Volvo PV650 Series

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Volvo PV650 Series
Volvo PV654 Sedan 1933.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Volvo Cars
Production 1929–1937
Body and chassis
Class Saloon
Body style 4d Saloon
Layout FR layout
Related Volvo TR670 Series
Powertrain
Engine Volvo sidevalve inline 6
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,950 mm (116.1 in)
Chronology
Predecessor Volvo PV4
Successor Volvo PV51

The Volvo PV650 Series is an automobile manufactured by Volvo between 1929 and 1937. The model name stand for PersonVagn ("passenger car"), 6 cylinders, 5 seats; the third digit indicates the version.

PV650-652[edit]

Volvo PV650-PV652
Overview
Production 1929–1933
Powertrain
Engine
  • 3.0 L DB I6 (1929-1931)
  • 3.4 L EB I6 (1932-1933)
Transmission
  • 3-speed manual (1929-1930, 1932-1933)
  • 4-speed manual (1931)

Volvo had started planning for a larger successor for its first car, the ÖV4 in 1926, even before the little four-cylinder car was introduced. The Swedish car market was dominated by American manufacturers and Volvo needed a large six-cylinder car to be competitive.

Volvo PV651 was introduced in April 1929. The new car had a stronger chassis to cope with the more powerful engine. The bodywork was manufactured in the traditional way, with a wooden frame covered with steel plates. The 3010 cc DB engine was very robust and its crankshaft was supported by seven main bearings. The gearbox was a non-syncromesh 3-speed box.

In the spring of 1930 the car was succeeded by the PV652, with modified interior and dashboard. The engine had a new carburettor but the main improvement was the introduction of hydraulic brakes. In 1931 the car got a 4-speed non-syncromesh gearbox. In January 1932 the PV652 was updated with the larger capacity 3366 cc EB engine and a new 3-speed gearbox with synchronized 2nd and 3rd gear.

Volvo also built commercial chassis versions of the car. Most of them got light truck-, ambulance or hearse bodies, but a small number of the PV650 Series chassises were clothed in more flamboyant two-door open or closed bodies.

Versions[edit]

  • PV650: 1929-34, 206 cars built, commercial chassis
  • PV651: 1929-30, mechanical brakes
  • PV652: 1930-33, hydraulic brakes

Total production of PV651/652: 2,176 cars

PV653-655[edit]

Volvo PV653-PV655
Overview
Production 1933–1935
Powertrain
Engine 3,366 cc (3.4 L) EB I6
Transmission 3-speed manual

In the autumn of 1933 the six-cylinder Volvo cars were updated with a new, stronger chassis with an X-shaped cross member support, smaller 17-inch rims and an all-steel body, without the wooden frame. The centre roof section was still covered with a leatherette insertion. The body had new fenders and the windshield and radiator grille were slightly tilted to improve the aerodynamics. The mechanical parts were left unchanged.

Volvo offered two versions: the PV653 base model and the PV654 de luxe model. The PV654 luxury equipment included an uprated interior, twin fender mounted spare tires, twin chrome plated horns and twin rear lights.

Versions[edit]

  • PV653: 1933-34, 230 cars built, base model
  • PV654: 1933-34, 361 cars built, de luxe model
  • PV655: 1933-35, 62 cars built, commercial chassis

PV656-659[edit]

Volvo PV656-PV659
Overview
Production 1935–1937
Powertrain
Engine 3,670 cc (3.7 L) EC I6
Transmission 3-speed manual

In 1935 the PV650 Series design looked quite old fashioned. The body was basically the same as in 1929. Still, Volvo updated the cars once more. The new PV658/PV659 got the larger capacity 3670 cc EC engine and a V-shaped radiator grille.

The passenger cars were superseded by the Volvo PV51 in 1936, while the commercial chassis version soldiered on for one more year.

Versions[edit]

  • PV656: 1935-36, 16 cars built, commercial chassis
  • PV657: 1935-37, 55 cars built, commercial chassis with wheelbase 3,550 mm (139.8 in)
  • PV658: 1935-36, 301 cars built, base model
  • PV659: 1935-36, 170 cars built, de luxe model

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  • Volvo Personvagnar-från 20-tal till 80-tal by Björn-Eric Lindh, 1984. ISBN 91-86442-06-6 (Swedish)

External links[edit]