Volvo V70

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Volvo V70
Volvo V70 D5 (III) – Frontansicht, 28. Mai 2011, Hilden.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Volvo
Also called Volvo XC70
Production
  • 1996–present
  • P80: 1996–2000 (1st generation)
  • P2: 2000–2007 (2nd generation)
  • P3: 2007–present (3rd generation)
Body and chassis
Class
Body style
Layout
Chronology
Predecessor Volvo 850

The Volvo V70 is a mid-sized executive car manufactured and marketed by Volvo since 1996 and now in its third generation. The name V70 combines the letter V, standing for versatility,[1] and 70, denoting relative platform size[2] (e.g., a V70 is a larger car than a V40, but smaller than a V90).

The first generation (1996–2000) debuted in November 1996[3] as the estate variant of the Volvo S70. Both cars were essentially redesigned Volvo 850s which had itself been available in saloon and estate configurations. The V70 was available as a front and all-wheel drive estate, the latter marketed as the V70 AWD. In 1997, a special AWD version called V70 Cross Country, badged as V70 XC, was presented that went on sale for model year 1998.

The second generation (2000–2007) shared styling by Peter Horbury[4] as well as major mechanical commonality with the Volvo S60 saloon and used the P2 platform with a 4 cm increase in width and height, a 5 cm longer wheelbase, a slightly shorter overall length than its predecessor,[5] and a slightly increased interior cargo volume.[6] As with its predecessor, the second generation was also offered with an all-wheel drive variant which was marketed as the V70 AWD and as a special version called V70 XC, which for model year 2003 was renamed to XC70 .

The third generation (2007–present) is based on the Volvo P3 platform, sharing much of the interior (other than the rear seats and loadbay) with the second generation Volvo S80. It has been marketed since 2007 as the V70 and the XC70, a crossover model.

First generation (1996–2000)[edit]

First generation
1st Volvo V70.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Volvo
Also called Volvo V70 XC
Production
  • 1996–2000 (373,689 units)
  • 1996–2000 V70 (319,832 units)
  • 1997–2000 V70 XC (53,857 units)[7]
Model years
  • 1997–2000 V70
  • 1998–2000 V70 XC
Assembly
Designer
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door estate
Platform Volvo P80 platform
Related Volvo S70
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase
  • 2,664 mm (104.9 in)
  • 1998 AWD: 2,662 mm (104.8 in)
  • 1999-2000 AWD: 2,654 mm (104.5 in)
Length
  • 1998: 4,722 mm (185.9 in)
  • 1999-2000: 4,729 mm (186.2 in)
  • 1999-2000 XC: 4,735 mm (186.4 in)
Width 1,761 mm (69.3 in)
Height
  • 1,427–1,481 mm (56.2–58.3 in)
  • R: 1,453 mm (57.2 in)
Curb weight
  • 1,410–1,518 kg (3,109–3,347 lb) (FWD)[11]
  • 1,702–1,850 kg (3,752–4,079 lb) (AWD)[12]
Chronology
Predecessor Volvo 850 estate

The original V70 was a development of the Volvo 850 estate car.[13] The 850's square edges became more rounded. Other changes included a revised front end, fully colour-coded bumpers and side trim, clear indicator lenses, and a redesigned interior. According to Volvo a total of 1800 changes were made.[14] Standard equipment was improved over the 850 with remote central locking, heated & electrically adjustable mirrors, 4 airbags, power brakes with ABS and power windows being standard on every car. Trim levels varied for each market as did the equipment levels of the most basic trims. In the United States, the badging denoted the engine variant and to some extent the equipment level, were as in Europe engine and options could be chosen individually. On all markets more powerful versions received better or upgraded standard equipment. The T5 and R were the series high-performance models.

For the 1999MY, a minor facelift was introduced. Apart from very minor cosmetical changes like the square XC-style roof rails replacing the rounded version, it concentrated on the mechanicals. Volvo introduced its second generation side airbag which increased in volume to offer better protection.[15] WHIPS was also introduced as part of the standard equipment. New engine management systems with drive-by-wire replaced the mechanical throttle as well as bringing with them an upgraded traction control now called STC. The ABS was upgraded from a three-channel to a four-channel system, all-wheel drive models received thicker rear discs and redesigned rear calipers. The 4-speed automatic transmissions were upgraded to adaptive shift-logic.

For the model year 2000, a new 5-speed automatic transmission with adaptive shift-logic was introduced. It was only available on non turbo front-wheel drive models and the 2000 V70 R AWD.

First generation models[edit]

V70[edit]

The standard V70 was available with a wide variety of engines and gearboxes. Standard configuration was front-wheel drive, an all-wheel drive version badged as V70 AWD[16][17] was available. On some markets Volvo sold a diesel Version badged as V70 TDI.

With the V70 Bi-Fuel Volvo continued to offer a factory CNG powered car. A 95 litre tank[18] installed in the trunk allowed for a claimed range of 250 km running on CNG only. Due to the bulky tank storage space in the rear was considerably reduced. Drivers could choose whether their car should run on petrol or CNG at the touch of a button. Neither Bi-Fuel nor TDI were offered on the North American market.

Specialised vehicles, such as taxi and police versions, were also available directly from the factory. Changes include provisions to install additional equipment, calibrated speedometer and a different level of standard equipment.

V70 XC[edit]

The V70 XC was introduced for the 1998[16] model year as a crossover version of the V70. It featured standard all-wheel drive and was available with only two engine and gearbox choices.[16] In the US only the 2.4L 193 bhp engine together with an automatic gearbox was available.[19][20][21] A 2.0L version of the V70 XC was available only for markets with high taxes for cars with more than 2000cc engine capacity. Standard ride height was increased[22] over the regular AWD model. Visual differences from a standard V70 AWD include a unique front and rear bumper, unpainted sidetrim and sills, a squarer version of the roof rails, a unique front grille and a big Cross Country decal across the tailgate. Buyers could also specify a two tone exterior colour.[23] Interior details included thicker floor mats and revised base seat covers.

