Volvo Ocean Race

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Some of the Volvo Ocean Race participants in Baltimore Inner Harbor, United States, in 2006
Established: 1973
Headquarters: Alicante, Spain
Title Sponsors: Whitbread (1973–2001)
Volvo (2001–Present)
Sponsors: Inmarsat, Abu Dhabi, Maersk Line, IWC, Cobham
Most recent winner: United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Ocean Racing (2014–15)
Current Race
Start: Alicante, Spain 4.10.2014
Finish: Gothenburg, Sweden 27.06.2015
Entries: 7[1]
Legs: 9
Yachts Used: Volvo Ocean 65
Similar Events: Vendée Globe, VELUX 5 Oceans Race, Global Challenge

The Volvo Ocean Race (formerly the Whitbread Round the World Race) is a yacht race around the world, held every three years.[2] Originally named after its initiating sponsor, British Whitbread brewing company, it today carries the name of its current owner, Swedish automobile manufacturer Volvo Cars and Swedish multinational manufacturing company, the Volvo Group. Presently, the Netherlands holds the record of three wins, with Dutchman Conny van Rietschoten (March 23, 1926 – December 17, 2013) the only skipper to win the race twice.

Though the route changes to accommodate various ports of call, the race typically departs Europe in October, and in recent editions has had either 9 or 10 legs, with in-port races at many of the stopover cities. The 2008–09 race started in Alicante, Spain, on October 11, 2008.[2] The route for the 2008–2009 race was altered from previous years to include stopovers in India and Asia for the first time.[3] The 2008–09 route covered nearly 39,000 nmi (72,000 km), took over nine months to complete, and reached a cumulative TV audience of 2 billion people worldwide.[4]

During the nine months of the 2011–12 Volvo Ocean Race, which started in Alicante, Spain in October 2011 and concluded in Galway, Ireland, in July 2012, the teams were scheduled to sail over 39,000 nmi (72,000 km) of the world’s most treacherous seas via Cape Town, Abu Dhabi, Sanya, Auckland, around Cape Horn to Itajaí, Miami, Lisbon, and Lorient.

Each of the entries has a sailing team of 9 professional crew who race day and night for more than 20 days at a time on some of the legs. They each have different jobs on board the boat, and on top of these sailing roles, there are two sailors that have had medical training, as well as a sailmaker, an engineer and a dedicated media crew member.

No fresh food is taken on board, so the crew lives off freeze-dried fare; they will experience temperature variations from −5 to +40 degrees Celsius and will only take one change of clothes[citation needed].


In 1972 England's Whitbread company and the British Royal Naval Sailing Association agreed to sponsor a globe-circling regatta, which would be called the 'Whitbread Round the World Yacht Race'.

Volvo Ocean Race flag in Baltimore Inner Harbor, United States

17 yachts and 167 crew started the first race of 27,500 nmi (50,900 km), which began from Portsmouth, United Kingdom on September 8, 1973. Approximately 3000 spectator boats set out to witness the historic start.[5]

The original course was designed to follow the route of the square riggers, which had carried cargo around the world during the 19th Century.[6]

From 2001 the ownership of the race was taken over by Volvo and Volvo Cars and the race was renamed the ‘Volvo Ocean Race’. Stopover ports were added in Germany, France, and Sweden being Volvo's three biggest car markets in Europe.

Winning the race does not attract a cash prize, as the feat of competing is presented as sufficient reward.

Many of the contestants in the Volvo Ocean Race tend to go into other professional teams after the race, such as certain members of Oracle Team USA.

The worst weather conditions are usually encountered in the Southern Ocean where waves sometimes top 100 feet (30 m) and winds can reach 60 knots (110 km/h).

