Volyně

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Volyně
Town
Town square
Town square
Flag of Volyně
Flag
Coat of arms of Volyně
Coat of arms
Volyně is located in Czech Republic
Volyně
Volyně
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°9′57″N 13°53′10″E / 49.16583°N 13.88611°E / 49.16583; 13.88611Coordinates: 49°9′57″N 13°53′10″E / 49.16583°N 13.88611°E / 49.16583; 13.88611
CountryCzech Republic
RegionSouth Bohemia
DistrictStrakonice
Documented1271
Government
 • MayorVáclav Valhoda
Area
 • Total20.58 km2 (7.95 sq mi)
Elevation
461 m (1,512 ft)
Population
(2005)
 • Total3,180
 • Density150/km2 (400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
387 01
Websitewww.mu.volyne.cz

Volyně is a small town in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic, situated around 120 kilometres (75 mi) south of Prague, roughly midway between Strakonice and Vimperk. Volyně has a resident population of 3,180 as of 2005. Its renaissance Town Hall is a famous local landmark.[1]

History[edit]

The first written note about the town is from the year 1271 but the first signs of permanent habitation near the ford at the same place dates from 9th and 10th centuries. In 1299 provost Oldřich granted the settlement town rights. Volyně was an important stop on the trade way from Passau to Písek. Most common trade articles were salt, craft work or sheep. The town grew constantly until Thirty Years' War when the trade routes changed.

Detail of townhall in Volyně

There are few historical buildings in the town such renaissance town hall built between 1521 and 1529, Gothic fortress from the 14th century, All Saints church from same period, other church in town (Proměnění Páně) was built between 1580 and 1618 and Jewish synagogue was built in 1939. Visitors can also find a Marian column right in the middle of town square from 1760 or original swimming pool from years 1939-1941.[2]

Geography[edit]

Volyně is located in the middle of Volyně Upland as a part of Bavorov Hills belong to Šumava foothills, and is often named as 'The gateway to the Šumava'.[3] The river Volyňka is named after the town.

Education[edit]

The town is well known as a local centre of education. Apart from preschool education, there is a primary/secondary school, The Higher Professional School And The Secondary Technical School [4] and other state schools.

References[edit]

  1. ^ :::: volyne.info - nezávislý informační server města Volyně a okolí ::::
  2. ^ The Region of South Bohemia-Strakonice Area ISBN 80-7316-180-X
  3. ^ http://www.csop.cz/docs/up/seznam-fytogeografickych-oblasti-cr.pdf
  4. ^ http://www.strakonice.cz/vos_sps_volyne/page17.htm