V70 R[edit]

As the replacement for the popular 850 T-5R and 850R Volvo developed the V70 R.[16] Similar to the previous generation R models it featured a unique leather/alcantara interior with diamond stitching on the seats. Further styling touches were a special front bumper, blue gauge faces for the instrument cluster, two special colours and special alloy wheels. All US cars were equipped with 16" alloy wheels, other markets had 17" wheels available at extra cost or as standard equipment. Standard equipment was substantially upgraded over normal models with few options available such as a trunk mounted CD-changer, RTI navigation system or an upgraded stereo system. Intended to be the high performance version of the model range, all R models are fitted with the highest performance engines of the line up. Available in both front-wheel drive and all-wheel drive with either automatic or manual transmission. A redesigned suspension with lower ride height and firmer shocks was standard. Three different versions were produced, depending on the model year.

For 1998 the R was available in 5 colours: Black Stone, Nautic Blue, Silver Metallic, Regency Red, Saffron. All apart from the first one were metallic paints with Saffron only being available for the V70 R. Versions offered included FWD & AWD, both with automatic or manual transmission. Automatic transmission cars were rated at 240 bhp,[19] manual transmission cars featured a bigger turbo bumping up power by 10 bhp to 250 bhp and torque to 350NM. FWD manual transmission equipped R featured a viscous based limited-slip differential. For the US no FWD or manual transmissions were offered.

For 1999 the R was available in 7 colours: Black Stone, Nautic Blue Pearl, Silver Metallic, Cassis, Venetian Red Pearl, Dark Olive Green, Laser Blue. All apart from the first one were metallic paints with Laser Blue being only available on the R. FWD and manual transmissions were no longer available, only AWD in combination with a 4 speed automatic was offered. Cars were badged V70 R AWD. Power was increased to 250 bhp.[20] Blue engine covers were introduced for R models.

For 2000 the R was available in 6 colours: Black Stone, Nautic Blue Pearl, Silver Metallic, Venetian Red Pearl, Dark Olive Green, Laser Blue. All apart from the first one were metallic paints with Laser Blue being only available on the R. Engine capacity was increased to 2.4L and power to 265 bhp by use of a larger turbo.[21] The only available transmission was the newly introduced 5-speed automatic, rear brakes were upgraded to vented discs unique to the R. A twin exhaust was fitted as standard. The interior now could be ordered in a two tone design which paired white alcantara and black leather for the seat covers.

There were 3 phases of R FWD & R-AWD produced for the United Kingdom market between 1997–2000:

Phase 1: were produced from 1997 till February 1999 (United Kingdom: P to S reg) and were available with either the B5234T-4 (2319cc) engine (18T turbo 250 bhp/350 N·m) and five-speed manual gearbox; or the B5234T-6 engine (16T turbo 240 bhp/310 N·m) and four-speed three-mode automatic gearbox. Both engines used the Bosch Motronic 4.4 engine management system. (0–62 6.5(M FWD)/6.4(M AWD)/6.7(A FWD)/7.2(A AWD), 155/143 mph).


Phase 2: were produced from March 1999 (United Kingdom: S to T reg) and were only available with the B5234T-8 (2319 cc) engine (18T turbo 250 bhp/350 N·m) and four-speed adaptive automatic gearbox. These cars use the Bosch Motronic ME7 engine management system with drive-by-wire throttle and variable exhaust camshaft valve timing. (0–62 7.3 143 mph).

Phase 3: were produced from May 1999 till June 2000 (United Kingdom: T to W reg). They were only available with the larger B5244T2 (2435cc) engine (19T turbo 265 bhp/400 N·m) and five-speed adaptive automatic gearbox. These also use the Bosch Motronic ME7 engine management system, drive-by-wire and VVT. These cars were fitted with twin tail pipes (first time Volvo fitted twin exhaust system), WHIPS system, and larger side SIPS airbags for head protection, and larger vented rear brake discs. (0–62 mph in 6.3 seconds, top speed 155 mph).

Latest generation of Road Traffic Information Satellite Navigation used on the Phase III's, this is the same CD based system used by Volvo up until 2003 and on the C70 until 2005.


Altogether, Volvo sold 74 Phase III’s in the United Kingdom, split by colour: Black stone 5, Nautic Blue Pearl 10, Dark Olive Pearl 3, Silver Metallic 17, Laser Blue Metallic 33, Venetian Red Pearl 6


Trim and specification levels remained virtually unchanged throughout the three phases. Trim was Leather and Alcantara in either Beige or Grey/Black with aluminium trim on the dash and console (dark wood was an option on P1 and P2 cars). On P1 cars, the steering wheel was also leather/alcantara, but phase 2 and 3 had a thicker rimmed leather only wheel. Phase II and III had blue engine covers. Phase 3 cars had the option of contrasting grey/beige trim. These cars were virtually "fully loaded" with very few options available (mainly pro-logic (£600), 6 CD boot mounted changer (£600), RTI-Satellite Pop-up Navigation System (£2500)) as they cost £37,000 when new.

All phases were available with either 16" or 17" roadwheels in either silver or anthracite with a temporary spare wheel. The 17" wheels were £100 more expensive.

