Graben von Stein

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House of Graben von Stein
Graben Scheibler433ps.jpg
Country Austria
Parent house House of Meinhardin
Titles Burggraf of Graz
Burggraf of Marburg
Burggraf of Lienz
Burggraf of Hohenwang
Burggraf of Heinfels
Burggraf and Lord of Gleichenberg
Burggraf and Lord of Sommeregg
Lord of Kornberg
Lord of Stein im Drautal
Lord of the high Lordship of Straß in Steiermark
Stadtholder of Lienz and East Tyrol etc.
Founded early 12th century
Founder Konrad and his brother Grimoald von Graben
Final ruler Felix Jakob von Graben
Deposition 1776
Coat of arms of the Von Graben von Stein, Von Rain zu Sommeregg and Leubelfing and other East Tyrolian and Carinthian noble families
Virgil von Graben, Knight, Stadtholder and captain of Lienz, Görz and East Tyrol, Burggraf and Lord of Heinfels, Lengberg, Lienz and Sommeregg (etc.)

Graben von (zum) Stein,[1] also named ab dem Graben, von (dem) Graben and vom Graben,[2] is the name of an old Austrian noble family. Originally from Carniola, an apparent (or illegitimate) branch of the House of Meinhardin,[3][4] the family went on to rule some Carinthian, Tyrolian, East Tyrols, Styrian, Gorizian and modern Italian districts as Burggrafen (a sort of viscount) and Herren (lords) from the early Middle Ages until the 16th-17th centuries.

History[edit]

Like the Princely Counts of Görz and the Princely Counts of Tyrol, the Graben family descended from the Meinhardins. The earliest known members of the Graben family, Konrad and his brother Grimoald von Graben, lived around 1170. Konrad's father may have been a son of Count palatine Engelbert I or his younger brother Count palatine Meinhard I of Gorizia.[5][6] During the later 13th century the princely family Orsini-Rosenberg descended from a member of the Von Graben family lived at the Grazer Schloss Alt-Grabenhofen, between Reinerkogel and Rosenberg.[7]

During the Middle Ages, the success of that family arose from the steady accumulation of land, and loyalty to the Counts of Görz and later to the Habsburg Emperor. The first prominent member of the family was Ulrich II von Graben (named between 1314–1361), who was elevated to the Styrian title of Burggraf of Hohenwang. After the death of Leonhard of Gorizia in 1500, they became his successors as stadtholders of Lienz and East Tyrol. The last member was Felix Jakob von Graben; the family died out in 1776. The Dutch family De Graeff claimed descent from Wolfgang von Graben, a member of the Graben family. Andries de Graeff and his son Cornelis became Free Imperial knights of the Holy Roman Empire. That diploma dates from 19 July 1677.[8]

The lines of the family[edit]

During the early 14th century, the family split into two main lines, the Styrian Grabenhofen Line, the Kornberger Line and during the earlier 15th century in the Carynthian-Lienzer Sommeregger Line.[9] In 1500, the family split into a new line, the Stein Line at Castle Stein. Two other lines of the Graben family can be found in Tyrol.

Prominent members of the Styrian line[edit]

The Styrian line's residence between 1328 and 1556 was at Schloss Kornberg. They were linked by marriage with the Lords of Windisch-Graetz,[10] Auersperg,[11] Stubenberg,[12] and Guttenberg.[13]

Prominent member of the Tyrolian line[edit]

Prominent members of the Lienzer and West-Carynthian line[edit]

The Lienzer line became "the most prominent of the family", some family members held the noble titles as the Burggraf of Sommeregg, Heinfels and Lienz. They were linked by marriage with the Lords of Auersperg,[11] Saurau[14] and Breuner.[15] The Lienzer line died out in the year 1534, and the zum Stein in 1664. Important family members are:

Castles, residences and lordships[edit]

Schloss Kornberg
Schloss Bruck
  • Schloss Graben near Rudolfswerth (Novo mesto)
  • Schloss Alt-Grabenhofen in the north of Graz
  • Ansitz Graben at Lienz
  • Burg Bruck at Lienz
  • Burggraf ( a sort of Viscount) and Pfandherr of Lienz
  • Burggraf, Herr (Lord) and Pfandherr from the Lordship and Castle of Heinfels
  • Burggraf and Herr from the Lordship and Castle of Hohenwang
  • Burggraf and Herr from the Lordship and Castle of Sommeregg
  • Burggraf and Herr from the Lordship and Castle of Lengberg
  • High Lordship and Castle of Straß
  • Lordship and Castle of Stein
  • Lordship and Castle of Herbstenburg
  • Lordship and Castle of Kornberg





See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lukas von Graben zum Stein changed his name from von Graben into (von) Graben von (zum) Stein in 1500
  2. ^ In Upper Carynthia and East Tyrol, they are called generally vom Graben. Die Salzburger Lehen in Kärnten bis 1520
  3. ^ Rudolf Granichstaedten-Czerva (1948): "Brixen - Reichsfürstentum und Hofstaat".
  4. ^ Google book search: Das Land Tirol: mit einem Anhange: Vorarlberg: ein Handbuch für Reisende. Von Beda Weber
  5. ^ Johann Weichard Freiherr von Valvasor: Die Ehre dess Hertzogthums Crain: das ist, Wahre, gründliche, und recht eigendliche Belegen- und Beschaffenheit dieses Römisch-Keyserlichen herrlichen Erblandes; Laybach (Ljubljana) 1689
  6. ^ Adalbert Sikora: Die Herren vom Graben in Zeitschrift des historischen Vereines für Steiermark. 51. Jahrgang, Graz 1960, p 43
  7. ^ Collegium Res Nobilis Austriae: Orsini und Rosenberg
  8. ^ Family De Graeff at the Nieuw Nederlandsch Biographisch Woordenboek, part II
  9. ^ Google book search: Kaiser Friedrich III. (1440-1493): Hof, Regierung und Politik
  10. ^ Roots web: Adelheid von Wolfsthal
  11. ^ a b Marek, Miroslav. "Genealogy of the House of Auersperg". Genealogy.EU. [self-published source][better source needed]
  12. ^ Das Archiv des Hauses Stubenberg: Supplement
  13. ^ Genealogie der Freiherren von Guttenberg, S. 78
  14. ^ Google book search: Schauplatz des landsässigen nieder-oesterreichischen Adels vom Herren- und Ritterstande. Band 1. Von Franz Karl Wissgrill und Karl von Odelga (Ulrich von Graben and Barbara von Auersperg)
  15. ^ Marek, Miroslav. "Genealogy of the House of Breuner". Genealogy.EU. [self-published source][better source needed]

External links[edit]