Volvo S40

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For the Volvo V40 hatchback sold from 2012, see Volvo V40 (P1).
Volvo S40
Volvo S40 2 -- 07-09-2009.jpg
Manufacturer Volvo
Production 1995–2012
Body and chassis
Class C-segment (small family car)
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive[nb 1]
Predecessor Volvo 440/460
Successor Volvo V40 II

The Volvo S40 is a small family car marketed and produced by the Swedish manufacturer Volvo from 1995 to 2012 across two generations.

The first generation (1995–2004) was introduced in 1995 with the S40 (S from saloon) and V40 (V from versatility, estate) cars.

The second generation (2004–2012) was released in 2004, and the estate variant's name changed to V50.

The range was replaced by the Volvo V40 five-door hatchback in 2012.

First generation (1995–2004)[edit]

First generation
2000-2002 Volvo S40 2.0 sedan (2011-11-17).jpg
Production 1995–2004 (1,000,034 units)[1]
Model years 1996–2004
Assembly Born, Netherlands (Nedcar)
Rayong, Thailand
Pretoria, South Africa
Shah Alam, Malaysia
Designer Peter Horbury
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan (S40)
5-door estate (V40)
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Related Mitsubishi Carisma
Proton Waja
Engine 1.6 L I4 (petrol)
1.8 L I4 (petrol)
1.9 L I4 (petrol)
1.9 L turbo I4 (diesel)
2.0 L I4 (petrol)
2.0 L turbo I4 (petrol)[nb 2]
Transmission 5-speed Volvo M56 manual,
4-speed Aisin AW50-42LE automatic,
5-speed Aisin AW55-50 automatic
Wheelbase 2,550 mm (100.4 in) (2000–01)
2,557 mm (100.7 in) (2002–04)
Length 4,470 mm (176.0 in) (2000–01)
4,521 mm (178.0 in) (2002–04)
Width 1,720 mm (67.7 in) (2000–01)
1,717 mm (67.6 in) (2002–04)
Height 1,410 mm (55.5 in) (2000–01)
1,423 mm (56.0 in) (2002–04, S40)
1,426 mm (56.1 in) (2002–04, V40)
Curb weight S40:
1,220–1,392 kg (2,690–3,069 lb)
1,234–1,414 kg (2,721–3,117 lb)[2][3][4][5]
Volvo S40 T4 (Japan)
1997–2000 Volvo V40 2.0 (Australia)

During August 1995, Volvo released its new series, with the intention of calling the cars S4/F4. However, as Audi had already reserved the "S4" name, Volvo opted to name the range S40 (saloon), and V40 (estate).[6] These cars were manufactured at the Nedcar factory in the Netherlands (a pre-Ford joint venture between Volvo and Mitsubishi Motors) and based on a common platform with the Mitsubishi Carisma.

The V40, with an drag coefficient of 0.32,[7] was the first whole model to be introduced under the direction of the British designer Peter Horbury, Volvo’s design director,[7] and was marketed in Australia, South America and the Far East.[7] The V40 was named the ‘Most Beautiful Estate Car in the World’ at an Italian award ceremony.[7] The official première was at the Frankfurt Motor Show, in September 1995, with the V40 premièring in December 1995, at the Bologna Motor Show.[8]

In 2000, Volvo updated the 40 Series ("Phase II"),[9] implementing a number of technical improvements, including improved engine management, diesel direct fuel injection, extra safety features, larger brake discs, new front suspension and steering, revised rear suspension, larger tyres and a wider track. A minor facelift gave larger headlights, more streamlining and larger rear light clusters as well as minor instruments and fascia re-design. The "Phase II" 40 series finally went on sale on the North American market for the model year 2000.

The 40 Series cars were equipped with four-cylinder engines, such as a 1.9 turbo diesel or 1.6 (1588 cc), 1.8 (1731 cc, later increased to 1783cc), 2.0T (1948 cc), 1.9 T4 (1855 cc, later increased to 1948cc) or 2.0 (1948 cc) fuel-injected gasoline engines all of which are derivatives of the modular whiteblock engine series that started life in the Volvo 960 and carried in both 5 and 6 cyl formats in Volvo's bigger FWD cars. There was also a 1.8 L (1834 cc) petrol direct injection engine provided by Mitsubishi as part of the platform sharing between the 40 series and the Carisma.

