrol engines have a bore of 82 mm (3.2 in) and a stroke of 93.2 mm (3.7 in) with a compression ratio of 10.5:1. All engines are turbocharged and intercooled with direct injection.

All four-cylinder 1.5 L (1,498 cc) petrol engines have a bore of 82 mm (3.2 in) and a stroke of 70.9 mm (2.8 in) with a compression ratio of 10.5:1. All engines are turbocharged and intercooled with direct injection. All engines are equipped with an electric water pump, but no balancer shafts.

B3154T[edit]

The B3154T is usually only referred to as range extender. It delivers 82 PS (60 kW; 81 hp) at 4000 rpm and 255 N⋅m (188 lb⋅ft).[68] When running it only recharges the high voltage battery, thus functioning as a range extender giving approx. 300 miles of additional range.[69] Single turbocharger.

CISG.

Emissions level Euro 6.

Applications:

  • 2017–present LEVC TX badged as LEVC TX, LEVC TX e-City[70] or with no additional badging

B3154T[edit]

The B3154T[71] (11 or 14 for standard transmission and 15 for automatic) delivers 156 PS (115 kW; 154 hp) at 5000 rpm and 265 N⋅m (195 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1850–3850 rpm with standard transmission or 265 N⋅m (195 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1850–3850 rpm with automatic. Engine variant for cars equipped with a manual or automatic gearbox. Single turbocharger.

This engine is only available with a six-gear gearbox made by Volvo Cars or the Toyota AW8G30 gearbox.

It was replaced by the newer engine B3154T7 which retains the same ID code of 11 but not 14; automatic was changed to B3154T2 which retains the same ID code of 15.

Emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

B3154T2[edit]

The B3154T2 (15) delivers 163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp) at 5500 rpm and 265 N⋅m (195 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1500–3000 rpm. Engine variant for cars equipped with an automatic gearbox. Single turbocharger.

This engine is only available with the AW8G30 gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

B3154T3[edit]

The B3154T3 delivers 129 PS (95 kW; 127 hp) at 5000 rpm and 250 N⋅m (180 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1550–3000 rpm.

Emissions level euro 6dtemp.

Applications:

B3154T5[edit]

The B3154T5 (BB) delivers 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) at 5800 rpm and 265 N⋅m (195 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1500–3000 rpm. The front electric motor (EFAD) delivers 82 PS (60 kW; 81 hp) and 160 N⋅m (120 lb⋅ft) of torque. Single turbocharger.

Battery capacity is 9.7 kWh.

This engine is only available with the 7DCTH[73] gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6d.

Applications:

  • 2020–present Volvo XC40 badged as XC40 T5 Twin Engine

B3154T7[edit]

The B3154T7 (11) delivers 163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp) at 5500 rpm and 265 N⋅m (195 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1850–3000 rpm. Engine variant for cars equipped with a manual gearbox. Single turbocharger.

This engine is only available with the M76 R6.2 gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

B3154T9[edit]

The B3154T9 delivers 129 PS (95 kW; 127 hp) at 5000 rpm and 245 N⋅m (181 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1600–3000 rpm. Single turbocharger.

Emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

JLH-3G15TD[edit]

The JLH-3G15TD delivers 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) at 5500 rpm and 265 N⋅m (195 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1500–4000 rpm. Single turbocharger.

This engine is only available with a 7-speed DCT.

No emissions standard information.

Applications:

JLH-3G15TDC[edit]

The JLH-3G15TDC delivers 156 PS (115 kW; 154 hp) at 5000 rpm and 245 N⋅m (181 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1450–4000 rpm. Single turbocharger.

Emissions level China V.

Applications:

B4154T2[edit]

The B4154T2[76] (32) delivers 152 PS (112 kW; 150 hp) at 5000 rpm and 250 N⋅m (180 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1800–4000 rpm. Engine variant for cars equipped with an automatic gearbox. Single turbocharger.

This engine is only available with an automatic gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

B4154T3[edit]

The B4154T3 (33) delivers 122 PS (90 kW; 120 hp) at 5000 rpm and 220 N⋅m (160 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1800–3500 rpm. Engine variant for cars equipped with an automatic gearbox. Single turbocharger.

Emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

B4154T4[edit]

The B4154T4 (29) delivers 152 PS (112 kW; 150 hp)[77] at 5000 rpm and 250 N⋅m (180 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1700–4000 rpm. Engine variant for cars equipped with an automatic gearbox. Single turbocharger.

This engine is only available with the AW TF-71SC gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6b.

Applications:

B4154T5[edit]

The B4154T5 (28) delivers 122 PS (90 kW; 120 hp) at 5000 rpm and 220 N⋅m (160 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1600–3500 rpm. Engine variant for cars equipped with an automatic gearbox. Single turbocharger.

This engine is only available with the AW TF-71SC gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6b, upgraded to Euro 6d-TEMP with model year 2018.

Applications:

B4154T6[edit]

The B4154T6 delivers 122 PS (90 kW; 120 hp) at 5000 rpm and 220 N⋅m (160 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1600–3500 rpm. Single turbocharger.

This engine is only available with the AW TF-71SC gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6b.

Applications:

B4204T5[edit]

The B4204T5 delivers 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) at 5800 rpm and 265 N⋅m (195 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1500–3000 rpm. The front electric motor (EFAD) delivers 82 PS (60 kW; 81 hp) at 4000 rpm and 160 N⋅m (120 lb⋅ft) of torque at 3500 rpm. Single turbocharger.

Battery capacity is 10.7 kWh.

This engine is only available with the 7DCT gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

  • 2020–present Volvo XC40 badged as XC40 Twin Engine or XC40 T5 Twin Engine

2.0[edit]

All 2.0 L (1,969 cc) petrol engines have a bore of 82 mm (3.2 in) and a stroke of 93.2 mm (3.7 in) with a compression ratio of 10.3:1.[83] All engines are turbocharged and intercooled with direct injection. More powerful versions are equipped with a roots type supercharger in addition to being turbocharged and intercooled. All engines come with an electric water pump and balancer shafts.

JLH-4G20TD[edit]

The JLH-4G20TD delivers 190 PS (140 kW; 187 hp) at 4700 rpm and 300 N⋅m (220 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1400–4000 rpm. Single turbocharger.

Emissions level China VI.

Applications:

JLH-4G20TDB[edit]

The JLH-4G20TDB delivers 238 PS (175 kW; 235 hp) and 350 N⋅m (260 lb⋅ft) of torque.[84]

Emissions level China VIB.

Applications:

B4204T9[edit]

The B4204T9[86] (49) delivers 302 PS (222 kW; 298 hp) at 5700 rpm and 400 N⋅m (300 lb⋅ft) of torque between 2100–4500 rpm.[87] For 2016 minor changes increased power output to 306 PS (225 kW; 302 hp) at 5700 rpm.[88] Turbocharger and supercharger.

This engine is only available with the AW TG-81SC gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6, beginning with model year 2018 emissions level Euro 6b.[89]

Applications:

B4204T10[edit]

The B4204T10[62] (27) delivers 302 PS (222 kW; 298 hp) at 5700 rpm and 400 N⋅m (300 lb⋅ft) of torque between 2100–4500 rpm. Turbocharger and supercharger.

This engine is only available with the AW TG-81SC gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6b.

Applications:

B4204T11[edit]

The B4204T11[94] (40) delivers 245 PS (180 kW; 242 hp) at 5500 rpm and 350 N⋅m (260 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1500–4800 rpm.[95] The compression ratio was changed to 10.8:1. Single turbocharger.

This engine is only available with the AW TG-81SC gearbox.

A specially designed ULEV2 emissions variant of this engine exists.[96]

Emissions level Euro 6.

Applications:

B4204T12[edit]

The B4204T12[94] (26) delivers 240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp) at 5600 rpm and 350 N⋅m (260 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1500–4500 rpm. Single turbocharger.

This engine is a PZEV[17] emissions variant and features additional emissions reducing equipment.[110][111][112]

Applications:

B4204T14[edit]

The B4204T14 (13) delivers 247 PS (182 kW; 244 hp) at 5500 rpm[115] and 350 N⋅m (260 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1800–4800 rpm. The compression ratio was changed to 10.8:1. Single turbocharger.