Colour options were available as follows: Phase 1 : Saffron, Black Stone, Nautic Blue, Silver, Regency Red Phase 2 : Laser Blue, Black Stone, Nautic Blue Pearl, Silver Metallic, Cassis, Venetian Red Pearl, Dark Olive Green Phase 3 : Laser Blue, Black Stone, Nautic Blue Pearl, Silver Metallic, Venetian Red Pearl, Dark Olive Green

Engines[edit]

Volvo Modular Engine (Petrol)

Model Engine code Year(s) Power Torque @rpm Displacement 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph)
2.0 10V B5202FS 1997-1998 126 PS (93 kW; 124 hp) 170 N·m (130 lb·ft) @4800 1,984 cc (121.1 in3)
  • 11.7 s (Manual)
  • 12.1 s (Auto)
2.5 10V B5252FS 1997-1999 144 PS (106 kW; 142 hp) 206 N·m (152 lb·ft) @3300 2,435 cc (148.6 in3)
  • 10.2 s (Manual)
  • 10.6 s (Auto)
2.5 20V B5254FS 1997-1999 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) 220 N·m (160 lb·ft) @3300 2,435 cc (148.6 in3)
  • 8.9 s (Manual)
  • 10.0 s (Auto)
2.5 20V B5254S[24] 1999 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) 220 N·m (160 lb·ft) @3300 2,435 cc (148.6 in3)
  • 8.9 s (Manual)
  • 10.0 s (Auto)
2.0T B5204T2 1997-2000 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) @1800 1,984 cc (121.1 in3)
  • 2.4T
  • 2.4T AWD
B5254T[24] 1997-1999 193 PS (142 kW; 190 hp) 270 N·m (200 lb·ft) @1800 2,435 cc (148.6 in3)
  • 7.8 s (Manual)
  • 8.2 s (Auto)
T5 2.0 B5204T3 1997-1999 230 PS (169 kW; 227 hp) 310 N·m (230 lb·ft) @2700 1,984 cc (121.1 in3)
T5 2.3 B5234T3[25] 1997-2000 240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp) 330 N·m (240 lb·ft) @2700 2,319 cc (141.5 in3)
  • R FWD Manual
  • R AWD Manual
B5234T4 1998 250 PS (184 kW; 247 hp) 350 N·m (260 lb·ft) @2700 2,319 cc (141.5 in3)
  • 6.8 s (FWD)
  • 7.3 s (AWD)
R FWD Auto Phase 1 B5234T3[25] 1998 240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp) 330 N·m (240 lb·ft) @2700 2,319 cc (141.5 in3)
R AWD Auto Phase 1 B5234T6 1998 240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp) 330 N·m (240 lb·ft) @2700 2,319 cc (141.5 in3)
R AWD Auto Phase 2 B5234T8[24] 1999 250 PS (184 kW; 247 hp) 350 N·m (260 lb·ft) @2400 2,319 cc (141.5 in3)
R AWD Auto Phase 3 B5244T2[25] 2000 265 PS (195 kW; 261 hp) 400 N·m (300 lb·ft) @2500 2,435 cc (148.6 in3)

Diesel

Model Engine code Year(s) Power Torque @rpm Displacement 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph)
TDI* D5252T (MSA 15.7) 1997-1999 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) 290 N·m (210 lb·ft) @1900 2,460 cc (150.1 in3)
  • 9.9 s (Manual)
  • 10.7 s (Auto)
TDI* D5252T (MSA 15.8)** 1999-2000 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) 290 N·m (210 lb·ft) @1900 2,460 cc (150.1 in3)
  • 9.9 s (Manual)
  • 10.7 s (Auto)

Gas

Model Engine code Year(s) Power Tourqe @rpm Displacement 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph)
Bi-Fuel B5244SG 1998-2000 144 PS (106 kW; 142 hp) 206 N·m (152 lb·ft) @3300 2,435 cc (148.6 in3)
  • *Volvo used a modified version of the 2.5 TDI VAG engine
  • **For 1999 the engine management system was updated to comply with emission regulations

Safety[edit]

A driver airbag was standard equipment on all V70 models, depending on the market a passenger airbag was either standard equipment or a no cost option. Seatbelt pretensioners for both driver and passenger were always part of the standard equipment. SIPS was standard on all V70 models. The system is supplemented by standard side airbags incorporated into the front seats.[26]

Euro NCAP evaluated the S70 (saloon variant of V70) in 1998 awarding it 4 of 5 stars for adult occupant protection. The S70 scored 7 of 16 points in the front test, and 16 of 16 in the side test. The car received 2 of 2 points available in the pole test. The S70 received a total of 25 of 37 points and therefore four stars (25-32) in Euro NCAP's evaluation.[27]

The S70 scored four of five stars for front impact protection for driver and front passenger in the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) safety testing, and five out of five stars for driver and rear passenger side impact protection.

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) granted the 850/S70 their highest rating of "good" for front crash protection. Rear crash protection was rated as "good".[28][29] 1999 and newer, prevents whiplash by a seatback hinge mechanism that is standard equipment. There were no side impact tests conducted on behalf of the IIHS for the Volvo V70.