The Volvo S40/V40 series was a completely new car from the ground up, only one engine - the 1.9 turbo diesel - carried over from the old 400 series.

The low (2.0T) and high (1.9 T4) pressure turbo variants were positioned at the top of the motor range. The 2.0T was rounded down and badged as 1.9T and was the only engine available in North America. The 5-speed manual transmission, widely available in Europe, was not certified in North American S40s, with the 5-speed automatic as the only option. No electric CVT transmission was planned, unlike the 440 HTA / High Tech Auto CVT that had been released before the 400 series was completely phased out.

In the United Kingdom, trim levels were S, XS, SE and CD. Later on, trim levels offered were supplemented with SE Lux and Sport Lux trim designations. A limited edition 'Xi' trim level was also offered for a short run on Phase 1 and Phase 1.5 cars, often painted yellow with black-bezel headlamps.

A racing version (S40) was introduced in the British Touring Car Championship in 1997 and in 1998 the car, with Rickard Rydell, won the championship. It was also used in the Swedish Touring Car Championship and the 2003 Norwegian Touring Car Championship season

The Volvo S40 was the first car to earn a four star Euro-NCAP safety rating.

Engine specifications[edit]

Specification S40 1.6 S40 1.8 S40 2.0 S40 1.9 T4 S40 2.0 turbo S40 1.8i S40 1.9D
Engine B4164 S (16V) B4184 S (16V) B4204 S (16V) B4194 T (16V) B4204 T (16V) B4184 SM (16V) D4192 T
Power (kW/PS)@rpm (77/105)@5500 (85/115)@5500 (103/140)@6000 (147/200)@5500 (118/160)@5100 (92/125)@5500 (66/90)@4250
Torque @rpm 143 N·m (105 lb·ft) @4200 165 N·m (122 lb·ft) @4100 183 N·m (135 lb·ft) @4500 300 N·m (220 lb·ft) @2400-3600 230 N·m (170 lb·ft) @1800-4800 174 N·m (128 lb·ft) @3750 176 N·m (130 lb·ft) @2250

S40 sales[edit]

Calendar year United States[10] Canada
2000 29,862 1,682
2001 22,451 1,735
2002 15,383 1,454
2003 13,058 1,195
2004 4,726 279

V40 sales[edit]

Calendar year Worldwide
2000 156,498 (S40/V40 combined)[11]
2001 69,012[12]
2002 61,475[13]
2003 53,592

Total Produced 423,491[14]

Second generation (2004–2012)[edit]

For the wagon variant, see Volvo V50, for convertible variant, see Volvo C70, and for coupe variant, see Volvo C30.

Second generation
Volvo S40 T5 1 -- 01-22-2010.jpg
Production 2004–2012
Model years 2004–2012
Assembly Ghent, Belgium (Ghent Factory)
Pretoria, South Africa
Shah Alam, Malaysia
Chongqing, China[15]
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive
Platform Volvo P1 platform[16]
Related Volvo V50
Volvo C30
Volvo C70 II
Ford Focus
Engine 1.6 L I4 (petrol)
2.0 L I4 (petrol/ethanol)
2.4 L I5 (petrol)
2.5 L turbo I5 (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (diesel)
2.0 L I4 (diesel)
2.0 L I5 (diesel)
2.4 L I5 (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed Volvo M56 manual,
6-speed Volvo M66 manual,
5-speed Aisin AW55-50 automatic,
6-speed Aisin TF-80SC automatic
Wheelbase 2,640 mm (103.9 in)
Length 2004–2005:
4,468 mm (175.9 in)
4,475 mm (176.2 in)
4,483 mm (176.5 in)
Width 1,770 mm (69.7 in)
Height 1,452 mm (57.2 in) (FWD)
1,470 mm (57.9 in) (AWD)
Curb weight 1,435–1,505 kg (3,164–3,318 lb)(FWD)
1,552–1,579 kg (3,422–3,481 lb)(AWD)[17][18]
The Volvo V50 is the wagon variant of the S40.
2006 Volvo C70, hardtop convertible based on the same platform