The engine is equipped with a particle filter. Emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

B4204T15[edit]

The B4204T15[116] delivers 220 PS (162 kW; 217 hp) at 5500 rpm and 350 N⋅m (260 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1500–4000 rpm. The compression ration was changed to 10.8:1.[117] Single turbocharger.

This engine is only available with the AW TG-81SC gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6.

Applications:

B4204T17[edit]

The B4204T17 (36) delivers 122 PS (90 kW; 120 hp) at 5000 rpm and 220 N⋅m (160 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1200–3500 rpm. The compression ratio was changed to 11.3:1. Single turbocharger.

This engine is only available with the M76 R6.2 gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

B4204T18[edit]

The B4204T18 (16) delivers 252 PS (185 kW; 249 hp) at 5500 rpm and 350 N⋅m (260 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1500–4800 rpm.[121] Single turbocharger.
Nominal rated power is 280 PS (206 kW; 276 hp) at 5500 rpm.

Missing gearbox information.

Emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

B4204T19[edit]

The B4204T19 (41) delivers 190 PS (140 kW; 187 hp)[122] at 4700 rpm and 300 N⋅m (220 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1350–4000 rpm.[95] The compression ratio was changed to 11.3:1. Single turbocharger.

This engine is available with the M66H, M76, AW TF81-SC and AW TF-71SC gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6, beginning with model year 2018 emissions level Euro 6b.

Applications:

B4204T20[edit]

The B4204T20 (8) delivers 249 PS (183 kW; 246 hp) at 5500 rpm and 350 N⋅m (260 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1500–4500 rpm. Single turbocharger.

Emissions level Euro 6, for the XC60 II emissions level Euro 6b.

Applications:

B4204T21[edit]

The B4204T21 (57) delivers 190 PS (140 kW; 187 hp) at 5000 rpm and 320 N⋅m (240 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1500–4000 rpm.[128] Single turbocharger.

This engine is only available with the AW TG-81SC gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6.

Applications:

B4204T23[edit]

The B4204T23 (10) delivers 254 PS (187 kW; 251 hp) at 5500 rpm and 350 N⋅m (260 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1500–4800 rpm. Single turbocharger.

In Europe emissions level Euro 6, for the XC60 II emissions level Euro 6b.
In China emissions level China VI.

Applications:

B4204T26[edit]

The B4204T26 (25) delivers 250 PS (184 kW; 247 hp) at 5500 rpm and 350 N⋅m (260 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1800–4800 rpm. The compression ratio was changed to 11.8:1. Single turbocharger.

This engine is only available with the AW TG-81SC gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6, during model year 2018 upgraded to emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

B4204T27[edit]

The B4204T27[138] (A2) delivers 320 PS (235 kW; 316 hp) at 5700 rpm and 400 N⋅m (300 lb⋅ft) of torque between 2200–5400 rpm. Turbocharger and supercharger.

Emissions level Euro 6, upgraded to Euro 6b for model year 2017, beginning with model year 2018 emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

B4204T28[edit]

The B4204T28[139][140][141] (BC), later B4204T28 (B1FPHEV) (BR), delivers 318 PS (234 kW; 314 hp)[142] at 5700 rpm and 400 N⋅m (300 lb⋅ft) of torque between 2200–5400 rpm. The rear electric motor (ERAD) delivers 87 PS (64 kW; 86 hp) and 240 N⋅m (180 lb⋅ft) of torque. Turbocharger and supercharger.

Battery capacity was 9.2 kWh for model years 2016 and 2017. It was increased to 10.4 kWh[143] beginning with model year 2018.