Second generation (2000–2007)[edit]

Second generation
2nd Volvo V70.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Volvo
Also called
  • Volvo V70 XC (2000–2002)
  • Volvo XC70 (2003–2007)
Production January 2000–2007[3]
Model years
  • 2000–2007 V70
  • 2000–2003 V70 XC
  • 2003–2007 XC70
Assembly
Designer Peter Horbury
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door estate
Platform Volvo P2 platform
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase
  • 2,756 mm (108.5 in)
  • XC: 2,764 mm (108.8 in)
Length
  • 4,709 mm (185.4 in)
  • XC: 4,732 mm (186.3 in)
Width
  • 1,803 mm (71.0 in)
  • XC: 1,859 mm (73.2 in)
Height
  • 1,491 mm (58.7 in)
  • >XC: 1,562 mm (61.5 in)
  • 2003-07: 1,466 mm (57.7 in)
  • R: 1,448 mm (57.0 in)
Curb weight
  • 1,505–1,645 kg (3,318–3,627 lb) (V70)[31]
  • 1,690–1,735 kg (3,726–3,825 lb) (V70 XC/XC70)[32]
  • 1,740–1,770 kg (3,840–3,900 lb) (V70 R AWD)[33]

Volvo released the second generation V70 to most markets at the end of 1999, and for the model year 2000 in North America. Based on the Volvo P2 platform, the second generation shared major mechanical and styling commonality with the Volvo S60 saloon, offered frontal area of 2.23 m2[34] and a coefficient of drag of .30.[35] The new generation featured adhesively bonded construction (vs. spot-welded) in key areas, with Volvo claiming the new body to be 70 per cent more rigid than the predecessor.[5] Critical aspects of the design for the second generation were completed before Ford acquired Volvo in 1999.[6]

The interior featured raised seating in the second row,[5] a hard point on the passenger’s side of the center console to provide support for a range of optional accessories (e.g., an optional shopping bag holder),[5] rear-seat table, waste basket and cargo net integrated into the rear seat backs.[36] Standard interior features included a coat hook integrated into the side of the front passenger's headrest, glove compartment with pen holder and toll card, configurable center console and rear seating with a two position backrests — one position favoring cargo and the other favoring comfort.[36]

All P2 platform Volvos received a minor facelift across all markets for the 2005MY. The front fascia was redesigned, tail lamps & head lamps were changed to clear covers, the center console and dashboard received detail changes. Some minor changes were done to the electrical system and some engines, for example diesel engined models received a particle filter. A new 6-speed automatic transmission was introduced, available in both AWD and FWD configurations. Production of the second generation V70 and XC70 ended with the 2007MY.

Styling[edit]

The second generation V70 was styled by British designer Peter Horbury, who said "the design challenge involved marrying sports car style at the front with the necessary limitations of a wagon back." [36] More specifically, he described the concept as the "front end of a Jaguar E-Type married to the back end of a Ford Transit van."[35]

Second generation models[edit]

V70[edit]

A second generation V70 Bi-Fuel was made available. LPG storage capacity was increased to a total of 100 litres, split into one 75 litre tank and two 12.5 litres tanks. Unlike before they were now installed at the underside of the car, therefore keeping all of the trunk space available.[38] Bi-Fuel models were only sold with the 2.4L (140PS) non turbo engine,[39] and a choice between a 5-speed manual transmission or a 5-speed automatic.

V70 XC / XC70[edit]

At its introduction, the second generation V70 XC received a major upgrades. It featured better ground clearance of 8.2 in (210 mm) thanks to a raised suspension, different bodywork with unpainted bumpers and fender extensions and AWD as standard. An interior grab handle for the front passenger was standard as well and only available on this model.

Engine an gearbox choices were limited. Only the 2.5 low pressure turbo and D5 diesel engine with either a 5-speed manual or 5-speed automatic transmission were available, for the North American market no diesel version was offered.

With the 2003MY, the model was renamed to XC70, in keeping with Volvo's newly introduced XC90.

V70 R[edit]

As with the previous generation, Volvo offered a high performance variant called V70R AWD. Introduced in 2003[40] the car was only available with a Haldex based all-wheel drive system and a 2.5L turbocharged I5 engine rated at 300 metric horsepower (221 kW; 296 hp) and 400 newton metres (295 lbf·ft) of torque. This allowed for a 0-60 time of 5.9 seconds[40] and an electronically limited topspeed of 250Km/h. Large brakes made by Brembo provide high performance braking capabilities in line with the cars high performance characteristics. The V70R comes as standard with Volvo's 4C multi-mode suspension that had been developed in conjunction with suspension experts Öhlins. The driver may choose from three different settings to vary the car's handling depending on driving style and conditions.

In a 2006 article titled The Manwagon, The Wall Street Journal linked the V70R to a trend "to lure speed-crazy guys with kids," saying "car makers are trying to transform the dowdy old family hauler into something new,"[41] and that "consumer research had unearthed a surprising number of family men who thought wagons could be cool, if only they had more guts."[41]

Technical[edit]

In the United States, the V70 was available in front or all-wheel drive (AWD) versions with either a Geartronic five-speed automatic transmission or a five-speed manual transmission (only offered in the United States on the 2.4 and T5 versions). As before, there is an AWD-only off-road version with raised suspension, plastic body cladding and an interior grab handle. This version previously known as the V70 XC (Cross Country) through model year 2002 was later renamed to XC70, starting with the 2003MY in keeping with Volvo's XC90.

Also following on from the previous generation was the use of five-cylinder, 20 valve inline transverse-mounted engines. The US range included a naturally aspirated 2.4 litre engine, a 2.5 low pressure turbocharged engine and a 2.3 litre (later 2.4) high-pressure turbo "T5" engine.