The 2014–15 race is set to last 39,379[7] nautical miles, which is the longest route in its history.[8]

Stealth play[edit]

The 2008–09 race featured "Stealth play", a tactic that allowed a crew to hide its position from its competitors for a period of 12 hours. It was designed to add a tactical dimension to the race, whereby a team might opt to make a break from the fleet without the rest of the competitors knowing what they are doing and where they are on the race track. The ploy can first be used on leg one, leg two, leg five, leg six and leg seven. If it is not used on one leg, it cannot be accumulated for use on a following leg.[9]

The yachts[edit]

Main article: Volvo Ocean 65

The Volvo Open 70 has been replaced by the Volvo Ocean 65,[10] a new class of high performance one-design racing yacht created by Farr Yacht Design and built by a consortium of four European boatyards (Green Marine (UK), Decision (Switzerland), Multiplast (France) and Persico (Italy)).

List of races[edit]

Edition Class Legs In-Port Races Entries Start Finish Winning yacht Winning skipper
1973–74 32–80 ft (9.8–24.4 m) 4 0 17 United Kingdom Portsmouth United Kingdom Portsmouth Mexico Sayula II Mexico Ramón Carlin
1977–78 51–77 ft (16–23 m) 4 0 15 United Kingdom Portsmouth United Kingdom Portsmouth Netherlands Flyer Netherlands Conny van Rietschoten
1981–82 43–80 ft (13–24 m) 4 0 29 United Kingdom Portsmouth United Kingdom Portsmouth Netherlands Flyer II Netherlands Conny van Rietschoten
1985–86 49–83 ft (15–25 m) 4 0 15 United Kingdom Portsmouth United Kingdom Portsmouth France L'esprit d'équipe France Lionel Péan
1989–90 51–84 ft (16–26 m) 6 0 23 United Kingdom Southampton United Kingdom Southampton New Zealand Steinlager 2 New Zealand Peter Blake
1993–94 85 ft (26 m) ketchs
& Whitbread 60
6 0 14 United Kingdom Southampton United Kingdom Southampton New Zealand NZ Endeavour New Zealand Grant Dalton
1997–98 Whitbread 60 9 0 10 United Kingdom Southampton United Kingdom Southampton Sweden EF Language United States Paul Cayard
2001–02 10 0 8 United Kingdom Southampton Germany Kiel Germany Illbruck Challenge United States John Kostecki
2005–06 Volvo Open 70 9 7 7 Spain Vigo Sweden Gothenburg Netherlands ABN Amro I New Zealand Mike Sanderson
2008–09 10 7 8 Spain Alicante Russia Saint Petersburg Sweden Ericsson 4 Brazil Torben Grael
2011–12 9 10 6 Spain Alicante Republic of Ireland Galway France Groupama 4 France Franck Cammas
2014–15 Volvo Ocean 65 9 10 7 Spain Alicante Sweden Gothenburg United Arab Emirates Azzam United Kingdom Ian Walker
2017–18 TBC TBC TBC Spain Alicante Sweden Gothenburg TBD TBD

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Volvo Ocean Race - Meet the teams". Volvo Ocean Race. 
  2. ^ a b "United Kingdom - Volvo Car UK Ltd". Archived from the original on 24 February 2009. 
  3. ^ "Volvo Ocean Race - Race Schedule". Volvo Ocean Race. 
  4. ^ "Volvo Ocean Race - Marketing". Volvo Ocean Race. Archived from the original on 2 August 2008. 
  5. ^ "Volvo Ocean Race - History". Volvo Ocean Race. 
  6. ^ "Volvo Ocean Race – talkSailing". 
  7. ^ "2014-15 - 10 ports, 40,000 miles". Volvo Ocean Race. Archived from the original on 18 August 2013. 
  8. ^ "Volvo Ocean Race to stop in Newport, RI". Yahoo!. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  9. ^ "Volvo Ocean Race - Stealth Play". Volvo Ocean Race. 7 October 2008. Archived from the original on 12 December 2008. 
  10. ^ "The Volvo Ocean 65 – cool design, emotional impact". Volvo Ocean Race. Archived from the original on 25 June 2014. 

External links[edit]