This engine is only available with the AW TG-81SC gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6b, from model year 2018 emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

  • 2018–present Volvo XC60 II badged as XC60 T8, XC60 T8 AWD, XC60 Twin Engine[144] or XC60 T8 TWIN ENGINE AWD
  • 2018–present Volvo S90 II badged as S90 T8, S90 T8 AWD, S90 Twin Engine[143] or S90 T8 TWIN ENGINE AWD
  • 2019–present Volvo V90 II badged as V90 T8, V90 T8 AWD, V90 Twin Engine or V90 T8 TWIN ENGINE AWD
  • 2016–present Volvo XC90 II badged as XC90 T8, XC90 T8 AWD, XC90 Twin Engine or XC90 T8 TWIN ENGINE AWD

B4204T29[edit]

The B4204T29[145][146][147] (A3) delivers 310 PS (228 kW; 306 hp) at 5700 rpm and 400 N⋅m (300 lb⋅ft) of torque between 2200–5400 rpm. Turbocharger and supercharger.

In the S60 III and V60 II, and for all other models from and including model year 2020, it delivers 310 PS (228 kW; 306 hp) at 5700 rpm and 400 N⋅m (300 lb⋅ft) of torque between 2200–5100 rpm. Turbocharger and supercharger.

This engine is only available with the AW TG-81SC gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6, from modeal year 2019 on emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

B4204T30[edit]

The B4204T30[148] delivers 190 PS (140 kW; 187 hp) at 4700 rpm and 300 N⋅m (220 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1400–4000 rpm.[149] Single turbocharger.

This engine is available with a 7-speed DCT.

Emissions level China VI.

Applications:

B4204T31[edit]

The B4204T31 (AK) delivers 190 PS (140 kW; 187 hp) at 5000 rpm and 300 N⋅m (220 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1600–4000 rpm. The compression ratio was changed to 11.8:1. Single turbocharger.

This engine is only available with the AW TG-81SC gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6, beginning with model year 2018 emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

B4204T32[edit]

The B4204T32[155] delivers 238 PS (175 kW; 235 hp) at 5700 rpm and 350 N⋅m (260 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1500–4500 rpm. The rear electric motor (ERAD) delivers 68 PS (50 kW; 67 hp) and 200 N⋅m (150 lb⋅ft) of torque.[156] Turbocharger and supercharger.

Battery capacity is 11.2 kWh.[157]

This engine is only available with the AW TG-81SC gearbox.

Emissions level China V.[158]

Applications:

B4204T33[edit]

The B4204T33 (35) delivers 152 PS (112 kW; 150 hp) at 5000 rpm and 250 N⋅m (180 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1300–4000 rpm.[161] Single turbocharger.

This engine is only available with the M76 manual transmission.

Emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

B4204T34[edit]

The B4204T34[163] (BM)[164] delivers 320 PS (235 kW; 316 hp) at 5700 rpm and 400 N⋅m (300 lb⋅ft) of torque between 2200–5400 rpm. The rear electric motor (ERAD) delivers 87 PS (64 kW; 86 hp) and 240 N⋅m (180 lb⋅ft) of torque. Turbocharger and supercharger.

In the newly released S60 III and V60 II,[165] and for all other models from and including model year 2020, it delivers 303 PS (223 kW; 299 hp) at 6000 rpm and 400 N⋅m (300 lb⋅ft) of torque between 2200–4800 rpm. The rear electric motor (ERAD) delivers 87 PS (64 kW; 86 hp) and 240 N⋅m (180 lb⋅ft) of torque. Turbocharger and supercharger.

Battery capacity was 10.4 kWh for model years 2018 and 2019. It was increased to 11.6 kWh[166] for model year 2020.

This engine is only available with the AW TG-81SD gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

  • 2019–present Volvo S60 III badged as S60 T8 Twin Engine
  • 2019–present Volvo V60 II badged as V60 T8 Twin Engine, V60 T8 Twin Engine AWD or V60 T8 Twin Engine eAWD[165]
  • 2018–present Volvo XC60 II badged as XC60 T8 or XC60 T8 TWIN ENGINE eAWD
  • 2018–present Volvo S90 II badged as S90L T8, S90 Excellence or S90L Excellence[167]
  • 2018–present Volvo XC90 II badged as XC90 T8 or XC90 T8 TWIN ENGINE[166]

B4204T35[edit]

The B4204T35[138][139] (B1APHEV)[64] (BA) delivers 320 PS (235 kW; 316 hp) at 5700 rpm and 400 N⋅m (300 lb⋅ft) of torque between 2200–5400 rpm. The rear electric motor (ERAD) delivers 87 PS (64 kW; 86 hp) and 240 N⋅m (180 lb⋅ft) of torque. Turbocharger and supercharger.