Engines[edit]

Volvo Modular Engine (Petrol)

Model Engine code Year(s) Power Torque @rpm Displacement Comment
2.0T B5204T 2000–2004 163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp) 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) @2200-4800 1,984 cc (121.1 in3) Inline 5 with low-pressure turbo
2.0T B5204T5 2004–2008 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) @2200-5000 1,984 cc (121.1 in3) Inline 5 with low-pressure turbo
2.4 B5244S2 2001–2007 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) 220 N·m (160 lb·ft) @3300 2,435 cc (148.6 in3) Inline 5
2.4 B5244S 2001–2003 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) 230 N·m (170 lb·ft) @4500 2,435 cc (148.6 in3) Inline 5
2.4 B5244S 2003–2007 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) 225 N·m (166 lb·ft) @4500 2,435 cc (148.6 in3) Inline 5
  • 2.4T
  • 2.4T AWD
B5244T3 2000–2003 200 PS (147 kW; 197 hp) 285 N·m (210 lb·ft) @1800-5000 2,435 cc (148.6 in3) Inline 5 with low-pressure turbo
  • 2.5T
  • 2.5T AWD
(2002-2007)
B5254T2 2002–2005 210 PS (154 kW; 207 hp) 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) @1500-4500 2,521 cc (153.8 in3) Inline 5 with low-pressure turbo
T5 B5234T3 2000–2004 250 PS (184 kW; 247 hp) 330 N·m (240 lb·ft) @2400-5200 2,319 cc (141.5 in3) Inline 5 with high-pressure turbo
T5 B5244T5 2004–2007 260 PS (191 kW; 256 hp) 350 N·m (260 lb·ft) @2100-5000 2,401 cc (146.5 in3) Inline 5 with high-pressure turbo
R AWD
(5-speed automatic)
B5254T5 2004–2006 300 PS (221 kW; 296 hp) 350 N·m (260 lb·ft) @1800-6000 2,521 cc (153.8 in3) Inline 5 with high-pressure turbo
R AWD
(6-speed automatic)
B5254T4 2006–2007 300 PS (221 kW; 296 hp) 400 N·m (300 lb·ft) @1950-5250 2,521 cc (153.8 in3) Inline 5 with high-pressure turbo
R AWD
(manual)
B5254T4 2004–2007 300 PS (221 kW; 296 hp) 400 N·m (300 lb·ft) @1950-5250 2,521 cc (153.8 in3) Inline 5 with high-pressure turbo
Engine compartment of second generation V70 2.4D

Volvo D5 Engine (Diesel)

Model Engine code Year(s) Power Torque @rpm Displacement Comment
2.5D (TDI) D5252T 2000–2001 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) 290 N·m (210 lb·ft) @1900 2,460 cc (150.1 in3) Inline 5 with turbo (VAG/Audi engine)
2.4D D5244T2 2001–2005 130 PS (96 kW; 128 hp) 280 N·m (210 lb·ft) @1750-3000 2,401 cc (146.5 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
D5 D5244T 2001–2005 163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp) 340 N·m (250 lb·ft) @1750-3000 2,401 cc (146.5 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
D D5244T7 2005–2007 126 PS (93 kW; 124 hp) 300 N·m (220 lb·ft) @1750-2250 2,400 cc (146.5 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
2.4D D5244T5 2005–2007 163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp) 340 N·m (250 lb·ft) @1750-2750 2,400 cc (146.5 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
  • D5
  • D5 AWD
D5244T4 2005–2007 185 PS (136 kW; 182 hp) 400 N·m (300 lb·ft) @2000-2750 2,400 cc (146.5 in3) Inline 5 with turbo

AutoGas

Model Engine code Year(s) Power Torque @rpm Displacement Comment
Bi-Fuel CNG B5244SG 2001–2007 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) 192 N·m (142 lb·ft) @4500 2,435 cc (148.6 in3) Inline 5 methane/petrol engine (for biogas or natural gas).
Bi-Fuel LPG B5244SG2 2001–2002 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) 214 N·m (158 lb·ft) @4500 2,435 cc (148.6 in3) Inline 5 autogas/petrol engine (for LPG/autogas).

Engines for the P2 V70 generation featured an optional "ozone-eating" catalytic coating for their radiators, marketed as PremAir, which converted ground-level ozone into pure oxygen under normal vehicle operation — with maximum effect in urban traffic and strong sunlight.[34]

Safety[edit]

Euro NCAP evaluated the S60 (saloon variant of V70) in 2001 awarding it 4 of 5 stars for adult occupant protection. The S60 scored 10 of 16 points in the front test and 16 of 16 in the side test. The car received 2 of 2 points available in the pole test. The S60 received a total of 28 of 37 points and therefore four stars (25-32) in Euro NCAP's evaluation.[42]

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) evaluated the Volvo S60 (saloon variant). The S60 was granted the IIHS's highest rating of "good" in front and rear tests. The S60 was awarded the Institute's second highest rating of "acceptable" in the side test. However, an improvement in the driver dummy's pelvis/leg rating from "marginal" to "acceptable" would yield an overall "good" rating in the side test.[43]

Third generation (2007–present)[edit]

Third generation
3rd Volvo V70 -- 03-21-2012.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Volvo
Also called Volvo XC70
Production 2007–present
Model years 2008–present
Assembly Sweden: Torslanda
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door estate
Platform Volvo P3 platform
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase
  • 2,816 mm (110.9 in)
  • XC: 2,815 mm (110.8 in)
Length
  • 4,823 mm (189.9 in)
  • XC: 4,838 mm (190.5 in)
Width
  • 1,861 mm (73.3 in)
  • XC: 1,870 mm (73.6 in)
Height
  • 1,547 mm (60.9 in)
  • XC: 1,604 mm (63.1 in)
Curb weight
  • 1,579–1,801 kg (3,481–3,971 lb) (V70)
  • 1,713–1,956 kg (3,777–4,312 lb) (XC70)[45]
Volvo XC70 (US)

On February 2, 2007, Volvo débuted the third generation for the 2008MY. Based on the Volvo P3 platform and sharing much of the interior (other than the area behind the b-pillar) with the second generation Volvo S80. Compared with its predecessor the rear-seat legroom was increased by two centimetres and a revised tailgate design increased the load area volume by 55 L. The V70 was offered for the first time with a four-cylinder engines and six-cylinder engines. The high performance V70R AWD models were discontinued with this third generation, only a mostly cosmetic R-design package is available.