Introduced in the middle of the 2004 model year, the second generation S40 (known as the 2004.5 Volvo S40) introduced a new design based on the Volvo P1 platform built at the Volvo Cars factory in Ghent, Belgium. At the same time, the V40 was replaced by the V50 estate, also based on the P1 platform and built in Ghent. The S40 was nominated for the World Car of the Year award for 2005 and won the Canadian Car of the Year Best New Sport Compact award for 2005. It was also elected the South African Car of the Year for 2005 by the South African Guild of Motoring Journalists.

The chassis for this car and the majority of its components were developed by Volvo, however similar mechanical components can be found in the Mazda3 and the European Ford Focus.[19] It had the latest generation of Volvo's modular 5 cylinder engines. These inline fives have been continually developed by Volvo since the debut of the engine in the 850, in 1993. The top of the line S40/V50 T5 AWD, as well as the 2.4 and 2.4i, powertrain is still made by Volvo. The transmission is developed with Getrag at Volvo's Koping Transmission Center in Sweden, and the AWD system bought from Haldex Traction of Sweden.

The S40/V50 T5 (one of the several variants) features the 2.5 L B5254T3 (later B5254T7) (2521 cc) five-cylinder fuel-injected engine with a light-pressure turbocharger. The valvetrain has four valves per cylinder and is a DOHC design. The engine is transversely mounted at the front of the vehicle and was available with the M66W (front wheel drive) or M66C (all wheel drive) transmissions. In the US, the manual (6-speed) transmission was only available on the V50 in 2006, 2007 and 2010 and only with AWD and R-line trim.

The initial 2.0 diesel engine was the DW10, produced by PSA. A new range of engines and transmissions has been introduced at the end of May 2010 (see "engine specifications" below).


Volvo launched an advertising campaign for the V50 titled The Mystery of Dalarö, using a documentary-style video approach. The eight minute film was credited to fictitious Venezuelan filmmaker Carlos Soto. In fact, as was disclosed later, it was directed by Spike Jonze. The film is set on 25 October 2003, where 32 people supposedly purchased a Volvo S40, at the same local Volvo dealership in Dalarö, a small village to the south-east of Stockholm.[20] In addition to this film, a four minute documentary-of-the-documentary calling into question the validity of the events was posted as Soto's "personal edit" on his alleged homepage.[21]

2008 facelift[edit]

2008-2010 Volvo S40 (US)

The S40 was refreshed for 2008. Improvements include improved audio systems, increased storage space and new safety features like emergency brake lights which flash rapidly during hard braking to alert traffic behind the car. The new S40 also comes with optional active bi-xenon headlights which point the light beam in the direction of the road as it curves (standard in SE Lux models). There is also an optional BLIS (blind spot information system) camera located on the side mirrors which alerts the driver of passing vehicles beside the car.

Volvo released the 2.0 litre diesel Powershift on the third week of February 2008 except in Ireland where it was released in the last week of May, because of delivery intervals.

The T5 model received a new engine (the B5254T7) with a performance increase of 9 hp (6.7 kW), giving an output of 227 hp (169 kW). The D5 engine became available with a manual gearbox offering 400 N·m (300 ft·lbf) of torque and an automatic transmission offering 350 N·m (260 ft·lbf) in the second half of 2007.

The 2009 model saw rear-end boot lid changes, with wider spacing of the 'Volvo' lettering and larger characters, as in the newer Volvo models.[22]

In 2010, the new, larger, circular Volvo logo appeared on the front grille, in the US, a manual transmission was briefly available with the T5 AWD version. In North America the naturally aspirated 5-cylinder engine, all-wheel drive, and manual transmission were all dropped for the 2011 model year, leaving only the automatic, front-wheel drive T5 in base and R-Design trims.[23] The 2011 model year was the last for the S40 in the United States and Canada.