This engine is only available with the AW TG-81SC gearbox.

In Europe emissions level Euro 6, upgraded to emissions level Euro 6b, from model year 2018 on Euro 6d-TEMP.
In China emissions level China V,[168] upgraded to China VI.[169]

Applications:

  • 2020–present Volvo V60 II badged as V60 TBD
  • 2018–present Volvo XC60 II badged as XC60 T8, XC60 T8 AWD,[129] XC60 Twin Engine[144] or XC60 T8 TWIN ENGINE AWD
  • 2018–present Volvo S90 II badged as S90 T8, S90 T8 AWD, S90 Twin Engine or S90 T8 TWIN ENGINE AWD
  • 2018–present Volvo V90 II badged as V90 T8, V90 T8 AWD, V90 Twin Engine or V90 T8 TWIN ENGINE AWD
  • 2016–present Volvo XC90 II badged as XC90 T8, XC90 T8 AWD, XC90 Twin Engine[170] or XC90 T8 TWIN ENGINE AWD

B4204T36[edit]

The B4204T36 (3) delivers 249 PS (183 kW; 246 hp) at 5500 rpm and 350 N⋅m (260 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1800–4500 rpm.[121] Single turbocharger.

Emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

B4204T37[edit]

The B4204T37[171] (37) delivers 152 PS (112 kW; 150 hp) at 5000 rpm and 250 N⋅m (180 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1300–4000 rpm. The compression ratio was changed to 11.3:1. Engine variant for cars equipped with a manual gearbox. Single turbocharger.

This engine is only available with the M66H gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6.

Applications:

B4204T38[edit]

The B4204T38[171] (21) delivers 122 PS (90 kW; 120 hp) at 5000 rpm and 220 N⋅m (160 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1500–4800 rpm. The compression ratio was changed to 11.3:1. Engine variant for cars equipped with a manual gearbox. Single turbocharger.

This engine was only available with the M66H gearbox until model year 2017, afterwards it was only available with the M76 gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6.

Applications:

B4204T41[edit]

The B4204T41[171] delivers 245 PS (180 kW; 242 hp) at 5500 rpm and 350 N⋅m (260 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1500–4800 rpm. The compression ratio was changed to 8.6:1. Single turbocharger.

Emissions level Euro 6.

Applications:

B4204T43[edit]

The B4204T43[124] (A0) delivers 367 PS (270 kW; 362 hp) at 6000 rpm and 470 N⋅m (350 lb⋅ft) of torque between 3100–5100 rpm. The compression ratio was changed to 8.6:1.[175] Turbocharger and supercharger.

This engine is only available with the AW TG-81SC gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6.

Applications:

B4204T44[edit]

The B4204T44 (AL) delivers 190 PS (140 kW; 187 hp) at 5000 rpm and 350 N⋅m (260 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1400–4000 rpm. The compression ratio was changed to 10.8:1.[178] Single turbocharger.

This engine is only available with the gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6.

Applications:

B4204T45[edit]

The B4204T45 (??) delivers 253 PS (186 kW; 250 hp) at 5500 rpm and 350 N⋅m (260 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1700–5000 rpm. The rear electric motor (ERAD) delivers 87 PS (64 kW; 86 hp) and 240 N⋅m (180 lb⋅ft) of torque. Turbocharger and supercharger.

This engine is only available with an automatic gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

  • 2020–present Volvo S60 III badged as S60 T6, S60 T6 AWD or S60 T6 Twin Engine
  • 2019–present Volvo V60 II badged as V60 T8, V60 T8 AWD or V60 T8 Twin Engine

B4204T46[edit]

The B4204T46[165] (BF) delivers 253 PS (186 kW; 250 hp) at 5500 rpm and 400 N⋅m (300 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1700–5000 rpm. The rear electric motor (ERAD) delivers 87 PS (64 kW; 86 hp) and 240 N⋅m (180 lb⋅ft) of torque. Turbocharger and supercharger.