After model year 2011, Volvo discontinued sales of the V70 in North America, where it continues to market the XC70.

The Sensus infotainment known from the Volvo XC60 was first made available in 2011 on the V70 and XC70.[46] For 2012 the V70 and XC70 received a minor facelift.[47] Changes include a redesigned front bumper with chrom accents, new rear lightclusters and LED-indicators for the side mirrors.

Third generation models[edit]

V70[edit]

V70 Plug-in Hybrid[edit]

As part of a joint venture with Vattenfall, a Swedish energy company, Volvo converted two Volvo V70 to diesel-electric plug-in hybrid demonstrators that have been in field testing in Göteborg, Sweden, since December 2009.[48] Vattenfall offered customers participating in this trial the supply of renewable electricity generated from wind power or hydropower.[49] Among other challenges, this test has allowed to experience the all-electric range at low temperatures, which has been a disadvantage of plug-in vehicles.[48][49]

The V70 PHEV test car uses an 11.3 kWh lithium-ion battery pack.[50] As reported by the test drivers, the V70 Plug-in Hybrid demonstrators have an all-electric range between 20 kilometres (12 mi) to 30 kilometres (19 mi). The demonstrators were built with a button to allow test drivers to manually choose between electricity or diesel engine power at any time.[48][51] The first phase of the field trial ended in June 2010 and included 16 families, all employees of Volvo or Vattenfall, who had the car for 1.5 weeks to one month. A second phase of the test goes from July to December 2010 with Vattenfall employees in Göteborg and Stockholm. Among the key findings of the first phase are:[48][51]

  • Most drivers chose to use electricity in city traffic at lower speeds, but switched to diesel for highway driving.
  • Test drivers found that 20 to 30 km was not enough all-electric range, and called for at least 50 kilometres (31 mi), some want 80 kilometres (50 mi) and even up to 150 to 200 kilometres (93 to 124 mi).
  • All of the test drivers charge on a daily basis but none ever used the public charging station installed for the trial.
  • Before the test trials, drivers were concerned about being a danger to pedestrians and cyclists due to the quietness of the electric-drive vehicle. After the test several of them changed their opinion and said that this issue was less of a problem than expected.

Volvo announced in 2009, and confirmed in 2010, the launching of series production diesel-electric plug-in hybrids as early as 2012. Volvo claimed that its plug-in hybrid could achieve 125 miles per US gallon (1.88 L/100 km; 150 mpg-imp), based on the European test cycle.[51][52]

XC70[edit]

As with previous generation models the XC70 features increased ground clearance, optional all-wheel-drive and some cosmetic differences from the normal V70. On the outside there are XC-only front and rear bumpers, side skirts, wheel arch extensions and additional exterior door trims all in unpainted black plastic. The optional roof rails feature an embossed "XC" and are only available in black. Various unique alloy wheels are offered only for the XC.

For the third generation XC a new feature called hill-descent-control was introduced that limits vehicle speed when driving down a steep embankment.[53]

Engines[edit]

The V70 and XC70 are available in the various engines configurations:

Petrol

Model Engine code Year(s) Power Torque @rpm Displacement Comment
2.0 NA B4204S3[54] 2007–2010 145 PS (107 kW; 143 hp) 190 N·m (140 lb·ft) @ 1,999 cc (122.0 in3) Inline 4
2.0T B4204T6 2010–2011 203 PS (149 kW; 200 hp) 300 N·m (220 lb·ft) 1,999 cc (122.0 in3) Inline 4 with turbo
2.5T B5254T6[54] 2007–2009 200 PS (147 kW; 197 hp) 300 N·m (220 lb·ft) @1500 2,521 cc (153.8 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
2.5T B5254T10 2010–2011 231 PS (170 kW; 228 hp) 340 N·m (250 lb·ft) @2800 2,521 cc (153.8 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
2.5FT FlexiFuel B5254T8 2007–2009 200 PS (147 kW; 197 hp) 300 N·m (220 lb·ft) 2,521 cc (153.8 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
2.5FT FlexiFuel B5254T11 2010–2011 231 PS (170 kW; 228 hp) 340 N·m (250 lb·ft) 2,521 cc (153.8 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
3.2 NA B6324S[55] 2007–2011 238 PS (175 kW; 235 hp) 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) @3200 3,192 cc (194.8 in3) Inline 6
3.2 NA B6324S5 2011–present 238 PS (175 kW; 235 hp) 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) @3200 3,192 cc (194.8 in3) Inline 6
T6 B6304T2[55] 2007–2010 285 PS (210 kW; 281 hp) 400 N·m (300 lb·ft) @1500 2,953 cc (180.2 in3) Inline 6 with two turbos
T6 B6304T4 2011–present 304 PS (224 kW; 300 hp) 440 N·m (320 lb·ft) 2,953 cc (180.2 in3) Inline 6 with two turbos
T4 B4164T 2011–present 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) 1,596 cc (97.4 in3) Inline 4 with turbo
T4F FlexiFuel B4164T2 2011–present 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) 1,596 cc (97.4 in3) Inline 4 with turbo
T5 B4204T11 2011–present 240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp) 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) 1,969 cc (120.2 in3) Inline 4 with turbo