Engine specifications (2011 model)[edit]

From the end of May 2010, a new range of engines is available for the so-called "2011 model".[24]

The range now includes three petrol engines (1.6, 2.0 and T5, the latter only available with front-wheel drive and automatic transmission), four diesel engines (the existing DRIVe and the new D2, D3 and D4) and the 2.0F flexible-fuel engine that can run either on normal petrol or E85, an ethanol-petrol mixture. The updated 2.0 and T5 and the new D2, D3 and D4 are compliant with the Euro 5 emission standard (the rest are Euro 4-compliant), and the DRIVe includes a start-stop system for reduced fuel consumption and emissions.[25] New 6-speed gearboxes are used in the D2 (manual: B6 D2), D3 and D4 (manual: M66D, automatic: Aisin AWF21).[26]

Specification S40 1.6 S40 1.6 (2010) S40 2.0 S40 T5 S40 DRIVe S40 D2 S40 D3 (*) S40 D4 S40 2.0F FLEXIFUEL
Engine Type 4-cyl. 4-cyl. Turbo 4-cyl. 5-cyl. Turbo 4-cyl. Turbo 4-cyl. Turbo 5-cyl. Turbo 5-cyl. Turbo 4-cyl.
Fuel Petrol Petrol Petrol Petrol Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Petrol/E85
Valves 16 16 16 20 16 8 20 20 16
cc 1596 1596 1999 2521 1560 1560 1984 1984 1999
Power kW 74 110 107 169 80 84 110 130 107
PS 100 150 145 230 109 115 150 177 145
@rpm 6000 6000 6000 5000 4000 3600 3500 3500 6000
Torque Nm 150 195 185 320 240 270 350 400 185
@rpm 4000 4500 1500-5000 1750 1750 1500-2750 1750-2750 4500
Transmission manual 5-speed 5-speed 5-speed 6-speed 6-speed 6-speed 5-speed
auto 5-speed 6-speed 6-speed
Top speed manual 185 km/h 220 km/h 210 km/h 190 km/h 195 km/h N/A (*) 220 km/h 210 km/h
auto 235 km/h N/A (*) 215 km/h
0–100 km/h manual 9.2 s 9.5 s 11.4 s 11.4 s 9.5 s 8.7 s 9.5 s
auto 6.8 s 9.6 s 8.8 s
Fuel consumption l/100 km


manual 9.2/5.8/7.1 10.8/5.7/7.6 4.9/3.4/3.9 5.2/3.8/4.3 7.0/4.0/5.0 7.0/4.0/5.0 10.9/5.8/7.7
auto 13.5/6.5/9.0 7.6/4.5/5.6 7.6/4.5/5.6
CO2 emissions manual 169 g/km 176 g/km 104 g/km 114 g/km 134 g/km 134 g/km 183 g/km
auto 211 g/km 149 g/km 149 g/km

(*) Available from September 2010

S40 sales[edit]

Calendar year United States[10] Canada[27] Sweden[28] Global[29]
2004 19,522 1,269
2005 24,411 2,030
2006 24,729 1,431 3,705 72,329
2007 18,215 1,099 3,271 63,062
2008 9,686 683 2,036 48,950
2009 7,956 758 1,396 36,954
2010 5,623 818 1,182 31,688
2011 2,984 478 1,169 23,621[30]

Total produced: 352,910 (1995-2012)[31]

See also[edit]

  • Volvo V50, estate variant of the second generation
  • Volvo C30, three-door hatchback bearing the same design as the second generation
  • Volvo C70, coupé and convertible version of both the first and the second generation
  • Volvo S70, mid-size car bearing a similar front end design with the first generation


  1. ^ The second generation only.
  2. ^ Standard in North American models and only available in North America rebadged as 1.9T


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  21. ^ "Volvo's spoof within a spoof for the S40- Mystery of Dalarö.". 13 February 2004. Archived from the original on 18 Apr 2013. Retrieved 5 July 2013. 
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  24. ^ "Volvo Cars 2011 upgraded engines". Volvo Car Corporation Global Newsroom. 
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  28. ^ "Volvo Personbilar Sverige Newsroom". Retrieved 2011-06-15. 
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