Battery capacity was 10.4 kWh for model year 2019. It was increased to 11.6 kWh for model year 2020.

This engine is only available with the AW TG-81SD gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

  • 2020–present Volvo S60 II badged as S60 T6 AWD
  • 2019–present Volvo V60 II badged as V60 T6 Twin Engine, V60 T6 Twin Engine AWD or V60 T6 Twin Engine eAWD

B4204T47[edit]

The B4204T47[71] (AC) delivers 190 PS (140 kW; 187 hp) at 4700 rpm and 300 N⋅m (220 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1400–4000 rpm. The compression ratio was changed to 11.3:1. Single turbocharger.

This engine is only available with the AW TG-81SC gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

  • 2019–present Volvo XC40 badged as XC40 T4 or XC40 T4 AWD

B4204T48[edit]

The B4204T48 (BT) delivers 318 PS at 5800–6100 rpm and 430 N⋅m (320 lb⋅ft) of torque at 4500 rpm. The rear electric motor (ERAD) delivers 87 PS (64 kW; 86 hp) and 240 N⋅m (180 lb⋅ft) of torque. Turbocharger and supercharger.

Battery capacity is 11.6 kWh.

This engine is only available with the AW TG-81SD gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

  • 2020–present Volvo S60 III badged as S60 Polestar Engineered or S60 T8 Twin Engine Polestar Engineered
  • 2020–present Volvo V60 II badged as V60 Polestar Engineered or V60 T8 Twin Engine Polestar Engineered
  • 2020–present Volvo XC60 II badged as XC60 Polestar Engineered or XC60 T8 Twin Engine Polestar Engineered
  • 2019–present Polestar 1 badged as Polestar 1

Diesel[edit]

2.0[edit]

All 2.0 L (1,969 cc) diesel engines have a bore of 82 mm (3.2 in) and a stroke of 93.2 mm (3.7 in) with a compression ratio of 15.8:1.[83] All engines are turbocharged and intercooled, certain variants are twin turbocharged. Some variants additionally are equipped with Variable Nozzle Geometrie (VNT)[180] turbochargers.[38] In order to achieve injection pressures of up to 2500 bar all engines are equipped with a belt driven fuel pump.[181] High power variants are equipped with balancer shafts and all variants have a mechanical water pump.[182]

D420T2 / D4204T2[edit]

The D420T2 / D4204T2[166] (K2) delivers 235 PS (173 kW; 232 hp) at 4000 rpm and 480 N⋅m (350 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1750–2250 rpm. The BISG delivers 14 PS (10 kW; 14 hp) at 3000 rpm and 50 N⋅m (37 lb⋅ft) of torque between 0–2300 rpm. Twin turbochargers.

This engine is only available with the AWF8G55 gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

D420T8 / D4204T8[edit]

The D420T8 / D4204T8 (K5) delivers 197 PS (145 kW; 194 hp) at 4000 rpm and 420 N⋅m (310 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1750–2750 rpm. The BISG delivers 14 PS (10 kW; 14 hp) at 3000 rpm and 50 N⋅m (37 lb⋅ft) of torque between 0–2300 rpm. Twin turbochargers.

This engine is only available with the AWF8G55 gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6d-Temp.

Applications:

D4204T4[edit]

The D4204T4[186] (AR) originally deliverd 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) at 4250 rpm, and 350 N⋅m (260 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1500–2500 rpm. Upgraded to 163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp) at 4250 rpm, and 400 N⋅m (300 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1500–2500 rpm. Twin turbochargers.

Emissions level Euro 6, later upgraded to emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

D4204T5[edit]

The D4204T5[188] (73) delivers 181 PS (133 kW; 179 hp) at 4250 rpm and 400 N⋅m (300 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1750–2500 rpm. Twin turbochargers.

This engine is available with the M66, AW TF-71SC and AW TG-81SC gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6.

Applications:

D4204T6[edit]

The D4204T6 (A7) delivers 190 PS (140 kW; 187 hp) at 4250 rpm and 420 N⋅m (310 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1500–2500 rpm. Single turbocharger.