Diesel

Model Engine code Year(s) Power Torque @rpm Displacement Comment
2.0D D4204T 2007–2010 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) 1,997 cc (121.9 in3) Inline 4 with turbo
2.4D D5244T5 2007–2009 163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp) 340 N·m (250 lb·ft) 2,400 cc (146.5 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
2.4D D5244T14 2010–2011 175 PS (129 kW; 173 hp) 420 N·m (310 lb·ft) 2,400 cc (146.5 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
D2 (formally DRIVe) D4162T 2007-2013 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) 270 N·m (200 lb·ft) 1,560 cc (95.2 in3) Inline 4 with turbo
D3 D5204T2 2011–2012 163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp) 400 N·m (300 lb·ft) 1,984 cc (121.1 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
D3 D5204T7 2013–present 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) 350 N·m (260 lb·ft) 1,984 cc (121.1 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
D4 D5244T17 2013–present 163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp) 400 N·m (300 lb·ft) 2,400 cc (146.5 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
D5 D5244T4 2007–2009 185 PS (136 kW; 182 hp) 400 N·m (300 lb·ft) @2000 2,400 cc (146.5 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
D5 D5244T10 2010–2011 205 PS (151 kW; 202 hp) 420 N·m (310 lb·ft) 2,400 cc (146.5 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
D5 D5244T11 2012–present 215 PS (158 kW; 212 hp) 420 N·m (310 lb·ft) 2,400 cc (146.5 in3) Inline 5 with two turbos

Since the 2011MY, Volvo no longer markets the V70 in North America.[56] In its place, a front-wheel drive version of the XC70 is available. The V70 remains in production for markets other than North America.

Comfort[edit]

Third generation V70 and XC70 models have Volvo's Sensus console system. As usual with Volvo, front seats and rear bench are of orthopedic design. Dolby Pro-Logic systems are standard and speaker upgrades and sub-woofers are also available. The standard audio system includes a CD player, USB connector for MP3 players, Bluetooth streaming and the ability to import music files to the car's hard disk. From December 2014, map upgrades can be performed by the owner via USB, rather than the previous DVD-based system.

DVD navigation with map data and remote control is standard on most specifications, options include a rear seat DVD entertainment system with two headrest monitors, headlamp washers, integrated child booster seats, an integrated home link remote control garage door opener, rear-door child-safety locks, rear park assist, power-adjustable passenger seats with 3-position memory and lumbar support, heated front seats, an integrated grocery bag holder, a rear view mirror compass, an integrated sunglass holder, a frameless auto-dimming rearview mirror, a power glass moonroof, 12 volt power outlets, leather seats, rear tinted windows, rain sensor and, on some models, a TFT dashboard in place of analogue instruments.

Anti-submarining seats and overhead-mounted seat belt reminder lights come standard. Other standard features for 2007 include Volvo on call roadside assistance for four years, rear window deactivation, safe approach and home safe lighting.


Safety[edit]

As standard, the vehicle is equipped with driver, passenger, side and curtain airbags. Also featured is the WHIPS whiplash prevention system on the front seats.

Third generation V70s are available with the BLIS blind-spot sensor system, which can detect vehicles otherwise hidden from view of the driver due to being just off to one side of the car.

As is typical for Volvos, all models feature daytime running lights to improve driver visibility. Safety options include active-bending xenon headlights, auto dipping main beam, City Safety (which includes pedestrian and cyclist recognition software), Collision Avoidance, adaptive cruise control and traffic following, driver alertness monitoring and lane departure warning. Traffic sign recognition is also available.

The latest revision of the XC70 includes DSTC (standard on all models) - Dynamic Stability and Traction control, which combines the functions otherwise known as Electronic Stability Programme and traction control.

Euro NCAP evaluated the V70 in 2007 awarding it 5 of 5 stars for adult occupant protection. The V70 scored 15 of 16 points in the front test and 16 of 16 in the side test. The car was penalised 1 point in the pole test for improper deployment of the curtain airbag in both the original test and the re-test. The car received one of two points available in the pole test. The V70 was granted an additional two points for seat belt reminders of three available in this category. The V70 received a total of 34 of 37 points and therefore five stars (33-37) in EuroNCAP's evaluation.[57]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BEHIND THE WHEEL/Volvo V70 and Cross Country; A Connecticut Yankee Or a West Coast Dude?". The New York Times, Keith Martin, November 5, 2000. 
  2. ^ "The Volvo S70 and V70, New Cars, New Names, New Features" (PDF). Volvo Cars, Press Release August 1997. Volvo's new nomenclature is based on platform designations that denote both the type of model and its series lineage. The letter "S" designates the model as a saloon, while "V," representing versatility, indicates that the vehicle is a wagon ("C" denotes both coupe and convertible). The number following the letter provides a sense of the platform size. For example, the S90 is larger than the S70, which is in turn larger than the S40, Volvo's small platform offering 
  3. ^ a b [1]
  4. ^ "Volvo V70 Marketing Positioning" (PDF). Volvoclub.org, Volvo Press Release. 
  5. ^ a b c d "First Drive, Volvo V70" (PDF). AA Cars,The Automobile Association, February 2000. 
  6. ^ a b "Volvo's V70: smaller, bigger and better". The Telegraph, UK, Peter Dron, 5 February 2000. All crucial work on the new V70 estate was fixed before the Ford takeover, and on its performance much of Volvo's future ability to manage itself without excessive meddling must depend. Sharing the platform of the S80 saloon introduced in 1998, the V70 differs (apart from in obvious respects) only in suspension settings. 
  7. ^ Volvo press release
  8. ^ Interview CarFile 07/13/1998
  9. ^ [2] Volvo C70 story
  10. ^ Press release The inside Story, Barcelone 2005
  11. ^ http://new.volvocars.com/ownersdocs/1998/1998_SV70/98sv70_137.htm#pg139
  12. ^ http://new.volvocars.com/ownersdocs/1999/1999_SV70/99sv70_137.htm#pg139
  13. ^ VOLVO 850, S70, V70, www.vlvworld.com Retrieved on 4 May 2014
  14. ^ [3] UK press release
  15. ^ system description by Volvo http://www.volvogroup.com/group/global/en-gb/newsmedia/pressreleases/previous/1998/_layouts/CWP.Internet.VolvoCom/NewsItem.aspx?News.ItemId=22963&News.Language=en-gb
  16. ^ a b c d Historic review Volvo 1990-1999
  17. ^ Australien press coverage http://www.4wdonline.com/Volvo/V70.html
  18. ^ 2002 road test http://www.autobild.de/bilder/volvo-v70-bi-fuel-5398.html#bild3
  19. ^ a b official Volvo MY 1998 specifications http://new.volvocars.com/ownersdocs/1998/1998_specs/1998_V70.html
  20. ^ a b official Volvo MY 1999 specifications http://new.volvocars.com/ownersdocs/1999/1999_specs/1999_V70.html
  21. ^ a b official Volvo MY 2000 specifications http://new.volvocars.com/ownersdocs/2000/2000_specs/2000_V70.html
  22. ^ Australien press coverage from 1998 http://www.4wdonline.com/Volvo/V70/1999XC.html
  23. ^ Official picture showing two tone paint
  24. ^ a b c http://new.volvocars.com/ownersdocs/1999/1999_SV70/99sv70_133.htm#pg135
  25. ^ a b c http://www.new.volvocars.com/ownersdocs/2000/2000_SV70/00sv70_09.htm#pg135
  26. ^ [4] UK press release for 1998
  27. ^ http://www.euroncap.com/tests/volvo_s70_1998/54.aspx S70/1st generation V70 EuroNCAP evaluation
  28. ^ "S70/1st generation V70 IIHS evaluation Volvo's WHIPS system,[http://www.theautochannel.com/news/2002/10/24/149482.html Volvo's WHIPS Proven to Reduce Head and Neck Injury by 49 Percent". Iihs.org. Retrieved 2010-10-09. ]
  29. ^ "(Volvo Cars' Whiplash Protection System)—The Development and Real-World Performance". Informaworld.com. 2008-12-06. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  30. ^ "Volvo. Volvo In Thailand". Car-cat.com. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  31. ^ http://new.volvocars.com/ownersdocs/2001/2001_v70/01v70_09.htm#pg137
  32. ^ http://new.volvocars.com/ownersdocs/2007/2007_v70/07v70_10.htm#pg214
  33. ^ http://new.volvocars.com/ownersdocs/2004/2004_V70/04v70_09.htm#pg145
  34. ^ a b "PremAir: Kills Ozone Dead?". The Car Connection, Frank Bohanan, March 14, 2001. 
  35. ^ a b "Model Year 2006 Design" (PDF). Volvo Cars, 2006. Peter Horbury, who was Volvo’s Design Director in from 1991 to 2003, gives an enigmatic response when questioned about the concept for the Volvo V70: “Imagine the front end of an E-type Jaguar married to the back end of a Ford Transit van,” he says. “With the Volvo V70, we have tried to combine the two.” Thankfully, the end product is rather more handsome than Horbury’s image suggests. The Volvo V70 offers a brilliant synthesis of the latest Volvo dynamic design cues, while retaining the practicality and versatility expected of a proper Volvo estate. It’s also a shape that’s exceptionally efficient – the CD figure is just 0.30 – and this helps both high-speed stability and fuel consumption. 
  36. ^ a b c "The Volvo V70 - Beautiful, Versatile, Typically Scandinavian". Autoweb.com, January 11, 2000. PThe side windows have a single, simple line running along the top from front to rear. This shows that the Volvo V70 was designed to be a wagon and is not an adapted saloon shape. As on every Volvo wagon, the third side window is longer than the others, to show it is a true load carrier. Horbury says the design challenge involved marrying sports car style at the front with the necessary limitations of a wagon back. "The element that ties the two distinctly different halves together is the full-length shoulders, inherited from the Volvo S80 but also reminiscent of the mother of all wagons, the Volvo 145/245, which shared the identical feature. 
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  39. ^ "Fahrbericht Volvo S 80 Bi-Fuel - Volvo gibt Gas". Süddeutsche.de. Retrieved 19 June 2015. 
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  41. ^ a b "The Manwagon". The Wall Street Journal, Jonathan Welsh, February 24, 2006. Seeking to lure speed-crazy guys with kids, car makers are trying to transform the dowdy old family hauler into something new: the manwagon. In perhaps the most extreme sign of the industry's horsepower race, some of these wagons are quicker than a Porsche Boxster. They have monstrous engines, giant brakes, track-ready suspensions and race-car-style seats -- plus prices up to $30,000 higher than the base versions. But unlike a sports car, these wagons can fit strollers and coolers in the back. This melding of speed and sippy cups may seem unlikely, but car makers say their consumer research has unearthed a surprising number of family men who thought wagons could be cool, if only they had more guts. 
  42. ^ http://www.euroncap.com/tests/volvo_s60_2001/103.aspx Volvo S60/2nd generation V70 EuroNCAP evaluation
  43. ^ http://www.iihs.org/ratings/ratingsbyseries.aspx?id=412 Volvo S60/ 2nd generation V70 IIHS evaluation
  44. ^ https://www.media.volvocars.com/global/en-gb/models/v70/2014
  45. ^ https://www.media.volvocars.com/global/en-gb/models/xc70/2013/specifications
  46. ^ https://www.media.volvocars.com/uk/en-gb/media/pressreleases/37376
  47. ^ https://www.media.volvocars.com/uk/en-gb/media/pressreleases/38311. Press release
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External links[edit]