Emissions level Euro 6.

Applications:

D4204T8[edit]

The D4204T8 (74) delivers 120 PS (88 kW; 118 hp) at 3750 rpm and 280 N⋅m (210 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1500–2250 rpm.[190] The compression ratio was changed to 16.0:1. Single turbocharger.

This engine was available with the M66 gearbox until model year 2017, afterwards it was available with the M76 gearbox. All model years are available with the AW TF-71SC gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6, upgraded to Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

D4204T9[edit]

The D4204T9[193] (79) delivers 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) at 3750 rpm and 320 N⋅m (240 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1750–3000 rpm. The compression ratio was changed to 16.0:1. Single turbocharger with VNG.[107][nb 8]

This engine was available with the M66F gearbox until model year 2017, afterwards it was available with the M76 gearbox. All model years are available with the AW TF-71SC gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6, upgraded to Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

D4204T11[edit]

The D4204T11[83] (A4) delivers 225 PS (165 kW; 222 hp) at 4250 rpm and 470 N⋅m (350 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1750–2500 rpm. Twin turbochargers.

This engine is only available with the AW TG-81SC gearbox.[196]

Emissions level Euro 6b.

Applications:

D4204T12[edit]

The D4204T12 (A6) delivers 190 PS (140 kW; 187 hp) at 4000 rpm and 400 N⋅m (300 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1750–2500 rpm. Twin turbochargers.

The engine is equipped with a SCR system that has a 14.5 L AdBlue tank.[198]

Emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

D4204T13[edit]

The D4204T13 (70) delivers 120 PS (88 kW; 118 hp) at 3750 rpm and 280 N⋅m (210 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1500–2250 rpm. Single turbocharger.

Emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

D4204T14[edit]

The D4204T14[138] (A8) delivers 190 PS (140 kW; 187 hp) at 4250 rpm and 400 N⋅m (300 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1750–2500 rpm. Twin turbochargers.

This engine is available with the M66F and AW TG-81SC gearbox.

Emissions level Euro 6 for CC models,[200] non CC models Euro 6b[196] for model years 2016 to 2018 and for the XC60 II, V60 II emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

D4204T16[edit]

The D4204T16 (72) delivers 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) at 3750 rpm and 320 N⋅m (240 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1750–3000 rpm. The compression ratio was changed to 16.0:1. Single turbocharger.[198]

This engine is available with the M76 R7.0, M66F and AW TG-81SC gearbox.

The engine is equipped with a SCR system that has a 11.5 L AdBlue tank for SPA models or 14.5 L AdBlue tank for CMA models.[198]

Emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

D4204T20[edit]

The D4204T20[204] (78) delivers 120 PS (88 kW; 118 hp) at 3750 rpm and 280 N⋅m (210 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1500–2250 rpm. Engine variant for cars equipped with an automatic gearbox. Single turbocharger.

Emissions level Euro 6b.

Applications:

D4204T23[edit]

The D4204T23[138][207] (65) delivers 235 PS (173 kW; 232 hp) at 4000 rpm and 480 N⋅m (350 lb⋅ft) of torque between 1750–2250 rpm. Twin turbochargers, one with VNT. Equipped with PowerPulse.

This engine is only available with the AW TG-81SC gearbox.

Starting with model year 2018 the engine is equipped with a SCR system that has a 11.5 L AdBlue tank.[207]

Emissions level Euro 6, for model year 2018 upgraded to emissions level Euro 6d-TEMP.

Applications:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^
    • Volvo Personvagnar AB Komponentvägen 2
    • [Volvo Cars AB component factory 2]
    • and
    • Zhangjiakou Volvo Engine Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
  2. ^ Zhejiang Geely Luoyou Engine Co., Ltd.
  3. ^ GB18352.5-2013 国Ⅴ
  4. ^ DEF
  5. ^ Chinese for 'Long Wheelbase'
  6. ^ Referred to as S90 China Version T5 by Volvo or informally as S90L T5
  7. ^ Referred to as S90 China Version T4 by Volvo or informally as S90L T4
  8. ^ listed as VTG in the brochure

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